By Jiuondgie Lyon

GRE Vocabulary 2019

This hot words list for GRE test takers is weekly selected from mainstream English media based on popular topics of 2019. It's an express supplement to prepare GRE test.

You can get example sentences and contexts to bind more words together with popular topics. It's a proven way to accumulate new words accurately.

We also include previous GRE vocabulary 2018-2017 in this page and add links of sentences and contexts from classic books for further reading.

abound   Speak
v. exist in large numbers or amounts
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accolade   Speak
n. praise; expression of approval; award
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adorn   Speak
v. make more beautiful or attractive
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afflict   Speak
v. cause pain or suffering to; affect or trouble
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allege   Speak
v. to assert to be true
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alleviation   Speak
n. easement, easing, relief
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allusion   Speak
n. an indirect reference
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amalgam   Speak
n. a combination of many different things; an alloy of mercury and other metals
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amble   Speak
v. walk or move at a slow, relaxed pace
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annex   Speak
v. append or add as an extra or subordinate part, especially to a document
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appease   Speak
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
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aquifer   Speak
n. a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater
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aviation   Speak
n. art or act of flying; specifically, the science or art of directing and controlling flying-machines
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back-alley   Speak
n. a narrow passage behind or between buildings
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bang   Speak
n. sudden loud noise, as of an explosion; sudden loud blow or bump; sudden burst of action
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barista   Speak
n. a person whose job involves preparing and serving different types of coffee
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barrack   Speak
v. jeer loudly in order to express disapproval or to create a distraction
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barren   Speak
a. too poor to produce much or any vegetation
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bayonet   Speak
n. a swordlike stabbing blade that may be fixed to a rifle for use in hand-to-hand fighting
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bedeck   Speak
v. adorn or ornament in a showy fashion
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behemoth   Speak
n. something enormous in size or power
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benighted   Speak
a. in a state of intellectual or moral ignorance, typically owing to a lack of opportunity
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bitumen   Speak
n. any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
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blaze   Speak
n. brilliant burst of fire; flame
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blob   Speak
n. a drop of a thick liquid or other viscous substance
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bloodless   Speak
a. without violence or killing, lacking in spirit or vitality
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blossom   Speak
v. flourish or develop
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Bodhisattva   Speak
n. in Buddhism, a person who is able to save suffering beings
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bonnet   Speak
n. a protective cover or cap over a machine or object
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boon   Speak
n. a thing that is helpful or beneficial
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botnet   Speak
n. a collection of compromised computers that is slowly built up then unleashed as a DDOS attack or used to send very large quantities of spam
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bound   Speak
v. walk or run with leaping strides
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brood   Speak
n. children in one family; young of certain animals
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brutalist   Speak
a. characterized by a deliberate plainness, crudity, or violence of imagery, especially in style of architecture or art
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brutality   Speak
n. savage physical violence; great cruelty
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capsize   Speak
v. overturn or cause to overturn; turn over or upset
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careen   Speak
v. to lurch or swerve while in motion; tilt on one side
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carnage   Speak
n. massive slaughter, as in war; massacre; corpses, especially of those killed in battle
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catapult   Speak
v. increase the status of something rapidly; shoot forth or launch
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catastrophic   Speak
a. extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful
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categorically   Speak
ad. flatly, unconditionally
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cellulose   Speak
n. the main constituent of plant cell walls and of vegetable fibers such as cotton
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cerebral   Speak
a. intellectual rather than emotional
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chaos   Speak
n. complete disorder and confusion
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chill   Speak
n. an unpleasant feeling of coldness in the atmosphere
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choke   Speak
t. have severe difficulty in breathing
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christening   Speak
n. a Christian ceremony involving baptizing and naming an infant
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cite   Speak
v. to quote as an authority or example
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citizenry   Speak
n. the group of all citizens
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clamber   Speak
v. climb, move, or get in or out of something in an awkward and laborious way
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clinch   Speak
v. confirm or settle a contract or bargain
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clog   Speak
v. block or become blocked with an accumulation of thick, wet matter
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comeback   Speak
n. a return by a well-known person to the activity he or she has formerly been successful
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conduit   Speak
n. pipe or channel for conveying fluids; tube for enclosing electric wires or cable
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conglomerate   Speak
n. a number of different things or parts that are put or grouped together to form a whole but remain distinct entities
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conscious   Speak
a. aware of and responding to; awake
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contraption   Speak
n. a device that appears strange or unnecessarily complicated, and often badly made
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conventional   Speak
a. unimaginative; conforming to established practice or accepted standards
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coo   Speak
v. talk fondly, amorously, or appreciatively
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corpse   Speak
n. a dead body, especially of a human being rather than an animal
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corruption   Speak
n. dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery
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count towards   Speak
v. be part of what is needed to complete or achieve something
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coup   Speak
n. a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government
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crackle   Speak
v. make a succession of slight sharp snapping noises; show liveliness, energy, or intensity
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credible   Speak
a. able to be believed; convincing
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crimp   Speak
v. have a limiting or adverse effect on something
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crook   Speak
n. person who is dishonest or a criminal
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crowdfunding   Speak
n. funding by many individuals pooling their money together for a common goal, usually via the Internet.
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crumple   Speak
v. crush something, typically paper or cloth so that it becomes wrinkled
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cuddle   Speak
v. hold close in one's arms as a way of showing love or affection
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curriculum   Speak
n. all the courses of study offered by an educational institution; a group of related courses, often in a special field of study
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damning   Speak
a. strongly suggesting guilt or error
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dangle   Speak
v. hang or swing loosely
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daze   Speak
v. make someone unable to think or react properly
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de facto   Speak
a. exercising power or serving a function without being legally or officially established; in fact or in practice; in actual use or existence
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deference   Speak
n. a yielding to the wishes and opinions of others
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deficiency   Speak
n. a lack or shortage
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deform   Speak
v. distort the shape or form of; make misshapen
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deride   Speak
v. express contempt for; ridicule
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desalination   Speak
n. the process of removing salt from seawater
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despise   Speak
v. feel a strong dislike for someone or something because of bad or no value
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despotic   Speak
n. autocratic; tyrannical
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destine   Speak
v. intend or choose for a particular purpose or end
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detriment   Speak
n. the state of being harmed or damaged
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devolution   Speak
v. the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level
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displace   Speak
v. take over the place, position, or role of
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disseminated   Speak
a. spread around; widespread; spread over a large area of a body, tissue, or organ
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divert   Speak
v. cause to change course or turn from one direction to another
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dominant   Speak
a. most important, powerful, or influential
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doorstop book   Speak
n. a large, boring book, generally considered a classic
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dormant   Speak
n. having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time
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drain   Speak
v. cause the water or other liquid in something to run out
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dwindle   Speak
v. diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength
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easy listening   Speak
n. style of music involving simple and laid-back melodies
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eerie   Speak
a. strange and frightening
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ego   Speak
n. an exaggerated sense of self-importance; appropriate pride in oneself; self-esteem
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emaciated   Speak
a. thin or haggard, especially from hunger or disease
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entice   Speak
v. attract or tempt by offering pleasure or advantage
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ethnicity   Speak
n. common characteristics of a group of people; ethnic group; quality or affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties
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ethos   Speak
n. the character or disposition of a community, group, person
