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3500 ACT Vocabulary (1)

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abandon
abandoned
abandonment
abase
abash
abate
abbreviate
abdicate
aberrant
abet
abeyance
abhor
abide
abiding
abjure
ablution
abnegate
abnegation
abolish
abolition
abominable
aboriginal
abortive
abrade
abrasive
abridge
abrogate
abscond
absent
absenteeism
abstain
abstemious
abstruse
abundant
abundantly
abut
abysmal
accede
accelerating
acceleration
accentuate
accessible
accident
accidentally
acclaim
acclimate
acclivity
accolade
accommodate
accommodating
accomplish
accost
accouter
accretion
accrue
accumulation
accusation
accustomed
acerbity
acetic
achieve
achievement
acidulous
acoustics
acquaint
acquainted
acquiesce
acquire
acrid
acrimonious
acrophobia
actively
actuarial
actuate
acuity
acumen
adaptable
adaptive
addendum
additional
addle
adept
adherent
adhesive
adjoin
adjudicate
adjunct
adjure
administer
admiration
admittedly
admonish
admonition
adorn
adornment
adroit
adulation
adulterate
adumbrate
advance
advanced
advent
adventitious
adverse
advocacy
aerie
aesthetic
affable
affect
affection
affectionate
affinity
affirmation
affix
affluence
affluent
affront
agenda
agglomeration
aggrandize
aggravating
aggregate
aggressive
aggressiveness
aghast
agility
agitate
agitation
agnostic
agrarian
ajar
alacrity
alchemy
alcove
algorithm
alien
alimentary
allay
allege
allegory
alliteration
allocate
allude
allusion
aloft
alternate
altitude
altruistic
amalgamate
amass
ambidextrous
ambience
ambiguous
ambivalence
amble
ambulatory
ameliorate
amenable
amenities
amiable
amicable
amid
amity
amorous
amorphous
amphibian
amphitheater
amplify
amputate
anachronistic
analgesic
analogous
anarchist
anathema
ancestor
ancestry
ancillary
anecdotal
angular
animate
animated
animus
annals
annihilate
annotate
announce
announcement
annoy
annuity
annul
anodyne
anoint
anomalous
anomaly
anonymous
antagonism
antecede
antecedents
antediluvian
anthology
anthropocentric
anthropoid
anthropomorphic
anticlimax
antipathy
antithesis
anxious
apathy
aperture
apex
aphasia
aphorism
apiary
aplomb
apocryphal
apogee
apolitical
apologist
apostate
apotheosis
appall
apparition
appellation
append
appliance
apply
apportion
apposite
appraise
apprehension
apprenticeship
apprise
approaching
approbation
appropriation
apropos
aptly
aquatic
aquiline
arable
arbiter
arboretum
arcane
archaeology
archaic
archetype
archipelago
architecture
ardent
arduous
arid
aristocracy
armada
aroma
aromatic
arousal
arouse
arraign
arrears
arrogate
arroyo
arthritis
article
articulate
artifice
artisan
artless
ascendancy
ascetic
ascribe
aseptic
ashen
askance
askew
aspect
asperity
aspirant
assail
assay
assembly
assent
assiduous
assimilate
assist
assistant
assuage
astigmatism
astringent
astronomical
asunder
asymmetric
atavism
atavistic
atheistic
atrocity
atrophy
attach
attached
attainment
attenuate
attorney
attract
attribute
attrition
atypical
audacious
audit
auditory
auger
augment
augury
aureole
auroral
auspicious
austere
authenticate
authoritarian
authoritative
authority
authorize
autocrat
autocratic
automaton
autonomous
autonomy
auxiliary
avalanche
avarice
aver
averse
aversion
aviary
aviation
avid
avocation
avoidance
avow
avuncular
awkwardly
awry
axiom
azure


abandon: Read  (没有约束,放任情绪) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abandoned: Read  (被抛弃的,废置的) recklessly unrestrained; deserted; left to destruction

