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TOEFL Words with Synonyms 2



ecclesiastic: Read
/ɪkli:zɪ'æstɪk/ n.
minister or priest; cleric; one holding an office in the Christian ministry

edict: Read
/'i:dɪkt/ n.
decree ,especially issued by a sovereign; official command

edify: Read
/'ɛdɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. instruct
instruct or correct, especially so as to encourage intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement

egregious: Read
/ɪ'gri:dʒəs/ a. Syn. notorious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking

elicit: Read
/ɪ'lɪsɪt/ v. Syn. provoke
draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

elucidate: Read
/ɪ'lu:sɪdeɪt/ v. Syn. explain; enlighten
make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify

emissary: Read
/'ɛmɪsərɪ/ n. Syn. agent; messenger
agent sent on a mission to represent or advance the interests of another

engender: Read
/ɪn'dʒɛndə(r)/ v. Syn. cause; produce
cause; bring into existence; give rise to

ennui: Read
/ɒn'wi:/ n.
feeling of being bored by something tedious

ensue: Read
/ɪn'sju:/;/ɪn'su:/ v. Syn. follow
pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

entreat: Read
/ɪn'tri:t/ v. Syn. plead
plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly

ephemeral: Read
/ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a.
short-lived; enduring a very short time

epitaph: Read
/'ɛpɪtɑrf/ n.
inscription on tombstone in memory

epithet: Read
/'ɛpɪθɛt/ n.
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing

equable: Read
/'ɛkwəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tranquil; uniform
tranquil; not varying; uniform; not easily disturbed

equanimity: Read
/i:kwə'nɪmɪtɪ/ n.
calmness of temperament; steadiness of mind under stress.

erratic: Read
/ɪ'rætɪk/ a. Syn. odd; unpredictable
no fixed or regular course; wandering

erudite: Read
/'ɛru:daɪt/ a. Syn. learned; scholarly
learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books

esoteric: Read
/i:soʊ'tɛrɪk/ a. Syn. mysterious
hard to understand; known only in a particular group

exceptionable: Read
/ɪk'sɛpʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/ a.
open or liable to objection or debate; liable to cause disapproval

exculpate: Read
/'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v.
pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exemplary: Read
/ɪg'zɛmplərɪ/ a. Syn. modeled; ideal
serving as model; outstanding; typical

exodus: Read
/'ɛksədəs/ n. Syn. departure
departure of a large number of people

exotic: Read
/ɛg'zɒtɪk/ a. Syn. strange
from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual

expatriate: Read
/ɛks'pætrɪət/ n. Syn. exile
someone who has withdrawn from his native land

expedient: Read
/ɪk'spi:dɪənt/ a. Syn. suitable
suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest

exploit: Read
/ɛk'splɔɪt/ v.
make use of, sometimes unjustly

exposition: Read
/ɛkspə'zɪʃ(ə)n/ n.
exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

expound: Read
/ɪk'spaʊnd/ v.
explain or describe in detail

expurgate: Read
/'ɛkspəgeɪt/ v. Syn. clean
clean; remove offensive parts of book

extinct: Read
/ɪk'stɪŋkt/ a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extirpate: Read
/'ɛkstəpeɪt/ v.
root out; eradicate, literally or figuratively; destroy wholly

extraneous: Read
/ɛks'treɪnɪəs/ a.
not essential; coming from outside

facade: Read
/fə'sɑrd/ n. Syn. face; appearance
front of building; superficial or false appearance

facetious: Read
/fə'si:ʃəs/ a. Syn. humorous
joking ,often inappropriately; humorous

fallacious: Read
/fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive
false; tending to mislead; deceptive

fallacy: Read
/'fæləsɪ/ n.
deceptive or false appearance; false notion; deception

fallible: Read
/'fæləb(ə)l/ a.
likely to fail or be inaccurate

fathom: Read
/'fæð(ə)m/ v.
measure the depth; come to understand

fatuous: Read
/'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish
foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way

feasible: Read
/'fi:zɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. practical; possible; suitable
capable of being accomplished or brought about

