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/'ɒbdjʊrɪt/;/'ɑbdərɪt/ a. Syn. stubborn; inflexible
hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; not giving in to persuasion
He was [___] in his refusal to listen to our complaints.


Spelling Word: obdurate
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/'ɒbfʌskeɪt/ v. Syn. confuse; muddle
confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex
Was the president's spokesman trying to clarify the Whitewater mystery, or was he trying to [___] the issue so the voters would never figure out what went on?.


Spelling Word: obfuscate
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/ə'bli:k/ a. Syn. inclined
having slanting or sloping direction, course, or position; inclined
Casting a quick, [___] glance at the reviewing stand, the sergeant ordered the company to march.


Spelling Word: oblique
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/əb'si:kwɪəs/ a.
slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
Helen liked to be served by people who behaved as if they respected themselves; nothing irritated her more than an excessively [___] waiter or a fawning salesclerk.


Spelling Word: obsequious
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/əb'strɛpərəs/ a.
noisily aggressive; making great noise or outcry
What do you do when an [___] horde of drunken policemen goes carousing through your hotel, crashing into potted plants and singing vulgar songs?.


Spelling Word: obstreperous
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/əb'tju:s/;/əb'tu:s/ a. Syn. stupid
lacking in insight or discernment; stupid
What can you do with somebody who's so [___] that he can't even tell that you're insulting him?.


Spelling Word: obtuse
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/'oʊdɪəs/ a. Syn. hateful; vile
hateful; arousing strong dislike, aversion, or intense displeasure
Cinderella's ugly stepsisters had the [___] habit of popping their zits in public.


Spelling Word: odious
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/ə'fɪʃəs/ a.
marked by excessive eagerness in offering unwanted services or advice to others
Judy wanted to look over the new computer models on her own, but the [___] salesman kept on butting in with "helpful" advice until she was ready to walk out of the store.


Spelling Word: officious
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/ɒ'stɛnsɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. apparent
put forth or held out as real, actual, or intended; proper or intended to be shown
Although the [___] purpose of this expedition is to discover new lands, we are really interested in finding new markets for our products.


Spelling Word: ostensible
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/'pælɪeɪt/ v.
lessen violence of disease; moderate intensity; gloss over with excuses
Not content merely to [___] the patient's sores and cankers, the researcher sought a means of wiping out the disease.


Spelling Word: palliate
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/'pælɪd/ a. Syn. pale; wan
abnormally pale; lacking intensity of color or luminousness
Because his job required that he work at night and sleep during the day, he had an exceptionally [___] complexion.


Spelling Word: pallid
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/pænə'sɪə/ n.
remedy for all diseases, evils, or difficulties; a cure-all
The rich youth cynically declared that the [___] for all speeding tickets was a big enough bribe.


Spelling Word: panacea
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/'pærəgən/;/'pærəgɒn/ n. Syn. model
model of excellence or perfection; peerless example
Mr. Brumby's [___] is shocked at the other's inaptitude for examination.


Spelling Word: paragon
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/'pærɪə/ n. Syn. untouchable
social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home
Shortly Tom came upon the juvenile [___] of the village, Huckleberry Finn, son of the town drunkard.


Spelling Word: pariah
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/'pɑrsɪmənɪ/;/-moʊnɪ/ n.
extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily
Because her father wouldn't let her buy a new iPhone, Annie accused him of [___].


Spelling Word: parsimony
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/'peɪθɒs/ n. Syn. pity
tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings
The quiet tone of [___] that ran through the novel never degenerated into the maudlin or the overly sentimental.


Spelling Word: pathos
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/'pɔ:sɪtɪ/ n. Syn. scarcity
scarcity; smallness of number; fewness
They closed the restaurant because the [___] of customers made it uneconomical to operate.


Spelling Word: paucity
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/pɪ'dʒɒrətɪv/ a.
tending to make or become worse; disparaging or belittling
Instead of criticizing Clinton's policies, the Republicans made [___] remarks about his character.