abandonment: Read  (抛弃,放弃) giving up completely; freedom from constraint

abase: Read  (降低,羞辱) humiliate; lower or depress in rank or esteem

abash: Read  (使难堪) embarrass; make ashamed or uneasy; disconcert

abate: Read  (减弱,减少) subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

abbreviate: Read  (减短,缩写) make shorter; reduce to shorter form intended to represent full form, as for word or phrase

abdicate: Read  (放弃) give up, renounce, abandon, lay down, or withdraw from, as a right or claim

aberrant: Read  (不正常的) abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm

abet: Read  (帮助,鼓励) aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage

abeyance: Read  (悬而未决) suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension

abhor: Read  (憎恨) fill with horror and loathing; horrify; hate

abide: Read  (忍耐,忍受,遵守) endure; put up with; bear; tolerate

abiding: Read  (持久的,容忍) lasting for a long time; enduring; permanent

abjure: Read  (发誓放弃) renounce upon oath; abandon forever

ablution: Read  (洗) washing or cleansing of the body, especially as part of religious rite

abnegate: Read  (克制,放弃) give up or surrender; deny something to oneself

abnegation: Read  (批判,自我牺牲) repudiation; self-sacrifice; renouncing your own interests in favor of interests of others

abolish: Read  (废除) cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

abolition: Read  (废除,取消) ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away with

abominable: Read  (可恶的,非常糟糕) detestable; extremely unpleasant; very bad

aboriginal: Read  (原来的,土著的) being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native

abortive: Read  (不成功的,失败) unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless

abrade: Read  (磨损,侵蚀) wear away by friction; scrape; erode

abrasive: Read  (摩擦的,粗糙的,研磨剂) rubbing away; tending to grind down

abridge: Read  (删节,节选) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

abrogate: Read  (废除) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

abscond: Read  (隐匿,逃避,躲债) leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution

absent: Read  (缺少的,不在的,缺席的) go away or leave ; missing; not present

absenteeism: Read  (旷课,旷工) habitual not to appear, especially for work or other regular duty

abstain: Read  (控制,限制(自己)) refrain; hold oneself back voluntarily from an action or practice

abstemious: Read  (节制(饮食),调节) sparing or moderation in eating and drinking; temperate

abstruse: Read  (难以理解的,复杂的) obscure; profound; difficult to understand.

abundant: Read  (丰富,富足) plentiful; possessing riches or resources

abundantly: Read  (丰富地) in great numbers; in a plentiful or sufficient degree; plentifully

abut: Read  (毗邻) border upon; adjoin; touch or end at one end or side; lie adjacent

abysmal: Read  (无底的) bottomless; very profound; limitless; very bad

accede: Read  (同意) agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede

accelerating: Read  (加速的) increasing in speed

acceleration: Read  (加速度) faster rate of improvement; rate of change of velocity with respect to time

accentuate: Read  (强调,重音) emphasize; stress; pronounce with a stress or accent; mark with an accent

accessible: Read  (可得到的) easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with

accident: Read  (意外事件,事故) event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected event

accidentally: Read  (意外地,偶然地) inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsically

acclaim: Read  (赞扬,表扬) applaud; announce with great approval

acclimate: Read  (适应) accustom or become accustomed to a new environment or situation; adapt

acclivity: Read  (上山的陡坡,斜坡) upward slope, as of hill

accolade: Read  (出名的大奖) award of merit; expression of approval; praise

accommodate: Read  (招待,食宿,适应) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for

accommodating: Read  (乐于助人的) helpful in bringing about a harmonious adaptation

accomplish: Read  (完成,达到,实现) succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; complete

accost: Read  (搭讪,邂逅) approach and speak to boldly or aggressively, as with demand or request

accouter: Read  (装备) equip; provide with military equipment

accretion: Read  (增长) growth or increase in size by gradual external addition, fusion, or inclusion

accrue: Read  (增加) increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth; accumulate over time

accumulation: Read  (积聚) increase by natural growth or addition; concentration

accusation: Read  (谴责,控告) indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other party

accustomed: Read  (习惯了的) habitual to; used to; frequently practiced, used, or experienced; customary

acerbity: Read  (尖酸的(语气,脾气)) bitterness of speech and temper; sourness or acidness of taste, character, or tone