feign: Read
/feɪn/ v. Syn. pretend; disguise; conceal
make false appearance of; disguise; conceal; invent or imagine

feint: Read
/feɪnt/ n. Syn. trick
trick; any distracting or deceptive maneuver

felicitous: Read
/fə'lɪsɪtəs/ a. Syn. apt
apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

felicity: Read
/fə'lɪsɪtɪ/ n. Syn. happiness
great happiness; pleasing and appropriate manner or style

fervid: Read
/'fɜrvɪd/ a.
extremely hot; eager; impassioned; burning

fetish: Read
/'fɛtɪʃ/ n.
a charm superstitiously believed to embody magical powers; excessive or irrational devotion to some activity

fiasco: Read
/fɪ'æskoʊ/ n.
complete failure; sudden and violent collapse

fictitious: Read
/fɪk'tɪʃəs/ a. Syn. imaginary
existing only in imagination; feigned; not true or real

flaccid: Read
/'flæsɪd/ a.
acting in strength, firmness, or resilience

flagrant: Read
/'fleɪgrənt/ a.
obvious and offensive, blatant, scandalous; flaming into notice

flamboyant: Read
/flæm'bɔɪənt/ a. Syn. showy; ostentatious
elaborately or excessively ornamented

flaunt: Read
/flɔ:nt/ v.
display proudly or shamelessly; show oneself off

fleeting: Read
/'fli:tɪŋ/ a. Syn. ephemeral
transient; brief; temporary; passing quickly

fluctuate: Read
/'flʌktjʊeɪt/ v. Syn. waver; shift
rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly

forbearance: Read
/fɔ:'bɛərəns/ n. Syn. patience
patience; restraint of passions; act of forbearing or waiting

forensic: Read
/fə'rɛnzɪk/;/fə'rɛnzɪk/ a.
relating to use of technology in investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in court by law

fortuitous: Read
/fɔ:'tju:ɪtəs/;/-'tu:-/ a. Syn. accidental; random
accidental; by chance; coming or occurring without any cause

fracas: Read
/'frækɑr/ n. Syn. disturbance
noisy, disorderly fight or quarrel; disturbance

frustrate: Read
/frʌ'streɪt/;/'frʌstrɛt/ v. Syn. thwart; defeat
make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment

fulsome: Read
/'fʊlsəm/ a.
offensively flattering or insincere; offensive; disgusting

garnish: Read
/'gɑrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. decorate
decorate with ornamental appendages

genealogy: Read
/dʒi:nɪ'ælədʒɪ/ n. Syn. lineage
account or history of descent of person or family from ancestor; lineage

genesis: Read
/'dʒɛnɪsɪs/ n. Syn. origin
coming into being of something; origin

ghastly: Read
/'gɑrstlɪ/;/'gæstlɪ/ a. Syn. horrible
horrible; inspiring shock; extremely unpleasant or bad

gibe: Read
/dʒaɪb/ v. Syn. mock
mock; laugh at with contempt and derision

glib: Read
/glɪb/ a. Syn. fluent
performed with a natural or offhand ease

glut: Read
/glʌt/ v. Syn. overstock
fill beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedlly

glutton: Read
/'glʌt(ə)n/ n.
person who eats too much food and drink

gossamer: Read
/'gɒsəmə(r)/ a.
sheer, light, delicate, or tenuous

gregarious: Read
/grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable
sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others

grimace: Read
/grɪ'meɪs/;/'grɪməs/ n.
facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust

hail: Read
/heɪl/ n.
call for; salute; greet; praise vociferously

harangue: Read
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression

harbinger: Read
/'hɑrbɪndʒə(r)/ n. Syn. forerunner
forerunner; an indication of approach of something or someone

haughty: Read
/'hɔ:tɪ/ a.
high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearing

heedless: Read
/'hi:dlɪs/ a. Syn. disregarding
unaware, without noticing; unmindful or thoughtless

heinous: Read
/'heɪnəs/ a. Syn. wicked; atrocious; flagitious
grossly wicked; abominable; hateful; infamous