Spelling Word: pejorative
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/pɪ'lju:sɪd/ a. Syn. transparent; limpid
transparent; limpid; easy to understand
After reading these stodgy philosophers, I find Bertrand Russell's [___] style very enjoyable.


Spelling Word: pellucid
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/pə'fɪdɪəs/ a. Syn. treacherous; disloyal
tending to betray; disloyal; faithless
When Caesar realized that Brutus had betrayed him, he reproached his [___] friend.


Spelling Word: perfidious
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/pə'fʌŋktərɪ/ a. Syn. superficial
done routinely and with little interest or care; acting with indifference; showing little interest or care
I introduced myself, and at my name his [___] manner changed; I knew he heard me before.


Spelling Word: perfunctory
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/pə'nɪʃəs/ a. Syn. deadly
very destructive; tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly
Crack cocaine has had a [___] effect on urban society: it has destroyed families, turned children into drug dealers, and increased the spread of violent crimes.


Spelling Word: pernicious
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/pɜrtɪ'neɪʃəs/;/-tn'eɪʃəs/ a. Syn. stubborn; persistent
stubbornly or perversely persistent; unyielding; obstinate
He is bound to succeed because his [___] nature will not permit him to quit.


Spelling Word: pertinacious
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/'pɪθɪ/ a. Syn. concise
precisely meaningful; forceful and brief
While other girls might have gone on and on about how un-cool Elton was, Liz summed it up in one [___] remark: "He's bogus!"


Spelling Word: pithy
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/'plætɪtju:d/;/-tu:d/ n.
dullness; insipidity of thought; commonplace statement; lack of originality
In giving advice to his son, old Polonius expressed himself only in same platitude; every word out of his mouth was a commonplace.


Spelling Word: platitude
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/'plɛθərə/ n. Syn. excess; overabundance
excess; over-fullness in any respect; superabundance
She offered a [___] of excuses for her shortcomings.


Spelling Word: plethora
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/'pɔ:tɛnt/ n. Syn. sign; omen; forewarning
omen; forewarning; something that portends an event about to occur, especially unfortunate or evil event
He regarded the black cloud as a [___] of evil.


Spelling Word: portent
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/prɪ'koʊʃəs/ a.
advanced in development; appearing or developing early
Listening to the grown-up way the child discussed serious topics, we couldn't help remarking how [___] she was.


Spelling Word: precocious
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/praɪ'mi:v(ə)l/ a. Syn. ancient; primitive
ancient; primitive; belonging to the first or earliest age; original or ancient
The archaeologist claimed that the skeleton was [___] origin, though in fact it was the remains of a modern day monkey.


Spelling Word: primeval
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/prə'klɪvɪtɪ/ n. Syn. inclination
inclination; natural tendency; readiness; facility of learning
Watching the two-year-old boy voluntarily put away his toys, I was amazed by his [___] for neatness.


Spelling Word: proclivity
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/'prɒməlgeɪt/ v. Syn. announce
proclaim doctrine or law; make known by official publication
During an interview with ABC News, Barack Obama said Republican attempted to [___], falsely, his Muslim connections.


Spelling Word: promulgate
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/prə'pɛnsɪtɪ/ n. Syn. tendency; predilection
natural inclination; tendency or preference; predilection
Convinced of his own talent, Sol has an unfortunate [___] to belittle the talents of others.


Spelling Word: propensity
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/prə'pɪʃəs/ a. Syn. favorable; fortunate; advantageous
presenting favorable circumstances; fortunate; advantageous
Chloe consulted her horoscope to see whether Tuesday would be a [___] day to dump her boyfriend.


Spelling Word: propitious
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/proʊ'zeiɪk/ a. Syn. factual
dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
Though the ad writers came up with an original way to publicize the product, the head office rejected it for a more [___], ordinary slogan.


Spelling Word: prosaic
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/proʊ'skraɪb/;/proʊ-/ v. Syn. banish; outlaw
command against; banish; outlaw
Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus united to [___] all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar.