acetic: Read  (酸的) having properties of vinegar; sour

achieve: Read  (完成,实现) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill

achievement: Read  (成就,功绩) feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objective

acidulous: Read  (酸的,尖锐,刻薄) slightly sour in taste or in manner; sharp; caustic

acoustics: Read  (声学的) science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in

acquaint: Read  (熟悉) inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

acquainted: Read  (有知识的,知晓的) known by or familiar with another; informed or familiar

acquiesce: Read  (默许) assent; agree without protesting

acquire: Read  (获取) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system

acrid: Read  (尖锐,尖酸) unpleasantly sharp or bitter to taste or smell; bitterly pungent

acrimonious: Read  (挖苦的,尖酸的(语言,行为)) bitter and sharp in language, tone, or manner

acrophobia: Read  (恐高症) fear of heights; abnormal fear of high places

actively: Read  (活跃地,积极地) energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passively

actuarial: Read  (保险精算的,精算) calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics

actuate: Read  (推动,促使) put into motion or action; activate

acuity: Read  (尖锐) sharpness; acuteness of vision or perception; keenness

acumen: Read  (思想敏锐) mental keenness; quickness of perception

adaptable: Read  (能适应的,适应能力强的) flexible; becoming or being made suitable to particular situation or use

adaptive: Read  (适合的,适应的) having a capacity for adaptation; capable of adapting

addendum: Read  (附加,补充) something added or to be added, especially a supplement to a book

additional: Read  (另外的,附加的,额外的) further; extra; supplemental or added to

addle: Read  (使变疯,腐坏) muddle; drive crazy; become confused

adept: Read  (擅长于) expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adherent: Read  (支持者,追随者) person who adheres; one who follows or upholds a leader, party, cause

adhesive: Read  (胶,粘贴物) glue; paste ; substance that unites or bonds surfaces together

adjoin: Read  (毗连,临近,贴近) be next to; be contiguous to; border on

adjudicate: Read  (评判,裁断,判决,宣判) hear and settle a case by judicial procedure

adjunct: Read  (无用的附加物) something added on or attached generally nonessential or inferior

adjure: Read  (恳求,恳请) appeal to or entreat earnestly; command or enjoin solemnly, as under oath

administer: Read  (管理) govern; supervise; give or apply medications

admiration: Read  (钦佩,赞美) favorable judgment; feeling of pleasure, wonder, and approval

admittedly: Read  (公认地,诚然,无可否认地) doubtlessly; in an acknowledged manner; confessedly

admonish: Read  (警告,训斥) warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided

admonition: Read  (警告) gentle or friendly reproof; cautionary advice or warning

adorn: Read  (装饰) enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments

adornment: Read  (装饰,装饰品) embellishment; decoration; something that beautifies or adorns; ornament

adroit: Read  (熟练,有技巧) skillful and adept under pressing conditions

adulation: Read  (奉承,恭维) excessive flattery or admiration; unmerited praise

adulterate: Read  (掺杂) make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances

adumbrate: Read  (勾画出轮廓,隐约显示,预示,蒙上阴影) give hint or indication of something; disclose partially or guardedly; overshadow; shade

advance: Read  (提高,发展,提升) proceed; move forward; improve; moving forward

advanced: Read  (高级的,年老的,先进的) improved; highly developed or complex; ahead of the times; progressive

advent: Read  (到来,出现) coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important

adventitious: Read  (偶然) accidental; casual; not inherent but added extrinsically

adverse: Read  (讨厌,敌意) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

advocacy: Read  (支持,辩护) support; active pleading on behalf of something

aerie: Read  (猛禽的窝) nest of bird, such as eagle, built on a cliff or other high place

aesthetic: Read  (审美的) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affable: Read  (平易近人的) easily approachable; warmly friendly

affect: Read  (影响,假装) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

affection: Read  (友爱,挚爱,情爱) fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness

affectionate: Read  (亲爱的,挚爱的) having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; kindly inclined; zealous

affinity: Read  (亲缘关系) natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage

affirmation: Read  (正面肯定,确认) positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath

affix: Read  (增加,附于) fasten; append; add on; secure to something

affluence: Read  (富足,财富) abundance; a plentiful supply of material goods; wealth

affluent: Read  (富有的,丰富的) having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

affront: Read  (侮辱,冒犯,蓄意蔑视) insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect

agenda: Read  (议程) items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered

agglomeration: Read  (聚集,累积) collection; heap; act or process of gathering into a mass

aggrandize: Read  (增加,加强) increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation

aggravating: Read  (恼人的,讨厌的) irritating; annoying; making worse or more heinous

aggregate: Read  (收集,聚集) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

aggressive: Read  (强有力的,坚持己见的) making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly

aggressiveness: Read  (侵略,争斗) feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack; quality of being bold and enterprising

aghast: Read  (吓坏了的) struck by shock, terror, or amazement

agility: Read  (敏捷) mentally quick; moving quickly and lightly

agitate: Read  (激怒,打扰) cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb

agitation: Read  (焦虑,不安,鼓动,煽动) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

agnostic: Read  (无神论者) one who is skeptical of existence of a god or any ultimate reality

agrarian: Read  (耕地的,耕种的) pertaining to land or its cultivation; relating to agricultural or rural matters

ajar: Read  ((门窗等)微开的) half-open; slightly turned or opened

alacrity: Read  (欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

alchemy: Read  (炼金术士) medieval chemistry; magical or mysterious power or process of transforming

alcove: Read  (小隔间,壁橱) nook; small, recessed section of a room

algorithm: Read  (算法) established procedure for solving problem

alien: Read  (外国的,外国人的,来自其他星球的) dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person

alimentary: Read  (营养的) providing nourishment; concerned with food, nutrition, or digestion

allay: Read  (平静下来,(使)冷静下来) calm; pacify; reduce the intensity of; relieve

allege: Read  (断言) state without proof; assert to be true

allegory: Read  (寓言) symbolic representation of abstract ideas or principles in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form

alliteration: Read  (头韵) repetition of beginning sound in poetry

allocate: Read  (分配,制定) assign; distribute according to plan

allude: Read  (暗指) refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion

allusion: Read  (暗指,暗示) indirect reference; symbolical reference or comparison; metaphor

aloft: Read  (向上) in or into a high place; high or higher up

alternate: Read  (交替的,轮流的) happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute

altitude: Read  (高度) elevation especially above sea level; height

altruistic: Read  (无私的,关心他人的) unselfishly generous; concerned for others

amalgamate: Read  (结合,整合) combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury

amass: Read  (收集) collect; gather for oneself, as for one's pleasure or profit

ambidextrous: Read  (双手都灵巧) capable of using either hand with equal ease

ambience: Read  (环境) particular environment or surrounding influence; atmosphere of environment

ambiguous: Read  (模棱两可) unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalence: Read  (矛盾的观点或情绪) state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate

amble: Read  (漫步,缓行) moving at an easy pace; walk slowly or leisurely

ambulatory: Read  (可移动的,不固定) able to walk; formed or adapted for walking; not stationary

ameliorate: Read  (提高) make or become better; improve; grow better

amenable: Read  (有服从义务的,随时服从的) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

amenities: Read  (令人愉快的,礼貌的) convenient features; courtesies

amiable: Read  (可爱的,友好的,惬意的) good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

amicable: Read  (温和的,友好礼貌的) exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome

amid: Read  (在…中) in the middle of; among; surrounded by

amity: Read  (友谊) friendship; peaceful relations, as between nations

amorous: Read  (爱情的) moved by sexual love; loving

amorphous: Read  (无形的,不成形的) formless; lacking shape or definition

amphibian: Read  (两栖的) able to live both on land and in water

amphitheater: Read  (椭圆形的剧院,斗兽场) oval building with tiers of seats from central open space or arena

amplify: Read  (放大) broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase

amputate: Read  (截肢,切除) cut off part of body, especially by surgery; prune

anachronistic: Read  (时代错误) having time error in story; erroneous in date; in wrong time

analgesic: Read  (止痛的) serving to reduce sensibility to pain without loss of consciousness

