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TOEFL Words with Synonyms 1



abandon: Read
/ə'bændən/ n. Syn. relinquish
(التخلي عن) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abash: Read
/ə'bæʃ/ v. Syn. embarrass
(خجل) embarrass; make ashamed or uneasy; disconcert

abdicate: Read
/'æbdɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. renounce
(يتنازل) give up, renounce, abandon, lay down, or withdraw from, as a right or claim

abet: Read
/ə'bɛt/ v. Syn. encourage
(التحريض) aid, usually in doing something wrong; encourage

abridge: Read
/ə'brɪdʒ/ v. Syn. condense; shorten
(اختزال) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

abrogate: Read
/'æbroʊgeɪt/ a. Syn. abolish
(تلغي) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

abstemious: Read
/æb'sti:mɪəs/ a. Syn. temperate
(معتدل) sparing or moderation in eating and drinking; temperate

academic: Read
/ækə'dɛmɪk/ a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
(الأكاديمية) related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education

accede: Read
/æk'si:d/ v. Syn. agree; assent; concede
(الانضمام) agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede

accelerate: Read
/ək'sɛləreɪt/ v. Syn. speed; hasten
(تسريع) move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected

accolade: Read
/'ækəleɪd/ n. Syn. praise
(الجائزة) award of merit; expression of approval; praise

accord: Read
/ə'kɔ:d/ n. Syn. agreement; treaty
(اتفاق) settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states

acrimonious: Read
/ækrɪ'moʊnɪəs/ a. Syn. rancorous
(تبرئة اذعة) bitter and sharp in language, tone, or manner

acumen: Read
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
(الفطنة) mental keenness; quickness of perception

admonish: Read
/əd'mɒnɪʃ/ v. Syn. warn; reprove
(توجيه اللوم) warn; counsel someone against something to be avoided

admonition: Read
/ædmɒ'nɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. warning
(موعظة) gentle or friendly reproof; cautionary advice or warning

adversary: Read
/'ædvəsərɪ/ n. Syn. opponent; contestant
(عدو) opponent in contest; someone who offers opposition

adverse: Read
/'ædvɜrs/ a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(السلبية) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

adversity: Read
/əd'vɜrsɪtɪ/ n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
(المحن) state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune

aesthetic: Read
/i:s'θɛtɪk/ a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(الجمالية) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affable: Read
/'æfəb(ə)l/ a.
(وكر نسر اجتماعي) easily approachable; warmly friendly

affluent: Read
/'æflʊənt/ a.
(ثراء) having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

aggressive: Read
/'əgrɛsɪv/ a.
(جذابة) making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly

alacrity: Read
/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
(الملحد الهمة) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

alienate: Read
/'eɪlɪəneɪt/ v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
(ينفر) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally

allay: Read
/ə'leɪ/ v. Syn. calm; pacify; relieve
(تهدئة) calm; pacify; reduce the intensity of; relieve

allude: Read
/ə'lu:d/ v. Syn. imply; refer
(يلمح) refer casually or indirectly, or by suggestion

allure: Read
/ə'ljʊə(r)/ v. Syn. entice; attract
(جاذبية) attract with something desirable; be highly, often subtly attractive

allusion: Read
/ə'lu:ʒ(ə)n/ n. Syn. metaphor
(اشارة) indirect reference; symbolical reference or comparison; metaphor

ambiguous: Read
/æm'bɪgjʊəs/ a.
(غامضة) unclear or doubtful in meaning

amiable: Read
/'eɪmɪəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. agreeable; lovable
(ودية) good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

analogous: Read
/ə'næləgəs/ a. Syn. comparable
(مفارقة تاريخية مماثلة) comparable; similar or alike

analogy: Read
/ə'nælədʒɪ/ n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
(القياس) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity

anarchy: Read
/'ænəkɪ/ n. Syn. lawlessness; disorder
(الفوضى) absence of governing body; state of disorder; political disorder and confusion

animus: Read
/'ænɪməs/ n. Syn. enmity; disposition
(العداء) feeling of enmity or ill will; attitude that informs one's actions; disposition

annals: Read
/'æn(ə)lz/ n. Syn. records; history
(حوليات) chronological record of the events of successive years

anonymous: Read
/ə'nɒnɪməs/ a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(المجهولين) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