Spelling Word: proscribe
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/'proʊtɪɛn, 'proʊti:n/ a. Syn. versatile
versatile; able to take on many shapes; readily taking on varied shapes
A remarkably [___] actor, Alec Guinness could take on any role.


Spelling Word: protean
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/'prʊərɪənt/ a.
having or causing lustful thoughts and desires; having eager desire for something
Aroused by his [___] impulses, the dirty old man leered at the sweet young thing and offered to give her a sample of his "prowess.".


Spelling Word: prurient
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/'pjʊəraɪl/;/-rəl/ a. Syn. childish
childish; belonging to childhood; immature
His [___] pranks sometimes offended his more mature friends.


Spelling Word: puerile
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/'pʌlkrɪtju:d/ n. Syn. beauty; comeliness
great physical beauty and appeal; attractive moral excellence; moral beauty
I do not envy the judges who have to select this year's Miss America from this collection of female [___].


Spelling Word: pulchritude
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/pʌŋk'tɪlɪəs/ a.
marked by precise accordance with details
Percy is [___] about observing the rules of etiquette whenever Miss Manners invites him to stay.


Spelling Word: punctilious
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/'kwɒgmaɪə(r)/ n.
soft wet boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
Up to her knees in mud, Myra wondered how on earth she was going to extricate herself from this [___].


Spelling Word: quagmire
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/'kwɛrʊləs/ a. Syn. fretful; whining
habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance
Even the most agreeable toddlers can begin to act [___] if they miss their nap.


Spelling Word: querulous
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/kwɪk'sɒtɪk/ a.
idealistic without regard to practicality
Constantly coming up with [___], unworkable schemes to save the world, Simon has his heart in the right place, but his head somewhere in the clouds.


Spelling Word: quixotic
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/'ræŋkə(r)/ n. Syn. enmity; hatred
bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will; hatred
Thirty years after the war, she could not let go of the past but was still consumed with [___] against the foe.


Spelling Word: rancor
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/rɪ'bju:k/ v. Syn. admonish; scold
scold harshly; criticize severely
No matter how sharply I [___] Huck for his misconduct, he never talks back but just stand there like a stump.


Spelling Word: rebuke
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/rɪ'kælsɪtrənt/ a.
obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority
Which animal do you think is more [___], a pig or a mule?.


Spelling Word: recalcitrant
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/'rɛktɪtju:d/;/-tu:d/ n. Syn. uprightness
uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
The Eagle Scout was a model of [___].


Spelling Word: rectitude
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/rɪ'pli:t/ a.
filled to brim or to point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
The movie star's memoir was [___] with juicy details about the love life of half of Hollywood.


Spelling Word: replete
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/'rɛproʊbeɪt/ n.
person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples
I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the [___] you say he is.


Spelling Word: reprobate
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/rɪ'pru:v/ v. Syn. censure; rebuke
voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; find fault with
The principal would severely [___] the students whenever they talked in the halls.


Spelling Word: reprove
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/rɪ'pju:dɪeɪt/ v. Syn. disown
disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority of
On separating from Tony, Tina announced that she would [___] all debts incurred by her soon-to-be ex-husband.


Spelling Word: repudiate
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/rɪ'sɪnd/ v. Syn. cancel; annul; repeal
cancel; make void; repeal or annul
To change or [___] is justified only when re-estimate of all of the available facts.


Spelling Word: rescind
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/'rɛstɪv/ a.
impatient under restraint or opposition; resisting control; difficult to control
Waiting impatiently in line to see Santa Claus, even the best-behaved children grow [___] and start to fidget.


Spelling Word: restive
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/'rɪbəld/ a. Syn. wanton; tasteless
coarse or indecent; humorously vulgar or offensive
He sang a [___] song that offended many of the more prudish listeners.


Spelling Word: ribald
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/raɪf/ a. Syn. current
excessively abundant or numerous; in widespread existence, practice, or use
In the face of the many rumors of scandal, which are [___] at the moment, it is best to remain silent.


