Hard TOEFL Words

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Hard TOEFL Words (Group 1)

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Word List Card Flashcard Pronounce
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aback
abdication
ability
ablaze
abolish
abolitionist
abound
abrupt
absorb
abut
academician
access
accessibility
accessory
acclaim
accompaniment
accompanying
accomplishment
accordion
account
accredit
accumulation
accuse
acquiesce
acquisition
acronym
addict
addictive
additive
adjacent
adjoin
adjust
adobe
adolescent
adopt
adoption
advent
affectionately
affiliate
affirm
affliction
affluent
affordable
agitation
air
airborne
aisle
aka
alignment
allocate
alloy
ally
aloof
altar
amaze
amazing
ambition
ambitious
amend
amendment
amplification
amplify
amputee
analogous
analyze
anatomy
ancestral
anew
annex
annihilate
annoying
annualize
anoint
antedate
antenna
anthology
antibiotic
anticipate
antique
apartheid
apex
apologize
appeal
appealing
appease
appetite
applaud
applicant
application
appoint
appraisal
appreciable
appreciate
approach
appropriate
approximate
approximately
aquatic
arc
archipelago
arduous
arid
armory
arrangement
arsenal
ascend
ascending
ascent
asphyxiate
aspiration
aspiring
assault
assemblage
assert
assess
assessment
assistance
assuredly
astonished
astound
astronaut
astronomer
astronomy
asylum
at loggerheads
atmosphere
atom
atrial
atrocity
attachment
attain
attend
attendance
attendant
attendee
attention
attire
attraction
attractive
auditorium
authenticity
autobiography
available
avalanche
avenue
avian
aviation
avocation
awake
awkward

