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 2020 Hot Words and Phrases

Do you want to learn hard words from mainstream media's hot topics? You may be interested in some word lists here that our tutors daily select from Economist, BBC, New York Times, and other sources.

If you are preparing SAT or ACT, these popular words in recent reports are deserved to view and learn. They are critical in the reading section.If your GRE test is near, this difficult vocabulary list with sentences will give you clues of both hot words topics. It's an ideal supplement to enhance vocabulary.This list contains words that look easy or simple, but in selected sentences, they are with different meanings. Never be confused by them.When you enrich your English vocabulary, don't forget new words. This 100 words list is collected from new media materials to help build vital English vocabulary skills.
Examples of Hot Difficult Words in Sentences:
That coronavirus regulations infringe on basic rights and freedoms enshrined in Germany's constitution.
enshrine   Speak
v. place a revered or precious object in an appropriate receptacle
infringe   Speak
v. actively break the terms of a law or agreement
Manager of influencer Zara McDermott told BBC that her email inbox is flooded with offers from drop shippers asking to promote what she believes to be knock-off goods.
influencer   Speak
n. a person or thing that influences another
drop shipper   Speak
n. agent, distributor, or retailer who earns a commission on orders passed on to the manufacturer or original supplier
knock off   Speak
n. a copy that sells for less than the original
It all culminated Saturday in Trump declaring that 99 percent of cases are totally harmless — a statement that bears no resemblance to what health officials have said.
culminate   Speak
v. reach a climax or point of highest development
bear no resemblance   Speak
v. not be similar to someone or something else
when tests on 13 July showed that 87 percent of the mink were infected, health authorities ordered for all 92,700 of the semi-aquatic animals to be culled.
cull   Speak
v. kill animals, especially the weaker members of them, in order to reduce or limit their number
 Difficult Words with Meaning and Sentence
    

Hard Vocabulary with Sentence

Vocabulary is the core of English study. To master difficult words, you need to know definitions and meanings, as well as sentences and examples. The list of 200 hard words with meanings and sentences offers excellent contexts for each word to enrich your vocabulary skill. Especially for either SAT or ACT test-takers, these hard words and sentences are great resource to enhance college admission test skill.

Vocabulary capability plays a vital role in all English language tests. No matter what sort of questions, either reading or writing, high score relies on strong vocabulary skill. It may not ensure a good score, but the reverse is true: a weak vocabulary will lead to a bad result. So don't miss this difficult word list.

Students have various ways to study difficult words. One method is to learn new words from sentences and contexts. When you study or review difficult words, good example sentences help very much. These sentences not only let you understand new words precisely, but also push you to use new words confidently.

Here we list 200 difficult words with meanings and sentences. Most of the sentences are from media or the Internet. The real and alive English sentences give you actual context meanings, which help to memorize difficult words by context and to trigger inspiration to use them in writing.

The high light of this small difficult word list is its sentences, which are excellent examples to demonstrate word's meaning. As long as you bind words with their context sentences, both words and sentences can improve your performance in all aspects of English; especially these sentences should be a handy resource in writing.

Learn difficult vocabulary by both definition and example sentence may cost more time; however, it sharpens your reading and writing, kills two birds with one stone.

A list of 200 words is relatively small. It's far away from any test demand. None can rely on such a shortlist only to pass SAT, ACT, or similar test. Tutors and students usually use it to evaluate vocabulary level quickly. Some also use it as a supplement material in short training.

As we said, this short difficult word list isn't enough to deal with future test. If you are looking for a full size SAT vocabulary, 3000 Common SAT Vocabulary List, the relatively large SAT vocabulary in the website, is an essential level vocabulary for general SAT test-takers.

3000 Common SAT Vocabulary List

If you are interested in difficult SAT or ACT vocabulary, SAT ACT Vocabulary Flashcards provides a flexible way to review meaning, sentence, and even example use case in classic literature.

Hard SAT ACT Flashcards

For those who prefer to read ebooks, we have two vocabulary ebooks to recommend:

SAT 1200 Words in 30 Days (basic level)
Available at:
Apple iBook, Google Books, and Amazon Kindle.

SAT 4000 Words (basic, middle, and high level)
Available at:
Amazon Kindle.

Below are quick links to Amazon Kindle's SAT, ACT, and GRE vocabulary Ebook.


