Hard TOEFL Words - Group 1

 Hard TOEFL Words - Group 1View Group Words   
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Exam Word - https://www.examword.com/ Total words: 150

Hard TOEFL Words - Group 1: Print One-sided Flashcard

aback
ad. by surprise; behind; in the rear
abdication
n. the act of giving up or renouncing a right, office, or position of power etc.
ability
n. capacity; skill
ablaze
a. burning; radiant; bright; keenly excited ; resembling flame in brilliance or color
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
abolitionist
n. a reformer who favors abolishing slavery
abound
v. be full of; be plentiful
abrupt
a. broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absorb
v. assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
abut
v. border upon; adjoin; touch or end at one end or side; lie adjacent
academician
n. a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation
access
n. approach; entry; entrance
accessibility
n. attribute of being easy to meet or deal with
accessory
n. additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
acclaim
v. applaud; announce with great approval
accompaniment
n. act of accompanying someone or something
accompanying
a. attendant; concomitant
accomplishment
n. achievement; fulfillment
accordion
n. a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument; reeds that are made to vibrate by air from the bellows controlled by the player
account
n. narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event
accredit
v. authorize; commission; give credit for
accumulation
n. act of gathering or amassing, as into a heap or pile
accuse
v. blame; condemn
acquiesce
v. consent or comply passively or without protest; assent
acquisition
n. act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
acronym
n. abbreviation
addict
v. cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
addictive
a. causing or characterized by addiction
additive
n. addition; supplement
adjacent
a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjoin
v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on
adjust
v. adapt; regulate
adobe
n. clay; brick ;sun-dried brick; structure built with this type of brick
adolescent
n. a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;
adopt
v. accept; take on; raise; take into one's family
adoption
n. accepting with approval; favorable reception
advent
n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
affectionately
ad. with affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly
affiliate
n. A person, organization, or establishment associated with another, as a subordinate, subsidiary, or member
affirm
v. assert; confirm
affliction
n. cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress
affluent
a. generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich; plentiful; abundant
affordable
a. able to pay for
agitation
n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
air
v. be broadcast on television or radio
airborne
a. aloft; flying; in the air
aisle
n. a passageway between rows of seats or shelves
aka
ad. as known or named at another time or place; also known as
alignment
n. arrangement; association; alliance
allocate
v. assign; distribute according to plan
alloy
v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
ally
n. confederate; partner; collaborator
aloof
a. apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote
altar
n. elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered
amaze
v. astonish; affect with wonder
amazing
a. awesome; astounding; surprising
ambition
n. aspiration
ambitious
a. aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
amend
v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
amendment
n. correction; revision
amplification
n. addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail
amplify
v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
amputee
n. a person who has had one or more limbs removed by amputation
analogous
a. comparable; similar or alike
analyze
v. diagnose; examine
anatomy
n. detailed analysis; branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
ancestral
a. inherited or inheritable by established rules
anew
ad. once more; again; in a new and different way
annex
v. append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit
annihilate
v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
annoying
a. bothersome; troublesome; irritating
annualize
v. adjust or calculate so as to reflect a rate that is based on a full year
anoint
v. apply oil, ointment, or a similar substance to; choose by or as if by divine intervention
antedate
v. be earlier in time; go back further
antenna
n. metallic apparatus for sending or receiving electromagnetic waves
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors
antibiotic
a. of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate
v. act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
antique
n. any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion
apartheid
n. a policy or practice of separating or segregating groups
apex
n. highest point; the vertex; usually pointed end of an object; the tip
apologize
v. beg pardon
appeal
n. attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge
appealing
a. attractive; charming
appease
v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
appetite
n. instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink
applaud
v. acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
applicant
n. candidate
application
n. close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance
appoint
v. designate; nominate
appraisal
n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
appreciable
a. considerable; perceptible
appreciate
v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
approach
n. access; method
appropriate
v. acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use
approximate
v. approach; come near
approximately
ad. about; roughly
aquatic
a. consisting of, relating to, or being in water
arc
n. continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
archipelago
n. a large group of islands; a sea, containing a large number of scattered islands
arduous
a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult
arid
a. lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants
armory
n. arsenal; a place where arms are manufactured
arrangement
n. composition; order
arsenal
n. stock or supply, usually of weapons
ascend
v. climb; mount
ascending
a. climbing; rising
ascent
n. the act of rising or going upward
asphyxiate
v. deprive of oxygen to the extent of producing death or very serious symptoms; suffocate
aspiration
n. ambition; longing
aspiring
a. ambitious; enthusiastic
assault
n. attack; onslaught
assemblage
n. a group of persons together in one place
assert
v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assess
v. estimate value; judge worth of something
assessment
n. act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable
assistance
n. activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
assuredly
ad. certainly; undoubtedly
astonished
a. amazed; surprised
astound
v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock
astronaut
n. person to pilot, navigate, or as a crew member of spacecraft
astronomer
n. a physicist who studies astronomy
astronomy
n. branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
asylum
n. a place offering protection and shelter
at loggerheads
ad. engaged in a dispute
atmosphere
n. air
atom
n. a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
atrial
a. of or pertaining to an atrium, especially the upper chambers of the heart
atrocity
n. extreme criminality or cruelty; quality of being shockingly cruel and inhumane
attachment
n. a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory
attain
v. achieve or accomplish; gain
attend
v. be present at; go to; take care of; tend
attendance
n. act of being present
attendant
n. aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attendee
n. person who is present and participates in a meeting
attention
n. act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought
attire
n. clothing; dress
attraction
n. appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
attractive
a. appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting
auditorium
n. area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
authenticity
n. quality of being genuine or trustworthy
autobiography
n. biography or story written by yourself
available
a. convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible
avalanche
n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside
avenue
n. a method or means by which something may be accomplished
avian
n. thin A bird-like or flying creature
aviation
n. design, development, and production of aircraft
avocation
n. activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment
awake
v. rouse from sleep;stir the interest of; excite
awkward
a. difficult to handle or manage