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3000 ECPE Vocabulary (A): Print Flashcard

abbreviate
 
v. Syn. shorten
make shorter; reduce to shorter form intended to represent full form, as for word or phrase
abbreviation
 
n.
shortening something by omitting parts of it
abnormal
 
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
unusual; not typical; not normal
aboard
 
ad.
on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or business
abort
 
v. Syn. failure; terminate
stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abrasion
 
n. Syn. scratch; friction
scratch; friction
abrasive
 
a.
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abrupt
 
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absence
 
n.
state of being absent; state of being away
absentee
 
n.
one who is absent or not in residence
absolute
 
a. Syn. complete; certain
perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certain
absolutely
 
ad. Syn. utterly; definitely
utterly; definitely
absorb
 
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
absorption
 
n. Syn. assimilation; reception
process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration
abstract
 
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
absurd
 
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
abundance
 
n. Syn. profusion; richness
great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
abundant
 
a. Syn. plentiful
plentiful; possessing riches or resources
abuse
 
n. Syn. misuse
improper use or handling; misuse
academic
 
a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education
accelerate
 
v. Syn. speed; hasten
move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
accelerated
 
a. Syn. rapid
rapid; caused to move faster
accessory
 
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
accidental
 
a. Syn. unexpected; unforeseen
unexpected; unforeseen
accommodate
 
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
accompany
 
v.
travel with; be associated with
accomplished
 
a. Syn. skilled; experienced
skilled; experienced; having many social graces; polished or refined
accountable
 
a.
liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained
accountant
 
n.
one who maintains and audits business accounts
accounting
 
n.
system that provides quantitative information about finances
accumulate
 
v. Syn. collect
pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accuracy
 
n.
quality of nearness to the truth or the true value
accurate
 
a. Syn. precise; correct
capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
achieve
 
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
acid
 
n.
sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
acidic
 
a.
tasting sour like acid; being or containing an acid
acidity
 
n.
pH values below 7; taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth
acquaintance
 
n.
personal knowledge or information about someone or something
acquire
 
v. Syn. obtain; gain
gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
acquisition
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
activate
 
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
actual
 
a. Syn. true; real
true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current
actually
 
ad. Syn. truly; really
truly; really; in fact
actuate
 
v. Syn. motivate; activate
put into motion or action; activate
acumen
 
n. Syn. acuteness; insight
mental keenness; quickness of perception
acupuncture
 
n.
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acute
 
a. Syn. keen; sharp
quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe
adapt
 
v. Syn. alter; modify
make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
adaptation
 
n. Syn. modification; adjustment
modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits
addict
 
v.
cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
adequate
 
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
adhere
 
v. Syn. stick; bond
stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adhesive
 
a. Syn. sticky; glutinous
sticky; glutinous; tending to persist
adjoining
 
a. Syn. neighboring; adjacent
neighboring; being in contact at some point or line; joining to
adjunct
 
n. Syn. addition; accessory
something added on or attached generally nonessential or inferior
adjustment
 
n.
making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
administer
 
v. Syn. govern; supervise
govern; supervise; give or apply medications
administration
 
n. Syn. management; supervision; executive
management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties
administrative
 
a.
of or relating to or responsible for administration
administrator
 
n.
one who manages a government agency or department
admire
 
v. Syn. esteem; appreciate
regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel at
admission
 
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter
admit
 
v.
permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to
advancement
 
n. Syn. progress; promotion
progress; promotion; forward step; improvement
adventure
 
n. Syn. risk; venture
something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger
adventurer
 
n.
one who enjoys exciting, dangerous activities, often in foreign countries
adventurous
 
a. Syn. valiant; venturesome
valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures
adversely
 
ad. Syn. negatively; detrimentally
negatively; in an adverse manner; oppositely; inimically; offensively; unfortunately
adversity
 
n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
advertise
 
v. Syn. notify
give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of
advocate
 
v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
aerodynamics
 
n.
study of how objects move through the air or water
affected
 
a. Syn. artificial; pretended
speaking or behaving in artificial way; emotionally stirred or moved; infected or attacked
affective
 
a. Syn. sentimental
sentimental; emotional; emotionally charged
affinity
 
n. Syn. kinship
natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage
afflict
 
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
cause pain, suffering or distress
afford
 
v. Syn. pay; risk
pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
aggravate
 
