Difficult IELTS Words

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Difficult IELTS Words (Group 2)

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Word List Card Flashcard Pronounce
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boundary
boycott
brace
brashness
breach
brisk
browse
brush
bulge
bumbler
bungalow
buoyant
bureaucracy
burgeon
burrow
bustle
bypass
calamity
calcium
calorie
canny
canteen
capsule
caption
carcass
cascade
cast
catalogue
catalyst
catastrophe
caustic
censor
centenary
ceramic
certification
certify
cessation
chamber
characterize
charge
chasm
chaste
chauffeur
cherished
chilling
chisel
chore
chronological
circulate
circumference
cite
clasp
classify
clinical
clockwise
cluster
coarse
coax
codefendant
coed
coeducation
cognition
cognitive
coherent
coil
coincide
collaboration
collide
collider
combustible
commemorate
commend
commodity
commonplace
commute
commuter
comparable
compatriot
compel
compensate
compete
compete for
competence
compile
complement
compliance
compose
composite
compress
comprise
compulsory
compute
concerted
concise
concoct
concurrent
condemn
condense
condolence
confer
confide
configuration
confine
conform
congestion
congruent
conjure
conscience
conscientious
conscious
consecutive
consensus
consequent
conservation
conservatory
conserve
consign
consist
consolidate
conspicuous
constituent
constitute
constrain
constrict
construct
contaminate
contemplate
contend
contention
continuity
contradict
contradiction
contrive
convene
converge
converse
conversely
cook
correlate
correspond
correspondence
correspondent
corresponding
corrode
cortical
cosmopolitan
cosy
counterbalance
counterpart
couplet

Word and Definition List
boundary
Pronounce   n. dividing line; border; frontier
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boycott
Pronounce   v. refrain from buying or using
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brace
Pronounce   v. confront with questions; prepare or position so as to be ready for impact or danger
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brashness
Pronounce   n. characteristic of being brash; trait of being rash and hasty; tasteless showiness
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breach
Pronounce   n. an opening or tear; breaking of waves; a gap or rift
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brisk
Pronounce   a. marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner
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browse
Pronounce   v. graze; skim or glance at casually
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brush
Pronounce   n. short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience
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bulge
Pronounce   v. cause to curve outward; swell up; stick out; protrude
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bumbler
Pronounce   n. someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence
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bungalow
Pronounce   n. small house or cottage usually having a single story and attic
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buoyant
Pronounce   a. able to float; cheerful and optimistic
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bureaucracy
Pronounce   n. over-regulated administrative system
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burgeon
Pronounce   v. grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
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burrow
Pronounce   n. tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; dig; move through by or as by digging
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bustle
Pronounce   v. move or cause to move energetically and busily; teem
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bypass
Pronounce   v. to avoid by using an alternative channel or route
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calamity
Pronounce   n. event that brings terrible loss, lasting distress, or severe affliction; disaster; misery
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calcium
Pronounce   n. silvery, moderately hard metallic element
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calorie
Pronounce   n. unit of heat; unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree
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canny
Pronounce   a. careful; pleasant; shrewd
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canteen
Pronounce   n. vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink; snack bar or small cafeteria, as on a military installation
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capsule
Pronounce   n. small container; spacecraft to transport people in outer space
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caption
Pronounce   n. title; chapter heading; text under illustration
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carcass
Pronounce   n. dead body of an animal especially one slaughtered and dressed for food
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cascade
Pronounce   n. a stream or sequence of something, a waterfall
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cast
Pronounce   v. throw something, especially light; throw with force; hurl
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catalogue
Pronounce   v. to creat or add to a systematic and complete list of item
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catalyst
Pronounce   n. agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
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catastrophe
Pronounce   n. great, often sudden calamity; complete failure; sudden violent change in the earth's surface
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caustic
Pronounce   a. capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action
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censor
Pronounce   n. overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content
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centenary
Pronounce   a. relating to a 100-year period; occurring once every 100 years
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ceramic
Pronounce   a. of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.