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evolution   Speak
v. he gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form
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extravaganza   Speak
n. elaborate, spectacular entertainment or display; something out of rule, as in music, the drama
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famine   Speak
n, extreme scarcity of food
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faulty   Speak
a. working badly or unreliably because of imperfections
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fiddle   Speak
v. change something dishonestly, especially to own advantage
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first go   Speak
n. doing or trying someting at first
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flare up   Speak
v. burn brightly again; become more intense suddenly
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flinch   Speak
v. make a quick, nervous movement of the face or body as an instinctive reaction to surprise, fear or pain
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flog   Speak
v. sell or offer for sale
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foment   Speak
v. instigate or stir up an undesirable action
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formidable   Speak
a. inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large and powerful
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foul   Speak
n. an unfair stroke of play, especially one involving interference with opponent
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frantic   Speak
a. wild or distraught with fear, anxiety, or other emotion
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fraternity   Speak
n. a group of people sharing a common profession or interests
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full-on   Speak
a. not limited in any way, fully developed
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galvanise   Speak
v. shock or excite someone, typically into taking action
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garb   Speak
n. clothing or dress, especially of a distinctive or special kind
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geek   Speak
n. an unfashionable or socially inept person
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gel   Speak
n. a thick, clear, liquid substance, especially one used on the hair or body
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gentrification   Speak
n. the process of renovating and improving a house or district so that it conforms to middle-class taste
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Gordian knot   Speak
n. an extremely difficult or involved problem
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gown   Speak
n. long dress worn on formal occasions
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gulag   Speak
n. a system of labor camps in the Soviet Union from 1930 to 1955 in which many people died
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gut   Speak
n. narrow passage; particularly, a narrow channel of water
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havoc   Speak
n. widespread destruction; devastation; disorder or chaos
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heed   Speak
n. careful attention
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helm   Speak
v. steer a boat or ship
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herald   Speak
v. be a sign that something is about to happen
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heretic   Speak
n. a person who differs in opinion from established religious dogma
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heron   Speak
n. a large fish-eating wading bird with long legs, a long S-shaped neck
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hippocampus   Speak
n. a ridge in the floor of each lateral ventricle of the brain that consists mainly of gray matter and has a central role in memory processes
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homily   Speak
n. a religious discourse that is intended primarily for spiritual edification, sermon
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hone   Speak
v. refine or perfect something over a period of time
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horizon   Speak
n. the limit of a person's mental perception or interest
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idiosyncrasy   Speak
n. a mode of behavior or way of thought peculiar to an individual
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ilk   Speak
n. a type of people or things similar to those already referred to
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imminent   Speak
a. about to happen, urgent
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impose   Speak
v. force something to be accepted or put in place
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impunity   Speak
n. exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action
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in chaos   Speak
a. overturned, inverted
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in earnest   Speak
ad. with a purposeful or sincere intent
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incubator   Speak
n. apparatus used to maintain environmental conditions suitable for a newborn baby
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incumbent   Speak
n. the holder of an office or post
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indigenous   Speak
a. originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
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infest   Speak
v. be present in large numbers, typically so as to cause damage or disease
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infidel   Speak
n. a person who does not believe in religion or who adheres to a religion other than one's own
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infuse   Speak
v. soak in liquid to extract the flavor or healing properties
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ingest   Speak
v. take food or drink by swallowing or absorbing it
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ingrained   Speak
a. firmly fixed or established; difficult to change
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inimitably   Speak
ad. in an impossible to reproduce or duplicate manner
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inmate   Speak
n. a person confined to an institution such as a prison or hospital
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insuperable   Speak
a. impossible to overcome
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intently   Speak
ad. with earnest and eager attention
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intermittent   Speak
a. stopping and starting at intervals
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intimidate   Speak
v. frighten or overawe someone to make them do what one wants
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jurisprudence   Speak
n. theory or philosophy of law
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lacklustre   Speak
a. lacking in vitality, force, or conviction; uninspired or uninspiring
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languid   Speak
a. weak or faint from illness or fatigue
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lead-up   Speak
n. an event, point, or sequence that leads up to something else
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ledger   Speak
n. a book or other collection of financial accounts of a particular type
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legion   Speak
n. a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army; a vast number of people or things
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lest   Speak
ad. with the intention of preventing something undesirable; to avoid the risk of
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levy   Speak
v. impose a tax, fee, or fine
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lignin   Speak
n. a complex substance deposited in the cell walls of plants, making plants rigid
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loophole   Speak
n. an ambiguity or inadequacy in the law or a set of rules.
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lose shirt   Speak
v. lose a lot of money, lose all of one's assets
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lumber   Speak
v. to walk or move clumsily
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magistrate   Speak
n. civil officer or lay judge who administers the law
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malaise   Speak
n. a general feeling of discomfort or illness whose cause is difficult to identify
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manifesto   Speak
n. a public declaration of policy and aims
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matrix   Speak
n. an environment or material in which something develops; a surrounding medium or structure
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midwife   Speak
n. person, usually a woman, who is trained to assist women in childbirth
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misdemeanor   Speak
n. a minor wrongdoing
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modestly   Speak
ad. in moderate or limited size, quantity, or range; not extremely
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money-grubbing   Speak
n. someone does anything possible to get money
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monsoon   Speak
n. a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia;
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muck   Speak
n. a moist sticky mixture, especially of mud and filth
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munch   Speak
v. eat something with a continuous and often audible action of the jaws
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nascent   Speak
a. emerging, coming into existence
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nasty   Speak
a. highly unpleasant, especially to the senses; physically nauseating
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national side   Speak
n. national team, sports team that is the representative of the whole nation rather than a school or club
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nectar   Speak
n. sweet liquid secreted by flowers of various plants; delicious or invigorating drink
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newsreel   Speak
n. a short film of news, formerly made for showing in a movie theater
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nip   Speak
v. go somewhere quickly or be somewhere for only a short time
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nobility   Speak
n. people of the highest social rank in a society, considered as a group
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nostalgic   Speak
a. reminiscent of childhood or younger years; homesick; unhappy about being away and longing for familiar things or persons
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obnoxious   Speak
a. extremely unpleasant
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occupant   Speak
n. a person who resides or is present in a house
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off the cards   Speak
a. hardly or never to happen
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offence   Speak
n. a breach of a law or rule; an illegal act
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on track   Speak
a. proceeding as planned, as expected, or in a manner consistent with an established pattern
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outfit   Speak
n. a group that works as a team
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pachinko   Speak
n. a Japanese form of pinball
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pawn   Speak
n. an object left as security for money lent
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perk   Speak
n. money, goods, or other benefit to which one is entitled as an employee or as a shareholder
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pilgrim   Speak
n. a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
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pinball   Speak
n. a game in which small metal balls are shot across a sloping board
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platelet   Speak
n. a small colorless disk-shaped cell fragment, found in large numbers in blood and involved in clotting
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plead guilty to   Speak
v. state that one is guilty of a crime before a court of law
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pledge   Speak
n. a person who has promised to join a fraternity or sorority
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plume   Speak
n. a long, soft feather or arrangement of feathers used by a bird for display
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plummet   Speak
v. fall or drop straight down at high speed
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polymer   Speak
n. a substance that has a molecular structure consisting of a large number of similar units bonded together
