evident: /'ɛvɪdənt/ a. Syn. obvious; apparent; clear (明らか) easily seen or understood; obvious; apparent; clear He was lying on his left side at the time, and in evident pain.
evolve: /ɪ'vɒlv/ v. Syn. develop; grow (進化) develop; grow They want to evolve a joint strategy for the next round of WTO related trade negotiations scheduled to be held in Geneva in mid December.
exceed: /ɪk'si:d/ v. (超過) go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree This will exceed all my expectations.
exclude: /ɪk'sklu:d/ v. (除外) leave out of; keep out of; reject A decision to exclude a third of the countries on that initial list would be controversial, as debt cancellation is a key element to alleviate global poverty.
exhibit: /ɪg'zɪbɪt/ v. Syn. display; show (展示) show, make visible or apparent The Metropolitan Museum plans to exhibit Goya's works this month.
expand: /ɪk'spænd/ v. Syn. dilate; extend (展開) become larger in size or volume; grow stronger; add details China wants to learn from India's success in IT and expand international outsourcing, such as call centers, a booming sector in India.
expert: /'ɛkspɜrt/ n. (専門家) person with a high degree of skill in or knowledge of a certain subject If this expert is as good as Foote says, he can tie up the process for a long time.
explicit: /ɪk'splɪsɪt/ a. Syn. definite; outspoken (明示) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken Don't just hint around that you're dissatisfied: be explicit about what's bugging you.
exploit: /ɛk'splɔɪt/ v. (利用) make use of, sometimes unjustly Cesar Chavez fought attempts to exploit migrant farm workers in California.
export: /ɪk'spɔ:t/ v. (輸出) sell or transfer abroad They impose limits on how much developing nations can export to rich countries.
expose: /ɪk'spoʊz/;/ɛkspə'zeɪ/ v. Syn. exhibit; show; display (公開) set forth; set out to public view It will once again expose their intent to prevent an agenda that people clearly want.
external: /ɛk'stɜrn(ə)l/ a. Syn. exterior; outer (外部) exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outside There is, said the external relations commissioner, a lot of broken crockery on the floor, and we're going to have to work hard to put the pieces together again.
extract: /ɪk'strækt/ v. Syn. derive; remove; squeeze (抽出) draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles He is not planning to expel foreign companies as he needs their expertise and technology to extract and upgrade Venezuela's heavy crude.
facilitate: /fə'sɪlɪteɪt/ v. Syn. promote; expedite (面倒) help bring about; make less difficult Rest and proper nourishment should facilitate the patient's recovery.
factor: /'fæktə(r)/ n. Syn. variable; element; component (因子) anything that contributes causally to a result; element; variable The Federation warns that unless the world's population acts now to eat a healthier diet and to take more exercise, obesity will rapidly overtake smoking as the leading lifestyle risk factor for heart disease and strokes.
feature: /'fi:tʃə(r)/ n. (機能) prominent aspect of something No feature in the scene was extraordinary, but all was pleasing.
federal: /'fɛdər(ə)l/ a. (連邦) of or relating to central government; national The new president has to face current and long term federal deficits.
fee: /fi:/ v. (料金) give a tip beyond the agreed-on compensation Please remember to fee the steward.
file: /faɪl/ v. (ファイル) line; proceed in line The students file into the classroom.
final: /'faɪn(ə)l/ a. Syn. last (最終) forming or occurring at the end; terminating; ultimate; conclusive The game is now in its final stages, I can see its result already.
finance: /'faɪnæns/ n. Syn. fund (金融) management of money and credit and banking and investments; subsidizing; fund Mr. Brown's views on economic matters are pretty well established and internationally he's known among finance ministers for his grasp of detail.
finite: /'faɪnaɪt/ a. (有限) having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded By the way, it's wrong to think a single individual can overtake a population of size infinity in finite time.
flexible: /'flɛksɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. pliant; elastic; docile (柔軟) pliant; elastic; capable of being bent or flexed; pliable The way of life is very beautiful for those people, who work from home, enjoys having less pressure and they can work in flexible hours at their own convenience.