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certification
Pronounce   n. document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; confirmation that some fact or statement is true through the use of documentary evidence
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certify
Pronounce   v. give certain information to; assure; make certain
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cessation
Pronounce   n. a stopping or discontinuance of action
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chamber
Pronounce   n. room in a house, especially a bedroom; hall for the meetings of a legislative or other assembly; enclosed space
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characterize
Pronounce   v. distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of
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charge
Pronounce   n. accusation, a claim of wrongdoing
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chasm
Pronounce   n. deep opening in the earth surface
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chaste
Pronounce   a. morally pure in thought or conduct; decent and modest
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chauffeur
Pronounce   n. a person employed to drive a private motor car or a hired car of executive or luxury class
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cherished
Pronounce   a. deeply loved or highly valued
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chilling
Pronounce   a. causing mild fear
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chisel
Pronounce   v. practice trickery or fraud; cheat
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chore
Pronounce   n. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
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chronological
Pronounce   a. arranged in order of time of occurrence
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circulate
Pronounce   v. move around, as from person to person or place to place
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circumference
Pronounce   n. boundary line of a circle, figure, area, or object
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cite
Pronounce   v. quote; adduce as an instance
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clasp
Pronounce   n. fastening device; firm grip
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classify
Pronounce   v. declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories
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clinical
Pronounce   a. involving direct observation of a patient
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clockwise
Pronounce   ad. in the direction that the hands of a clock move
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cluster
Pronounce   n. group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely
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coarse
Pronounce   a. rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality
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coax
Pronounce   v. persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery
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codefendant
Pronounce   n. a defendant who has been joined together with one or more other defendants in a single action
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coed
Pronounce   a. relating to an education system in which both men and women attend
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coeducation
Pronounce   n. system of education in which both men and women attend the same institution or classes
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cognition
Pronounce   n. the process of knowing
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cognitive
Pronounce   a. knowing or perceiving; part of mental functions that deals with logic
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coherent
Pronounce   a. adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
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coil
Pronounce   n. a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes
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coincide
Pronounce   v. occur at the same time as; correspond
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collaboration
Pronounce   n. act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own country
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collide
Pronounce   v. bump; hit; conflict
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collider
Pronounce   n. accelerator in which two beams of particles are forced to collide head on
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combustible
Pronounce   a. capable of igniting and burning; easily aroused or excited
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commemorate
Pronounce   v. honor the memory of with a ceremony; serve as a memorial to
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commend
Pronounce   v. commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard
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commodity
Pronounce   n. goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.
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commonplace
Pronounce   a. ordinary; having no remarkable features
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commute
Pronounce   v. obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; travel regularly from a place of residence to another place
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commuter
Pronounce   n. someone who travels regularly from home in a suburb to work in a city
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comparable
Pronounce   a. similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy to be ranked with
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compatriot
Pronounce   n. person from one's own country; colleague; somebody from one's own country; a fellow-countryman
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compel
Pronounce   v. force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force
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compensate
Pronounce   v. serve as or provide a substitute or counterbalance
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compete
Pronounce   v. seek or strive for the same thing for which another is striving; contend in rivalry, as for a prize or in business
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compete for
Pronounce   v. seek or strive for the same thing as another; enter into competition or rivalry
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competence
Pronounce   n. quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
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compile
Pronounce   v. put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources
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complement
Pronounce   v. complete; consummate; make perfect
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compliance
Pronounce   n. readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement
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compose
Pronounce   v. write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements
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composite
Pronounce   a. made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded
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compress
Pronounce   v. close; squeeze or press together; contract
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comprise
Pronounce   v. include; consist of; be composed of
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compulsory
Pronounce   a. mandatory; obligatory; required by rule
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compute
Pronounce   v. reckon; make mathematical calculation
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concerted
Pronounce   a. planned or accomplished together; combined
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concise
Pronounce   a. brief and compact; expressing much in few words
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concoct
Pronounce   v. digest; convert into nourishment by the organs of nutrition.