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poster child   Speak
n. typical or good example of something
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potassium   Speak
n. chemical element of atomic number 19, a soft silvery-white reactive metal of the alkali metal group
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potent   Speak
a. having great power, influence, or effect
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preeminent   Speak
a. surpassing all others; very distinguished in some way
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prequel   Speak
n. a literary, dramatic, or cinematic work whose narrative takes place before that of a preexisting work or a sequel
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proactive   Speak
a. acting in advance to deal with an expected difficulty
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prodigious   Speak
a. remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
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promptly   Speak
ad. at exactly a specified time; punctually
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proponent   Speak
n. person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project
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pummel   Speak
v. strike repeatedly, typically with the fists
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punter   Speak
n. a person who gambles, places a bet, or makes a risky investment
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rancour   Speak
n. feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
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rankle   Speak
v. to cause irritation or resentment, to embitter
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redeem   Speak
v. gain or regain possession of something in exchange for payment
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refrain   Speak
v. hold oneself back; forbear; keep one's self from action or interference
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regard   Speak
n. matter; point; particular; consideration; condition; respect
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renegade   Speak
n. a person who deserts and betrays an organization, country, or set of principles
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resemblance   Speak
n. similarity in appearance or external or superficial details
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resuscitate   Speak
v. restore consciousness, vigor, or life to; stir up anew; revivify; revive; particularly, to recover from apparent death
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retiree   Speak
n. a person who has retired from full-time work
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reveal   Speak
v. make previously secret information known to others
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rid   Speak
v. make someone or something free of a troublesome person or thing
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risotto   Speak
n. Italian food of rice cooked with other ingredients such as meat and vegetables
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rivalry   Speak
n. state of trying to defeat or be more successful than another
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rogue   Speak
n. a dishonest or unprincipled man
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run along   Speak
v. be in line with; form a line along
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sacrilege   Speak
n. violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred
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scapegoat   Speak
n. a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others
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scorched-earth   Speak
n. a military policy in which everything in an area are destroyed so that enemy cannot use them
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scrap   Speak
n. discarded waste material, especially metal suitable for reprocessing; leftover bits of food; a small piece or bit; a fragment
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scrubland   Speak
n. land consisting of scrub vegetation
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scrutinize   Speak
v. examine or observe with great care; inspect critically
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seepage   Speak
n. the slow escape of a liquid or gas through porous material or small holes
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seismic   Speak
a. of or relating to earthquakes or other vibrations of the earth and its crust
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shale   Speak
n. soft rock that can be split easily into fragile slabs
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shine a light   Speak
v. metaphorically put the spotlight on an issue or subject so that others will notice it
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sideways   Speak
ad. to, toward, or from the side
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silver iodide   Speak
n. a yellow insoluble powder, used in photography and artificial rainmaking
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slam   Speak
v. shut something forcefully and loudly
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slate   Speak
n. thin, flat piece, for roofing or covering houses; a list of candidates
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sleet   Speak
n. a mixture of rain and snow or hail; rain which freezes before reaching the ground
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slender   Speak
a. gracefully thin; barely sufficient in amount
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sloppy   Speak
a. casual and loose-fitting
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snap   Speak
v. break or cause to break suddenly and completely
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snippet   Speak
n. a small piece or brief extract
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snort   Speak
v. make a sudden sound through one's nose
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soulmate   Speak
n. a person ideally suited to another as a close friend
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sovereignty   Speak
n. supremacy of authority or rule
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speculation   Speak
n. conclusion, opinion, or theory reached by conjecture; reasoning based on inconclusive evidence
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stagnation   Speak
n. inactivity, lack of action
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stalk   Speak
v. walk with a stiff, haughty, or angry gait; go through in pursuit of prey or quarry
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starchy   Speak
a. very formal and serious in behavior
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stark   Speak
a. severe or bare in appearance or outline
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strained   Speak
a. not relaxed or comfortable; tense or uneasy
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strand   Speak
v. drive or leave a boat or sea creature aground on a shore
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stratosphere   Speak
n. region of the uppermost atmosphere, extends from 15 kilometers to 50 kilometers approximately
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swear someone in   Speak
v. administer an oath to someone who then officially begins in office
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take a drag   Speak
v. inhale smoke from something, especially a cigarette
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tally   Speak
v. calculate the total number of
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tantalisingly   Speak
ad. in attractive, alluring, or tempting
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tat   Speak
n. tasteless or shoddy clothes, jewelry, or ornaments
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tectonic   Speak
a. of or relating to the structure of the earth's crust
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tedium   Speak
n. the state of being tedious
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tepid   Speak
a. lacking emotional warmth or enthusiasm, moderately warm
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terrestrial   Speak
a. of, on, or relating to the earth
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tilt   Speak
v. move or cause to move into a sloping position
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tinker   Speak
v. attempt to repair or improve something in a casual or desultory way, often to no useful effect
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tout   Speak
v. to promote or praise energetically; publicize
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transfix   Speak
v. cause someone to become motionless with horror, wonder, or astonishment
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traumatize   Speak
v. wound or injure a tissue, as in a surgical operation
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treacherous   Speak
a. guilty of or involving betrayal or deception
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trespass   Speak
v. commit an offense against person or rule
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tribute   Speak
n. gift, payment, declaration, or other acknowledgment of gratitude, respect, or admiration
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trifling   Speak
a. unimportant or trivial
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trot out   Speak
v. (informal) to bring out and show for inspection
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truffle   Speak
n. a strong-smelling underground fungus that resembles an irregular, rough-skinned potato
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tweak   Speak
v. improve system by making fine adjustments to it
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typhoon   Speak
n. a tropical storm in the region of the Indian or western Pacific oceans
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ubiquitous   Speak
a. being or seeming to be everywhere at once
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unicycle   Speak
n. a cycle with a single wheel, typically used by acrobats
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up sticks   Speak
v. take all the things that you own and go and live in a different place
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uptight   Speak
a. anxious or angry in a tense and overly controlled way
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urbane   Speak
a. polite, refined, courteous and elegant in manner
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usher   Speak
v. cause or mark the start of something new
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vantage point   Speak
n. a place or position that gives a good view
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vigilante   Speak
n. a member of a self-appointed group of citizens who undertake law enforcement in their community
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visceral   Speak
a. Instinctive; having to do with the response of the body as opposed to the intellect
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vital   Speak
a. absolutely necessary or important; essential
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wag   Speak
n. a person who makes facetious jokes
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waterlog   Speak
v. make a boat heavy and in danger of sinking by flooding with water; saturate something with water
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well-pressed   Speak
a. thoroughly or skilfully pressed
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yuppie   Speak
n, a well-paid young middle-class professional who has a luxurious lifestyle
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GRE Vocabulary 2017-2018
abate  Speak
reduce in amount or intensity; to put an end to
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abdication  Speak
the act of giving up or renouncing a right, office, or position of power etc.
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abhorrent  Speak
disgusting, loathsome
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abuzz  Speak
in a buzz; buzzing; characterized by excessive gossip or activity
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acclaim  Speak
enthusiastic applause; expression of approval or applause
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accountability  Speak
being responsible or answerable for something; state of being accountable; liability to be called on to render an account
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acrimony  Speak
animosity, sharp or bitter hatred
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adulation  Speak
excessive flattery or admiration
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aficionado  Speak
enthusiast, fan, devotee; a person who likes, knows about, and appreciates a particular interest or activity
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aflutter  Speak
In a state of excited anticipation or confusion
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aide  Speak
assistant, adjutant, auxiliary

