12th Grade Cards: Language Arts

Words for students of 12th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 2), which are important supplementary words for 12th Grade academic classes.
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 12th Grade Cards: Language Arts (click the card to toggle it.)
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adulation
n. excessive flattery or admiration; unmerited praise
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androgyny
n. showing characteristics of both sexes
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apogee
n. the highest point; point in orbit most distant from the body being orbited
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attenuate
v. make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
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betimes
ad. in good time; before the usual or expected time
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billiards
n. any of several games played on rectangular cloth-covered table in which long tapering cue sticks are used to propel ivory balls
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bumptious
a. offensively self-assertive; liable to give or take offense; forward; pushing
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cajolery
n. flattery intended to persuade
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caparison
n. stable gear consisting of a decorated covering for a horse, especially for a warhorse
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chimerical
a. fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative
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coddle
v. treat gently; cook in water just below boiling point
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colloquy
n. a conversation, especially a formal one
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concatenate
v. combine two strings to form a single one; add by linking or joining so as to form a chain or series
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confederacy
n. a league or compact for mutual support or common action; alliance
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conspirator
n. one who engages in a conspiracy; plotter
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contrivance
n. an artificial or unnatural arrangement of details or parts; inventive skill; skill to bring something about or create something
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corollary
n. natural consequence or effect; result
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cosmogony
n. the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe
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debilitate
v. make weak; enfeeble; impair the strength of
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degeneracy
n. moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles
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dendrology
n. the scientific study of trees
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derogation
n. a communication that belittles somebody or something; a partial repeal or abolition of a law
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desultory
a. aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject
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didactic
a. instructive, especially excessively
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disavowal
n. denial of any connection with or knowledge of
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disputation
n. a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
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dissonant
a. not in accord; lacking in harmony; characterized by musical dissonance
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diversity
n. point or respect in which things differ; difference
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divination
n. successful conjecture by unusual insight or good luck; the art or gift of prophecy by supernatural means
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ductile
a. easily influenced; flexible; pliable
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eccentricity
n. oddity; departure from that which is stated, regular, or usual; deviation from center
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effluvium
n. a foul-smelling outflow or vapor, especially a gaseous waste
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elide
v. omit a vowel, consonant, or syllable in pronunciation; leave or strike out
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emulate
v. be a match or counterpart for; eager to equal or excel
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encomium
n. high praise; formal expression of praise; tribute
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epicycle
n. a circle that rolls around inside or outside another circle; generates an epicycloid or hypocycloid
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eulogize
v. praise formally and eloquently
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execration
n. hate coupled with disgust; an appeal to some supernatural power to inflict evil on someone; the object of cursing
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expeditious
a. marked by speed and efficiency
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extrude
v. force or push out; drive away; displace or remove, as a person from a place or office
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fervid
a. extremely hot; eager; impassioned; burning
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flay
v. strip off the skin or outer covering of
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freethinker
n. a person who believes that God created the universe and then abandoned it
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gelid
a. very cold, icy, or frosty
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hacienda
n. the main house on a ranch or large estate
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immunosuppressant
n. a drug that lowers the body's normal immune response
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inexpedient
a. not appropriate to the purpose; not suitable or advisable
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interlocutor
n. one who speaks in dialogue or takes part in conversation
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introspect
v. reflect on one's own thoughts and feelings
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involution
n. the shrinkage of an organ in old age or when inactive; the act of sharing in the activities of a group; the action of enfolding something
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irrefrangible
a. not to be broken or violated; inviolable; incapable of being refracted
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jocular
a. humorous, amusing or joking; sportive; not serious
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lariat
n. a long noosed rope used to catch animals
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lethargy
n. inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy
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liege
n. a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service; a person holding a fief
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lithograph
n. a flat surface, of stone or metal, is treated to absorb or repel ink in the desired pattern; a print produced by lithography
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luminescent
a. emitting light not caused by heat
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mandibular
a. relating to the lower jaw, either the upper or lower part of the bill of a bird
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merino
n. white sheep originating in Spain and producing a heavy fleece of exceptional quality
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microscopy
n. research with the use of microscopes
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missal
n. a book containing all the prayers and responses needed to celebrate Mass throughout the year; any books of prayers or devotions
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monocracy
n. a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator, not restricted by a constitution, laws or opposition
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muffle
n. bare end of nose between nostrils
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nasalization
n. the act of nasalizing; the utterance of sounds modulated by the nasal resonators
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neopaganism
n. a modern religious movement that seeks to incorporate beliefs or ritual practices from traditions outside the main world religions
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nostrum
n. patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable; quack medicine
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obstreperous
a. noisily aggressive; making great noise or outcry
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opprobrium
n. state of disgrace resulting from public abuse; state of extreme dishonor
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outrigger
n. a stabilizer for a canoe; spars attach to a shaped log or float parallel to the hull
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pariah
n. social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home
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pedant
n. one who is overly concerned with formal rules and trivial points of learning
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pentameter
n. a verse line having five metrical feet
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perspicacious
a. having keen insight; mentally perceptive; astute
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pestilential
a. tending to produce infectious disease; destructive
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planisphere
n. a representation of the circles of the sphere on a plane surface, such as a polar projection of the celestial sphere onto a chart
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prattle
v. speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly; talk artlessly and childishly
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prehension
n. the act of gripping something firmly with the hands or the tentacles
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pseudonymity
n. the fact or state of being signed with a pseudonym
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rejuvenescence
n. a renewal of youthfulness or vigor
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repugnance
n. extreme dislike or aversion; opposition; conflict; resistance, in a physical sense
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runnel
n. a small stream, brook, rivulet; a small channel, as for water
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saponaceous
a. resembling or having the qualities of soap
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sinuosity
n. having curves; a turn, curve, or intricacy
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submersible
n. a warship designed to operate under wate; capable of being immersed in water or functioning while submerged
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unmitigated
a. unrelieved or immoderate in intensity or severity; without exception; absolute
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vociferate
v. utter in a very loud voice