By Jiuondgie Lyon

SAT Vocabulary 2018

This hot SAT words list is selected from mainstream English medium based on popular topics of 2018. It's an express supplement to prepare SAT test. Each word has examples and contexts, which help very much to master new a word precisely.

We also include SAT vocabulary 2017 in this page to further reference, and add more example sentences originated from classic books.

To meet with diverse requirements to prepare SAT vocabulary, we also recommend below 3 SAT word-lists that help to further your reading and writing vocabulary skill.



abbot  Speak
n. a man who is the head of an abbey of monks
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abound  Speak
v. exist in large numbers or amounts
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accolade  Speak
n. an award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgment of merit.
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acutely  Speak
ad. in a way that shows a perceptive understanding or insight
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adamant  Speak
a. refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind.
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afflict  Speak
v. cause pain or suffering to; affect or trouble
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aggregate  Speak
n. a whole formed by combining several elements
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aide  Speak
n. assistant, adjutant, auxiliary
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alleviation  Speak
n. easement, easing, relief
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angler  Speak
n. a person who fishes with a rod and line.
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antique  Speak
a. having a high value because of considerable age
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appeal  Speak
n. an application to a higher court for a decision to be reversed
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atrocity  Speak
n. an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury
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avid  Speak
a. having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something
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back-alley  Speak
n. a narrow passage behind or between buildings
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barotrauma  Speak
n. injury caused by a change in air pressure, typically affecting the ear or the lung.
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bear down on  Speak
v, move quickly towards someone in a determined and threatening way
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beleaguer  Speak
v. surround with military forces, as with troubles
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bitcoin  Speak
n. a digital currency in which transactions can be performed without the need for a central bank
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blaze  Speak
v. burn fiercely or brightly
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blizzard  Speak
n. a severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility
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bloodthirsty  Speak
a. eager to shed blood.
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bombast  Speak
n. high-sounding language with little meaning, used to impress people
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boon  Speak
n. a thing that is helpful or beneficial
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bounty  Speak
n. a monetary gift or reward, typically given by a government, in particular.
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breeze-block  Speak
n. a large, grey brick made from ashes and cement
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cascade  Speak
n. a small waterfall
a process whereby something is successively passed on
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cement  Speak
n. a powdery substance, mixed with sand, gravel, and water to make concrete
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chaos  Speak
n. complete disorder and confusion
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choke  Speak
t. have severe difficulty in breathing
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clemency  Speak
n. mercy; lenience.
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clinch  Speak
v. confirm or settle a contract or bargain
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clog  Speak
v. block or become blocked with an accumulation of thick, wet matter
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comeback  Speak
n. a return by a well-known person to the activity he or she has formerly been successful
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constitute  Speak
v. give legal or constitutional form to an institution; establish by law
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contain  Speak
v. keep within limits; not to allow to spread
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contraption  Speak
n. a device that appears strange or unnecessarily complicated, and often badly made
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cordite  Speak
n. a smokeless explosive, used in ammunition
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corruption  Speak
n. dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery
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cosiness  Speak
n. quality of being comfortable, pleasant, and warm
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count towards  Speak
v. be part of what is needed to complete or achieve something
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coup  Speak
n. a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government
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crimp  Speak
v. have a limiting or adverse effect on something
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crookedness  Speak
n. tortuousness, contortion, tortuosity,
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crouch  Speak
n. adopting a position where the knees are bent and the upper body is brought forward and down
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crowdfund  Speak
v. fund a project or venture by raising many small amounts of money from a large number of people
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crown  Speak
v. be the triumphant culmination of (an effort or endeavor, especially a prolonged one).
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custody  Speak
n. protective care or guardianship of someone or something
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daze  Speak
v. make someone unable to think or react properly
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debris  Speak
n. scattered fragments, typically of something wrecked or destroyed.