Spelling Word: rife
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/ru:z/ n. Syn. trick; stratagem
trick; use of artifice or trickery; deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture
Police believe the [___] is attractive to criminal gangs because the profits are similar to those made by trafficking drugs, but with less punitive penalties.


Spelling Word: ruse
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/'sækroʊsæŋkt/ a. Syn. inviolable
regarded as sacred and inviolable
The brash insurance salesman invaded the [___] privacy of the office of the president of the company.


Spelling Word: sacrosanct
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/sə'gæsətɪ/ n.
quality of being sagacious; quickness or acuteness of sense perceptions; keenness of discernment; shrewdness
She was half sorry her [___] had miscarried, and half glad that Tom had stumbled into obedient conduct for once.


Spelling Word: sagacity
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/'seɪlɪənt/ a. Syn. prominent
prominent or protruding; projecting outwardly; moving by leaps or springs
One of the [___] features of that newspaper is its excellent editorial page.


Spelling Word: salient
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/sæŋktɪ'moʊnɪəs/ a. Syn. hypocritical
excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious
What we need to do is not fool ourselves and remain [___] about the issue of doping in baseball.


Spelling Word: sanctimonious
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/'sæŋgwɪn/ a. Syn. cheerful; hopeful; ruddy
cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy
Let us not be too [___] about the outcome; something could go wrong.


Spelling Word: sanguine
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/'skʌrɪləs/ n. Syn. obscene; indecent
obscene; indecent; expressing offensive reproach
Your [___] remarks are especially offensive because they are untrue.


Spelling Word: scurrilous
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/sɛrən'dɪpɪtɪ/ n.
gift for finding valuable or desirable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck
Many scientific discoveries are a matter of [___].


Spelling Word: serendipity
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/'sɜrvaɪl/;/'sɛrvl/ a. Syn. slavish; cringing
slavish; suitable to slave or servant; relating to servitude or forced labor
Constantly fawning on his employer, humble Uriah Heap was a [___] creature.


Spelling Word: servile
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/sə'lɪsɪtəs/ a. Syn. worried; concerned
worried or concerned; full of desire; expressing care or concern
The employer was very [___] about the health of her employees as replacements were difficult to get.


Spelling Word: solicitous
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/'sɒmnələnt/ a.
half asleep; inclined to drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
The heavy meal and the overheated room made us all [___] and indifferent to the speaker.


Spelling Word: somnolent
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/'spjʊərɪəs/ a. Syn. false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
Natasha's claim to be the lost heir of the Romanoffs was spurious: the only thing Russian about her was the vodka she drank!.


Spelling Word: spurious
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/steɪd/ a. Syn. serious; sedate
sober; serious, organized, and professional; characterized by dignity and propriety
Her conduct during the funeral ceremony was [___] and solemn.


Spelling Word: staid
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/'stɒlɪd/ a. Syn. dull; impassive
dull; impassive; having or revealing little emotion or sensibility
The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual [___] demeanor; trembling, he crouched on the no longer stable ground.


Spelling Word: stolid
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/'stju:pɪfaɪ/;/'stu:-/ v.
make senseless or dizzy; be mystery or bewildering to
Disapproving of drugs in general, Laura refused to take sleeping pills or any other medicine that might [___] her.


Spelling Word: stupefy
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/'sɜrfɪt/ v.
eat until excessively full; be more than full; feed someone to excess
Every Thanksgiving we [___] with an overabundance of holiday treats.


Spelling Word: surfeit
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/sə'maɪz/ v. Syn. guess
guess; infer something without sufficiently conclusive evidence
I [___] that he will be late for this meeting because of the traffic issue.


Spelling Word: surmise
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/sʌrəp'tɪʃəs/ a. Syn. secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
secret; done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently
Hoping to discover where his mom had hidden the Christmas presents, Timmy took a [___] peek into the master bedroom closet.


Spelling Word: surreptitious
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/'sɪkəfænt/ n. Syn. bootlicker; flatterer
one who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people; bootlicker; yes man
Fed up with the toadies and flunkies who made up his entourage, the star cried, "Get out, all of you! I'm sick of sycophant!"