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aka  Speak
as known or named at another time or place; also known as
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androgyny  Speak
quality of possessing characteristics of both males and females
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anecdote  Speak
a short account or story of an incident used to support an argument; short account of an incident, often humorous.
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annihilate  Speak
to destroy completely; to reduce to nonexistence
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annualize  Speak
adjust or calculate so as to reflect a rate that is based on a full year
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antique  Speak
having a high value because of considerable age

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appeal  Speak
an application to a higher court for a decision to be reversed

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aquifer  Speak
an underground layer of water-bearing porous stone, earth, or gravel
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arbiter  Speak
a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter

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arch  Speak
a structure, consisting of a curved top on two supports, that holds the weight of something above it

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archipelago  Speak
a large group of islands; a sea, containing a large number of scattered islands
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ardent  Speak
fervent, passionate; burning; glowing; shining
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arsenal  Speak
a store or supply of anything; a stock of weapons; a military establishment for the storage, development, manufacturing, testing, or repairing of weapons and war material
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ascendant  Speak
rising, moving upward; surpassing or controlling
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aspirational  Speak
being ambitious and desiring success
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atrial  Speak
of or pertaining to an atrium, especially the upper chambers of the heart
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auction  Speak
to sell at a public event where goods or property are sold to the highest bidder
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avid  Speak
enthusiastic; passionate; longing eagerly; eager; greedy
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backburner  Speak
a state of inaction or suspension; a position of relatively little importance.

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backhoe  Speak
piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket or scoop on the end of an articulated arm; drawn backwards to move earth
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barrister  Speak
lawyer, usually British, with the right to speak and argue as an advocate in higher lawcourts
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beamline  Speak
line traveled by a particle beam in an accelerator
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bear down on  Speak
move quickly towards someone in a determined and threatening way

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beatify  Speak
to make blissful or happy; to make someone worthy of religious veneration (e.g. as a saint)
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beleaguered  Speak
beset by trouble or difficulty; besieged; surrounded by enemy troops
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bemoan  Speak
to complain about; to dismay or worry about something
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benchmark  Speak
a standard by which something is evaluated or measured
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bereavement  Speak
state of loss, grief and deprivation caused by the death of a loved one
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bespoke  Speak
individually or custom made, custom made to specification
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bias  Speak
prejudice in favor of or against one thing, usually in a way considered to be unfair

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bipartisan  Speak
of or involving the agreement of two parties that usually oppose each other's policies

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bitcoin  Speak
a digital currency in which transactions can be performed without the need for a central bank