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despise  Speak
v. feel a strong dislike for someone or something because of bad or no value
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detriment  Speak
n. the state of being harmed or damaged
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devolution  Speak
v. the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level
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displace  Speak
v. take over the place, position, or role of
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disregard  Speak
v. pay no attention to; ignore
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dither  Speak
v. be indecisive
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divert  Speak
v. cause to change course or turn from one direction to another
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domicile  Speak
n. the country that a person treats as their permanent home, or lives in and has a substantial connection with
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dominant  Speak
a. most important, powerful, or influential
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downfall  Speak
n. a loss of power, prosperity, or status
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drain  Speak
v. deprive of strength or vitality
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eaves  Speak
n. the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building
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elite  Speak
n. a select part of a group that is superior to the rest in terms of ability or qualities
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encrust  Speak
v. cover something with a hard surface layer
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entice  Speak
v. attract or tempt by offering pleasure or advantage
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epicentre  Speak
v. the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake
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erudite  Speak
a. having or showing great knowledge or learning
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exemplify  Speak
v. be a typical example of
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fall into line  Speak
v. conform with others or with accepted behavior.
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famine  Speak
n, extreme scarcity of food
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fanfare  Speak
n. a short ceremonial tune or flourish played on brass instruments, typically to introduce something or someone important.
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faulty  Speak
a. working badly or unreliably because of imperfections
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ferry  Speak
v. convey in a ferry or other ship or boat, especially across a short stretch of water
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fickle  Speak
a. changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties
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first go  Speak
n. doing or trying someting at first
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flog  Speak
v. sell or offer for sale
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foal  Speak
n. young horse or related animal
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fraught  Speak
a. causing or affected by great anxiety or stress
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frenzy  Speak
n. a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behavior
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fret  Speak
v. be constantly or visibly worried or anxious
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fume  Speak
v. feel, show, or express great anger
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funster  Speak
n. a person who makes fun; a joker.
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gator  Speak
n. an alligator.
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gnaw  Speak
v. bite at or nibble something persistently
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grandiose  Speak
a. impressive or magnificent in appearance or style
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granny  Speak
n. grandmother, grandmother style
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greasepaint  Speak
n. a waxy substance used as makeup by actors.
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groom  Speak
v. prepare or train someone for a particular purpose or activity
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guillotine  Speak
n. a machine with a heavy blade sliding vertically in grooves, used for beheading people
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gulag  Speak
n. a system of labor camps in the Soviet Union from 1930 to 1955 in which many people died
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heed  Speak
n. careful attention
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herald  Speak
v. be a sign that something is about to happen
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heron  Speak
n. a large fish-eating wading bird with long legs, a long S-shaped neck
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hoax  Speak
n. a humorous or malicious deception
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howitzer  Speak
n. a short gun for firing shells at low velocities
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humane  Speak
a. having or showing compassion or benevolence
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hype  Speak
v. promote or publicize (a product or idea) intensively, often exaggerating its importance or benefits.
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impassion  Speak
v. make passionate
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impose  Speak
v. force something to be accepted or put in place
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in chaos  Speak
a. overturned, inverted
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infest  Speak
v. be present in large numbers, typically so as to cause damage or disease
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inmate  Speak
n. a person confined to an institution such as a prison or hospital.
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inordinate  Speak
a. unusually or disproportionately large; excessive
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insuperable  Speak
a. impossible to overcome
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intimidate  Speak
v. frighten or overawe someone to make them do what one wants
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jacuzzi  Speak
n. a large bath with a system of underwater jets of water to massage the body
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lead-up  Speak
n. an event, point, or sequence that leads up to something else
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legion  Speak
n. a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army.
a vast host, multitude, or number of people or things.
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leper  Speak
n. a pariah who is avoided by others.
a person suffering from leprosy.
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lignin  Speak
n. a complex substance deposited in the cell walls of plants, making plants rigid
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lineage  Speak
n. lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree
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loophole  Speak
n. an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.
