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3000 ECPE Vocabulary (A): Print One-sided Flashcard

abbreviate:
 
v. Syn. shorten
make shorter; reduce to shorter form intended to represent full form, as for word or phrase
abbreviation:
 
n.
shortening something by omitting parts of it
abnormal:
 
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
unusual; not typical; not normal
aboard:
 
ad.
on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or business
abort:
 
v. Syn. failure; terminate
stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abrasion:
 
n. Syn. scratch; friction
scratch; friction
abrasive:
 
a.
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abrupt:
 
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absence:
 
n.
state of being absent; state of being away
absentee:
 
n.
one who is absent or not in residence
absolute:
 
a. Syn. complete; certain
perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certain
absolutely:
 
ad. Syn. utterly; definitely
utterly; definitely
absorb:
 
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
absorption:
 
n. Syn. assimilation; reception
process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration
abstract:
 
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
absurd:
 
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
abundance:
 
n. Syn. profusion; richness
great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
abundant:
 
a. Syn. plentiful
plentiful; possessing riches or resources
abuse:
 
n. Syn. misuse
improper use or handling; misuse
academic:
 
a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education
accelerate:
 
v. Syn. speed; hasten
move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
accelerated:
 
a. Syn. rapid
rapid; caused to move faster
accessory:
 
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
accidental:
 
a. Syn. unexpected; unforeseen
unexpected; unforeseen
accommodate:
 
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
accompany:
 
v.
travel with; be associated with
accomplished:
 
a. Syn. skilled; experienced
skilled; experienced; having many social graces; polished or refined
accountable:
 
a.
liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained
accountant:
 
n.
one who maintains and audits business accounts
accounting:
 
n.
system that provides quantitative information about finances
accumulate:
 
v. Syn. collect
pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accuracy:
 
n.
quality of nearness to the truth or the true value
accurate:
 
a. Syn. precise; correct
capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
achieve:
 
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
acid:
 
n.
sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
acidic:
 
a.
tasting sour like acid; being or containing an acid
acidity:
 
n.
pH values below 7; taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth
acquaintance:
 
n.
personal knowledge or information about someone or something
acquire:
 
v. Syn. obtain; gain
gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
acquisition:
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
activate:
 
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
actual:
 
a. Syn. true; real
true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current
actually:
 
ad. Syn. truly; really
truly; really; in fact
actuate:
 
v. Syn. motivate; activate
put into motion or action; activate
acumen:
 
n. Syn. acuteness; insight
mental keenness; quickness of perception
acupuncture:
 
n.
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acute:
 
a. Syn. keen; sharp
quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe
adapt:
 
v. Syn. alter; modify
make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
adaptation:
 
n. Syn. modification; adjustment
modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits
addict:
 
v.
cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
adequate:
 
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
adhere:
 
v. Syn. stick; bond
stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adhesive:
 
a. Syn. sticky; glutinous
sticky; glutinous; tending to persist
adjoining:
 
a. Syn. neighboring; adjacent
neighboring; being in contact at some point or line; joining to
adjunct:
 
n. Syn. addition; accessory
something added on or attached generally nonessential or inferior
adjustment:
 
n.
making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
administer:
 
v. Syn. govern; supervise
govern; supervise; give or apply medications
administration:
 
n. Syn. management; supervision; executive
management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties
administrative:
 
a.
of or relating to or responsible for administration
administrator:
 
n.
one who manages a government agency or department
admire:
 
v. Syn. esteem; appreciate
regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel at
admission:
 
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter
admit:
 
v.
permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to
advancement:
 
n. Syn. progress; promotion
progress; promotion; forward step; improvement
adventure:
 
n. Syn. risk; venture
something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger
adventurer:
 
n.
one who enjoys exciting, dangerous activities, often in foreign countries
adventurous:
 
a. Syn. valiant; venturesome
valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures
adversely:
 
ad. Syn. negatively; detrimentally
negatively; in an adverse manner; oppositely; inimically; offensively; unfortunately
adversity:
 
n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
advertise:
 
v. Syn. notify
give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of
advocate:
 
v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
aerodynamics:
 
n.
study of how objects move through the air or water
affected:
 
a. Syn. artificial; pretended
speaking or behaving in artificial way; emotionally stirred or moved; infected or attacked
affective:
 
a. Syn. sentimental
sentimental; emotional; emotionally charged
affinity:
 
n. Syn. kinship
natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage
afflict:
 
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
cause pain, suffering or distress
afford:
 
v. Syn. pay; risk
pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
aggravate:
 
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome
aggregation:
 
n.
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
agile:
 
a. Syn. nimble; brisk
moving quickly and lightly; mentally quick
agility:
 
n.
mentally quick; moving quickly and lightly
agony:
 
n.
extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
agreeable:
 
a. Syn. pleasing; acceptable
ready to consent or submit; acceptable
agriculture:
 
n.
practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
ailment:
 