analogous: Read  (类似的) comparable; similar or alike

anarchist: Read  (无政府主义者) person who seeks to overturn established government; advocate of abolishing authority

anathema: Read  (诅咒) solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse

ancestor: Read  (祖先,祖宗) forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor

ancestry: Read  (祖先) family descent; series or line of ancestors; lineage

ancillary: Read  (辅助的) serving as aid or accessory; auxiliary

anecdotal: Read  (轶闻的,多轶闻趣闻的) having the character of an anecdote; of short story of interesting or humorous incident

angular: Read  (有尖角的,瘦骨嶙峋的) sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner

animate: Read  (活的,有生命的) endowed with life; alive; living; animated

animated: Read  (活跃的,有生气的) having life or vigor or spirit; filled with activity; in form of cartoon

animus: Read  (敌意) feeling of enmity or ill will; attitude that informs one's actions; disposition

annals: Read  (记录,历史) chronological record of the events of successive years

annihilate: Read  (毁灭,破坏) destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence

annotate: Read  (评论,注释) comment; make explanatory notes

announce: Read  (宣布,发表,通告) herald; give out; proclaim; make known publicly

announcement: Read  (宣告,发表) formal public statement; act of making known publicly

annoy: Read  (使恼怒,打扰) disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate

annuity: Read  (年金,养老金) annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year

annul: Read  (避免) make or declare void or invalid; reduce to nothing

anodyne: Read  (止痛药,起安慰作用的事物) source of relaxation or comfort; medicine that relieves pain

anoint: Read  (神圣化) apply oil or similar substance to; put oil on during religious ceremony as a sign of sanctification or consecration.

anomalous: Read  (不正常的,变态的) deviating from normal or common order, form, or rule

anomaly: Read  (不规则,异常,反常) irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order

anonymous: Read  (匿名的) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

antagonism: Read  (反抗,敌对) active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

antecede: Read  (先于) precede; go before in time, and sometimes in place, rank, or logical order

antecedents: Read  (历史环境,历史背景) preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background

antediluvian: Read  (远古,上古,及其久远) antiquated; extremely old and ancient; belonging to very ancient times

anthology: Read  (选集) book of literary selections by various authors

anthropocentric: Read  (人类中心说) regarding human beings as the center of the universe

anthropoid: Read  (类人的) manlike; resembling a human, especially in shape or outward appearance

anthropomorphic: Read  (人形的) having human form or characteristics

anticlimax: Read  (反高潮,突降) letdown in thought or emotion; decline viewed in disappointing contrast with previous rise

antipathy: Read  (反对,厌恶) strong feeling of aversion; dislike

antithesis: Read  (对立面) contrast; direct contrast; opposition

anxious: Read  (渴望的,担忧的) eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter

apathy: Read  (漠不关心) lack of caring; indifference

aperture: Read  (洞,穴,孔) opening; diameter of such an opening; hole

apex: Read  (高点,顶点,高潮) highest point; vertex; summit; climax

aphasia: Read  (失声) loss of speech due to injury or illness

aphorism: Read  (格言,警句,谚语) definition or concise statement of principle; tersely phrased statement of truth or opinion

apiary: Read  (蜂房) place where bees and beehives are kept, especially where bees are raised for their honey

aplomb: Read  (沉着,垂直) poise; self-confident assurance

apocryphal: Read  (假的,捏造的) untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious

apogee: Read  (顶点) the highest point; point in orbit most distant from the body being orbited

apolitical: Read  (不问政治的) having aversion or lack of concern for political affairs

apologist: Read  (辩护者) person who argues in defense or justification of something, such as doctrine, policy, or institution

apostate: Read  (变节者,脱党者,叛徒) one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs

apotheosis: Read  (神圣,典范) elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something

appall: Read  (使惊慌,震惊) depress or discourage with fear; grow faint or become weak

apparition: Read  (鬼,幽灵) ghostly figure; sudden or unusual sight; appearance; state of being visible

appellation: Read  (名字,标题) name; title; act of naming; act of appealing for aid, sympathy

append: Read  (追加,附上) attach; add as supplement or appendix

appliance: Read  (用具,器具) durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use