anthology: Read
/æn'θɒlədʒɪ/ n. Syn. collection
(مختارات) book of literary selections by various authors

antithesis: Read
/æn'tɪθəsɪs/ n. Syn. contrast
(نقيض) contrast; direct contrast; opposition

apathetic: Read
/æpə'θɛtɪk/ a.
(مبالية) feeling or showing a lack of interest or concern; indifferent

apathy: Read
/'æpəθɪ/ n. Syn. indifference
(اللامبالاة) lack of caring; indifference

apprehend: Read
/æprɪ'hɛnd/ v. Syn. arrest; perceive
(اعتقال) take into custody; arrest a criminal; grasp mentally; perceive

apprehensive: Read
/æprɪ'hɛnsɪv/ a.
(تخوف) capable of apprehending; knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive

apprise: Read
/ə'praɪz/ v. Syn. inform
(يطلع) inform; give notice to; make aware

approbation: Read
/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
(استحسان) expression of warm approval; praise

apt: Read
/æpt/ a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
(الرابطة) likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

aptitude: Read
/'æptɪtju:d/;/'æptɪtud/ n. Syn. intelligence; talent
(الموهبه) inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding

arbiter: Read
/'ɑrbɪtə(r)/ n. Syn. judge
(الحكم) person with power to decide a dispute; judge

archetype: Read
/'ɑrkɪtaɪp/ n. Syn. prototype
(ركبه) prototype; original model or type after which other similar things are patterned

arid: Read
/'ærɪd/ a. Syn. dry; barren
(القاحلة) dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants

aristocracy: Read
/ærɪs'tɒkrəsɪ/ n.
(الأرستقراطية) hereditary nobility; privileged class

articulate: Read
/ɑr'tɪkjʊlət/ a. Syn. effective; distinct
(التعبير) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

ascetic: Read
/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
(التقشف) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

assiduous: Read
/ə'sɪdjʊəs/;/ə'sɪdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. diligent; persistent
(مجتهد) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

asylum: Read
/ə'saɪləm/ n. Syn. protection
(اللجوء) place of refuge or shelter; protection

atheist: Read
/'eɪθiɪst/ n. Syn. nonbeliever
(الحادي) nonbeliever; one who denies the existence of god

attribute: Read
/ə'trɪbju:t/ n. Syn. trait
(سمة) essential quality; reputation; honor

augment: Read
/ɔ:g'mɛnt/ v. Syn. increase
(زيادة) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

auspicious: Read
/ɔ:'spɪʃəs/ a. Syn. propitious
(الميمون) attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous

authentic: Read
/ɜr'θɛntɪk/ a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(حجية) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

autocratic: Read
/ɔtə'krætɪk/ a. Syn. dictatorial
(الاستبدادية) having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial

avarice: Read
/'ævərɪs/ n.
(جشع) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

awry: Read
/ə'raɪ/ ad. Syn. distorted; crooked ; askew; amiss
(منحرف) in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course

banal: Read
/bə'nɑrl/;/'beɪnl/ a. Syn. dull; commonplace; trite
(بلسم) obvious and dull; commonplace; lacking originality

bane: Read
/beɪn/ n. Syn. curse
(عاديا) something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin

banter: Read
/'bæntə(r)/ n.
(مزاح) good-humored, playful conversation

baton: Read
/'bæt(ə)n/;/bə'tɒn/ n.
(المتعصب) staff or truncheon for various purposes, as one of a conductor in musical performances, one transferred by runners in a relay race

belie: Read
/bɪ'laɪ/ v. Syn. contradict
(تكذب) contradict; give a false impression

bellicose: Read
/'bɛlɪkoʊs/ a. Syn. warlike; belligerent
(العدوانية) warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

benevolent: Read
/bɪ'nɛvələnt/ a. Syn. generous; charitable
(الخيرية) generous in providing aid to others; charitable

besmirch: Read
/bɪ'smɜrtʃ/ v.
(الإساءة) soil, smear so as to make dirty or stained

biased: Read
/'baɪəs(ɪ)d/ a. Syn. slanted; prejudiced
(منحازة) favoring one person or side over another; prejudiced

bizarre: Read
/bɪ'zɑr(r)/ a. Syn. fantastic
(غريبة) fantastic; violently contrasting; strangely unconventional in style or appearance

bland: Read
/blænd/ a. Syn. soothing; mild; agreeable
(طيف) lacking stimulating or mild; agreeable