Spelling Word: sycophant
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/'tæsɪt/ a.
indicated or understood without expressed directly; not speaking; silent
We have a [___] agreement based on only a handshake.


Spelling Word: tacit
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/'tæsɪtə:n/ a. Syn. silent
silent or reserved in speech; saying little; not inclined to speak or converse
The stereotypical cowboy is a [___] soul, answering lengthy questions with a "Yep" or "Nope.".


Spelling Word: taciturn
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/'tæntəmaʊnt/ a.
equivalent in effect or value
Though Rudy claimed his wife was off visiting friends, his shriek of horror when she walked into the room was [___] to a confession that he believed she was dead.


Spelling Word: tantamount
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/tɪ'mɛrɪtɪ/ n. Syn. boldness; rashness
boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger
Do you have the [___] to argue with me?.


Spelling Word: temerity
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/'tɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. thin; rare; slim
long and thin; slender; having little substance
The allegiance of our allies is held by rather [___] ties; we all should see it's in dangerous.


Spelling Word: tenuous
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/'tɪmərəs/ a. Syn. fearful
fearful; demonstrating fear; weakly hesitant
His [___] manner betrayed the fear he felt at the moment.


Spelling Word: timorous
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/'tɔ:pɪd/ a.
having lost motion, or the power of exertion and feeling; numb; benumbed
The two ships becalmed on a [___] sea, I believed to be marine phantoms.


Spelling Word: torpid
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/'træktəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. docile
easily managed or controlled; governable; easily handled or worked; docile
Although Susan seemed a [___] young woman, she had a stubborn streak of independence.


Spelling Word: tractable
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/'trænsɪənt, 'trɑr-/;/trænʃnt/ a. Syn. momentary; temporary; transitory
momentary; temporary; staying for short time
Lexy's joy at finding the perfect Christmas gift for Phil was [___], she still had to find presents for the cousins and Uncle Bob.


Spelling Word: transient
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/træns'mju:t, trɑr-/ v. Syn. convert; transform
change from one form, nature, substance, or state into another; transform
He was unable to [___] his dreams into actualities.


Spelling Word: transmute
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/'trɛntʃənt/ a. Syn. incisive; keen
forceful, effective, and vigorous; sharp or keen
I am afraid of his [___] wit for it is so often sarcastic.


Spelling Word: trenchant
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/'trukjələnt, 'trʌkjʊlənt/ a. Syn. belligerent
disposed to fight; belligerent; aggressively hostile
The bully was initially [___] but eventually stopped picking fights at the least provocation.


Spelling Word: truculent
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/'tɜrdʒɪd/ a. Syn. swollen; distended
swollen; distended; excessively ornate or complex in style or language
The [___] river threatened to overflow the levees and flood the countryside.


Spelling Word: turgid
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/'tɜrpɪtju:d/;/-tu:d/ n. Syn. depravity
depravity; corrupt, depraved, or degenerate act
A visitor may be denied admittance to this country if she has been guilty of moral [___].


Spelling Word: turpitude
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/ju:'bɪkwɪtəs/ a. Syn. omnipresent
being or existing everywhere; omnipresent
That Christmas "The Little Drummer Boy" seemed ubiquitous; we heard the tune everywhere.


Spelling Word: ubiquitous
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/'ʌŋktjʊəs/ a. Syn. oily; bland
oily; composed of oil or fat; characterized by affected, exaggerated, or insincere earnestness
Uriah Heep disguised his nefarious actions by [___] protestations of his "humility.".


Spelling Word: unctuous
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/ʌp'breɪd/ v. Syn. reprimand; criticize; scold
severely criticize; reprimand; reprove sharply
Not only did Miss Minchin [___] Ermengarde for her disobedience, but she hung her up by her braids from a coat rack in the classroom.


Spelling Word: upbraid
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/'jʊzəp/ v. Syn. appropriate
seize and hold power or rights of another by force or without legal authority
The revolution ended when the victorious rebel general succeeded in his attempt to [___] the throne.