fluctuate: /'flʌktjʊeɪt/ v. Syn. waver; shift (行き詰まり) rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly The water pressure in our shower does fluctuate wildly.
focus: /'foʊkəs/ n. (フォーカス) most important thing; a fixed reference point; center of interest or activity Who is responsible and who coordinates the attack is now the focus of discussion.
format: /'fɔ:mæt/ v. Syn. pattern; design (書式) pattern; design; set into a specific pattern Please format this letter so it can be printed out.
formula: /'fɔ:mjʊlə/ n. (数式は) plan; directions for making something; a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement He gave us a general formula for attacking polynomials.
forthcoming: /fɔ:θ'kʌmɪŋ/ a. (今度) ready or about to appear; making appearance The forthcoming talks hold out the hope of real arms reductions.
foundation: /faʊn'deɪʃ(ə)n/ n. (基盤) basis on which something is grounded There is little foundation for his objections, nobody follow him.
framework: /'freɪmwɜrk/ n. Syn. structure; skeleton (フレームワーク) fundamental structure, as for a written work; skeleton If they're given a draft framework for such a body, the rebels say they are willing to resume negotiations.
function: /'fʌnkʃən/ n. (機能) act of executing or performing any duty; assigned duty or activity The function of an adjective is to describe or add to the meaning of a noun.
fund: /fʌnd/ n. Syn. money; capital (ファンド) money; capital; a reserve of money set aside for some purpose; finance; subsidize An activist from Burundi lambasted the world's richer nations for not putting money into the global fund to fight AIDS.
fundamental: /fʌndə'mɛnt(ə)l/ a. Syn. primary; essential (組み込み) relating to foundation or base; elementary; primary; essential El Niao is a natural phenomenon, but some are worried that climate change could now be altering the cycle in fundamental ways.
furthermore: /fɜrðə'mɔ:(r)/ ad. (さらに) in addition; moreover; still further The guy was about forty, Reacher guessed, and furthermore Reacher guessed he had gotten to be about forty by staying relentlessly aware of everything.
gender: /'dʒɛndə(r)/ n. (性別) sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture; category New reforms are largely uncontroversial, such as gender equality measures and improved rights of privacy.
generate: /'dʒɛnəreɪt/ v. Syn. cause; produce; create (生成) bring into being; give rise to; produce Their primary concern is not the health of the American people it is to maximize the revenue they can generate from the American people.
generation: /dʒɛnə'reɪʃ(ə)n/ n. (次世代) all offspring at same stage from common ancestor; interval of time between the birth of parents and their offspring They lived a long time, their generation is 100 years to us.
globe: /gloʊb/ n. (砦ボア達成するため、世界中) body with the shape of a sphere, especially a representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ball The average temperature of the globe is well below the optimal for humans and their crops.
goal: /goʊl/ n. Syn. end; objective; aim (目標) end; objective; final purpose or aim My goal, said one, is to share this knowledge with other Afghans, especially Afghan women.
grade: /greɪd/ n. Syn. rank (グレード) step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing He's not in the first grade as a musician, why do you want to learn piano from him?
grant: /grɑrnt/ v. (助成金) allow to have; give on the basis of merit; be willing to concede I grant the genius of your plan, but you still will not find backers.
guarantee: /gærən'ti:/ n. Syn. assure; ensure (保証) pledge that something will happen or that something is true If it has decided to build a stockpile of nuclear weapons as the best guarantee of its security, then a more dangerous confrontation will be unavoidable.
guideline: /'gaɪdɪlaɪ/ n. (ガイドライン) statement or other indication of policy; light line, used in lettering, to help align the text A good guideline is to post enough to keep your page fresh.
hence: /hɛns/ ad. (したがって、) from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction She presents herself in public and hence is an object of positive or negative regard, as the case may be.
hierarchy: /'haɪərɑrkɪ/ n. Syn. class; order (階層) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked To be low man on the totem pole is to have an inferior place in the hierarchy.
highlight: /'haɪlaɪt/ v. Syn. emphasize; stress (ハイライト) make prominent; emphasize; stress He said it was time to highlight the danger of the possibility of smaller radioactive sources falling into the hands of terrorists.
