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3000 TOEIC Vocabulary (A): Print Flashcard

abandon
 
n. Syn. relinquish
lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm
abbreviation
 
n.
shortening something by omitting parts of it
abnormal
 
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
unusual; not typical; not normal
abort
 
v. Syn. failure; terminate
stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abortion
 
n.
termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
abrasion
 
n. Syn. scratch; friction
scratch; friction
abrasive
 
a.
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abrupt
 
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absence
 
n.
state of being absent; state of being away
absolutely
 
ad. Syn. utterly; definitely
utterly; definitely
absorb
 
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
abstract
 
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
absurd
 
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish
abuse
 
n. Syn. misuse
improper use or handling; misuse
academic
 
a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education
academy
 
n.
school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists
access
 
n. Syn. approach
approach; entry; entrance
accessory
 
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
accidental
 
a. Syn. unexpected; unforeseen
unexpected; unforeseen
accommodate
 
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
accompany
 
v.
travel with; be associated with
accomplished
 
a. Syn. skilled; experienced
skilled; experienced; having many social graces; polished or refined
account
 
n. Syn. report; description
narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
accountable
 
a.
liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained
accountant
 
n.
one who maintains and audits business accounts
accounting
 
n.
system that provides quantitative information about finances
accurate
 
a. Syn. precise; correct
capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision
accuse
 
v. Syn. blame; condemn
blame; condemn
accused
 
n.
defendant or defendants in a criminal case; person charged with an offense
achieve
 
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
acid
 
n.
sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful
acidic
 
a.
tasting sour like acid; being or containing an acid
acknowledge
 
v. Syn. recognize; admit
declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks
acquire
 
v. Syn. obtain; gain
gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
acquisition
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
across
 
ad.
from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length
activate
 
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
actual
 
a. Syn. true; real
true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current
actually
 
ad. Syn. truly; really
truly; really; in fact
acupuncture
 
n.
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acute
 
a. Syn. keen; sharp
quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe
adapt
 
v. Syn. alter; modify
make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
addict
 
v.
cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
address
 
v.
make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of
adequate
 
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
adhere
 
v. Syn. stick; bond
stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adhesive
 
a. Syn. sticky; glutinous
sticky; glutinous; tending to persist
adjunct
 
n. Syn. addition; accessory
something added on or attached generally nonessential or inferior
adjust
 
v. Syn. adapt; regulate
adapt; regulate
administer
 
v. Syn. govern; supervise
govern; supervise; give or apply medications
administration
 
n. Syn. management; supervision; executive
management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties
admission
 
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter
admit
 
v.
permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to
adopt
 
v. Syn. accept
accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
adore
 
v. Syn. idolize; adorn
worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection
adult
 
n.
one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown
adventure
 
n. Syn. risk; venture
something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger
adventurous
 
a. Syn. valiant; venturesome
valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures
adversity
 
n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune
advertise
 
v. Syn. notify
give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of
advocate
 
v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
aerodynamics
 
n.
study of how objects move through the air or water
affect
 
v.
have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
affected
 
a. Syn. artificial; pretended
speaking or behaving in artificial way; emotionally stirred or moved; infected or attacked
affection
 
n. Syn. fondness; love
fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness
affective
 
a. Syn. sentimental
sentimental; emotional; emotionally charged
afford
 
v. Syn. pay; risk
pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of
agency
 
n.
a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government
agenda
 
n. Syn. schedule; calendar
items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered
aggravate
 
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
worsen; make worse or more troublesome
aggregation
 
n.
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
aggressive
 
a.
making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly
agony
 
n.
extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
agreement
 
n.
state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character
aid
 
n.
person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant
ailment
 
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
sickness; illness; affliction
air
 
v.
be broadcast on television or radio
aircraft
 
n.
vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon
aisle
 
n.
passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building
alarm
 
n.
any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger
album
 
n.
a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographs
alert
 
n.
warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
alien
 
a. Syn. strange; unfamiliar; foreign
dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person
alienate
 