Spelling Word: usurp
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/'væsɪleɪt/ v. Syn. waver; fluctuate
sway unsteadily from one side to the other; oscillate
The big boss likes his people to be decisive: when he asks you for your opinion, whatever you do, don't [___].


Spelling Word: vacillate
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/'vækjʊəs/ a. Syn. empty; inane
empty; showing lack of thought or intelligence; vacant
The [___] remarks of the politician annoyed the audience, who had hoped to hear more than empty platitudes.


Spelling Word: vacuous
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/'væpɪd/ a. Syn. dull
dull and unimaginative; lacking taste or flavor
"Boring!" said Jessica, as she suffered through yet another [___] lecture about Dead White Male Poets.


Spelling Word: vapid
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/'vɛərɪgeɪtɪd/ a.
streaked, spotted, or marked with a variety of color; very colorful
Without her glasses, Gretchen saw the fields of tulips as a [___] blur.


Spelling Word: variegated
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/'vɛnəreɪt/ v.
treat with great respect and deference; consider hallowed or be in awe of
In Tibet today, the common people still [___] their traditional spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.


Spelling Word: venerate
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/və'ræsɪti/ n. Syn. truthfulness
truthfulness; unwillingness to tell lies
Asserting his [___], young George Washington proclaimed, "Father, I cannot tell a lie!"


Spelling Word: veracity
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/'vɜrdənt/ a.
green; full of juice in vegetation
Monet's paintings of the [___] meadows were symphonies in green.


Spelling Word: verdant
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/vɛks/ v. Syn. annoy; distress
annoy; disturb, especially by minor irritations; be a mystery or bewildering to
Please try not to [___] your mother; she is doing the best she can.


Spelling Word: vex
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/vɪ'kɛərɪəs/ a.
acting as substitute; done by deputy; experienced at secondhand
Many people get a [___] thrill at the movies by imagining they are the characters on the screen.


Spelling Word: vicarious
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/vɪ'sɪsɪtud/ n.
change, especially in one's life or fortunes; regular change or succession of one thing to another; alternation
Humbled by life's [___], the last emperor of China worked as a lowly gardener in the palace over which he had once ruled.


Spelling Word: vicissitude
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/'vɪlɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. slander
debase; degrade; spread negative information about
Waging a highly negative campaign, the candidate attempted to [___] his opponent's reputation.


Spelling Word: vilify
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/'vɪskəs/ a. Syn. sticky; gluey
sticky; gluey; having high resistance to flow
Melted tar is a [___] substance.


Spelling Word: viscous
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/vɪtrɪ'ɒlɪk/ a. Syn. corrosive; sarcastic
harsh or corrosive in tone; sarcastic; bitterly scathing
Any time that a simple request for evidence results in [___] personal attacks, or an attempt to censor, with no attempt to address the issue.


Spelling Word: vitriolic
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/'wɒnt(ə)n/;/wɔ:ntən/ a. Syn. unrestrained; unchaste
unrestrained; willfully malicious; immoral or unchaste
Pointing to the stack of bills, Sheldon criticized Sarah for her [___] expenditures.


Spelling Word: wanton
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/'wɪnsəm/ a. Syn. agreeable; gracious; engaging
agreeable; gracious; charming, often in childlike or naive way
By her [___] manner, she made herself liked by everyone who met her.


Spelling Word: winsome
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/'wɪstfəl/ a.
full of wishful yearning or longing; sadly thoughtful
With a last [___] glance at the happy couples dancing in the hall, Sue headed back to her room to study for her exam.


Spelling Word: wistful
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/'zɛnɪθ/ n. Syn. summit
point directly overhead in sky; summit
When the sun was at its [___], the glare was not as strong as at sunrise and sunset.


Spelling Word: zenith
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/'zɛfə(r)/ n.
gentle breeze; west wind; any of various soft light fabrics, yarns, or garments
A blessing on a hot day in [___] form, something to lift birds and kites and make sailboats cut beautifully through the water.


Spelling Word: zephyr