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ludicrous  Speak
a. so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing; ridiculous
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lure  Speak
v. tempt a person or an animal to do something or to go somewhere
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lustre  Speak
n. soft glow, especially that of a partly reflective surface
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malaise  Speak
n. a general feeling of discomfort or illness whose cause is difficult to identify
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man  Speak
v. work at, run, or operate a place or piece of equipment
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mettle  Speak
n. person's ability to cope well with difficulties or to face a demanding situation
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mortality  Speak
n. death, especially on a large scale
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motivate  Speak
v. cause someone to behave in a particular way
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mustang  Speak
n. American wild horse, typically small and lightly built
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nasty  Speak
a. highly unpleasant, especially to the senses; physically nauseating
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nip  Speak
v. go somewhere quickly or be somewhere for only a short time
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nix  Speak
v. put an end to, cancel
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notch  Speak
v. score or achieve something
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nudge  Speak
v. push slightly or gently, especially with the elbow
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oafish  Speak
a. stupid, uncultured, or clumsy
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obscene  Speak
a. offensive or disgusting by accepted standards of morality and decency
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pawn  Speak
n. an object left as security for money lent
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peddler  Speak
n. one who deals in or promotes something intangible
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peremptory  Speak
a. insisting on immediate attention or obedience;
rude and unreasonable
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photon  Speak
n. a particle representing a quantum of light or other electromagnetic radiation
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pinball  Speak
n. a game in which small metal balls are shot across a sloping board
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platitude  Speak
n. a remark or statement, especially with moral content, that is too often to be interesting
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playoff  Speak
n. additional game or period of play that decides the outcome
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plethora  Speak
n. a large or excessive amount of (something).
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plummet  Speak
v. fall or drop straight down at high speed
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poach  Speak
v. illegally hunt or catch (game or fish) on land that is not one's own, or in contravention of official protection.
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polymer  Speak
n. a substance that has a molecular structure consisting of a large number of similar units bonded together
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populism  Speak
n. support for the concerns of ordinary people
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potent  Speak
a. having great power, influence, or effect
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precipitation  Speak
n. rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground
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pretrial  Speak
n. a proceeding held by a judge, arbitrator, etc., before a trial
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prioritize  Speak
v. designate or treat something as more important than other things
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proletariat  Speak
n. workers or working-class people, regarded collectively
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proponent  Speak
n. person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project
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provenance  Speak
n. the place of origin or earliest known history of something
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pulverize  Speak
v. press or crush something until it becomes powder or a soft mass
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pummel  Speak
v. strike repeatedly, typically with the fists
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quarters  Speak
n. housing or accommodation, esp as provided for military personnel and their families
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reach  Speak
n. a continuous extent of land or water, especially a stretch of river between two bends
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reversal  Speak
n. a change to an opposite direction, position, or course of action
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rid  Speak
v. make someone or something free of a troublesome person or thing
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rogue  Speak
n. a dishonest or unprincipled man
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salvage  Speak
v. rescue a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo from loss at sea
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sanctify  Speak
v. set apart as or declare holy; consecrate.
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sapphire  Speak
n. a transparent precious stone, typically blue
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scoop up  Speak
v. lift out, take up
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scorpion  Speak
n. a small creature similar to an insect that lives in hot, dry areas of the world and has a long body and a curved tail with a poisonous sting
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scrap  Speak
n. a small piece of something, especially one that is left over after the greater part has been used
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scruffy  Speak
a. shabby and untidy or dirty
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scuffle  Speak
n. a short, confused fight or struggle at close quarters
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self-contained  Speak
a. complete, or having all that is needed, in itself
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selfie  Speak
n. a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website.
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shale  Speak
n. soft rock that can be split easily into fragile slabs
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shed  Speak
v. to cause (blood) to flow by cutting or wounding
to pour forth in drops
to give off or out
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siege  Speak
n. a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies
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sim  Speak
n. a video game that simulates an activity such as flying an aircraft or playing a sport.
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slam  Speak
v. shut something forcefully and loudly
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snap election  Speak
n. an election called earlier than expected
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snippet  Speak
n. a small piece or brief extract
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sparkle  Speak
v. shine brightly with flashes of light
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spike  Speak
n. a sharp increase in the magnitude or concentration
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spoof  Speak
v. imitate (something) while exaggerating its characteristic features for comic effect.
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stand a chance  Speak
v. have a prospect of success or survival
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steadfast  Speak
a. resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.
