Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1

 Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1View Group Words   
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Difficult IELTS Words - Group 1: Print One-sided Flashcard

aback
ad. by surprise; behind; in the rear
abbreviation
n. shortening something by omitting parts of it
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
aboriginal
a. being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abound
v. be full of; be plentiful
abrasion
n. scratch; friction
abridge
v. condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
abundance
n. great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
accelerate
v. move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
acclaim
v. applaud; announce with great approval
accommodation
n. living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accord
n. settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states
accumulate
v. pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accumulation
n. act of gathering or amassing, as into a heap or pile
accuser
n. one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault
acquaint
v. inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar
acquiesce
v. consent or comply passively or without protest; assent
adept
a. expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
adhere
v. stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adjacent
a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjoin
v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on
administrate
v. administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of
adolescence
n. state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity
adoption
n. accepting with approval; favorable reception
advent
n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
adverse
a. in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
aerial
a. of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air
aesthetic
a. elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
affectionately
ad. with affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly
affiliate
n. A person, organization, or establishment associated with another, as a subordinate, subsidiary, or member
affirm
v. assert; confirm
affix
v. fasten; append; add on; secure to something
afflict
v. cause pain, suffering or distress
affluent
a. generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich; plentiful; abundant
aggregate
v. gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
agitation
n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
agreeable
a. ready to consent or submit; acceptable
airing
a. exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast
aisle
n. a passageway between rows of seats or shelves
albeit
ad. even though; although; notwithstanding
allege
v. state without proof; assert to be true
alleviate
v. provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
allocate
v. assign; distribute according to plan
allot
v. parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
alloy
v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alphabetical
a. arranged in customary order of the letters of a language
ambiguity
n. state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
ambiguous
a. unclear or doubtful in meaning
amend
v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
amid
ad. in the middle of; among; surrounded by
amidst
ad. amid; in the middle of; among
amphibian
a. able to live both on land and in water
amplify
v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
analyse
v. resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for purpose of examination of each separately
analytical
a. of analysis; resolving into elements or parts
ancestor
n. forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor
anecdote
n. short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
annihilate
v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
annuity
n. annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year
anoint
v. apply oil, ointment, or a similar substance to; choose by or as if by divine intervention
antagonism
n. active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antarctic
a. opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it
antenna
n. metallic apparatus for sending or receiving electromagnetic waves
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors
antonym
n. word of opposite meaning; counter term
apex
n. highest point; the vertex; usually pointed end of an object; the tip
apologetic
a. offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense
apparatus
n. a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purpose
appease
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
append
v. attach; add as supplement or appendix
appliance
n. durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use
applicant
n. candidate
appraisal
n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
appreciable
a. considerable; perceptible
apprentice
n. works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approximate
v. approach; come near
apt
a. likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
aquatic
a. consisting of, relating to, or being in water
arbitrary
a. randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
archaic
a. no longer current or applicable; antiquated
ardent
a. displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate
arduous
a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult
arid
a. lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants
armour
n. defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
arouse
v. excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep
array
v. set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
arsenal
n. stock or supply, usually of weapons
ascend
v. climb; mount
ascent
n. the act of rising or going upward
ascertain
v. find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascribe
v. inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
aspiration
n. ambition; longing
aspire
v. seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end
assert
v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assorted
a. varied; miscellaneous
astound
v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock
astronaut
n. person to pilot, navigate, or as a crew member of spacecraft
asylum
n. a place offering protection and shelter
attain
v. achieve or accomplish; gain
attendee
n. person who is present and participates in a meeting
attribute
n. essential quality; reputation; honor
audible
a. perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear
augment
v. make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
authenticity
n. quality of being genuine or trustworthy
authoritative
a. having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
automate
v. replace or enhance human labor with machines
automation
n. act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls
autonomy
n. independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination
auxiliary
a. helper, additional or subsidiary
avail
v. turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
avalanche
n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside
avenue
n. a method or means by which something may be accomplished
avert
v. prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
avian
n. thin A bird-like or flying creature
aviation
n. design, development, and production of aircraft
awake
v. rouse from sleep;stir the interest of; excite
axis
n. the center around which something rotates; pivot
backstage
ad. In or toward the area behind the performing space in a theater, especially the area comprising the dressing rooms
bacterium
n. single celled organism with no nucleus
badminton
n. game played on a court with light long-handled rackets
baffle
v. frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
bamboo
n. plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
barbaric
a. resembling uncivilized persons, lacking refinement
barometer
n. instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere
barrage
n. an artificial obstruction, such as a dam, built in a watercourse to increase its depth or to divert its flow; rapid and continuous delivery of linguistic communication
barricade
n. structure set up across a route of access to obstruct the passage of an enemy
barter
v. trade goods or services without the exchange of money
bay
n. body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth; reddish-brown animal, especially a horse having a black tail
bead
n. small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing
beautician
n. one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments
beneficial
a. helpful; tending to promote physical well-being
berth
n. space for ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beset
v. attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
bewilder
v. lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes
bibliography
n. list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject
bilateral
a. two-sided; mutual
bilingual
n. using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency
bitumen
n. mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame
blade
n. sharp cutting edge of a knife; sword or knife; swords-man
blaze
n. brilliant burst of fire; flame
bloc
n. a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action
blot
n. spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing
blunder
n. serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
boast
v. show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride
bonding
n. formation of a close human relationship, as between friends; emotional and physical attachment occurring between a parent or parent figure
bookcase
n. case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors
bookkeeper
n. one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office
bookstall
n. stall where books are sold, as on a street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale
boom
n. deep resonant sound, as of an explosion
boot up
v. start a computer using its bootstrap procedure