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
sickness; illness; affliction
aim:
 
n. Syn. objective; object; plan
point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it
aircraft:
 
n.
vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon
airsickness:
 
n.
motion sickness experienced while traveling by air
akin:
 
a. Syn. related; similar
of the same kin; related by blood
alchemy:
 
n.
medieval chemistry; magical or mysterious power or process of transforming
alder:
 
n.
north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and cone like fruit
alert:
 
n.
warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
alienate:
 
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
alike:
 
a. Syn. similar; resembling
similar; in the same manner or to the same degree
allegation:
 
n.
suggestion without proof that someone has done something wrong
allegiance:
 
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alliteration:
 
n.
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allowance:
 
n. Syn. authorization; permission
approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting
alloy:
 
n. Syn. mixture; amalgam
mixture; combination of diverse things
allude:
 
v. Syn. imply; refer
refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion
alone:
 
a. Syn. solitary; by oneself
solitary; by oneself
alongside:
 
ad.
along or by the side; side by side with
alter:
 
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
modify; cause to change; make different; convert
alteration:
 
n. Syn. renovation; change
passage from one form or state to another; change
alternate:
 
a. Syn. substitute
happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute
alternately:
 
ad.
one after another; succeeding by turns
alternation:
 
n.
successive change from one thing or state to another and back again
alternative:
 
a.
one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice
altitude:
 
n. Syn. elevation; height
elevation especially above sea level; height
aluminum:
 
n.
silvery ductile metallic element
amateur:
 
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art
amaze:
 
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
astonish; affect with wonder
amazement:
 
n. Syn. wonder; surprise
wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment
ambience:
 
n. Syn. environment; atmosphere
particular environment or surrounding influence; atmosphere of environment
ambitious:
 
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
ambivalence:
 
n.
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
ambivalent:
 
a. Syn. mixed; contradictory
mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings
amble:
 
n. Syn. stroll
moving at an easy pace; walk slowly or leisurely
amenable:
 
a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
amends:
 
n.
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
amenity:
 
n.
pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions
ammunition:
 
n. Syn. weapon
military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells
amnesia:
 
n.
partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock or illness
amount:
 
n. Syn. quantity; sum
total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
ample:
 
a. Syn. abundant
more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large
amuse:
 
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive
analogy:
 
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
analysis:
 
n. Syn. study; investigation
study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts
anarchist:
 
n. Syn. rebel
person who seeks to overturn established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anchor:
 
v. Syn. fasten
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate
anecdote:
 
n. Syn. episode; story
short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
anesthetic:
 
n.
substance that causes loss of sensation; producing temporary loss or impairment of feeling
angular:
 
a.
sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner
announcer:
 
n.
one who proclaims a message publicly
annoy:
 
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate
annual:
 
a.
occurring or payable every year
annually:
 
ad. Syn. yearly
yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year
anthem:
 
n. Syn. song; hymn
song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty
anthropology:
 
n.
social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings
antibiotic:
 
a. Syn. antibacterial
of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate:
 
v. Syn. expect; predict
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
anticipation:
 
n. Syn. expectation
something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence
antiquate:
 
v.
make obsolete or old-fashioned
antiquated:
 
a. Syn. obsolete; antique; aged
too old to be fashionable, suitable, or useful; obsolete; aged
antique:
 
a. Syn. old; archaic; ancient
old; belonging to, made in, or typical of an earlier period
antiquity:
 
n. Syn. relic
ancient times, especially the times preceding the Middle Ages; extreme oldness
antiseptic:
 
n. Syn. bactericide; germicide
substance that prevents infection; substance that restricts the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
apology:
 
n. Syn. regret
acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or offense; explanation or excuse
apparent:
 
a. Syn. visible
capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
appendix:
 
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
something appended or added
applaud:
 
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
appointment:
 
n. Syn. arrangement
act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
appreciation:
 
n. Syn. recognition; taste
recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable one
apprentice:
 
n.
works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approval:
 
n. Syn. sanction; endorsement
official approbation; endorsement; act of approving
approve:
 
v. Syn. ratify
ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of
apt:
 
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
aptitude:
 
