Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1

 Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1View Group Words   
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Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1: Print One-sided Flashcard

aback:
ad. by surprise; behind; in the rear
abbreviation:
n. shortening something by omitting parts of it
abolish:
v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
aboriginal:
a. being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abound:
v. be full of; be plentiful
abrasion:
n. scratch; friction
abridge:
v. condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
abundance:
n. great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
accelerate:
v. move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
acclaim:
v. applaud; announce with great approval
accommodation:
n. living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accord:
n. settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states
accumulate:
v. pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accumulation:
n. act of gathering or amassing, as into a heap or pile
accuser:
n. one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault
acquaint:
v. inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar
acquiesce:
v. consent or comply passively or without protest; assent
adept:
a. expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
adhere:
v. stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adjacent:
a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjoin:
v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on
administrate:
v. administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of
adolescence:
n. state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity
adoption:
n. accepting with approval; favorable reception
advent:
n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
adverse:
a. in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
aerial:
a. of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air
aesthetic:
a. elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
affectionately:
ad. with affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly
affiliate:
n. A person, organization, or establishment associated with another, as a subordinate, subsidiary, or member
affirm:
v. assert; confirm
affix:
v. fasten; append; add on; secure to something
afflict:
v. cause pain, suffering or distress
affluent:
a. generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich; plentiful; abundant
aggregate:
v. gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
agitation:
n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
agreeable:
a. ready to consent or submit; acceptable
airing:
a. exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast
aisle:
n. a passageway between rows of seats or shelves
albeit:
ad. even though; although; notwithstanding
allege:
v. state without proof; assert to be true
alleviate:
v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
allocate:
v. assign; distribute according to plan
allot:
v. parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
alloy:
v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alphabetical:
a. arranged in customary order of the letters of a language
ambiguity:
n. state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
ambiguous:
a. unclear or doubtful in meaning
amend:
v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
amid:
ad. in the middle of; among; surrounded by
amidst:
ad. amid; in the middle of; among
amphibian:
a. able to live both on land and in water
amplify:
v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
analyse:
v. resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for purpose of examination of each separately
analytical:
a. of analysis; resolving into elements or parts
ancestor:
n. forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor
anecdote:
n. short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
annihilate:
v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
annuity:
n. annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year
anoint:
v. apply oil, ointment, or a similar substance to; choose by or as if by divine intervention
antagonism:
n. active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antarctic:
a. opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it
antenna:
n. metallic apparatus for sending or receiving electromagnetic waves
anthology:
n. book of literary selections by various authors
antonym:
n. word of opposite meaning; counter term
apex:
n. highest point; the vertex; usually pointed end of an object; the tip
apologetic:
a. offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense
apparatus:
n. a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purpose
appease:
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
append:
v. attach; add as supplement or appendix
appliance:
n. durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use
applicant:
n. candidate
appraisal:
n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
appreciable:
a. considerable; perceptible
apprentice:
n. works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approximate:
v. approach; come near
apt:
a. likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
aquatic:
a. consisting of, relating to, or being in water
arbitrary:
a. randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
archaic:
a. no longer current or applicable; antiquated
ardent:
a. displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate
arduous:
a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult
arid:
a. lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants
armour:
n. defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
arouse:
v. excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep
array:
v. set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
arsenal:
n. stock or supply, usually of weapons
ascend:
v. climb; mount
ascent:
n. the act of rising or going upward
ascertain:
v. find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascribe:
v. inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
aspiration:
n. ambition; longing
aspire:
v. seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end
assert:
v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assorted:
a. varied; miscellaneous
astound:
v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock
astronaut:
n. person to pilot, navigate, or as a crew member of spacecraft
asylum:
n. a place offering protection and shelter
attain:
v. achieve or accomplish; gain
attendee:
n. person who is present and participates in a meeting
attribute:
n. essential quality; reputation; honor
audible:
a. perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear
augment:
v. make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
authenticity:
n. quality of being genuine or trustworthy
authoritative:
a. having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
automate:
v. replace or enhance human labor with machines
automation:
n. act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls
autonomy:
n. independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination
auxiliary:
a. helper, additional or subsidiary
avail:
v. turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
avalanche:
n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside
avenue:
n. a method or means by which something may be accomplished
avert:
v. prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
avian:
n. thin A bird-like or flying creature
aviation:
n. design, development, and production of aircraft
awake:
v. rouse from sleep;stir the interest of; excite
axis:
n. the center around which something rotates; pivot
backstage:
ad. In or toward the area behind the performing space in a theater, especially the area comprising the dressing rooms
bacterium:
n. single celled organism with no nucleus
badminton:
n. game played on a court with light long-handled rackets
baffle:
v. frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
bamboo:
n. plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
barbaric:
a. resembling uncivilized persons, lacking refinement
barometer:
n. instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere
barrage:
n. an artificial obstruction, such as a dam, built in a watercourse to increase its depth or to divert its flow; rapid and continuous delivery of linguistic communication
barricade:
n. structure set up across a route of access to obstruct the passage of an enemy
barter:
v. trade goods or services without the exchange of money
bay:
n. body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth; reddish-brown animal, especially a horse having a black tail
bead:
n. small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing
beautician:
n. one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments
beneficial:
a. helpful; tending to promote physical well-being
berth:
n. space for ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beset:
v. attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
bewilder:
v. lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes
bibliography:
n. list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject
bilateral:
a. two-sided; mutual
bilingual:
n. using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency
bitumen:
n. mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame
blade:
n. sharp cutting edge of a knife; sword or knife; swords-man
blaze:
n. brilliant burst of fire; flame
bloc:
n. a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action
blot:
n. spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing
blunder:
n. serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
boast:
v. show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride
bonding:
n. formation of a close human relationship, as between friends; emotional and physical attachment occurring between a parent or parent figure
bookcase:
n. case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors
bookkeeper:
n. one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office
bookstall:
n. stall where books are sold, as on a street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale
boom:
n. deep resonant sound, as of an explosion
boot up:
v. start a computer using its bootstrap procedure