100 Phrases with Meaning and Sentence

One hundred common phrases with meaning and sentence in academic reading; we select these phrases from the latest English media, with special meanings in contexts.
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 100 Common Phrases in Academic Reading
silver bullet  Speak
n.
a simple solution to a complicated problem
Patriots are another step on that same path that will antagonize Moscow; they're not a silver bullet, but they are extremely capable and effective. BBC News
shoot down  Speak
v.
put an end to, reject
The politicians responded to Zelensky by valorizing him, but Zelensky resisted this wisely; he deftly shot down the older comedian’s attempts to cast him as a hero. New Yorker
immune profile  Speak
n.
immune response when they are exposed to a virus and potentially predict health outcomes
The longer the virus spreads, the more it evolves, and when it spreads in a population with a new immune profile, the odds of unpredictable mutations rise. Hindustan Times
be in the grip of  Speak
v.
to be experiencing a very unpleasant situation that cannot be controlled or stopped
China is now in the grip of its worst Covid-19 outbreak, having been forced to dismantle its restrictive virus control measures. Hindustan Times
pitch something into  Speak
v.
to throw, toss, or discard something casually into something else
The volley of missiles unleashed Friday pitched multiple cities into darkness, cutting water and heat and forcing people to endure freezing cold. Hindustan Times
fell off  Speak
v.
become less in number, amount, or quality
In remote work, email communications between different units fell off, leading to a decrease in weak ties that undergird the exchange of new ideas. MIT News
get down to  Speak
v.
to start something
I like to try to get down to pinpoint what are the precise laws, ordinances, policies, and specific social processes, which continue to generate inequality. MIT News
fill in  Speak
v.
complete a drawing by adding color or shade to the spaces within an outline
Now, the new work fills in the picture, showing that, with its high mobility for both electrons and holes, MIT News
solar cell  Speak
n.
an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity
Companies looking to harness their potential do have to address some hurdles before the solar cells can be commercially competitive. MIT News
underserve  Speak
v.
supply with insufficient services, especially social and health services
Two such issues that particularly intrigue her are internet access and privacy for underserved populations. MIT News
time-honored  Speak
a.
respected or valued because it has existed for a long time
The people engaged in a lively colloquy with Chomsky in line with time-honored linguistics department tradition. MIT News
root out  Speak
v.
eradicate, eliminate
They utilized a systematic method to root out signs of topology in all known crystalline structures, also known as inorganic solid-state materials. MIT News
shelf-life  Speak
n.
the period during which a material may be stored and remain suitable for use
We will see mRNA vaccines with improved stability and shelf-life; it is also possible to rapidly create a new vaccine for an emergent pathogen. MIT News
bulk production  Speak
n.
the final product being produced based on the mass order requirements
Conventional vaccine relies on bulk production using mammalian cells, while mRNA vaccines turn into the final product only once inside a patient’s cells. MIT News
account for  Speak
v.
to give a reason or explanation for something
Costly signaling is just one thing we do that seems irrational on the surface but has a deeper logic behind it - a logic accounted for by the field of game theory. MIT News
ethical dimensions  Speak
n.
the competency throughout the curriculum so that students will identify ethical principles in the analysis of social and political problems
More than 500 students enrolled in the spring term grappled with these ethical dimensions alongside their efforts to learn new computing techniques. MIT News
ladder polymer  Speak
n.
a polymer, as DNA, consisting of double-stranded chains linked by hydrogen bonds
They are referred to as ladder polymers because they are formed from double strands connected by rung-like bonds, and these linkages provide a high degree of rigidity. MIT News
lay bare  Speak
v.
reveal or explain; point out frankly, bring into open
In 2020, when the Covid-19 pandemic laid bare additional discrepancies in resource equity around the world, his goal did not waiver. MIT News
storyline  Speak
n.
the plot of a novel, play, movie, or other narrative forms; the series of events that happen in it
He has realized the importance of making data accessible and discovered the power of framing data to control a storyline. MIT News
power grid  Speak
n.
a network of electrical transmission lines connecting generating stations to a wide area
Because the machine-learning model does not require annotated data on power grid anomalies for training, it would be easier to apply in real-world situations. MIT News
hearken back  Speak
v.
bring to mind something in the past
I just like the idea of railroads. It’s a very nostalgic, romantic idea, especially in the U.S. It hearkens back to going out West, the adventure. MIT News
swim meet  Speak
n.
a large gathering of athletes for a swimming competition
Rosado tells the story of when she clocked her best time yet at a swim meet. MIT News
give rise to  Speak
v.
to cause something
Even in classical physics, this gives rise to intriguing pattern formation, like clouds wrapping around the Earth in beautiful spiral motions. MIT News