blandishment: Read
/'blændɪʃmənt/ n. Syn. flattery
(التملق) flattery; speech or action expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart

blemish: Read
/'blɛmɪʃ/ v.
(عيب) mark with deformity; injure or impair, as anything which is excellent; make defective, either the body or mind

blight: Read
/blaɪt/ v.
(آفة) blast; prevent the growth and fertility of; destroy the happiness of; ruin; frustrate

blithe: Read
/blaɪð/ a. Syn. gay; joyous; heedless
(انتفض صارخا المتضخمة) gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted

bombastic: Read
/bɒm'bæstɪk/ a. Syn. pompous
(منمق) pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning

boorish: Read
/'bʊərɪʃ/ a. Syn. rude; clumsy; illiterate
(مثقف) rude and clumsy in behavior; ungentlemanly; awkward in manners

bucolic: Read
/bju:'kɒlɪk/ a. Syn. rustic; pastoral
(رعوي) rustic; pastoral; agricultural; relating to country affairs, or to shepherd's life and occupation

buffoon: Read
/bʌ'fu:n/ n.
(مهرج) one who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures; droll; mimic; clown

bulwark: Read
/'bʊlwək/ n.
(حصن) earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends

bumptious: Read
/'bʌmpʃəs/ a.
(طابق) offensively self-assertive; liable to give or take offense; forward; pushing

cabal: Read
/kə'bæl/ n.
(عصابة) small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

cacophonous: Read
/kə'kɒfənəs/ a. Syn. discordant; inharmonious
(نشازا متنافر النغمات) discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding

cadaverous: Read
/kə'dævərəs/ a. Syn. pale
(جثي) like corpse; pale; Having appearance or color of dead human body

callous: Read
/'kæləs/ a.
(كالو) emotionally hardened; unfeeling; toughened

candid: Read
/'kændɪd/ a. Syn. straightforward; frank
(صريح) straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartial

candor: Read
/kændə(r)/ n. Syn. frankness
(الصراحة) frankness; quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech

cantankerous: Read
/kæn'tæŋkərəs/ a. Syn. irritable
(مشاكس) ill humored; irritable; marked by ill-tempered contradiction or opposition; ugly; malicious

capricious: Read
/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
(متقلبة) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly

captious: Read
/'kæpʃəs/ a.
(إرباكي) intended to confuse in an argument

caricature: Read
/kærɪkə'tjʊə(r)/ n. Syn. distortion; burlesque
(الكاريكاتير) representation that is deliberately exaggerated to produce a comic effect

castigate: Read
/'kæstɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. punish
(الخرائط ينتقدون) criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication

celestial: Read
/sɪ'lɛstɪəl/;/sə'lZstʃl/ a. Syn. heavenly
(السماوية) relating to the sky or the heavens; supremely good; god or angel

chauvinist: Read
/'ʃoʊvɪnɪst/ n.
(الشوفيني) person with prejudiced belief in superiority of own kind

chicanery: Read
/ʃɪ'keɪnərɪ/ n. Syn. trickery; deception
(المغالطة) mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

chronic: Read
/'krɒnɪk/ a.
(المزمن) lasting for long period; marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases

circumspect: Read
/'sɜrkəmspɛkt/ a. Syn. prudent; cautious
(إطناب حذرا) carefully aware of all circumstances; cautious

circumvent: Read
/sɜrkəm'vɛnt/ v. Syn. outwit
(الالتفاف) surround an enemy; enclose or entrap; beat by cleverness and wit

civil: Read
/'sɪv(ə)l/ a. Syn. civic
(المدني) having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite

clamorous: Read
/'klæmərəs/ a.
(صخاب) speaking and repeating loud words; full of clamor; calling or demanding loudly or urgently; vociferous; noisy; bawling; loud

clandestine: Read
/klæn'dɛstɪn/ a. Syn. secret
(السرية) secret; conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

coalesce: Read
/koʊə'lɛs/ v. Syn. combine; fuse; mix
(تتجمع) combine; fuse; grow together; come together so as to form one whole; unite

coalition: Read
/koʊə'lɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. partnership; league; union
(التحالف) partnership; league; state of being combined into one body

coercion: Read
/koʊ'ɛrfɛn/ n.
(الإكراه) use of force to get someone to obey

cogent: Read
/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
(دبر) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive

collusion: Read
/kə'lu:ʒ(ə)n/ n.
(التواطؤ) secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy

commodious: Read
/kə'moʊdɪəs/ a.
(commodious) spacious and comfortable; fit; proper; convenient

compatible: Read
/kəm'pætɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. harmonious
(متوافق) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

compensation: Read
/kɒmpɛn'seɪʃ(ə)n/ n.
(تعويضات) something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury

compunction: Read
/kəm'pʌŋkʃ(ə)n/ n.
(تشكل) feeling of deep regret; strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt

concede: Read
/kən'si:d/ v. Syn. admit; yield
(حساب) admit; yield; give up physical control of another

condole: Read
/kən'doʊl/ v. Syn. grieve
(الوقت نفسه اجب العزاء) grieve; express sympathy; speak sympathetically to one in pain, grief, or misfortune

condolence: Read
/kən'doʊləns/ n.
(التعازي) expression of sympathy with another in sorrow or grief.

confederate: Read
/kən'fɛdərət/ n. Syn. ally; collaborator
(الكونفدرالية) ally; form a group or unite

congenial: Read
/kən'dʒi:nɪəl/ a. Syn. compatible
(الخلقية) compatible

conjecture: Read
/kən'dʒɛktʃə(r)/ v.
(التخمين) believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

consensus: Read
/kən'sɛnsəs/ n. Syn. Agreement; accord
(الإجماع) general agreement or accord; opinion reached by a group as a whole

consternation: Read
/kɒnstə'neɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. dismay; shock; fear
(متضافرة الذعر) intense state of fear or dismay; astonishment combined with terror

construction: Read
/kən'strʌkʃ(ə)n/ n.
(بناء) act of constructing or building something

consummate: Read
/'kɒnsəmeɪt/ a.
(البارعة) carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect

contemptuous: Read
/kən'tɛmptjʊəs/ a. Syn. scornful
(الازدراء) scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect

convivial: Read
/kən'vɪvɪəl/ a. Syn. festive
(تستدعهم) festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

copious: Read
/'koʊpɪəs/ a. Syn. plentiful
(غزير) plentiful; containing plenty; affording ample supply

corpulent: Read
/'kɔ:pjʊlənt/ a. Syn. fat
(سمين) very fat; large in body; overweight

cosmopolitan: Read
/kɒzmə'pɒlɪt(ə)n/ a. Syn. sophisticated
(عالمية) sophisticated; of worldwide scope

coterie: Read
/'koʊtərɪ/ n.
(زمرة) group that meets socially; an exclusive circle of people with common purpose

countenance: Read
/'kaʊntɪnəns/ v. Syn. approve; tolerate
(ملامح) give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

credence: Read
/'kri:dəns/ n. Syn. credit; faith
(مصداقية) credit; faith

credible: Read
/'krɛdɪb(ə)l/ a.
(موثوق) capable of being credited or believed; worthy of belief; entitled to confidence; trustworthy

credulous: Read
/'krɛdjʊləs/;/'krɛdʒələs/ a.
(حنين) apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily

cringe: Read
/krɪndʒ/ v.
(ساذج) shrink or recoil, as in fear, disgust or embarrassment; bend or crouch with base humility

crucial: Read
/'kru:ʃ(ə)l/ a.
(عامل هام) of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; of the greatest importance

cryptic: Read
/'krɪptɪk/ a.
(خفي) having hidden meaning; mystifying; using code or cipher

curb: Read
/kɜrb/ v.
(لحد) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

cursory: Read
/'kɜrsərɪ/ a. Syn. casual
(سريعة) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed

curt: Read
/kɜrt/ a.
(كيرت) having been shortened; effectively cut short; rudely brief or abrupt, as in speech or manner

cynical: Read
/'sɪnɪk(ə)l/ a.
(ساخرة) skeptical of motives of others; selfishly calculating; negative or pessimistic

dearth: Read
/dɜrθ/ n. Syn. scarcity
(ندرة) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

deference: Read
/'dɛfərəns/ n. Syn. respect
(احتراما) willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect

deity: Read
/'di:ɪtɪ/ n. Syn. god; divinity
(ألوهية) god; divinity; supernatural things

delectable: Read
/dɪ'lɛktəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. delightful; delicious
(لذيذ) delightful; delicious; extremely pleasing to the sense of taste

delete: Read
/dɪ'li:t/ v. Syn. erase
(حذف) erase; strike out; remove or make invisible

delineate: Read
/dɪ'lɪnɪeɪt/ v. Syn. portray; depict; sketch
(رسم) portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out

delinquent: Read
/dɪ'lɪŋkwənt/ a.
(هذياني) failing in duty; offending by neglect of duty.