hypothesis: /haɪ'pɒθəsɪs/ n. Syn. assumption; theory (仮説) assumption; theory A hypothesis is a tentative statement that proposes a possible.
identical: /aɪ'dɛntɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. duplicate; alike (同じ) duplicate; alike; being the exact same one This is the identical room we stayed in before.
identify: /aɪ'dɛntɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. detect; spot; find out; discover (識別) detect; find out; discover Together they intercept millions of telephone calls, emails and faxes, and with special software, searching for key words and numbers, attempt to identify threats from terrorists, arms proliferators and so on.
ideology: /aɪdɪ'ɒlədʒɪ/ n. Syn. belief; idea; philosophy (イデオロギー) study of origin and nature of ideas For people who had grown up believing in the communist ideology, it was hard to adjust to capitalism.
ignorant: /'ɪgnərənt/ a. Syn. unlearned; uneducated; unaware (無知) lacking education or knowledge; unaware And what an ignorant little girl she'll think me for asking!
illustrate: /'ɪləstreɪt/ v. Syn. represent; demonstrate; depict (イメージが) represent; demonstrate; depict; clarify, as by use of examples or comparisons The editor will illustrate the definition with an example sentence.
image: /'ɪmɪdʒ/ n. Syn. picture; figure (イメージ) visual representation; representation of a person The emperor's tomb had his image carved in stone.
immigrate: /'ɪmɪgreɪt/ v. (影響は) move into another country to stay there permanently The cost to immigrate legally needs to be lowered, or we will see more border accidents.
impact: /'ɪmpækt/ n. Syn. influence; effect (影響) forceful consequence; strong effect; influencing strongly It's hard to characterize the cultural effects, although easier to the vital economic impact on China's neighbors.
implement: /'ɪmplɪmənt/ v. Syn. execute; perform (実装) put into effect; supply with tools The mayor was unwilling to implement the plan until she was sure it had the governor's backing.
implicate: /'ɪmplɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. incriminate (巻き込む) incriminate; involve or imply as necessary accompaniment or result The suspicions again implicate high government officials to the point where 911 could well have been an inside job.
implicit: /ɪm'plɪsɪt/ a. Syn. implied; suggested (暗黙) implied or understood though not directly expressed Jack never told Jill he adored her; he believed his love was implicit in his actions.
imply: /ɪm'plaɪ/ v. Syn. signify (意味) express or indicate indirectly; signify Why does the word imply male siblings and not female as well?
impose: /ɪm'poʊz/ v. Syn. demand; force; inflict (堂) demand; force; compel to behave in a certain way In the past the courts have treated similar cases with great leniency but there's been growing pressure from the government and the public to impose stiffer penalties.
incentive: /ɪn'sɛntɪv/ n. Syn. spur; motive (インセンティブ) something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward Another incentive is the tax and duty-free importation of raw materials to be used for book publishing.
incidence: /'ɪnsɪd(ə)ns/ n. Syn. occurrence (率) rate of occurrence; particular occurrence The highest incidence is found in Britain, Australia and Belgium: 30 per 1,000,000 per year.
incline: /ɪn'klaɪn/ n. Syn. slope; slant (傾斜) cause to lean, slant, or slope; deviate from the horizontal or vertical The architect recommended that the nursing home's ramp be rebuilt because its incline was too steep for wheelchairs.
income: /'ɪnkʌm/ n. (所得) gain from labor, business, property, or capital I can never do that again, two-thirds of my income goes in paying the interest of mortgages.
incorporate: /ɪn'kɔ:pəreɪt/ v. Syn. combine; unite (合併) combine something into a larger whole; unite I will provide the template for the website but will need someone in incorporate the matrix along with the members area and a few other aspects to go along with the members area.
index: /'ɪndɛks/ n. (インデックス) anything which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; prologue indicating what follows; second digit Do you know the price index in the city?
indicate: /'ɪndɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. show; reflect; evidence; imply; suggest (示す) point out; direct to a knowledge of Researchers indicate that men find it easier to give up smoking than women.