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome
aggregation
 
n.
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
agile
 
a. Syn. nimble; brisk
moving quickly and lightly; mentally quick
agility
 
n.
mentally quick; moving quickly and lightly
agony
 
n.
extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
agreeable
 
a. Syn. pleasing; acceptable
ready to consent or submit; acceptable
agriculture
 
n.
practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
ailment
 
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
sickness; illness; affliction
aim
 
n. Syn. objective; object; plan
point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it
aircraft
 
n.
vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon
airsickness
 
n.
motion sickness experienced while traveling by air
akin
 
a. Syn. related; similar
of the same kin; related by blood
alchemy
 
n.
medieval chemistry; magical or mysterious power or process of transforming
alder
 
n.
north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and cone like fruit
alert
 
n.
warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
alienate
 
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
alike
 
a. Syn. similar; resembling
similar; in the same manner or to the same degree
allegation
 
n.
suggestion without proof that someone has done something wrong
allegiance
 
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alliteration
 
n.
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allowance
 
n. Syn. authorization; permission
approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting
alloy
 
n. Syn. mixture; amalgam
mixture; combination of diverse things
allude
 
v. Syn. imply; refer
refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion
alone
 
a. Syn. solitary; by oneself
solitary; by oneself
alongside
 
ad.
along or by the side; side by side with
alter
 
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
modify; cause to change; make different; convert
alteration
 
n. Syn. renovation; change
passage from one form or state to another; change
alternate
 
a. Syn. substitute
happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute
alternately
 
ad.
one after another; succeeding by turns
alternation
 
n.
successive change from one thing or state to another and back again
alternative
 
a.
one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice
altitude
 
n. Syn. elevation; height
elevation especially above sea level; height
aluminum
 
n.
silvery ductile metallic element
amateur
 
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art
amaze
 
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
astonish; affect with wonder
amazement
 
n. Syn. wonder; surprise
wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment
ambience
 
n. Syn. environment; atmosphere
particular environment or surrounding influence; atmosphere of environment
ambitious
 
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
ambivalence
 
n.
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
ambivalent
 
a. Syn. mixed; contradictory
mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings
amble
 
n. Syn. stroll
moving at an easy pace; walk slowly or leisurely
amenable
 
a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
amends
 
n.
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
amenity
 
n.
pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions
ammunition
 
n. Syn. weapon
military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells
amnesia
 
n.
partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock or illness
amount
 
n. Syn. quantity; sum
total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
ample
 
a. Syn. abundant
more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large
amuse
 
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive
analogy
 
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
analysis
 
n. Syn. study; investigation
study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts
anarchist
 
n. Syn. rebel
person who seeks to overturn established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anchor
 
v. Syn. fasten
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate
anecdote
 
n. Syn. episode; story
short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
anesthetic
 
n.
substance that causes loss of sensation; producing temporary loss or impairment of feeling
angular
 
a.
sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner
announcer
 
n.
one who proclaims a message publicly
annoy
 
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate
annual
 
a.
occurring or payable every year
annually
 
ad. Syn. yearly
yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year
anthem
 
n. Syn. song; hymn
song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty
anthropology
 
n.
social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings
antibiotic
 
a. Syn. antibacterial
of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate
 
v. Syn. expect; predict
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
anticipation
 
n. Syn. expectation
something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence
antiquate
 
v.
make obsolete or old-fashioned
antiquated
 
a. Syn. obsolete; antique; aged
too old to be fashionable, suitable, or useful; obsolete; aged
antique
 
a. Syn. old; archaic; ancient
old; belonging to, made in, or typical of an earlier period
antiquity
 
n. Syn. relic
ancient times, especially the times preceding the Middle Ages; extreme oldness
antiseptic
 
n. Syn. bactericide; germicide
substance that prevents infection; substance that restricts the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
apology
 
n. Syn. regret
acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or offense; explanation or excuse
apparent
 
a. Syn. visible
capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
appendix
 
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
something appended or added
applaud
 
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
appointment
 
n. Syn. arrangement
act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
appreciation
 
n. Syn. recognition; taste
recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable one
apprentice
 
n.
works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approval
 
n. Syn. sanction; endorsement
official approbation; endorsement; act of approving
approve
 
v. Syn. ratify
ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of
apt
 
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
aptitude
 
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding
aquamarine
 
a.
of bluish-green colour; of pale blue to light greenish blue
aquarium
 
n.
tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
arbitrary
 
a. Syn. capricious; impulse
randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
arboreal
 