deluge: Read
/'dɛlju:dʒ/ n. Syn. flood; rush
(طوفان) great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

demagogue: Read
/'dɛməgɒg/ n.
(غوغائي) person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people

demeanor: Read
/dɪ'mi:nə(r)/ n. Syn. behavior
(سلوك) conduct; management; way in which a person behaves

demure: Read
/dɪ'mjʊə(r)/ a. Syn. grave; serious
(رزين) modest and reserved in manner or behavior

denounce: Read
/dɪ'naʊns/ v. Syn. condemn; criticize; announce
(تنسحب) condemn openly; criticize; make known in formal manner

deplete: Read
/dɪ'pli:t/ v. Syn. reduce; exhaust
(المستنفدة) decrease fullness of; use up or empty out

deprecate: Read
/'dɛprɪkeɪt/ v. Syn. belittle
(الخفض) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle

depreciate: Read
/dɪ'pri:ʃɪeɪt/ v.
(الخفض) lessen price or value of; think or speak of as being of little worth; belittle

devastation: Read
/dɛvəs'teɪʃən/ n.
(الخراب) an event that results in total destruction; the state of being decayed or destroyed

devious: Read
/'di:vɪəs/ a.
(ضار الملتوية) departing from correct or accepted way; misleading; not straightforward

devoid: Read
/dɪ'vɔɪd/ a. Syn. barren; empty
(تخلو) completely lacking; barren or empty

devout: Read
/dɪ'vaʊt/ a. Syn. pious
(ورع) expressing devotion or piety; earnest in religious field

dilemma: Read
/daɪ'lɛmə/ n. Syn. predicament
(مأزق) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

disconcert: Read
/dɪskən'sɜrt/ v. Syn. confuse; upset; embarrass
(يربك) confuse; frustrate by throwing into disorder; embarrass

disconsolate: Read
/dɪs'kɒnsələt/ a. Syn. sad
(بائس) sad; cheerless; gloomy; hopeless or not expecting

discourse: Read
/'dɪskɔ:s/ n. Syn. conversation
(الخطاب) formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

discrete: Read
/dɪ'skri:t/ a. Syn. separate; distinct
(منفصلة) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

discursive: Read
/dɪ'skɜrsɪv/ a.
(استطرادي) tending to depart from main point or cover a wide range of subjects

disparate: Read
/'dɪspərət/ a. Syn. unrelated
(المتباينة) fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar

disparity: Read
/dɪ'spærɪtɪ/ n. Syn. difference
(التفاوت) difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree

dispassionate: Read
/dɪ'spæʃ(ə)nət/ a. Syn. calm; impartial
(هادئ) calm; impartial; unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

dispatch: Read
/dɪ'spætʃ/ n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(إرسال) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

dispel: Read
/dɪ'spɛl/ v. Syn. scatter
(تبديد) scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

dissent: Read
/dɪ'sɛnt/ v. Syn. disagree
(المعارضة) differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval

dissolute: Read
/'dɪsəlu:t/ a.
(الماجنة) lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices

distraught: Read
/dɪ'strɔ:t/ a. Syn. upset
(ذهول) deeply agitated, as from emotional conflict; mad; insane

diverse: Read
/daɪ'vɜrs/ a. Syn. various
(احقته) differing in some characteristics; various

diversify: Read
/daɪ'vɜrsɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. vary
(تنويع) give variety to; spread out activities or investments

divulge: Read
/daɪ'vʌldʒ/ v. Syn. reveal
(تجريد) reveal; make known to public

dogmatic: Read
/dɒg'mætɪk/;/dɔ:gmætɪk/ a. Syn. opinionated; doctrinal
(العقائدي) stubbornly adhering to insufficiently proven beliefs; inflexible, rigid

dynamic: Read
/daɪ'næmɪk/ a. Syn. energetic
(الصارمة دينامية) energetic; vigorously active