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stoke  Speak
v. add coal or other solid fuel to a fire, furnace, or boiler
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strained  Speak
a. not relaxed or comfortable; tense or uneasy
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sumo  Speak
n. a Japanese form of heavyweight wrestling
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swoop  Speak
v. move rapidly downward through the air
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tantalisingly  Speak
ad. in attractive, alluring, or tempting
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tat  Speak
n. tasteless or shoddy clothes, jewelry, or ornaments
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tectonic  Speak
a. of or relating to the structure of the earth's crust
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tedium  Speak
n. the state of being tedious
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teem  Speak
v. be full of or swarming with
pour down; fall heavily
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temper  Speak
n. person state of mind being angry or calm
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tilt  Speak
v. move or cause to move into a sloping position
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tome  Speak
n. a book, especially a large, heavy, scholarly one
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torso  Speak
n. the trunk of the human body.
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transfix  Speak
v. cause someone to become motionless with horror, wonder, or astonishment
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treachery  Speak
n. betrayal of trust; deceptive action or nature
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tremor  Speak
n. an involuntary quivering movement
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trifling  Speak
a. unimportant or trivial
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undone  Speak
a. not tied or fastened;
not done or finished
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unduly  Speak
ad. in unwarranted or inappropriate because excessive or disproportionate
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usher  Speak
v. cause or mark the start of something new
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utopia  Speak
n. an imagined place or state of things in which everything is perfect
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vibrate  Speak
v. echo, resonate; continue to be heard
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vilification  Speak
n. abusively disparaging speech or writing
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wary  Speak
a. feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems
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weapon-wielding  Speak
a. holding weapon in hands and ready to use it
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well-studied  Speak
a. proceeding or resulting from careful study; carefully designed or contrived
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wow  Speak
n. a sensational success.
a striking success.
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wristband  Speak
v. a strip of material worn around the wrist
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SAT Vocabulary 2017
abate  Speak
v. reduce in amount or intensity; to put an end to
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acclaim  Speak
n. enthusiastic applause; expression of approval or applause
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accolade  Speak
n. an expression of approval; praise; a special acknowledgment; an award
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acoustic  Speak
n. of or relating to sound, the sense of hearing, or the science of sound
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acquisition  Speak
n. the act of acquiring or gaining possession
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affluence  Speak
n. an abundance of wealth, plentiful supply of material goods
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aficionado  Speak
n. enthusiast, fan, devotee; a person who likes, knows about, and appreciates a particular interest or activity
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androgyny  Speak
n. quality of possessing characteristics of both males and females
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ardent  Speak
a. fervent, passionate; burning; glowing; shining
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ascendant  Speak
a. rising, moving upward; surpassing or controlling
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auction  Speak
v. to sell at a public event where goods or property are sold to the highest bidder
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austerity  Speak
n. policy of deficit-cutting, lower spending, and a reduction in the amount of benefits and public services provided; severity of manners or life; extreme rigor or strictness
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authoritative  Speak
a. arising or originating from a figure of authority; highly accurate or definitive
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avalanche  Speak
n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside
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beatify  Speak
v. to make blissful or happy; to make someone worthy of religious veneration (e.g. as a saint)
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beefed-up  Speak
a. made greater or stronger
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beleaguered  Speak
a. beset by trouble or difficulty; besieged; surrounded by enemy troops
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bilateral  Speak
a. involving both sides equally; having two sides
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bombardment  Speak
n. a continuous attack with shot and shell upon a town, fort, or other position; bombing
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brush  Speak
n. short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience
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bullish  Speak
n.optimistic; overly or foolishly optimistic or hopeful; having a muscular physique
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cactus  Speak
n. any of various succulent, spiny, usually leafless plants native mostly to arid regions
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calibrate  Speak
v. check or adjust by comparison with a standard; mark the scale of a measuring instrument
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caper  Speak
n. crime, especially theft, or a narrative about such a crime
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capitalization  Speak
n. total par value or stated value of no-par capital stock issues
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capitulate  Speak
v. to give up; to agree terms of surrender; to go along with or comply
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caveat  Speak
n. a qualification or exception; a warning
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chug  Speak
v. dull explosive sound, usually short and repeated, made by or as if by a laboring engine
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comprehensive  Speak
a. broadly or completely covering; including a large proportion of something
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compromise  Speak
v. to breach a secure system
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concentric  Speak
a. having a common center
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concoct  Speak
v. to contrive something using skill or ingenuity; to prepare something by mixing various ingredients, especially to prepare food for cooking
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conflagration  Speak
n. a large and uncontrollable fire
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consolidate  Speak
v. make strong or secure; strengthen; become solidified or united
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consumerism  Speak
n. attachment to materialistic values or possessions; theory that a progressively greater consumption of goods is economically beneficial
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couch  Speak
v. to phrase in a particular style, to use specific wording; to conceal, to hide
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counterterrorism  Speak
n. measures intended to combat or reduce terrorist activities
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culmination  Speak
n. Attainment or arrival at the highest pitch of glory, power, etc; the attainment of the highest point of altitude reached by a heavenly body
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denounce  Speak
v. to make a formal or public accusation against; to criticize or speak out againsts someone or something
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denude  Speak
v. strip (something) of its covering, possessions, or assets; make bare
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discomfit  Speak
v. to defeat completely,to make perplex or uneasy
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disconfirm  Speak
v. to establish the falsity of a claim or belief; to show or to tend to show that a theory or hypothesis is not valid.