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concurrent
Pronounce   a. simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time
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condemn
Pronounce   v. express strong disapproval of; judge or declare to be unfit for use
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condense
Pronounce   v. change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate
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condolence
Pronounce   n. expression of sympathy with another in sorrow or grief.
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confer
Pronounce   v. bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over
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confide
Pronounce   v. disclose private matters in confidence; give as a responsibility or put into another's care
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configuration
Pronounce   n. arrangement of parts or elements; outline
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confine
Pronounce   v. restrict in movement; circumscribe
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conform
Pronounce   v. comply with; follow; fit; meet
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congestion
Pronounce   n. act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass
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congruent
Pronounce   a. possessing congruity; suitable; agreeing; corresponding
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conjure
Pronounce   v. summon a devil or spirit by magical or supernatural power
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conscience
Pronounce   n. awareness of moral or ethical aspects to one's conduct, together with the urge to prefer right over wrong
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conscientious
Pronounce   a. diligent; responsible; reliable
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conscious
Pronounce   a. having an awareness of one's environment and one's own existence, sensations, and thoughts
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consecutive
Pronounce   a. following one after another without interruption; sequential
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consensus
Pronounce   n. opinion or position reached by a group as a whole; general agreement or concord
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consequent
Pronounce   a. resulting; following as a logical conclusion
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conservation
Pronounce   n. preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect
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conservatory
Pronounce   n. greenhouse; school of music or dramatic art
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conserve
Pronounce   v. retain; protect from loss or harm; preserve; use carefully or sparingly, avoiding waste
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consign
Pronounce   v. give, transfer, or deliver in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of another
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consist
Pronounce   v. be made up or composed; be comprised or contained in
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consolidate
Pronounce   v. make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm
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conspicuous
Pronounce   a. noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious
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constituent
Pronounce   n. component or part; citizen, voter
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constitute
Pronounce   v. make up; form something
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constrain
Pronounce   v. restrain; keep within close bounds; confine
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constrict
Pronounce   v. restrict; shrink; make smaller or narrower by binding or squeezing
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construct
Pronounce   v. form by assembling or combining parts; build; create
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contaminate
Pronounce   v. make impure or unclean by contact or mixture; pollute; defile
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contemplate
Pronounce   v. look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought
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contend
Pronounce   v. strive in opposition or against difficulties; struggle; compete, as in a race
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contention
Pronounce   n. competing as for profit or prize
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continuity
Pronounce   n. property of a continuous and connected period of time
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contradict
Pronounce   v. confront; oppose
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contradiction
Pronounce   n. assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement or assertion; opposition, whether by argument or conduct
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contrive
Pronounce   v. form by an exercise of ingenuity; devise; invent; design
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convene
Pronounce   v. cause to come together formally
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converge
Pronounce   v. approach; tend to meet; come together
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converse
Pronounce   v. chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts
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conversely
Pronounce   ad. in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.
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cook
Pronounce   v. develop, or take place; prepare food for eating by applying heat
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correlate
Pronounce   v. relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation
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correspond
Pronounce   v. be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages
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correspondence
Pronounce   n. similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters
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correspondent
Pronounce   a. one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical
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corresponding
Pronounce   a. accompanying
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corrode
Pronounce   v. destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away
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cortical
Pronounce   a. pertaining to the outer layer of an internal organ or body structure, such as the kidney or the brain
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cosmopolitan
Pronounce   a. sophisticated; of worldwide scope
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cosy
Pronounce   n. padded or knitted covering placed especially over a teapot to keep the tea hot; cozy
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counterbalance
Pronounce   v. act as force or influence that balances, checks or limits an opposite one
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counterpart
Pronounce   n. duplicate copy; analogue; one that closely resembles another
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couplet
Pronounce   n. two similar things; a pair; in poetry, a pair of lines with rhyming end words
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