Hard TOEFL Words - Group 2

 Hard TOEFL Words - Group 2View Group Words   
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Exam Word - https://www.examword.com/ Total words: 150

Hard TOEFL Words - Group 2: Print One-sided Flashcard

backdrop
n. background; setting
backstage
ad. In or toward the area behind the performing space in a theater, especially the area comprising the dressing rooms
balance
n. being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
ballet
n. a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
bandmaster
n. conductor of a band
bang
n. a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
bankrupt
v. cause to become financially ruin; ruin
bar
n. a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
barbaric
a. resembling uncivilized persons, lacking refinement
barbecue
n. a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
barn
n. an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
baroque
a. complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
barrage
n. an artificial obstruction, such as a dam, built in a watercourse to increase its depth or to divert its flow; rapid and continuous delivery of linguistic communication
barren
a. desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
barricade
n. structure set up across a route of access to obstruct the passage of an enemy
basement
n. cellar; storage room
basin
n. bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids
batter
v. hit heavily and repeatedly with violent blows
bay
n. body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth; reddish-brown animal, especially a horse having a black tail
bead
n. small, often round piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing or threading
beaded
a. covered with beads of liquid
beamline
n. line traveled by a particle beam in an accelerator
behavior
n. conduct; manner
beleaguer
v. besiege or attack; harass; surround with troops
belie
v. contradict; give a false impression
bellows
n. a mechanical device that blows air onto a fire to make it burn more fiercely
benefit
n. advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain
betray
v. be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
bicameral
a. composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
biography
n. an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life
bison
n. any of several large shaggy-manned humped bovid having large heads and short horns
bitumen
n. any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
blade
n. sharp cutting edge of a knife; sword or knife; swords-man
blame
v. condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
blaze
n. a burst of fire, a flame
bleak
a. cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blend
n. combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture
blight
v. blast; prevent the growth and fertility of; destroy the happiness of; ruin; frustrate
bluff
a. direct and outspoken but good-natured
blush
v. become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
board
n. a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
bold
a. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
bonanza
n. boom; rich mine, vein, or pocket of ore; sudden opportunity to make money
bonding
n. formation of a close human relationship, as between friends; emotional and physical attachment occurring between a parent or parent figure
boom
n. deep resonant sound, as of an explosion
boon
n. blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
boost
v. raise or lift by pushing up from behind or below; increase; raise
boot up
v. start a computer using its bootstrap procedure
booth
n. small enclosed compartment with a window, used to separate the occupant from others; small stall for the display and sale of goods
boson
n. any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle
boundless
a. being without boundaries or limits; infinite; vast
bounty
n. liberality in giving; something that is given liberally; goodness, kindness
bouquet
n. small cluster or arrangement of flowers; an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
brace
v. confront with questions; prepare or position so as to be ready for impact or danger
breach
n. an opening or tear; breaking of waves; a gap or rift
breath
n. air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration
brilliance
n. cleverness; magnificence
brilliantly
ad. brightly; radiantly
brim
n. brink; edge
bronze
n. an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements
brook
n. creek; stream
brush
n. short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience
bumbler
n. someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence
bunch
n. clump; cluster; gathering
burgeon
v. to develop or grow rapidly
buzz
n. confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration
buzzer
n. a signaling device that makes a buzzing sound
bypass
v. to avoid by using an alternative channel or route
cabinetmaker
n. a woodworker who specializes in making furniture;
calculate
v. compute; determine; estimate
calibration
n. adjustment; measurement
cancellation
n. act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement
canny
a. careful; pleasant; shrewd
canopy
n. covering; umbrella
canyon
n. narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water; a gorge
caper
n. crime, especially theft, or a narrative about such a crime
capsize
v. overturn or cause to overturn; turn over or upset
capsule
n. small container; spacecraft to transport people in outer space
captivity
n. state or period of being imprisoned, confined, or enslaved
cardinal
a. chief; serving as an essential component
cartel
n. a combination of independent business organizations formed to regulate production, pricing, and marketing of goods by the members
carve
v. cut; sculpt
carving
n. cutting away parts to create a desired shape
cascade
n. a stream or sequence of something, a waterfall
cassette
n. container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video
cast
v. throw something, especially light; throw with force; hurl
casting
n. choice of actors to play particular roles in a play or movie
catalogue
v. to creat or add to a systematic and complete list of item
catalyst
n. agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
catastrophe
n. great, often sudden calamity; complete failure; sudden violent change in the earth's surface
catching
a. act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
categorize
v. classify; sort
caterpillar
n. a wormlike and often brightly colored and hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth
cathedral
n. church; temple
caution
n. care; being attentive to possible danger
cautious
a. conservative; careful
cavern
n. cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave
celebrity
n. a widely known person
cell
n. any small compartment
certification
n. document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; confirmation that some fact or statement is true through the use of documentary evidence
cessation
n. a stopping or discontinuance of action
chagrin
n. anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment
chamber
n. room in a house, especially a bedroom; hall for the meetings of a legislative or other assembly; enclosed space
charcoal
n. a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color
charge
n. accusation, a claim of wrongdoing
charitable
a. benevolent; kind; humane
chauffeur
n. a person employed to drive a private motor car or a hired car of executive or luxury class
checkout
n. counter in a supermarket where you pay for your purchases; the latest time for vacating a hotel room
chef
n. a professional cook
cherished
a. deeply loved or highly valued
chill
a. cool; freeze
chilling
a. causing mild fear
chilly
a. cold
chivalry
n. courtesy towards women
choir
n. band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
choke
v. breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
chop
v. hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax
chord
n. combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
chore
n. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
choreography
n. art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chorus
n. any utterance produced simultaneously by a group
chromosphere
n. a gaseous layer of the sun's atmosphere
chronological
a. arranged in order of time of occurrence
chug
v. dull explosive sound, usually short and repeated, made by or as if by a laboring engine
cider
n. beverage made from juice pressed from apples
circulate
v. move around, as from person to person or place to place
civility
n. act of showing regard for others; courteous behavior; politeness; citizenship
civilization
n. culture
claim
n. demand for something as rightful or due
clam
v. be moist or glutinous; stick or adhere; produce or cause to clang
clan
n. a large group of relatives, friends, or associates; a traditional social unit, consisting of a number of families claiming a common ancestor
clap
v. applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another
classification
n. assigning to a class or category
classify
v. declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories
clergy
n. clergymen collectively; body of people ordained for religious service
clergyman
n. a member of the clergy and a spiritual leader of the Christian Church
clinical
a. involving direct observation of a patient
clip
v. cut, cut off, or cut out with or as if with shears; cut off the edge of:
clog
v. congest; jam
clumsy
a. awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude
clutch
n. device for gripping and holding; tense, critical situation
coalesce
v. combine; fuse; grow together; come together so as to form one whole; unite
coax
v. persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery
codefendant
n. a defendant who has been joined together with one or more other defendants in a single action
codify
v. arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize
cognition
n. the process of knowing
coherent
a. adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
cohesive
a. cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated
coil
n. a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes
coinage
n. coins collectively