individual: /ɪndɪ'vɪdjʊəl/ n. (個人) single person or thing; human regarded as a unique personality If this individual is to be the leader of this country, she will lead us to total defeat.
induce: /ɪn'dju:s/;/ɪn'du:s/ v. Syn. persuade (誘導) persuade; bring about; reason or establish by induction He was as a dog that had been terribly scorched, and nothing would again induce him to go near the fire.
inevitable: /ɪn'ɛvɪtəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unavoidable (節だらけのは避けられない) unavoidable; incapable of being avoided or prevented Though taxes are supposedly inevitable, some people avoid paying taxes for years.
infer: /ɪn'fɜr(r)/ v. Syn. deduce; conclude (推論) deduce; conclude from evidence or premises; lead to as a consequence or conclusion From the students' glazed looks, it was easy for me to infer that they were bored out of their minds.
infrastructure: /'ɪnfrəstrʌktʃə(r)/ n. (インフラストラクチャ) underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system Mexican federal aviation officials have indicated a substantial investment in infrastructure is needed for the airline to comply.
inherent: /ɪn'hɪərənt/ a. Syn. intrinsic; natural (固有) firmly established by nature or habit Each branch of the federal government has certain inherent powers.
inhibit: /ɪn'hɪbɪt/ v. Syn. restrain; prevent (抑制) restrain; prevent or forbid; hold back Only two things inhibit him from taking a punch at Mike Tyson: Tyson's left hook, and Tyson's right jab.
initial: /ɪ'nɪʃ(ə)l/ a. Syn. preliminary (初期) early; preliminary; occurring at the beginning An initial study will look at the terrorist threat to peace-keeping forces in the Balkans.
initiate: /ɪ'nɪʃɪeɪt/ v. Syn. begin; originate (開始) begin; originate; admit into membership The college is about to initiate a program in reducing math anxiety among students.
injure: /'ɪndʒə(r)/ v. (傷) do harm to; inflict damage; do injustice to Generally people who injure limbs have bad arthritis as they mature.
innovate: /'ɪnəveɪt/ v. (技術革新) change or alter by bringing in something new For many in our industry, the capacity to innovate is closely tied to developing human resources.
insert: /ɪn'sɜrt/ v. Syn. input; enter (挿入) input; enter; put or set into, between, or among The proposal for genetic modification involves to insert a fluorescent protein into the virus.
insight: /'ɪnsaɪt/ n. Syn. understanding (洞察) understanding; grasping the inner nature of things intuitively This insight is then applied to three prominent proposals.
inspect: /ɪn'spɛkt/ v. Syn. examine (検査) look over; examine carefully and critically, especially for flaws Please inspect your father's letter carefully.
instance: /'ɪnstəns/ n. Syn. example (インスタンス) example that is cited to prove a contention or illustrate a point; case or occurrence The framework applies equally to all ecosystems and in this instance is adapted for wetlands.
institute: /'ɪnstɪtju:t/;/'ɪnstətu:t/ n. (研究所) advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or education The institute for biomedical research is a non-profit, independent research and educational organization known as a world leader in its field.
instruct: /ɪn'strʌkt/ v. Syn. teach (指示) teach; make aware of She had to instruct the students to work on their pronunciation.
integral: /'ɪntɪgr(ə)l/ a. Syn. complete; entire (積分) essential or necessary for completeness; entire Despite the ratings agencies' spectacular failures during the recent crisis, their assessments remain integral to the structure of the financial system.
integrate: /'ɪntɪgreɪt/ v. Syn. combine (統合) make whole; combine; make into one unit She tried to integrate all their activities into one program.
integrity: /ɪn'tɛgrɪtɪ/ n. Syn. uprightness; wholeness (整合) quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completeness Protecting global supply chain integrity is of the utmost importance for manufacturers.
intelligence: /ɪn'tɛlɪdʒəns/ n. (情報) ability to comprehend; understand and profit from experience; intellect; power of cognition More than half the variance between people in intelligence is also genetic, Mr. Shane reports, adding that smarter people "tend to be less satisfied with their jobs."
