Hard TOEFL Words

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Hard TOEFL Words (Group 2)

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Word List Card Flashcard Pronounce
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backdrop
backstage
balance
ballet
bandmaster
bang
bankrupt
bar
barbaric
barbecue
barn
baroque
barrage
barren
barricade
basement
basin
batter
bay
bead
beaded
beamline
behavior
beleaguer
belie
bellows
benefit
betray
bicameral
biography
bison
bitumen
blade
blame
blaze
bleak
blend
blight
bluff
blush
board
bold
bonanza
bonding
boom
boon
boost
boot up
booth
boson
boundless
bounty
bouquet
brace
breach
breath
brilliance
brilliantly
brim
bronze
brook
brush
bumbler
bunch
burgeon
buzz
buzzer
bypass
cabinetmaker
calculate
calibration
cancellation
canny
canopy
canyon
caper
capsize
capsule
captivity
cardinal
cartel
carve
carving
cascade
cassette
cast
casting
catalogue
catalyst
catastrophe
catching
categorize
caterpillar
cathedral
caution
cautious
cavern
celebrity
cell
certification
cessation
chagrin
chamber
charcoal
charge
charitable
chauffeur
checkout
chef
cherished
chill
chilling
chilly
chivalry
choir
choke
chop
chord
chore
choreography
chorus
chromosphere
chronological
chug
cider
circulate
civility
civilization
claim
clam
clan
clap
classification
classify
clergy
clergyman
clinical
clip
clog
clumsy
clutch
coalesce
coax
codefendant
codify
cognition
coherent
cohesive
coil
coinage