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bleak  Speak
depressing, sombre, cold
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bolster  Speak
support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion
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bonanza  Speak
a mine rich with gold or silver or other valuable yields
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bootleg  Speak
illegal musical recording, especially one made at a concert

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boson  Speak
any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle
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breach  Speak
an opening or tear; breaking of waves; a gap or rift
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breakneck  Speak
extremely fast, dangerously fast
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brink  Speak
the upper edge of a steep or vertical slope, the point at which something is likely to begin
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broadsheet  Speak
newspaper having pages of standard dimensions (as opposed to a tabloid), especially one that carries serious treatment of news.
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bruising  Speak
causing mental or emotional injury
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bullish  Speak
optimistic; overly or foolishly optimistic or hopeful; having a muscular physique
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cactus  Speak
any of various succulent, spiny, usually leafless plants native mostly to arid regions
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canister  Speak
small box or case for tea, coffee, etc
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canon  Speak
a collection or list of sacred books accepted as genuine

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capably  Speak
ably, aptly, competently

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caper  Speak
a frivolous escapade or prank; slang for an illegal plot or enterprise
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capitalization  Speak
total par value or stated value of no-par capital stock issues
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capitulate  Speak
to give up; to agree terms of surrender; to go along with or comply
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capsule  Speak
detachable part of a rocket or spacecraft (usually in the nose) containing the crew's living space; small container containing a dose of medicine
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captivity  Speak
state or period of being imprisoned, confined, or enslaved
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cattle call  Speak
an audition which is open to the public and thus draws a large number of applicants, many of whom are inexperienced
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caveat  Speak
a qualification or exception; a warning
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cede  Speak
to give up, give way, give away
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charismatic  Speak
having extraordinary personal charm or magnetism
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chug  Speak
dull explosive sound, usually short and repeated, made by or as if by a laboring engine
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circuitous  Speak
of a route or journey longer than the most direct way

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circumscribed  Speak
enclosed in or subject to limits
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clan  Speak
a division of a tribe tracing descent from a common ancestor
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comprehensive  Speak
broadly or completely covering; including a large proportion of something
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compromise  Speak
to breach a secure system
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concentric  Speak
having a common center
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concoct  Speak
to contrive something using skill or ingenuity; to prepare something by mixing various ingredients, especially to prepare food for cooking
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confectioner  Speak
manufacturer of or dealer in confections, that is, sweet food items
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conflagration  Speak
large destructive fire
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conflate  Speak
bring things together and fuse them into a single entity; to mix together different elements
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confound  Speak
to confuse, to stung, to frustrate or amaze
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consumerism  Speak
attachment to materialistic values or possessions; theory that a progressively greater consumption of goods is economically beneficial
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contend  Speak
to strive in opposition; to contest; to dispute; to fight
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coronary  Speak
of or relating to the heart
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couch  Speak
to phrase in a particular style, to use specific wording; to conceal, to hide
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countermand  Speak
to revoke (a former command); to cancel or rescind by giving an order contrary to one previously given
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counterterrorism  Speak
measures intended to combat or reduce terrorist activities
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crater  Speak
to fall or crash violent from great heights, to form a crater
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cuddly  Speak
with a way of nestling together; by hugging, embracing so as to keep warm
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cull  Speak
selection; organised killing of selected animals; person or thing that is rejected or set aside as inferior in quality
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culmination  Speak
Attainment or arrival at the highest pitch of glory, power, etc; the attainment of the highest point of altitude reached by a heavenly body
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culpable  Speak
deserving of condemnation, censure or blame for being evil, wrong, or improper; criminal
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cumulative  Speak
increasing or enlarging by successive addition; acquired by or resulting from accumulation
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curator  Speak
one who manages or oversees, usually as an administrator in a museum or library
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curtail  Speak
to limit or restrict, to shorten or abridge; to truncate
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dastardly  Speak
treacherous; given to backstabbing; in the manner of a dastard; marked by cowardice
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deductible  Speak
a specified amount of money that the insured must pay before an insurance company will pay a claim

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deficit  Speak
failure or falling off in amount or quality
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defunct  Speak
no longer existing or functioning.

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denim  Speak
coarse twilled cloth, usually cotton, used for jeans, overalls, and work uniforms
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denounce  Speak
to make a formal or public accusation against; to criticize or speak out againsts someone or something
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deposition  Speak
testimony laid or taken down in writing, under oath or affirmation, before some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories
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derelict  Speak
abandoned, forsaken; (of ship) abandoned at sea; dilapidated, neglected
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descend  Speak
to make an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to come suddenly and with violence; to pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards
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designate  Speak
to mark out and make known; to point out; to name; to indicate; to show; to distinguish by marks or description
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despondent  Speak
in low spirits from loss of hope or courage
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despotism  Speak
government by a singular authority, either a single person or tight-knit group, which rules with absolute power
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destitute  Speak
lacking in money, impoverished
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diligence  Speak
conscientiousness or determination or perseverance when doing something
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discreet  Speak
respectful of privacy or secrecy; quiet; diplomatic
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discriminate  Speak
make a clear distinction; make distinctions on basis of category without regard to individual merit; show preference or prejudice
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dismantle  Speak
to take apart, disassemble
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disregard  Speak
pay no attention to; ignore

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dissemination  Speak
the act of spreading information (or something) widely; circulation
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divergent  Speak
tending to be different or develop in different directions

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divestment  Speak
sale or other disposal of some kind of asset
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dividend  Speak
a payment of money by a company to its shareholders, usually made periodically
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dog  Speak
track or trail persistently; hold or fasten with a mechanical device
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dole  Speak
to give out in small quantities
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domicile  Speak
the country that a person treats as their permanent home, or lives in and has a substantial connection with

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doom  Speak
fate, especially a tragic or ruinous one; inevitable destruction or ruin; decision or judgment
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dossier  Speak
a collection of papers containing detailed information about a particular person or subject
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dotard  Speak
an old person, especially one who has become weak or senile.