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
alike
 
a. Syn. similar; resembling
similar; in the same manner or to the same degree
allegation
 
n.
suggestion without proof that someone has done something wrong
allegiance
 
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alliance
 
n.
state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties
alliteration
 
n.
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allowance
 
n. Syn. authorization; permission
approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting
ally
 
n. Syn. confederate; partner; collaborator
confederate; partner; collaborator
alone
 
a. Syn. solitary; by oneself
solitary; by oneself
along
 
ad.
by the length; in a line with the length; onward; forward; in company; together
alongside
 
ad.
along or by the side; side by side with
alter
 
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
modify; cause to change; make different; convert
alteration
 
n. Syn. renovation; change
passage from one form or state to another; change
alternate
 
a. Syn. substitute
happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute
alternation
 
n.
successive change from one thing or state to another and back again
alternative
 
a.
one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice
altitude
 
n. Syn. elevation; height
elevation especially above sea level; height
aluminum
 
n.
silvery ductile metallic element
amateur
 
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art
amaze
 
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
astonish; affect with wonder
amazement
 
n. Syn. wonder; surprise
wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment
ambassador
 
n.
authorized messenger or representative
ambitious
 
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
ambivalence
 
n.
state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate
ambulance
 
n.
field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital
amenable
 
a. Syn. responsible; accountable
responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable
amends
 
n.
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
ammunition
 
n. Syn. weapon
military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells
amount
 
n. Syn. quantity; sum
total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum
ample
 
a. Syn. abundant
more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large
amuse
 
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive
analogy
 
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
analysis
 
n. Syn. study; investigation
study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts
anchor
 
v. Syn. fasten
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate
anecdote
 
n. Syn. episode; story
short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
anesthetic
 
n.
substance that causes loss of sensation; producing temporary loss or impairment of feeling
angular
 
a.
sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner
anniversary
 
a.
annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place
annoy
 
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate
annual
 
a.
occurring or payable every year
annually
 
ad. Syn. yearly
yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year
anonymous
 
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name
anthem
 
n. Syn. song; hymn
song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty
anthropology
 
n.
social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings
antibiotic
 
a. Syn. antibacterial
of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate
 
v. Syn. expect; predict
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
anticipation
 
n. Syn. expectation
something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence
antiquated
 
a. Syn. obsolete; antique; aged
too old to be fashionable, suitable, or useful; obsolete; aged
antique
 
n. Syn. relic; curio
any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
antiquity
 
n. Syn. relic
ancient times, especially the times preceding the Middle Ages; extreme oldness
antiseptic
 
n. Syn. bactericide; germicide
substance that prevents infection; substance that restricts the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
anxiety
 
n.
concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitation
anyhow
 
ad.
in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event
apart
 
ad.
separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside
apparent
 
a. Syn. visible
capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
appeal
 
n. Syn. attraction; charm
attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
appendix
 
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
something appended or added
appetite
 
n. Syn. desire
instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
applaud
 
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
apply
 
v. Syn. exert
exert; put into service; avail oneself to;
appointment
 
n. Syn. arrangement
act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement
appreciate
 
v. Syn. admire; value
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
apprentice
 
n.
works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approach
 
n. Syn. access; method
access; method
appropriate
 
v. Syn. acquire; allocate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approval
 
n. Syn. sanction; endorsement
official approbation; endorsement; act of approving
approve
 
v. Syn. ratify
ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of
aptitude
 
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding
aquamarine
 
a.
of bluish-green colour; of pale blue to light greenish blue
aquarium
 
n.
tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
arboreal
 
a.
tree-dwelling; treelike; living in trees
arc
 
n.
continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
arch
 
n.
any part of a curved line
archaeology
 
n.
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
architect
 
n.
one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
archives
 
n.
public records; place where public records are kept
area
 
n.
plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range
arena
 
n.
playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
argue
 
v.
invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate
arise
 
v. Syn. spring
come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action
arithmetic
 