Word and Definition List
backdrop
Pronounce   n. background; setting
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backstage
Pronounce   ad. In or toward the area behind the performing space in a theater, especially the area comprising the dressing rooms
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balance
Pronounce   n. being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability
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ballet
Pronounce   n. a sort of theatrical representation by dancers
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bandmaster
Pronounce   n. conductor of a band
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bang
Pronounce   n. a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success
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bankrupt
Pronounce   v. cause to become financially ruin; ruin
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bar
Pronounce   n. a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
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barbaric
Pronounce   a. resembling uncivilized persons, lacking refinement
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barbecue
Pronounce   n. a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors
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barn
Pronounce   n. an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
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baroque
Pronounce   a. complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
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barrage
Pronounce   n. an artificial obstruction, such as a dam, built in a watercourse to increase its depth or to divert its flow; rapid and continuous delivery of linguistic communication
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barren
Pronounce   a. desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
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barricade
Pronounce   n. structure set up across a route of access to obstruct the passage of an enemy
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basement
Pronounce   n. cellar; storage room
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basin
Pronounce   n. bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids
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batter
Pronounce   v. hit heavily and repeatedly with violent blows
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bay
Pronounce   n. body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth; reddish-brown animal, especially a horse having a black tail
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bead
Pronounce   n. small, often round piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing or threading
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beaded
Pronounce   a. covered with beads of liquid
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beamline
Pronounce   n. line traveled by a particle beam in an accelerator
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behavior
Pronounce   n. conduct; manner
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beleaguer
Pronounce   v. besiege or attack; harass; surround with troops
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belie
Pronounce   v. contradict; give a false impression
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bellows
Pronounce   n. a mechanical device that blows air onto a fire to make it burn more fiercely
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benefit
Pronounce   n. advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain
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betray
Pronounce   v. be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly
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bicameral
Pronounce   a. composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
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biography
Pronounce   n. an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life
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bison
Pronounce   n. any of several large shaggy-manned humped bovid having large heads and short horns
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bitumen
Pronounce   n. any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
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blade
Pronounce   n. sharp cutting edge of a knife; sword or knife; swords-man
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blame
Pronounce   v. condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure
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blaze
Pronounce   n. a burst of fire, a flame
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bleak
Pronounce   a. cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
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blend
Pronounce   n. combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture
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blight
Pronounce   v. blast; prevent the growth and fertility of; destroy the happiness of; ruin; frustrate
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bluff
Pronounce   a. direct and outspoken but good-natured
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blush
Pronounce   v. become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
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board
Pronounce   n. a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
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bold
Pronounce   a. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
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bonanza
Pronounce   n. boom; rich mine, vein, or pocket of ore; sudden opportunity to make money
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bonding
Pronounce   n. formation of a close human relationship, as between friends; emotional and physical attachment occurring between a parent or parent figure
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boom
Pronounce   n. deep resonant sound, as of an explosion
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boon
Pronounce   n. blessing; benefit bestowed, especially in response to a request
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boost
Pronounce   v. raise or lift by pushing up from behind or below; increase; raise
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boot up
Pronounce   v. start a computer using its bootstrap procedure
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booth
Pronounce   n. small enclosed compartment with a window, used to separate the occupant from others; small stall for the display and sale of goods
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boson
Pronounce   n. any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle
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boundless
Pronounce   a. being without boundaries or limits; infinite; vast
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bounty
Pronounce   n. liberality in giving; something that is given liberally; goodness, kindness
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bouquet
Pronounce   n. small cluster or arrangement of flowers; an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
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brace
Pronounce   v. confront with questions; prepare or position so as to be ready for impact or danger
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breach
Pronounce   n. an opening or tear; breaking of waves; a gap or rift
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breath
Pronounce   n. air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration
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brilliance
Pronounce   n. cleverness; magnificence
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brilliantly
Pronounce   ad. brightly; radiantly
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brim
Pronounce   n. brink; edge
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bronze
Pronounce   n. an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements
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brook
Pronounce   n. creek; stream
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brush
Pronounce   n. short and sometimes occasional encounter or experience
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bumbler
Pronounce   n. someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence
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bunch
Pronounce   n. clump; cluster; gathering
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burgeon
Pronounce   v. to develop or grow rapidly
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buzz
Pronounce   n. confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration
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buzzer
Pronounce   n. a signaling device that makes a buzzing sound
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bypass
Pronounce   v. to avoid by using an alternative channel or route
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cabinetmaker
Pronounce   n. a woodworker who specializes in making furniture;
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calculate
Pronounce   v. compute; determine; estimate
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calibration
Pronounce   n. adjustment; measurement
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cancellation
Pronounce   n. act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement
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canny
Pronounce   a. careful; pleasant; shrewd
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canopy
Pronounce   n. covering; umbrella
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canyon
Pronounce   n. narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by running water; a gorge
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caper
Pronounce   n. crime, especially theft, or a narrative about such a crime
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capsize
Pronounce   v. overturn or cause to overturn; turn over or upset
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capsule
Pronounce   n. small container; spacecraft to transport people in outer space
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captivity
Pronounce   n. state or period of being imprisoned, confined, or enslaved
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cardinal
Pronounce   a. chief; serving as an essential component
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cartel
Pronounce   n. a combination of independent business organizations formed to regulate production, pricing, and marketing of goods by the members
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carve
Pronounce   v. cut; sculpt
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carving
Pronounce   n. cutting away parts to create a desired shape
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cascade
Pronounce   n. a stream or sequence of something, a waterfall
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cassette
Pronounce   n. container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video
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cast
Pronounce   v. throw something, especially light; throw with force; hurl
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casting
Pronounce   n. choice of actors to play particular roles in a play or movie
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catalogue
Pronounce   v. to creat or add to a systematic and complete list of item
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catalyst
Pronounce   n. agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
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catastrophe
Pronounce   n. great, often sudden calamity; complete failure; sudden violent change in the earth's surface
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catching
Pronounce   a. act of seizing or taking hold of; captivating; alluring
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categorize
Pronounce   v. classify; sort
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caterpillar
Pronounce   n. a wormlike and often brightly colored and hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth
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cathedral
Pronounce   n. church; temple
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caution
Pronounce   n. care; being attentive to possible danger
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cautious
Pronounce   a. conservative; careful
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cavern
Pronounce   n. cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave
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celebrity
Pronounce   n. a widely known person
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cell
Pronounce   n. any small compartment
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certification
Pronounce   n. document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; confirmation that some fact or statement is true through the use of documentary evidence
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cessation
Pronounce   n. a stopping or discontinuance of action
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chagrin
Pronounce   n. anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment
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chamber
Pronounce   n. room in a house, especially a bedroom; hall for the meetings of a legislative or other assembly; enclosed space
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charcoal
Pronounce   n. a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color
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charge
Pronounce   n. accusation, a claim of wrongdoing
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charitable
Pronounce   a. benevolent; kind; humane
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chauffeur
Pronounce   n. a person employed to drive a private motor car or a hired car of executive or luxury class
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checkout
Pronounce   n. counter in a supermarket where you pay for your purchases; the latest time for vacating a hotel room
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chef
Pronounce   n. a professional cook
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cherished
Pronounce   a. deeply loved or highly valued
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chill
Pronounce   a. cool; freeze
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chilling
Pronounce   a. causing mild fear
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chilly
Pronounce   a. cold
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chivalry
Pronounce   n. courtesy towards women
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choir
Pronounce   n. band or organized company of singers, especially in church service
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choke
Pronounce   v. breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply
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chop
Pronounce   v. hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax
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chord
Pronounce   n. combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
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chore
Pronounce   n. a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
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choreography
Pronounce   n. art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
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chorus
Pronounce   n. any utterance produced simultaneously by a group
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chromosphere
Pronounce   n. a gaseous layer of the sun's atmosphere
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chronological
Pronounce   a. arranged in order of time of occurrence
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chug
Pronounce   v. dull explosive sound, usually short and repeated, made by or as if by a laboring engine
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cider
Pronounce   n. beverage made from juice pressed from apples
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circulate
Pronounce   v. move around, as from person to person or place to place
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civility
Pronounce   n. act of showing regard for others; courteous behavior; politeness; citizenship
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civilization
Pronounce   n. culture
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claim
Pronounce   n. demand for something as rightful or due
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clam
Pronounce   v. be moist or glutinous; stick or adhere; produce or cause to clang
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clan
Pronounce   n. a large group of relatives, friends, or associates; a traditional social unit, consisting of a number of families claiming a common ancestor
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clap
Pronounce   v. applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another
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classification
Pronounce   n. assigning to a class or category
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classify
Pronounce   v. declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories
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clergy
Pronounce   n. clergymen collectively; body of people ordained for religious service
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clergyman
Pronounce   n. a member of the clergy and a spiritual leader of the Christian Church
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clinical
Pronounce   a. involving direct observation of a patient
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clip
Pronounce   v. cut, cut off, or cut out with or as if with shears; cut off the edge of:
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clog
Pronounce   v. congest; jam
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clumsy
Pronounce   a. awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude
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clutch
Pronounce   n. device for gripping and holding; tense, critical situation
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coalesce
Pronounce   v. combine; fuse; grow together; come together so as to form one whole; unite
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coax
Pronounce   v. persuade or try to persuade by pleading or flattery
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codefendant
Pronounce   n. a defendant who has been joined together with one or more other defendants in a single action
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codify
Pronounce   v. arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize
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cognition
Pronounce   n. the process of knowing
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coherent
Pronounce   a. adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
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cohesive
Pronounce   a. cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated
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coil
Pronounce   n. a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes
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coinage
Pronounce   n. coins collectively
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