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down to the wire  Speak
to the very end, as in a race or contest
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doyenne  Speak
the senior, or eldest female member of a group
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draughtsman  Speak
person skilled at drawing engineering or architectural plans
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drone  Speak
male bee, especially a honeybee
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dub  Speak
to honor with a title or description
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duly  Speak
in accordance with what is required or appropriate

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dwindling  Speak
gradually declining, until a little remains
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dystopian  Speak
characterized by human suffering or misery; characteristic of a dystopia ( a miserable, dysfunctional state or society)
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edge out  Speak
win in a contest or a game by a narrow margin of victory
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edifice  Speak
building; a structure; an architectural fabric, especially an imposing one; a large or fine building, public or private
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elite  Speak
a select part of a group that is superior to the rest in terms of ability or qualities

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embattled  Speak
subject to or troubled by battles, controversy or debates; prepared or armed for battle
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embrace  Speak
accept, include (idea or principle); hug, put arms around
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empathy  Speak
ability to understand and share the feelings of another

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encore  Speak
a repeated or additional performance of an item at the end of a concert

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endangerment  Speak
act of putting someone into danger, or the condition of being in danger; the exposure of someone, especially a child, to danger or harm
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entice  Speak
to lure; to attract by arousing desire or hope
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entomologist  Speak
a scientist who studies insects
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epicurean  Speak
pursuing pleasure, especially in reference to food or comfort; devoted to luxurious living
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erosion  Speak
result of having been being worn away or eroded, as by a glacier on rock or the sea on a cliff face; the changing of a surface by mechanical action, friction, thermal expansion contraction, or impact
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esoteric  Speak
understood only by a chosen few or an enlightened inner circle; having to do with concepts that are highly theoretical and without obvious practical application; often with mystical or religious connotations
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establishment  Speak
the ruling class or authority group in a society; especially, an entrenched authority dedicated to preserving the status quo
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evangelist  Speak
person marked by extreme enthusiasm for or support of any cause, particularly with regard to religion
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excoriate  Speak
to strongly denounce or censure; to wear off the skin of; to chafe or flay
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exemption  Speak
the state of being immune or exempt; freedom from a defect, weakness, or restriction
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exodus  Speak
a mass departure of people, especially emigrants

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explicit  Speak
fully and clearly expressed; leaving nothing implied; readily observable
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exploit  Speak
to use for one’s own advantage; to draw illegitimate profits from
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exquisite  Speak
excellent; intricate and beautiful in design or execution
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extradition  Speak
a formal process by which a criminal suspect held by one government is handed over to another government for trial or, if the suspect has already been tried and found guilty, to serve his or her sentence
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extramarital  Speak
being in violation of marriage vows; adulterous; taking place outside marriage
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falsification  Speak
the act of deceptively altering, adulterating, counterfeiting, misrepresenting
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farce  Speak
a situation abounding with ludicrous incidents
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fibrillation  Speak
muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
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filthy  Speak
covered or smeared with filth; disgustingly dirty; very unpleasant or disagreeable
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finagle  Speak
obtain, arrange, or achieve by indirect, crafty or deceitful methods
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fledgling  Speak
young and inexperienced; like a young bird which has just developed its flight feathers
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fleeting  Speak
passing quickly, lasting only for a brief time
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flesh out  Speak
complete; create details from a basic outline, structure or skeleton; make fat or plump
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flounce  Speak
move in an exaggerated, bouncy manner; flounder; to make spastic motions
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fluctuate  Speak
to rise and fall or vary irregularly, to vary irregularly or in waves
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foal  Speak
young horse or related animal

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foist  Speak
introduce or insert wrongfully, surreptitiously or without warrant; force another to accept especially by stealth or deceit
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forensic  Speak
relating to the use of science or technology in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law
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fortnight  Speak
after a fortnight has passed ( a fortnight is a period of 14 days or 2 weeks)
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franchise  Speak
an authorization granted to carry out specified commercial activities

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frustrate  Speak
to hinder or thwart; to disappoint or defeat
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garner  Speak
gather, amass, hoard, as if harvesting grain; to earn; to get; to accumulate or acquire by some effort
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gendarme  Speak
armed policeman in France; French policeman
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gentrify  Speak
renewal and rebuilding in deteriorating areas due to the influx of middle class or affluent people, which often displaces previous, poorer residents
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gestate  Speak
to develop an idea; to carry a fetus in the uterus until delivery
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golden parachute  Speak
an agreement between a company and an employee, usually an executive, specifying that the employee will receive certain significant benefits if employment is terminated
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gondola  Speak
a light flat-bottomed boat used on Venetian canals
an enclosed cabin suspended from an overhead cable to transport passengers

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gouache  Speak
thick, opaque watercolour paint made with gum containing an inert white pigment to make it opaque; painting created with this type of paint
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gratifying  Speak
pleasing to the mind or feeling; giving personal satisfaction
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groggy  Speak
unsteady and dazed; shaky; slowed or weakened, as by drink, sleepiness
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grouse  Speak
to complain or grumble
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heuristic  Speak
something that solves a problem more quickly but may not necessarily arrive at an optimal solution
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Holy See  Speak
home of the Pope and the central administration of the Roman Catholic Church; achieved independence from Italy in 1929
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humdrum  Speak
lacking variety or excitement; dull; boring
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hunker  Speak
take shelter; crouch or squat close to the ground
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hurtle  Speak
move or cause to move at a great speed, typically in a wildly uncontrolled manner

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hygiene  Speak
science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health
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ideologue  Speak
person advocating some ideology, especially as an official or the most eminent advocate
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impalpable  Speak
not palpable; cannot be felt; extremely fine that it cannot be perceived by touch
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impeccable  Speak
having no flaws; perfect; incapable of sin or wrongdoing
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impervious  Speak
cannot be penetrated or affected, immune
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impinge  Speak
to encroach, transpass
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in line  Speak
suitable or appropriate; keeping with expectations, norms, ideals, or rules
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in the dust  Speak
far behind, as in a race or competition
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indigenous  Speak
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native

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inexplicable  Speak
difficult or impossible to explain or account for; not to be made plain or intelligible
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ingenue  Speak
an innocent, unsophisticated, naive young woman
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inroad  Speak
an advance, especially at another's expense; an encroachment; a hostile invasion
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intuitively  Speak
done with skill, but without special training or planning; instinctively
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invalidate  Speak
make invalid; nullify
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iterate  Speak
to perform or repeat an action on each item in a set or on the results of each such prior action
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jack of all trades  Speak
person able to do a variety of different jobs acceptably well
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jittery  Speak
nervy, jumpy, on edge
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knell  Speak
the sound of a bell knelling; a toll
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ladle  Speak
to serve something with a ladle, a deep-bowled spoon with a long, usually curved, handle
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lament  Speak
to regret deeply, to express grief for or about
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leftist  Speak
a person who believes in or supports the political left
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lengthy  Speak
long and overextended, especially in time rather than dimension; rather long or too long
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leverage  Speak
any influence which is compounded or used to gain an advantage; a force compounded by means of a lever rotating around a pivot
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liquidity  Speak
the degree to which it can be easily converted into cash; an asset's property of being able to be sold without affecting its value
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lob  Speak
throw or hit (a ball or missile) in a high arc.