apply: Read  (应用,适用) exert; put into service; avail oneself to;

apportion: Read  ((按比例或计划)分配) distribute; allot; give out as one's portion or share

apposite: Read  (合适的) strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited

appraise: Read  (估价) estimate value of; evaluate, especially in official capacity

apprehension: Read  (害怕) fearful or uneasy anticipation of the future; act of seizing or capturing; understanding

apprenticeship: Read  (学徒身份) term during which one learns a trade from skilled worker; service or legal condition of an apprentice

apprise: Read  (告诉) inform; give notice to; make aware

approaching: Read  (接近的,逼近的) impending; of the relatively near future; coming closer to another

approbation: Read  (同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise

appropriation: Read  (拨款) funding; money set aside for a specific purpose

apropos: Read  (关于) with reference or regard; in respect

aptly: Read  (适当地,得体地) in a competent capable manner; in an apt or suitable manner

aquatic: Read  (与水有关系的) consisting of, relating to, or being in water

aquiline: Read  (弯曲的,钩状的) curved or hooked like an eagle's beak

arable: Read  (可耕种的) fit for growing crops, as by plowing

arbiter: Read  (仲裁者) person with power to decide a dispute; judge

arboretum: Read  (植物园) place where different tree varieties are exhibited

arcane: Read  (秘密,谜) secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated

archaeology: Read  (考古学) study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

archaic: Read  (过时的) no longer current or applicable; antiquated

archetype: Read  (原形) prototype; original model or type after which other similar things are patterned

archipelago: Read  (群岛) group of closely located islands

architecture: Read  (建筑,建筑学) art and science of designing and erecting buildings; buildings and other large structures

ardent: Read  (热心的,热情的) displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate

arduous: Read  (努力,奋发) demanding great effort or labor; difficult

arid: Read  (荒芜的) dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants

aristocracy: Read  (贵族) hereditary nobility; privileged class

armada: Read  (舰队) a fleet of warships; a large group of moving things

aroma: Read  (香气,芬芳,芳香) fragrance; scent; pleasant characteristic odor, as of a plant, spice, or food

aromatic: Read  (芬芳的) fragrant or sweet-smelling; caused by fragrant odor

arousal: Read  (觉醒,激励) act of awaking from sleep; arousing from what is like sleep

arouse: Read  (刺激,激起,唤醒) excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep

arraign: Read  (传讯,责问) officially charge someone in a court of law

arrears: Read  (欠债) being in debt; unpaid, overdue debt or an unfulfilled obligation

arrogate: Read  (非法霸占,僭越) claim without justification; claim for oneself without right

arroyo: Read  (干枯的河床) deep gully; a dry gulch; brook or creek; watercourse

arthritis: Read  (关节炎) inflammation of a joint or joints

article: Read  (论文,文章) essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class

articulate: Read  (清晰流畅的) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

artifice: Read  (技巧,欺骗) subtle but base deception; trickery; cleverness or skill; ingenuity

artisan: Read  (工匠) manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist

artless: Read  (坦诚,直率) free of artificiality; natural; open and honest

ascendancy: Read  (统治,控制) superiority or decisive advantage; domination

ascetic: Read  (苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

ascribe: Read  (归因于,指派) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

aseptic: Read  (抗菌的) preventing infection; having cleansing effect

ashen: Read  (灰色) ash-colored; very pale; consisting of ashes

askance: Read  (瞄,斜视) with sideways or indirect look; Turned to side, especially of eyes

askew: Read  (歪斜) turned or twisted toward one side; at an angle

aspect: Read  ((问题的)方面,(事物的)一部分) distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind

asperity: Read  (严酷,粗暴) sharpness of temper; roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate

aspirant: Read  (有志者,有抱负的人) one who aspires, as to advancement, honors, or a high position

assail: Read  (攻击) assault; attack with or as if with violent blows

assay: Read  (分析,化验) analyze; evaluate; examine by trial or experiment; put to test

assembly: Read  (集会,参加集会的人们) gathering; meeting; a group of persons gathered together for common reason

assent: Read  (同意,接受) express agreement to what is alleged or proposed; accept

assiduous: Read  (勤奋) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assimilate: Read  (吸收,同化) incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble

