By Kurzhuba Sample

GRE Math Vocabulary and Sign

GRE includes math module. Some test takers, especially ESL students, aren't familiar with words in math questions. This short math word list and math sign table are for GRE test takers to learn math related vocabulary quickly and efficiently.

Math Words
  • abscissa
  • absolute value
  • account for
  • acute angle
  • acute triangle
  • addition
  • adjacent
  • adjacent angles
  • algebra
  • algebraic expression
  • algebraic fraction
  • algebraic term _
  • aliquot
  • aliquant
  • alternate angles
  • altitude
  • amount
  • angle
  • angle bisector
  • apex
  • apiece
  • approximately
  • approximation
  • arc
  • area
  • arithmetic
  • arithmetic(al) average
  • arithmetic(al) mean
  • at random
  • at right angles with
  • be composed of
  • be equal to
  • be equivalent to anther equation
  • be fewer than
  • be greater than
  • be greater than or equal to
  • be inscribed in
  • be less than
  • be less than or equal to
  • be parallel to
  • be perpendicular to
  • calculate to three decimal places
  • cancellation
  • common difference
  • common divisor(factor)
  • common ratio
  • common multiple
  • complement
  • complementary angle
  • complete circle
  • complete quadratic (equation)
  • complex fraction
  • composite number
  • compound
  • compound interest
  • decagon
  • decimal
  • decimal fraction
  • decimal place
  • decimal point
  • decrease
  • deduct
  • degree
  • denominator
  • denote
  • depth
  • equality
  • equation
  • equiangular
  • equidistance
  • equivalent
  • equivalent fraction
  • even integer
  • geometric mean
  • geometric progression
  • greatest common divisor
  • halve
  • height
  • heptagon
  • hexagon
  • horizontally
  • hundreds
  • hundredth
  • hypotenuse
  • radical
  • radius
  • randomly
  • rate
  • ratio
  • ray
  • real number
  • reciprocal
  • rectangle
  • rectangular
  • reduce
  • regular
  • remainder
  • remote interior angles
  • repeating decimal
  • revolution
  • rhombus
  • right
  • root
  • round
  • satisfy
  • scale drawing
  • scalene
  • secant
  • section
  • sector
  • segment
  • sequence
  • set
  • shaded region
  • side
  • sign(symbol)
  • similar
  • simple annual interest
  • simple fraction
  • simultaneous equations
  • slope
  • solid
  • solid lines
  • solution
  • sphere
  • square
  • straight angle
  • straight-line distance
  • subdivide
  • subtract…from
  • successive
  • such that
  • sum
  • surface area
  • X-axis
  • X-coordinate
  • XY-coordinate system
  • Y-axis
  • Y-coordinate
Signs
  • + plus ;positive
  • - minus ;negative
  • × multiplied by ;times
  • ÷ divided by
  • = Equals
  • ≈ approximately equals
  • ≠ not equal to
  • < less than
  • > greater than
  • ≤ equal to or less than
  • ≥ equal to or greater than o
  • ( ) round brackets ;parentheses
  • [ ] square brackets
  • { } Braces
  • ∈ is a member of the set
  • ⊂ is a subset of
  • ∽ similar to
  • ≌ congruent to
  • * denotes an operation
  • ∴ Therefore
  • ∵ Because
  • ∶ ratio sign, divided by, is to
  • ∷ equals, as(proportion)
  • ∥ parallel to
  • ⊥ perpendicular to, at right angles with
  • ∠ Angle
  • ∟ right angle
  • º Degree
  • ′ Minute
  • ″ Second
  • ⊙ Circle
  • A⁀B arc AB
  • e the base of natural logarithms,approx.2.71828
  • x! factorial x, x(x-1)(x-2)---1
  • lognx log x to the base n
  • π Pi
  • lnx log x to the base e(natural logarithm)
  • lgx log x to the base 10(common logarithm)
  • |x| the absolute value of x