heresy: Read
/'hɛrɪsɪ/ n.
opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted religion

hiatus: Read
/haɪ'eɪtəs/ n. Syn. gap; pause
gap; interruption in duration or continuity; pause

histrionic: Read
/hɪstrɪ'ɒnɪk/ a.
characteristic of acting or stage performance

hoax: Read
/hoʊks/ n. Syn. trick
act intended to deceive or trick; practical joke

hyperbole: Read
/haɪ'pɜrbəlɪ/ n. Syn. exaggeration; overstatement
figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis; overstatement

idiosyncrasy: Read
/ɪdɪə'sɪŋkrəsɪ/ n.
behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

ignominy: Read
/'ɪgnəmɪnɪ/ n.
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor

immaculate: Read
/ɪ'mækjʊlət/ a. Syn. spotless; flawless
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean

imminent: Read
/'ɪmɪnənt/ a. Syn. impending
near at hand; close in time; about to occur

immune: Read
/ɪ'mju:n/ a. Syn. exempt; resistant
resistant to; free or exempt from; not subject to

impale: Read
/ɪm'peɪl/ v. Syn. pierce
pierce; kill by piercing with a spear or sharp

impeach: Read
/ɪm'pi:tʃ/ v. Syn. indict; hinder
make an accusation against; challenge or discredit the credibility of

impeccable: Read
/ɪm'pɛkəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. faultless; perfect
faultless; incapable of sin or wrongdoing

impervious: Read
/ɪm'pɜrvɪəs/ a. Syn. impenetrable
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed

implacable: Read
/ɪm'plækəb(ə)l/ a.
incapable of being pacified; not to be relieved;

implicit: Read
/ɪm'plɪsɪt/ a. Syn. implied; suggested
implied or understood though not directly expressed

import: Read
/ɪm'pɔ:t/ v.
bring in from another country

impostor: Read
/ɪm'pɒstə(r)/ n.
someone who assumes a false identity

imprecation: Read
/ɪmprɔ'keɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. curse
curse; act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

impregnable: Read
/ɪm'prɛgnəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. invulnerable
invulnerable; able to withstand attack

impropriety: Read
/ɪmprə'praɪətɪ/ n. Syn. improperness
improper act; improper or unacceptable usage in speech or writing

improvident: Read
/ɪm'prɒvɪdənt/ a. Syn. thriftless
thriftless; not providing for future; incautious

impugn: Read
/ɪm'pju:n/ v. Syn. challenge
dispute or contradict, often in insulting way; challenge

incarcerate: Read
/ɪn'kɑrsəreɪt/ v. Syn. imprison
imprison; put into jail; shut up or enclose

incisive: Read
/ɪn'saɪsɪv/ a. Syn. cutting; sharp
penetrating, clear, and sharp, as in operation or expression

incognito: Read
/ɪnkɒg'ni:toʊ/;/ɪn'kɒgnətoʊ/ a.
with one's identity disguised or concealed; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title

incontrovertible: Read
/ɪnkɒntrə'vɜrtɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. indisputable
indisputable; not open to question

increment: Read
/'ɪnkrɪmənt/ n. Syn. increase
process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent

incumbent: Read
/ɪn'kʌmbənt/ a. Syn. obligatory
imposed as an obligation or duty; currently holding an office

indefatigable: Read
/ɪndɪ'fætɪgəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tireless
tireless; showing sustained enthusiastic action

indigenous: Read
/ɪn'dɪdʒɪnəs/ a. Syn. native; original
native; originating where it is found

indomitable: Read
/ɪn'dɒmɪtəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unconquerable; invincible
unconquerable; incapable of being overcome

inference: Read
/'ɪnfərəns/ n.
inferring by deduction or induction; truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or supposed to be true; conclusion; deduction

ingenious: Read
/ɪn'dʒi:nɪəs/ a. Syn. clever; resourceful
clever; having inventive or cunning mind

ingenuous: Read
/ɪn'dʒɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. young; unsophisticated
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated