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loiter  Speak
to stand about without any aim or purpose; to stand about idly; to linger; to hang around
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lure  Speak
tempt a person or an animal to do something or to go somewhere

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maelstrom  Speak
a powerful whirlpool that can suck in objects; events with similar degree of impact as a maelstrom
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magnanimous  Speak
noble and generous in spirit
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makeshift  Speak
serving as a temporary substitute; sufficient for the time being

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malfunction  Speak
a failure to function in a normal or satisfactory manner

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mandate  Speak
authoritative command or instruction; contract by which one employs another to manage any business for him
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mastectomy  Speak
surgical procedure to remove of all or part of a breast
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matinee  Speak
a showing of a movie or theatrical performance in the afternoon
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maverick  Speak
a dissenter; someone who refuses to abide by rules, or by the dictates of a group
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mawkish  Speak
excessively or falsely sentimental; showing a sickly excess of sentiment
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memorise  Speak
commit to memory; learn by heart; memorize
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mentality  Speak
quality or state of mind, a way of thinking
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mettle  Speak
quality of endurance and courage; good temperament and character
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mighty  Speak
possessing great and impressive power or strength

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militarisation  Speak
the process by which a society organizes itself for military conflict and violence

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mire  Speak
cause to become stuck (in mud); to weigh down
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misadventure  Speak
an accidental mishap or misfortune
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mitigate  Speak
make less severe, serious, or painful.

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morass  Speak
anything that entraps or makes progress difficult; a tract of soft, wet ground; a marsh
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muon  Speak
an unstable subatomic particle of the same class as an electron, but with a mass around 200 times greater

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murk  Speak
partially or totally dark; gloomy
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mustang  Speak
American wild horse, typically small and lightly built

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myriad  Speak
constituting a very large number; innumerable
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nix  Speak
reject or cancel; destroy or eradicate
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nocturnal  Speak
relating to, or occurring in the night; most active at night
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non sequitur  Speak
a statement that does not follow logically from what came before it; an abrupt and inexplicable transition
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nondescript  Speak
lacking distinguishing qualities or characteristics; unexceptional
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nudge  Speak
push slightly or gently, especially with the elbow

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nullification  Speak
cancelling something;
when one thing overcomes or overrides another

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obscene  Speak
offensive or disgusting by accepted standards of morality and decency

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onerous  Speak
imposing or constituting a physical, mental, or figurative load which can be borne only with effort
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ore  Speak
rock that contains valuable materials, such as metals or gems
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Orwellian  Speak
characterized by use of misleading terminology, propaganda, censorship, and surveillance etc. described by author George Orwell, particularly in his dystopian novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four"
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ostensible  Speak
apparent; alleged, having an intention that is possibly but not obviously true; meant for display
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overhaul  Speak
take apart in order to examine it and repair it if necessary

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palatial  Speak
like a palace; grand and rich
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pandemonium  Speak
very noisy place; state of extreme confusion and disorder
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panoramic  Speak
provided with a very broad or wide view
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panther  Speak
a leopard, especially a black one

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paradox  Speak
a statement contrary to received opinion; a statement that contradicts itself
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paragon  Speak
a model of excellence or perfection
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paramour  Speak
a lover; an illicit lover (either male or female)
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parish  Speak
an administrative part of a diocese that has its own church in the Catholic, Anglican, and some other churches
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parsimonious  Speak
sparing in expenditure of money; frugal to excess; stingy
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peninsula  Speak
piece of land projecting into water from a larger land mass
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perceive  Speak
become aware or conscious of; come to realize or understand

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perennially  Speak
continually; without ceasing; year after year
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perfunctory  Speak
performed mechanically and as a thing of rote; done in a careless and superficial manner; characterized by indifference
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perish  Speak
to die; to decay and disappear
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pervasive  Speak
penetrating or affecting everything; manifested throughout; permeating
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philanthropy  Speak
effort or inclination to increase the well-being of humankind, as by charitable aid or donations
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pinch  Speak
grip something tightly and sharply between finger and thumb

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plagiarism  Speak
the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own

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plaintiff  Speak
the accuser in a lawsuit; a party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant
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platitudinous  Speak
relating to or characterized by platitude or platitudes; dull and tiresome but with pretensions of significance or originality
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predicament  Speak
situation, especially an unpleasant, troublesome, or trying one, from which extrication is difficult
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predominate  Speak
common or widespread; prevalent
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prioritize  Speak
designate or treat something as more important than other things

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proactive  Speak
causing something to happen and controlling a situation rather than waiting to respond to something after it happens
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probe  Speak
exploratory action, expedition, or device, especially one designed to investigate and obtain information on a remote or unknown region
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prospective  Speak
likely to become or be, anticipated in the future
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provenance  Speak
the place of origin or earliest known history of something

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proverbial  Speak
of a word or phrase referred to in a proverb or idiom

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pugnacious  Speak
naturally aggressive or hostile; combative; belligerent
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pundit  Speak
a learned man, a source of opinion, a critic
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putative  Speak
commonly believed or deemed to be the case; accepted by supposition rather than as a result of proof
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python  Speak
any species of very large snakes of the genus Python
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query  Speak
to ask; to inquire; to retrieve specific information from a database
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queue  Speak
to form a line or wait in line
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ramshackle  Speak
in disrepair or disorder; poorly maintained; lacking upkeep, usually of buildings or vehicles
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ransomware  Speak
a type of malicious software designed to block access to a computer system until a sum of money is paid.