intense: /ɪn'tɛns/ a. Syn. extreme; acute (強烈) extreme; acute; in an extreme degree The Israeli and Palestinian girls engage in intense discussions and heated arguments.
interact: /ɪntər'ækt/ v. Syn. interplay (相互作用) interplay; act together or towards others or with Only two months ago, there was much criticism of the founders who organized the floatation and continued to interact with Wall Street.
intermediate: /ɪntə'mi:dɪət/ a. (中間) middle; lying between two extremes They are all from sitting to standing without intermediate pushes with the hands.
internal: /ɪn'tɜrn(ə)l/ a. Syn. inside; interior (内部) inside; interior; located within the limits or surface An internal audit led to Julie Wall's downfall and her vast collection has now been auctioned to pay back some of what she owes.
interpret: /ɪn'tɜrprɪt/ v. (解釈) explain or tell the meaning of; translate orally; decipher When data is kept under lock and key, as mysterious as a temple secret, only the priests can read and interpret it.
interpretation: /ɪntɜrprɪ'teɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. explanation (解釈) explanation; performer's distinctive personal version of a song, dance, piece of music General Kazantsev said the interpretation of the leaflets air-dropped on Grozny on Monday, telling civilians to leave or face destruction, was all wrong.
interval: /'ɪntəv(ə)l/ n. Syn. pause; break (間隔) pause; break; space between two objects, points, or units The first week, it spouted every five hours, but recently the interval is eight hours.
intervene: /ɪntə'vi:n/ v. (介入) get involved; come, appear, or lie between two things The place to intervene is to slow down the number of children who begin smoking.
intrinsic: /ɪn'trɪnsɪk/ a. Syn. essential; inherent (俳優) relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in Although my grandmother's china has little intrinsic value, I shall always cherish it for the memories it evokes.
invest: /ɪn'vɛst/ v. (投資) put clothe on, as with office or authority; place in possession of rank, dignity, or estate; endow; lay out money or capital in business You had better let me invest it along with your six thousand, because if you take it you'll spend it.
investigate: /ɪn'vɛstɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. explore; research; survey (調査) explore; observe or inquire into in detail; examine systematically NASA has launched its Contour spacecraft, one of a series of missions designed to investigate comets.
invoke: /ɪn'voʊk/ v. (起動) call upon; ask for; request earnestly I again invoke the cooperation of the executive and legislative authorities of the States in this great purpose.
involve: /ɪn'vɒlv/ v. (関係) wind round; connect with something; include necessarily; engage thoroughly How should we involve ourselves in school life?
isolate: /'aɪsəleɪt/ v. Syn. seclude; separate (分離) seclude; set apart or cut off from others That research will isolate a large number of antibodies from humans and animals.
issue: /'ɪʃu:, 'ɪsju:/ n. Syn. subject; topic; problem (問題) subject; topic; problem; edition; publication; release; publish The issue could be settled by requiring public education for everyone.
item: /'aɪtəm/ n. (アイテム) a whole individual unit; a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group He noticed an item in the New York Times that reported his hometown.
journal: /'dʒɜrn(ə)l/ n. Syn. magazine; periodical (雑誌) magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred Published twice yearly, the journal is an open access, online publication.
justify: /'dʒʌstɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. vindicate; defend (正当) adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear away "And old Madam Reed, or the Misses, her daughters, will be solicited by you to seek a place, I suppose?" "No, sir; I am not on such terms with my relatives as would justify me in asking favours of them--but I shall advertise."
label: /'leɪb(ə)l/ n. (ラベル) paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition There was no label this time with the words "DRINK ME," but nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her lips.
labour: /'leɪbə(r)/ n. (労働) effort expended on particular task; act of mother giving birth; time period during which mother gives birth When Lisa went into labour, her doctor was not around, she says.
layer: /'leɪə(r)/ n. Syn. tier; stratum (層) tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another The layer of thick smoke now covering all of southern California, thousands of firefighters are still struggling to contain ten separate blazes.
lecture: /'lɛktʃə(r)/ n. (講義) teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public The students could not follow the lecture on modern chemistry.