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dupe  Speak
v. to swindle, deceive, or trick
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dwindling  Speak
a. gradually declining, until a little remains
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dystopian  Speak
a. characterized by human suffering or misery; characteristic of a dystopia ( a miserable, dysfunctional state or society)
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entice  Speak
v. to lure; to attract by arousing desire or hope
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expropriation  Speak
n. the act of taking an individual's private property for public use
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extramarital  Speak
a. being in violation of marriage vows; adulterous; taking place outside marriage
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falsification  Speak
n. the act of deceptively altering, adulterating, counterfeiting, misrepresenting
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fledgling  Speak
a. young and inexperienced; like a young bird which has just developed its flight feathers
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flotilla  Speak
n. a small fleet, or a fleet of small vessals
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fluctuate  Speak
v. to rise and fall or vary irregularly, to vary irregularly or in waves
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forensic  Speak
a. relating to the use of science or technology in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law
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furor  Speak
n. general uproar or commotion; violent anger or frenzy; state of intense excitement
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galaxy  Speak
n. any of large-scale aggregates of stars, gas, and dust that constitute the universe; assembly of brilliant or distinguished persons or things
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golden parachute  Speak
n. an agreement between a company and an employee, usually an executive, specifying that the employee will receive certain significant benefits if employment is terminated
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hunker  Speak
v. take shelter; crouch or squat close to the ground
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hype  Speak
n. excessive publicity and the ensuing commotion; something deliberately misleading
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indecipherable  Speak
a. impossible to decipher, impossible to determine the meaning of
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indictment  Speak
n. a formal accusation
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ingenue  Speak
n. an innocent, unsophisticated, naive young woman
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ingrain  Speak
v. to infix deeply, to work into the natural texture or into the mental or moral constitution of; to stain; to saturate; to imbue
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injunction  Speak
n. process, granted by a court whereby a party is required to do or to refrain from doing certain acts; a command
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insolvency  Speak
n. the condition of one who is unable to pay his debts as they fall due, or in the usual course of trade and business
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jettison  Speak
v. throw as from an airplane; to discard something as if it is defective
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jittery  Speak
a. nervy, jumpy, on edge
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ladle  Speak
v. to serve something with a ladle, a deep-bowled spoon with a long, usually curved, handle
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larcenist  Speak
n. thief; one who commits larceny(theft)
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laureate  Speak
n. person who has been presented with an award for some distinguished achievement
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leftist  Speak
n. a person who believes in or supports the political left
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litmus test  Speak
n. a test in which a single factor is decisive; an instrument that is used to make a judgment about whether someone or something is acceptable
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lodestar  Speak
n. a star used as a navigation reference, particularly a pole star such as Polaris; a guiding tenet or principle.