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rash  Speak
an area of reddened, irritated, and inflamed skin; a surge in problems
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raucous  Speak
Harsh and rough-sounding; disorderly and boisterous.
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reap  Speak
to obtain as a reward for effort
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rebate  Speak
deduction from an amount to be paid
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recoup  Speak
to make back as an investment; to receive an equivalent for; make up for;
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recrimination  Speak
mutual accusations
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rectal  Speak
related to the terminal part of the large intestine
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rectitude  Speak
rightness of principle or practice; exact conformity to truth, or to the rules prescribed for moral conduct, either by divine or human laws; uprightness of mind; uprightness; integrity; honesty; justice
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reed  Speak
any of various types of tall stiff perennial grass-like plants growing together in groups near water; the hollow stem of these plants
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reimbursement  Speak
the act of compensating someone for an expense
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reinforce  Speak
give more force or effectiveness to; strengthen; increase the number or amount of
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reprehensible  Speak
blameworthy, censurable, guilty
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restitution  Speak
reparation made by giving a compensation for loss or damage caused; indemnification
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resurrection  Speak
the act of rising from the dead

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revamp  Speak
renovate, revise, improve or renew; to patch
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riddle  Speak
make many holes in someone or something, especially with gunshot

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rye  Speak
grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop

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salient  Speak
projecting or jutting beyond a line or surface; protruding
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salvage  Speak
rescue a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo from loss at sea

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saunter  Speak
walk at a leisurely pace; stroll
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schism  Speak
a split or division between strongly opposed sections or parties

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scion  Speak
heir or descendant
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scrap  Speak
a small piece of something, especially one that is left over after the greater part has been used

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security  Speak
property temporarily relinquished to guarantee repayment of a loan; something that secures the fulfillment of an obligation or law
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shipwreck  Speak
destruction of a ship, as by storm or collision; complete failure or ruin
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sinecure  Speak
a position that requires no work but still gives payment
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sleight-of-hand  Speak
skill of using quick and clever movements of the hands for entertainment or deception; performance using such techniques, such as jugglery or magic; legerdemain
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sluggish  Speak
slow or having little motion; habitually idle and lazy; inactive
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snap election  Speak
an election called earlier than expected

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solidify  Speak
make solid, compact, or hard; make strong or united
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Soviet Union  Speak
a single-party Marxist-Leninist state, existed from 1922 until 1991

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sparkle  Speak
shine brightly with flashes of light

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spindly  Speak
slender and elongated, especially in a way that suggests weakness; disproportionately long and slender or slim
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spruce  Speak
to arrange neatly; tidy up; to make oneself spruce (neat and elegant in appearance)
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sputter  Speak
to spit out hastily by quick, successive efforts, with a spluttering sound; to utter hastily and confusedly, without control over the organs of speech
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stagnation  Speak
inactivity; state of being dull; cessation of flowing or circulation
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stanch  Speak
to stop or check the flow of; to cease, as the flowing of blood
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statuette  Speak
a small statue; a statue or image in the round much smaller than nature
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stem  Speak
to stop or hold back, to remove the stem of
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stewardship  Speak
the position and duties of a steward (a person who acts for someone else, usually by managing property or financial affairs)
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stricken  Speak
removed or rubbed out; disabled or incapacitated by something; struck by something
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stymie  Speak
to thwart or stump; to cause to fail or to leave hopelessly puzzled, confused
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subsidize  Speak
to aid or promote a private enterprise with public money (e.g. government grants)
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subversive  Speak
intending to subvert, overturn or undermine a government or authority
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succulent  Speak
plants which have soft and juicy leaves or stems, such as a cactus
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sumo  Speak
a Japanese form of heavyweight wrestling

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sumptuous  Speak
magnificent, luxurious, extremely good; costly; expensive
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surreptitious  Speak
stealthy, furtive, well hidden, covert
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surveillance  Speak
close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal

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swath  Speak
(or swathe) a broad sweep or expanse
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synod  Speak
an ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters
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technocratic  Speak
related to a technocracy, that is, system of governance where people who are skilled or proficient govern in their respective areas of expertise. It's a type of meritocracy based on people's ability and knowledge in a given area
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teem  Speak
be full of or swarming with
pour down; fall heavily

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terrain  Speak
a stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features

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tile  Speak
thin, flat slab of hard material such as baked clay or plastic, laid in rows to cover walls, floors, and roofs
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tomography  Speak
obtaining pictures of the interior of the body
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topographic  Speak
having detailed graphic representation of the surface features of a place or object
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tormenter  Speak
one who or that which causes pain or anguish; a cause of suffering or great distress
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traction  Speak
popular support; grip; the adhesive friction of a wheel etc on a surface
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tuck in  Speak
push, fold so as to hide them;
eat food heartily

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turquoise  Speak
a greenish-blue color

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ubiquitous  Speak
present, appearing, or found everywhere

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underscore  Speak
to emphasize or draw attention to; to underline
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undone  Speak
not tied or fastened;
not done or finished

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unfathomable  Speak
incapable of being fully explored or understood

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unmoor  Speak
unfix or unsecure; release for anchoring
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utilitarian  Speak
practical and functional, not just for show
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vagary  Speak
erratic notion or action; an impulsive or illogical desire; a caprice
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vaunted  Speak
highly or widely praised or boasted about
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verdict  Speak
a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest

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vigilant  Speak
watchful, especially for danger or disorder; alert
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vigorous  Speak
physically strong and active
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vilify  Speak
make vicious and defamatory statements about; attempt to degrade by slander; defame
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wasp  Speak
any of many types of stinging flying insect
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watershed  Speak
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers

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weld  Speak
to bind together very closely or inseparably; to join two materials (especially two metals) together by applying heat, pressure and/or filler
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well-studied  Speak
proceeding or resulting from careful study; carefully designed or contrived

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whiff  Speak
a slight sign of something; a brief, gentle breeze; an odour carried briefly through the air
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wobbly  Speak
unsteady; not firm, solid, or securely in place; unstable
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worried well  Speak
users of medical or psychiatric services who are not suffering from any diagnosable disease
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wristband  Speak
a strip of material worn around the wrist

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