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding
aquamarine:
 
a.
of bluish-green colour; of pale blue to light greenish blue
aquarium:
 
n.
tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
arbitrary:
 
a. Syn. capricious; impulse
randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
arboreal:
 
a.
tree-dwelling; treelike; living in trees
arc:
 
n.
continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
arch:
 
n.
any part of a curved line
archaeological:
 
a.
related to or dealing with or devoted to archaeology
archaeology:
 
n.
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
architect:
 
n.
one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
architectural:
 
a.
of or pertaining to the art and science of architecture
archives:
 
n.
public records; place where public records are kept
arena:
 
n.
playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
aria:
 
n. Syn. melody
operatic solo; solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment
arise:
 
v. Syn. spring
come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action
arithmetic:
 
n.
theory of numerical calculations
armor:
 
n. Syn. shield
shield; defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
armored:
 
a.
protected by armor; provided with protective covering
arms:
 
n. Syn. weapon
weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family
arrange:
 
v. Syn. plan; schedule
put in proper order; dispose in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose
array:
 
v. Syn. marshal
set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
arsenal:
 
n. Syn. armory
storage place for military equipment; stock of weapons
artery:
 
n.
one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart; major transit corridor
articulate:
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artificial:
 
a. Syn. unreal
made by humans; produced rather than natural.
artillery:
 
n.
large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons
artisan:
 
n.
manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
ascent:
 
n.
upward slope or grade; movement upward
aspect:
 
n. Syn. respect; facet
distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind
assassination:
 
n.
act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack
assemble:
 
v. Syn. gather
put together; bring or call together into a group or whole
assess:
 
v. Syn. estimate; judge
estimate value; judge worth of something
asset:
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assign:
 
v. Syn. appoint; allot
appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly
assignment:
 
n. Syn. task; job
task given to students; job; distribution; appointment
associate:
 
v. Syn. pertain; connect
connect or join together; combine
association:
 
n. Syn. alliance; connection
connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose
assorted:
 
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
varied; miscellaneous
assortment:
 
n. Syn. variety; conglomerate
variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things
assume:
 
v. Syn. suppose; presume
suppose; presume; take on; bear
assumption:
 
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
assurance:
 
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt
assure:
 
v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
solidify; guarantee; convince
astonish:
 
v. Syn. surprise; shock
surprise; shock
astonishing:
 
a. Syn. astounding; miraculous
very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; surprising greatly
astounding:
 
a.
surprising; shocking
astronomy:
 
n.
branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
astute:
 
a. Syn. shrewd
wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence
asylum:
 
n. Syn. protection
place of refuge or shelter; protection
asymmetrical:
 
a. Syn. unbalanced; uneven
unbalanced; uneven
atheist:
 
n. Syn. nonbeliever
nonbeliever; one who denies the existence of god
athlete:
 
n.
sports man; one who contended for prize in public games
atlas:
 
n.
a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables
atomic:
 
a.
of or relating to or comprising atoms; immeasurably small
atomization:
 
n.
act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles
atrophy:
 
n. Syn. shrinkage
wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease
attach:
 
v. Syn. fasten; annex
fasten; annex; be in contact with
attack:
 
n.
offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
attempt:
 
n. Syn. try; endeavor; effort
action of trying at something
attendance:
 
n.
act of being present
attendant:
 
n. Syn. aide; servant
aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attribute:
 
v. Syn. ascribe; explain
relate to particular cause or source; ascribe; explain
audible:
 
a. Syn. perceptible; discernible
perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear
audience:
 
n. Syn. spectator; viewer
a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
audit:
 
n.
examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts
audition:
 
v. Syn. test
take part in a trial performance; evaluate in a trial performance
auditorium:
 
n.
area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
augment:
 
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
aurora:
 
n.
the first light of day; an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands of light caused by charged solar particles following the earth's magnetic lines of force
authentic:
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
authenticate:
 
v. Syn. verify; confirm
prove genuine; establish authenticity of
author:
 
n.
beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer
authorize:
 
v. Syn. empower; sanction
empower; give permission for; sanction
autobiographical:
 
a.
of or relating to a person's life or an account of a person's life
automated:
 
a. Syn. mechanical; automatic
mechanical; automatic; accomplished without the intervention of a human operator
automatic:
 
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control
automobile:
 
n.
self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway
automotive:
 
a.
of or relating to motor vehicles; moving by itself; self-propelling
autonomous:
 
a.
self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
avalanche:
 
n.
great mass of falling snow and ice
avant-garde:
 
n. Syn. vanguard
radically new or original; cutting edge
avenue:
 
n.
way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street
average:
 
a. Syn. typical; mediocre
typical; mean; achieve or reach on average
averse:
 
a. Syn. reluctant; disinclined; unwilling
reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling
avert:
 
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
aviator:
 
n.
someone who operates an aircraft
avocation:
 
n.
person's regular business or occupation; hobby or recreational or leisure pursuit
avoid:
 
v. Syn. shun; prevent
shield away from; prevent
awareness:
 
n. Syn. realization; consciousness
realization; consciousness; having knowledge of
axis:
 
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
the center around which something rotates; pivot