a.
tree-dwelling; treelike; living in trees
arc
 
n.
continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
arch
 
n.
any part of a curved line
archaeological
 
a.
related to or dealing with or devoted to archaeology
archaeology
 
n.
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
architect
 
n.
one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
architectural
 
a.
of or pertaining to the art and science of architecture
archives
 
n.
public records; place where public records are kept
arena
 
n.
playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
aria
 
n. Syn. melody
operatic solo; solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment
arise
 
v. Syn. spring
come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action
arithmetic
 
n.
theory of numerical calculations
armor
 
n. Syn. shield
shield; defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
armored
 
a.
protected by armor; provided with protective covering
arms
 
n. Syn. weapon
weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family
arrange
 
v. Syn. plan; schedule
put in proper order; dispose in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose
array
 
v. Syn. marshal
set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
arsenal
 
n. Syn. armory
storage place for military equipment; stock of weapons
artery
 
n.
one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart; major transit corridor
articulate
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artificial
 
a. Syn. unreal
made by humans; produced rather than natural.
artillery
 
n.
large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons
artisan
 
n.
manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
ascent
 
n.
upward slope or grade; movement upward
aspect
 
n. Syn. respect; facet
distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind
assassination
 
n.
act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack
assemble
 
v. Syn. gather
put together; bring or call together into a group or whole
assess
 
v. Syn. estimate; judge
estimate value; judge worth of something
asset
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assign
 
v. Syn. appoint; allot
appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly
assignment
 
n. Syn. task; job
task given to students; job; distribution; appointment
associate
 
v. Syn. pertain; connect
connect or join together; combine
association
 
n. Syn. alliance; connection
connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose
assorted
 
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
varied; miscellaneous
assortment
 
n. Syn. variety; conglomerate
variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things
assume
 
v. Syn. suppose; presume
suppose; presume; take on; bear
assumption
 
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
assurance
 
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt
assure
 
v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
solidify; guarantee; convince
astonish
 
v. Syn. surprise; shock
surprise; shock
astonishing
 
a. Syn. astounding; miraculous
very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; surprising greatly
astounding
 
a.
surprising; shocking
astronomy
 
n.
branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
astute
 
a. Syn. shrewd
wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence
asylum
 
n. Syn. protection
place of refuge or shelter; protection
asymmetrical
 
a. Syn. unbalanced; uneven
unbalanced; uneven
atheist
 
n. Syn. nonbeliever
nonbeliever; one who denies the existence of god
athlete
 
n.
sports man; one who contended for prize in public games
atlas
 
n.
a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables
atomic
 
a.
of or relating to or comprising atoms; immeasurably small
atomization
 
n.
act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles
atrophy
 
n. Syn. shrinkage
wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease
attach
 
v. Syn. fasten; annex
fasten; annex; be in contact with
attack
 
n.
offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
attempt
 
n. Syn. try; endeavor; effort
action of trying at something
attendance
 
n.
act of being present
attendant
 
n. Syn. aide; servant
aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attribute
 
v. Syn. ascribe; explain
relate to particular cause or source; ascribe; explain
audible
 
a. Syn. perceptible; discernible
perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear
audience
 
n. Syn. spectator; viewer
a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
audit
 
n.
examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts
audition
 
v. Syn. test
take part in a trial performance; evaluate in a trial performance
auditorium
 
n.
area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
augment
 
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
aurora
 
n.
the first light of day; an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands of light caused by charged solar particles following the earth's magnetic lines of force
authentic
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
authenticate
 
v. Syn. verify; confirm
prove genuine; establish authenticity of
author
 
n.
beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer
authorize
 
v. Syn. empower; sanction
empower; give permission for; sanction
autobiographical
 
a.
of or relating to a person's life or an account of a person's life
automated
 
a. Syn. mechanical; automatic
mechanical; automatic; accomplished without the intervention of a human operator
automatic
 
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control
automobile
 
n.
self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway
automotive
 
a.
of or relating to motor vehicles; moving by itself; self-propelling
autonomous
 
a.
self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
avalanche
 
n.
great mass of falling snow and ice
avant-garde
 
n. Syn. vanguard
radically new or original; cutting edge
avenue
 
n.
way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street
average
 
a. Syn. typical; mediocre
typical; mean; achieve or reach on average
averse
 
a. Syn. reluctant; disinclined; unwilling
reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling
avert
 
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
aviator
 
n.
someone who operates an aircraft
avocation
 
n.
person's regular business or occupation; hobby or recreational or leisure pursuit
avoid
 
v. Syn. shun; prevent
shield away from; prevent
awareness
 
n. Syn. realization; consciousness
realization; consciousness; having knowledge of
axis
 
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
the center around which something rotates; pivot