There are various reasons to accumulate and challenge difficult words. Some people are to prepare college admission examines like SAT and ACT. Vocabulary indeed impacts all sections of these tests. Before kick-off your preparing, you should have a smart plan to build strong vocabulary. Some online resources can help you make the right decision, like SAT Official Website, ACT Official Website.


fatuous: Read
/'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish
foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way
He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.
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fetid: Read
/'fɛtɪd/ a. Syn. stinking
unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
These dogs are housed in fetid, dark sheds and barns or left outside in cages exposed to the cold, the heat, the rain and the snow.
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fractious: Read
/'frækʃəs/ a. Syn. unruly; disobedient; irritable
inclined to make trouble; disobedient; irritable
Bucking and kicking, the fractious horse unseated its rider.

gregarious: Read
/grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable
sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others
Natural selection in gregarious animals operates upon groups rather than upon individuals.
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hapless: Read
/'hæplɪs/ a.
without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy
His hapless lover was knocked down by a car.
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harangue: Read
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression
In her lengthy harangue, the principal berated the offenders.
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Vocabulary List - View all words by list        
Select Vocabulary List:
1  2 

Words of List 2 (Part of words, select list to view all.):
obdurate
obfuscate
oblique
obsequious
obstreperous
obtuse
odious
officious
ostensible
palliate
pallid
panacea
paragon
pariah
parsimony
pathos
paucity
pejorative
pellucid
perfidious
perfunctory
pernicious
pertinacious
pithy
platitude
plethora
portent
precocious
primeval
proclivity
promulgate
propensity
propitious
prosaic
proscribe
protean
prurient
puerile
pulchritude
punctilious
quagmire
querulous
quixotic
rancor
rebuke
recalcitrant
rectitude
replete
reprobate
reprove
repudiate
rescind
restive
ribald
rife
ruse
sacrosanct
sagacity
salient
sanctimonious
sanguine
scurrilous
serendipity
servile
solicitous
somnolent
spurious
staid
stolid
stupefy
surfeit
surmise
surreptitious
sycophant
tacit
taciturn
tantamount
temerity
tenuous
timorous
torpid
tractable
transient
transmute
trenchant
truculent
turgid
turpitude
ubiquitous
unctuous
upbraid
usurp
vacillate
vacuous
vapid
variegated
venerate
veracity
verdant
vex
vicarious
vicissitude
vilify
viscous
vitriolic
wanton
winsome
wistful
...
Word Meaning Matching - Test how many words you know
abrogate  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
Exercise
limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing
Exercise
unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
Exercise
abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
assiduous  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
act of positioning close together; side-by-side position
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked
Exercise
strong feeling of aversion; dislike
calumny  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
Exercise
deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
Exercise
express strong disapproval of; disparage
Exercise
cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
capricious  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary
Exercise
abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
Exercise
unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
clemency  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental
Exercise
mildness, as of the weather; merciful, kind, or lenient act
Exercise
infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch
Exercise
tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action
dissemble  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
Exercise
apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate
Exercise
fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly
Exercise
disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of
egregious  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
abrupt and curt in manner or speech; rudely abrupt, unfriendly
Exercise
unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking
Exercise
make shiny by rubbing; polish
Exercise
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
extant  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
Exercise
having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
Exercise
infringe; advance beyond usual limit; make physical impact on; touch
Exercise
still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct
feral  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
claim without justification; claim for oneself without right
Exercise
not domestic; wild; existing in wild or untamed state
Exercise
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm
Exercise
deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual
florid  SpeakSentences and Contexts
Exercise
without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
Exercise
disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of
Exercise
constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
Exercise
reddish; elaborately or excessively ornamented
Interactive Spelling - Check your spelling skill online
Read [Esc]
/'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish
abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority
He intended to [___] the decree issued by his predecessor.


Spelling Word: abrogate
Read [Esc]
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
mental keenness; quickness of perception
However, her team's political [___] is clearly beyond mine, an Ivy League Medical Science Professor and NOT a Political "Science" Professor.


Spelling Word: acumen
Read [Esc]
/'æroʊgeɪt/ v.
claim without justification; claim for oneself without right
Lynn watch in astonishments as her coworkers [___] the credit for her brilliant work in the project.


Spelling Word: arrogate
Read [Esc]
/'kæləmnɪ/ n. Syn. slander
false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander
He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the [___] that his foes heaped upon him.


Spelling Word: calumny
Read [Esc]
/kən'kɒmɪtənt/ a. Syn. accompanying
in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with
These two-sided attributes are known as [___] characteristics.


Spelling Word: concomitant
Read [Esc]
/kə'nʌndrəm/ n. Syn. riddle
riddle; difficult problem; dilemma
For this reason, the best way out of this [___] is a political compromise.


Spelling Word: conundrum
Read [Esc]
/dɛlɪ'tɪərɪəs/ a. Syn. harmful
having harmful effect; injurious; having quality of destroying life; noxious; poisonous
If you believe that smoking is [___] to your health, then quit!.


Spelling Word: deleterious
Read [Esc]
/fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive
false; tending to mislead; deceptive
Paradoxically, [___] reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty, the answer you get may nevertheless be correct.


Spelling Word: fallacious
Read [Esc]
/fæ'stɪdɪəs/ a.
difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details
Bobby was such a [___] eater that he would eat a sandwich only if his mother first cut off every scrap of crust.


Spelling Word: fastidious
Read [Esc]
/'hæplɪs/ a.
without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy
His [___] lover was knocked down by a car.


Spelling Word: hapless