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meritocracy  Speak
n. rule by merit, and talent; often used to describe a type of society where wealth, income, and social status are assigned through competition
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mire  Speak
v. cause to become stuck (in mud); to weigh down
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misadventure  Speak
n. an accidental mishap or misfortune
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misnomer  Speak
n. error in naming a person or place; name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person or an object
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mitigation  Speak
n. alleviation; relief; abatement or diminution of anything painful, harsh, severe etc
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morass  Speak
n. something that hinders or overwhelms; low-lying, soggy ground
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mortar  Speak
n. muzzle-loading, indirect fire weapon with a tube length of 10 to 20 calibers and designed to lob shells at very steep trajectories
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nausea  Speak
n. feeling of sickness in the stomach characterized by an urge to vomit; strong aversion; disgust
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Nordic  Speak
a. of or relating to Scandinavia, a region in Northern Europe that includes Norway, Denmark and Sweden
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orchestrate  Speak
v. arrange or direct diverse elements to achieve a desired effect
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palatial  Speak
a. like a palace; grand and rich
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panoramic  Speak
a. provided with a very broad or wide view
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paramour  Speak
n. a lover; an illicit lover (either male or female)
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paratroop  Speak
n. a company of soldiers who are trained to enter combat zones by parachuting from aircraft
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parish  Speak
n. an administrative part of a diocese that has its own church in the Catholic, Anglican, and some other churches
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pedagogical  Speak
a. of or relating to teaching and education
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peninsula  Speak
n. piece of land projecting into water from a larger land mass
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persist  Speak
v. to go on stubbornly or resolutely, to continue
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persona  Speak
n. the role that someone assumes or displays in public or society; one's public image or personality, distinguished from the inner self
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plaintiff  Speak
n. the accuser in a lawsuit; a party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant
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predominate  Speak
a. common or widespread; prevalent
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probe  Speak
n. exploratory action, expedition, or device, especially one designed to investigate and obtain information on a remote or unknown region
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procure  Speak
v. yo acquire or obtain an item or service, sometimes rare, usually by extra effort
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profess  Speak
v. to declare openly
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prominence  Speak
n. state of being widely known or eminent; relative importance
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prospective  Speak
a. likely to become or be, anticipated in the future
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pundit  Speak
n. a learned man, a source of opinion, a critic
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query  Speak
v. to ask; to inquire; to retrieve specific information from a database
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queue  Speak
v. to form a line or wait in line
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rash  Speak
n. an area of reddened, irritated, and inflamed skin; a surge in problems
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recoup  Speak
v. to make back as an investment; to receive an equivalent for; make up for;
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reprehensible  Speak
a. blameworthy, censurable, guilty
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sanctuary  Speak
n. sacred place, such as a church, temple, or mosque; place of refuge or asylum
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secular  Speak
a. not specifically relating to religion or to a religious body
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seductive  Speak
a. apt to mislead by flattering appearances; tempting; alluring
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sensational  Speak
a. provocative; piquing or arousing the senses
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serendipitous  Speak
a. by unexpected good fortune
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sinecure  Speak
n. a position that requires no work but still gives payment
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sluggish  Speak
a. slow or having little motion; habitually idle and lazy; inactive
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sputter  Speak
v. to spit out hastily by quick, successive efforts, with a spluttering sound; to utter hastily and confusedly, without control over the organs of speech
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stem  Speak
v. to stop or hold back, to remove the stem of
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swoop  Speak
v. move in a sudden sweep; fly or glide downwards suddenly
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tempest  Speak
n. violent windstorm, frequently accompanied by rain, snow, or hail
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tile  Speak
n. thin, flat slab of hard material such as baked clay or plastic, laid in rows to cover walls, floors, and roofs
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touchline  Speak
n. sidelines bordering the playing field in soccer and Rugby
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treason  Speak
n. rhe crime of betraying one’s own country
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unassailable  Speak
a. secure against attack, impregnable; undeniable, incontestable or incontrovertible
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underscore  Speak
v. to emphasize or draw attention to; to underline
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utilitarian  Speak
a. practical and functional, not just for show
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vantage  Speak
n. a place or position that gives a good view; advantage
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verbiage  Speak
n. overabundance of words; using too many words without necessity
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vigilant  Speak
a. attentive to discover and avoid danger, or to provide for safety; wakeful
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vilify  Speak
v. make vicious and defamatory statements about; attempt to degrade by slander; defame
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viral  Speak
a. spread by word of mouth, with minimal intervention in order to create buzz and interest; caused by a virus
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virulent  Speak
a. highly infectious, malignant, or deadly
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worried well  Speak
n. users of medical or psychiatric services who are not suffering from any diagnosable disease
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