Word and Definition List
aback
Pronounce   ad. by surprise; behind; in the rear
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abdication
Pronounce   n. the act of giving up or renouncing a right, office, or position of power etc.
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ability
Pronounce   n. capacity; skill
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ablaze
Pronounce   a. burning; radiant; bright; keenly excited ; resembling flame in brilliance or color
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abolish
Pronounce   v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
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abolitionist
Pronounce   n. a reformer who favors abolishing slavery
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abound
Pronounce   v. be full of; be plentiful
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abrupt
Pronounce   a. broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
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absorb
Pronounce   v. assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
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abut
Pronounce   v. border upon; adjoin; touch or end at one end or side; lie adjacent
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academician
Pronounce   n. a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation
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access
Pronounce   n. approach; entry; entrance
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accessibility
Pronounce   n. attribute of being easy to meet or deal with
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accessory
Pronounce   n. additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
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acclaim
Pronounce   v. applaud; announce with great approval
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accompaniment
Pronounce   n. act of accompanying someone or something
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accompanying
Pronounce   a. attendant; concomitant
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accomplishment
Pronounce   n. achievement; fulfillment
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accordion
Pronounce   n. a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument; reeds that are made to vibrate by air from the bellows controlled by the player
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account
Pronounce   n. narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
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accredit
Pronounce   v. authorize; commission; give credit for
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accumulation
Pronounce   n. act of gathering or amassing, as into a heap or pile
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accuse
Pronounce   v. blame; condemn
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acquiesce
Pronounce   v. consent or comply passively or without protest; assent
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acquisition
Pronounce   n. act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
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acronym
Pronounce   n. abbreviation
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addict
Pronounce   v. cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
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addictive
Pronounce   a. causing or characterized by addiction
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additive
Pronounce   n. addition; supplement
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adjacent
Pronounce   a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
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adjoin
Pronounce   v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on
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adjust
Pronounce   v. adapt; regulate
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adobe
Pronounce   n. clay; brick ;sun-dried brick; structure built with this type of brick
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adolescent
Pronounce   n. a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;
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adopt
Pronounce   v. accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
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adoption
Pronounce   n. accepting with approval; favorable reception
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advent
Pronounce   n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
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affectionately
Pronounce   ad. with affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly
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affiliate
Pronounce   n. A person, organization, or establishment associated with another, as a subordinate, subsidiary, or member
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affirm
Pronounce   v. assert; confirm
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affliction
Pronounce   n. cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress
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affluent
Pronounce   a. generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich; plentiful; abundant
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affordable
Pronounce   a. able to pay for
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agitation
Pronounce   n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
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air
Pronounce   v. be broadcast on television or radio
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airborne
Pronounce   a. aloft; flying; in the air
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aisle
Pronounce   n. a passageway between rows of seats or shelves
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aka
Pronounce   ad. as known or named at another time or place; also known as
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alignment
Pronounce   n. arrangement; association; alliance
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allocate
Pronounce   v. assign; distribute according to plan
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alloy
Pronounce   v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
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ally
Pronounce   n. confederate; partner; collaborator
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aloof
Pronounce   a. apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote
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altar
Pronounce   n. elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered
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amaze
Pronounce   v. astonish; affect with wonder
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amazing
Pronounce   a. awesome; astounding; surprising
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ambition
Pronounce   n. aspiration
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ambitious
Pronounce   a. aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
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amend
Pronounce   v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
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amendment
Pronounce   n. correction; revision
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amplification
Pronounce   n. addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail
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amplify
Pronounce   v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
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amputee
Pronounce   n. a person who has had one or more limbs removed by amputation
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analogous
Pronounce   a. comparable; similar or alike
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analyze
Pronounce   v. diagnose; examine
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anatomy
Pronounce   n. detailed analysis; branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
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ancestral
Pronounce   a. inherited or inheritable by established rules
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anew
Pronounce   ad. once more; again; in a new and different way
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annex
Pronounce   v. append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit
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annihilate
Pronounce   v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
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annoying
Pronounce   a. bothersome; troublesome; irritating
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annualize
Pronounce   v. adjust or calculate so as to reflect a rate that is based on a full year
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anoint
Pronounce   v. apply oil, ointment, or a similar substance to; choose by or as if by divine intervention
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antedate
Pronounce   v. be earlier in time; go back further
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antenna
Pronounce   n. metallic apparatus for sending or receiving electromagnetic waves
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anthology
Pronounce   n. book of literary selections by various authors
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antibiotic
Pronounce   a. of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
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anticipate
Pronounce   v. act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
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antique
Pronounce   n. any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
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apartheid
Pronounce   n. a policy or practice of separating or segregating groups
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apex
Pronounce   n. highest point; the vertex; usually pointed end of an object; the tip
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apologize
Pronounce   v. beg pardon
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appeal
Pronounce   n. attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
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appealing
Pronounce   a. attractive; charming
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appease
Pronounce   v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
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appetite
Pronounce   n. instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
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applaud
Pronounce   v. acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
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applicant
Pronounce   n. candidate
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application
Pronounce   n. close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance
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appoint
Pronounce   v. designate; nominate
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appraisal
Pronounce   n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
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appreciable
Pronounce   a. considerable; perceptible
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appreciate
Pronounce   v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
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approach
Pronounce   n. access; method
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appropriate
Pronounce   v. acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
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approximate
Pronounce   v. approach; come near
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approximately
Pronounce   ad. about; roughly
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aquatic
Pronounce   a. consisting of, relating to, or being in water
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arc
Pronounce   n. continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
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archipelago
Pronounce   n. a large group of islands; a sea, containing a large number of scattered islands
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arduous
Pronounce   a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult
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arid
Pronounce   a. lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants
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armory
Pronounce   n. arsenal; a place where arms are manufactured
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arrangement
Pronounce   n. composition; order
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arsenal
Pronounce   n. stock or supply, usually of weapons
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ascend
Pronounce   v. climb; mount
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ascending
Pronounce   a. climbing; rising
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ascent
Pronounce   n. the act of rising or going upward
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asphyxiate
Pronounce   v. deprive of oxygen to the extent of producing death or very serious symptoms; suffocate
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aspiration
Pronounce   n. ambition; longing
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aspiring
Pronounce   a. ambitious; enthusiastic
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assault
Pronounce   n. attack; onslaught
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assemblage
Pronounce   n. a group of persons together in one place
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assert
Pronounce   v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
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assess
Pronounce   v. estimate value; judge worth of something
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assessment
Pronounce   n. act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable
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assistance
Pronounce   n. activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
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assuredly
Pronounce   ad. certainly; undoubtedly
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astonished
Pronounce   a. amazed; surprised
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astound
Pronounce   v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock
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astronaut
Pronounce   n. person to pilot, navigate, or as a crew member of spacecraft
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astronomer
Pronounce   n. a physicist who studies astronomy
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astronomy
Pronounce   n. branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
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asylum
Pronounce   n. a place offering protection and shelter
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at loggerheads
Pronounce   ad. engaged in a dispute
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atmosphere
Pronounce   n. air
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atom
Pronounce   n. a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
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atrial
Pronounce   a. of or pertaining to an atrium, especially the upper chambers of the heart
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atrocity
Pronounce   n. extreme criminality or cruelty; quality of being shockingly cruel and inhumane
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attachment
Pronounce   n. a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory
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attain
Pronounce   v. achieve or accomplish; gain
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attend
Pronounce   v. be present at; go to; take care of; tend
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attendance
Pronounce   n. act of being present
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attendant
Pronounce   n. aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
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attendee
Pronounce   n. person who is present and participates in a meeting
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attention
Pronounce   n. act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought
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attire
Pronounce   n. clothing; dress
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attraction
Pronounce   n. appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
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attractive
Pronounce   a. appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
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auditorium
Pronounce   n. area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
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authenticity
Pronounce   n. quality of being genuine or trustworthy
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autobiography
Pronounce   n. biography or story written by yourself
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available
Pronounce   a. convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
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avalanche
Pronounce   n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside
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avenue
Pronounce   n. a method or means by which something may be accomplished
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avian
Pronounce   n. thin A bird-like or flying creature
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aviation
Pronounce   n. design, development, and production of aircraft
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avocation
Pronounce   n. activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment
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awake
Pronounce   v. rouse from sleep;stir the interest of; excite
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awkward
Pronounce   a. difficult to handle or manage
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