assist: Read  (援助,帮助) give help or support to, especially as a subordinate

assistant: Read  (助手,助教) helper; person who assists or helps someone else

assuage: Read  (缓和,减轻) ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease

astigmatism: Read  (散光) eye defect that prevents proper focus

astringent: Read  (收敛的) causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere

astronomical: Read  (巨大,广阔) enormously large or extensive; relating to astronomy

asunder: Read  (分裂,分开) into separate parts or pieces; apart

asymmetric: Read  (不对称) not identical on both sides of a dividing central line

atavism: Read  (反祖,隔代遗传) resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; deformity returning after passage of two or more generations

atavistic: Read  (复古的,从前的) displaying characteristics of previous cultural era or of previous ancestral form

atheistic: Read  (无神论) denying existence of God; godless

atrocity: Read  (暴行) brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness

atrophy: Read  (枯萎,萎缩,衰退,结束) wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease

attach: Read  (系,缚,附加) fasten; annex; be in contact with

attached: Read  (附加的,附属的) fastened together; joined by wall, especially by sharing a wall with another building; not freestanding

attainment: Read  (成就) something, such as an accomplishment or achievement; achievement

attenuate: Read  (削弱) make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of

attorney: Read  (代理人,辩护律师) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

attract: Read  (吸引,引起注意) draw to, or cause to tend to; engage or fix, as the mind, attention; invite or allure

attribute: Read  (属性,声望) essential quality; reputation; honor

attrition: Read  (裁员,磨损) gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment

atypical: Read  (非正常的,不正常) not normal; unusual or irregular; not representative of a group, class, or type

audacious: Read  (大胆的,鲁莽的) fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold

audit: Read  (核算,稽核) examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts

auditory: Read  (听觉的) of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing

auger: Read  (螺丝钻,钻孔机) hand tool for boring holes; hollow drill used to take core samples of soil, ice

augment: Read  (增长) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

augury: Read  (占卜,预言) sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens

aureole: Read  (日冕) the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; halo

auroral: Read  (曙光的,极光的) characteristic of dawn; dawning, eastern, like new beginning; relating to the atmospheric phenomenon auroras

auspicious: Read  (幸运的,吉祥的) attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous

austere: Read  (严厉的,朴素的) strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

authenticate: Read  (鉴别) prove genuine; establish authenticity of

authoritarian: Read  (独裁) expecting absolute obedience; completely dominating another's will

authoritative: Read  (权威,独裁) having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial

authority: Read  (权力,权限,权威人士) jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government

authorize: Read  (授权,批准) empower; give permission for; sanction

autocrat: Read  (独裁者,专横霸道的人) dictator; ruler having unlimited power

autocratic: Read  (独裁) having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial

automaton: Read  (机器人) mechanism that imitates actions of humans

autonomous: Read  (自治) self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent

autonomy: Read  (自治,自治权) independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

auxiliary: Read  (辅助的) helper, additional or subsidiary

avalanche: Read  (雪崩) great mass of falling snow and ice

avarice: Read  (贪婪,贪财) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: Read  (断言,声明,证明) declare to be true; affirm

averse: Read  (反对的) reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling

aversion: Read  (厌恶,抵制) firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

aviary: Read  (大鸟笼,鸟舍) large cage, building, or enclosure in which birds are reared or kept

aviation: Read  (航空,航空学) art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics

avid: Read  (贪婪) greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avocation: Read  (副业,业余爱好) activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment

avoidance: Read  (避免) keeping away from or preventing from happening

avow: Read  (宣布) declare openly; acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly

avuncular: Read  (像伯父(叔叔)一样的) in manner of uncle, pertaining to uncle; kind, genial, benevolent or tolerant

awkwardly: Read  ((见到生人)局促不安地,笨拙地) in an uncomfortable, nervous or embarrassed way

awry: Read  (扭曲的,歪曲的) in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course

axiom: Read  (公理,自明的道理) self-evident truth requiring no proof

azure: Read  (天蓝) sky blue; light purplish-blue