ingratiate: Read
/ɪn'greɪʃɪeɪt/ v.
become popular with; make agreeable or acceptable

inhibit: Read
/ɪn'hɪbɪt/ v. Syn. restrain; prevent
restrain; prevent or forbid; hold back

innocuous: Read
/ɪ'nɒkjʊəs/ a. Syn. harmless
having no adverse effect; harmless

innuendo: Read
/ɪnju:'ɛndoʊ/ n. Syn. hint; implication
hint; indirect implication , usually malicious

inordinate: Read
/ɪ'nɔ:dɪnət/ a. Syn. unrestrained; excessive
exceeding reasonable limits; excessive; not regulated; disorderly

insatiable: Read
/ɪn'seɪʃəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unquenchable; greedy
not easily satisfied; impossible to satiate or satisfy; greedy

inscrutable: Read
/ɪn'skru:təb(ə)l/ a. Syn. impenetrable; mysterious
impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious

insidious: Read
/ɪn'sɪdɪəs/ a. Syn. treacherous; stealthy; sly
spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap

instigate: Read
/'ɪnstɪgeɪt/ v. Syn. urge; incite; provoke
goad or urge forward; provoke; incite

integrity: Read
/ɪn'tɛgrɪtɪ/ n. Syn. uprightness; wholeness
quality or condition of being whole or undivided; completeness

invective: Read
/ɪn'vɛktɪv/ n. Syn. abuse
abusive language used to express blame or ill will

irascible: Read
/ɪ'ræsɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. irritable
irritable; easily angered; excited by or arising from anger

ire: Read
/'aɪə(r)/ n. Syn. anger; irritate
anger; wrath; keen resentment; irritate

irksome: Read
/'ɜrksəm/ a. Syn. annoying; tedious
causing annoyance, weariness, or vexation; tedious

itinerant: Read
/aɪ'tɪnərənt/ a. Syn. wandering; traveling
wandering; traveling place to place, especially to perform work or duty

jargon: Read
/'dʒɑrgən/ n. Syn. gibberish
language used by a special group; technical terminology; nonsensical or meaningless talk

jaunty: Read
/'dʒɔ:ntɪ/ a. Syn. lighthearted; animated
gay in manner, appearance, or action; easy and carefree

jeopardy: Read
/'dʒɛpədɪ/ n.
exposure to death, loss, or injury; hazard; risk of loss or injury

jettison: Read
/'dʒɛtɪs(ə)n/ v.
throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship

judicious: Read
/dʒu:'dɪʃəs/ a. Syn. wise; prudent
exhibiting good judgment or sound thinking; prudent

ken: Read
/kɛn/ n. Syn. understanding; knowledge; scope
understanding; knowledge; range of vision

labyrinth: Read
/'læbərɪnθ/ n. Syn. maze
maze; complex structure of interconnecting passages

lachrymose: Read
/'lækrɪmoʊs/ a.
weeping or inclined to weep; tearful; showing sorrow

laconic: Read
/lə'kɒnɪk/ a. Syn. concise
brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words

larceny: Read
/'lɑrsənɪ/ n. Syn. theft
unlawful taking and removing of another's personal property; theft

latent: Read
/'leɪtənt/ a. Syn. dormant; hidden
present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lavish: Read
/'lævɪʃ/ a. Syn. liberal; profuse
liberal; wasteful; excessive spending

lethal: Read
/'li:θ(ə)l/ a. Syn. deadly; fatal
deadly; causing or capable of causing death

longevity: Read
/lɒn'dʒɛvɪtɪ/ n.
long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation

low: Read
/loʊ/ v. Syn. moo
utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise

lucid: Read
/'lu:sɪd/ a. Syn. clear; intelligible
easily understood; clear; intelligible

ludicrous: Read
/'lu:dɪkrəs/ a. Syn. laughable; trifling
laughable; completely devoid of wisdom or good sense

luminary: Read
/'lu:mɪnərɪ/;/'lumɪnɛrɪ/ n. Syn. celebrity; dignitary
celebrity; person who is an inspiration to others; person who has achieved eminence in specific field