n.
theory of numerical calculations
armor
 
n. Syn. shield
shield; defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
arms
 
n. Syn. weapon
weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family
array
 
v. Syn. marshal
set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
arrogant
 
a. Syn. overbearing; lofty
arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others
arsenal
 
n. Syn. armory
storage place for military equipment; stock of weapons
artery
 
n.
one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart; major transit corridor
article
 
n. Syn. essay; editorial
essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class
articulate
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artificial
 
a. Syn. unreal
made by humans; produced rather than natural.
artillery
 
n.
large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons
ascent
 
n.
upward slope or grade; movement upward
ashamed
 
a.
affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt
aside
 
ad.
on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest
aspect
 
n. Syn. respect; facet
distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind
aspirin
 
n.
white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation
assassination
 
n.
act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack
assault
 
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
attack; onslaught
assemble
 
v. Syn. gather
put together; bring or call together into a group or whole
assess
 
v. Syn. estimate; judge
estimate value; judge worth of something
asset
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assign
 
v. Syn. appoint; allot
appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly
assignment
 
n. Syn. task; job
task given to students; job; distribution; appointment
assist
 
v. Syn. help
give help or support to, especially as a subordinate
associate
 
v. Syn. pertain; connect
connect or join together; combine
association
 
n. Syn. alliance; connection
connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose
assorted
 
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
varied; miscellaneous
assortment
 
n. Syn. variety; conglomerate
variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things
assume
 
v. Syn. suppose; presume
suppose; presume; take on; bear
assumption
 
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
assurance
 
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt
assure
 
v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
solidify; guarantee; convince
astonish
 
v. Syn. surprise; shock
surprise; shock
astounding
 
a.
surprising; shocking
astronomy
 
n.
branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
astute
 
a. Syn. shrewd
wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence
asylum
 
n. Syn. protection
place of refuge or shelter; protection
asymmetrical
 
a. Syn. unbalanced; uneven
unbalanced; uneven
athlete
 
n.
sports man; one who contended for prize in public games
atlas
 
n.
a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables
atomization
 
n.
act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles
atrophy
 
n. Syn. shrinkage
wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease
attach
 
v. Syn. fasten; annex
fasten; annex; be in contact with
attack
 
n.
offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment
attempt
 
n. Syn. try; endeavor; effort
action of trying at something
attend
 
v.
be present at; go to; take care of; tend
attendance
 
n.
act of being present
attendant
 
n. Syn. aide; servant
aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attitude
 
n.
posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue
attorney
 
n. Syn. lawyer
lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy
attractive
 
a. Syn. appealing; pleasing; inviting; intriguing; tempting
appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
auction
 
n.
public sale of property to the highest bidder
audience
 
n. Syn. spectator; viewer
a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance
audit
 
n.
examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts
auditorium
 
n.
area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
aurora
 
n.
the first light of day; an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands of light caused by charged solar particles following the earth's magnetic lines of force
authentic
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
author
 
n.
beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer
authority
 
n. Syn. jurisdiction; power
jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government
authorize
 
v. Syn. empower; sanction
empower; give permission for; sanction
automatic
 
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control
automobile
 
n.
self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway
autonomous
 
a.
self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
available
 
a. Syn. free
convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
avalanche
 
n.
great mass of falling snow and ice
avenue
 
n.
way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street
average
 
a. Syn. typical; mediocre
typical; mean; achieve or reach on average
averse
 
a. Syn. reluctant; disinclined; unwilling
reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling
aviator
 
n.
someone who operates an aircraft
avoid
 
v. Syn. shun; prevent
shield away from; prevent
aware
 
a.
knowing; having knowledge or cognizance
awful
 
a. Syn. terrible
causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
awkward
 
a. Syn. clumsy; inept
difficult to handle or manage
axis
 
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
the center around which something rotates; pivot