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PTE Word List for Academic (A B): Print Flashcard

abbreviation
 
n.
(аббревиатура) shortening something by omitting parts of it
abnormal
 
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
(ненормальные) unusual; not typical; not normal
abolish
 
v. Syn. cancel; annul
(отменить) cancel; put an end to; destroy completely
aboriginal
 
a. Syn. primitive; native
(аборигенов) being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abort
 
v. Syn. failure; terminate
(отмены) stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy
abound
 
v.
(изобилуют) be full of; be plentiful
abrasion
 
n. Syn. scratch; friction
(истиранию) scratch; friction
abridge
 
v. Syn. condense; shorten
(Краткое) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
abrupt
 
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
(резкое) broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another
absorb
 
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
(поглощают) assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention
abstract
 
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
(Аннотация) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand
abundance
 
n. Syn. profusion; richness
(изобилие) great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing
accelerate
 
v. Syn. speed; hasten
(ускорения) move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected
accessory
 
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
(аксессуары) additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item
acclaim
 
v. Syn. applaud
(Награды) applaud; announce with great approval
accommodate
 
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
(размещения) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for
accommodation
 
n.
(Размещение) living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience
accompany
 
v.
(сопровождать) travel with; be associated with
accord
 
n. Syn. agreement; treaty
(соглашение) settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states
accountable
 
a.
(подотчетным) liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained
accumulate
 
v. Syn. collect
(накапливаются) pile up; collect; mount up; increase
accuser
 
n.
(обвинитель) one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault
achieve
 
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
(достижения) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill
acquaint
 
v. Syn. Inform
(ознакомиться) inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar
acquire
 
v. Syn. obtain; gain
(приобрести) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system
acquisition
 
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(приобретение) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
activate
 
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
(активации) make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive
acute
 
a. Syn. keen; sharp
(острого) quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe
adapt
 
v. Syn. alter; modify
(адаптироваться) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose
addict
 
v.
(наркоман) cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to
adept
 
a. Syn. competent; proficient
(адепт) expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
adequate
 
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
(адекватную) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose
adhere
 
v. Syn. stick; bond
(придерживаться) stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with
adjacent
 
a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
(смежных) adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near
adjoin
 
v. Syn. attach
(примыкают) be next to; be contiguous to; border on
administer
 
v. Syn. govern; supervise
(администрирование) govern; supervise; give or apply medications
administrate
 
v.
(администрирование) administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of
admission
 
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
(приема) act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter
adolescence
 
n. Syn. youth; juvenescence
(подростковом возрасте) state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity
advent
 
n. Syn. arrival
(появлением) coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important
adverse
 
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(неблагоприятных) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose
advertise
 
v. Syn. notify
(Реклама) give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of
advocate
 
v. Syn. urge; support
(адвокат) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something
aerial
 
a.
(воздушных) of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air
aesthetic
 
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(эстетическое) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste
affiliate
 
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(филиал) associate; incorporate
affirm
 
v. Syn. assert; confirm
(утверждаем) assert; confirm
affix
 
v. Syn. fasten; attach
(наносить) fasten; append; add on; secure to something
afflict
 
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
(страдает) cause pain, suffering or distress
aggregate
 
v. Syn. gather; accumulate
(совокупности) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to
agitation
 
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(агитация) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance
agony
 
n.
(агония) extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle
agreeable
 
a. Syn. pleasing; acceptable
(приятным) ready to consent or submit; acceptable
airing
 
a.
(проветривание) exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast
albeit
 
ad.
(хотя) even though; although; notwithstanding
alienate
 
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
(отчуждать) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally
allege
 
v. Syn. affirm
(утверждает) state without proof; assert to be true
allegiance
 
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
(верность) loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion
alleviate
 
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
(облегчения) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part
allocate
 
v. Syn. assign
(выделить) assign; distribute according to plan
allot
 
v. Syn. distribute
(выделить) parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot
allowance
 
n. Syn. authorization; permission
(учетом) approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting
alloy
 
v. Syn. combine; mix
(сплав) combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alongside
 
ad.
(наряду) along or by the side; side by side with
alphabetical
 
a.
(алфавиту) arranged in customary order of the letters of a language
alter
 
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
(изменить) modify; cause to change; make different; convert
alternate
 
a. Syn. substitute
(альтернативных) happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute
altitude
 
n. Syn. elevation; height
(высоте) elevation especially above sea level; height
amateur
 
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
(любительское) nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art
amaze
 
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
(удивлять) astonish; affect with wonder
ambiguity
 
n.
(неопределенность) state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty
ambiguous
 
a.
(неоднозначное) unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambitious
 
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
(амбициозные) aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement
amend
 
v. Syn. correct; improve
(изменить) change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors
amends
 
n.
(вносит) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation
amid
 
ad. Syn. among
(среди) in the middle of; among; surrounded by
amidst
 
ad. Syn. amid; among
(среди) amid; in the middle of; among
ammunition
 
n. Syn. weapon
(боеприпасов) military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells
amphibian
 
a.
(амфибии) able to live both on land and in water
ample
 
a. Syn. abundant
(достаточно) more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large
amplify
 
v. Syn. intensify; increase
(усиления) broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase
amuse
 
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
(развлекаться) occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive
analogy
 
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
(аналогии) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity
analyse
 
v.
(анализа) resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for purpose of examination of each separately
analytical
 
a.
(аналитические) of analysis; resolving into elements or parts
ancestor
 
n. Syn. forefather; forebear
(предка) forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor
anchor
 
v. Syn. fasten
(якоря) secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate
anecdote
 
n. Syn. episode; story
(анекдот) short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography
annihilate
 
v. Syn. destroy
(уничтожить) destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence
annoy
 
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
(раздражать) disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate
annuity
 
n.
(ренты) annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year
antagonism
 
n. Syn. hostility; enmity
(антагонизм) active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor
antarctic
 
a.
(Антарктики) opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it
anthem
 
n. Syn. song; hymn
(Гимн) song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty
anthology
 
n. Syn. collection
(антология) book of literary selections by various authors
anthropology
 
n.
(Антропология) social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings
antibiotic
 
a. Syn. antibacterial
(антибиотик) of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections
anticipate
 
v. Syn. expect; predict
(предвидеть) act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict
anticipation
 
n. Syn. expectation
(ожидании) something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence
antonym
 
n.
(антоним) word of opposite meaning; counter term
apologetic
 
a.
(апологетических) offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense
apparatus
 
n. Syn. equipment
(аппарата) a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purpose
apparent
 
a. Syn. visible
(очевидной) capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
append
 
v. Syn. attach
(добавить) attach; add as supplement or appendix
appendix
 
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
(Приложение) something appended or added
applaud
 
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
(приветствую) acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands
appliance
 
n.
(устройство) durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use
applicant
 
n. Syn. candidate
(заявителя) candidate
appraisal
 
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
(оценки) assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
appreciable
 
a. Syn. considerable; perceptible
(заметной) considerable; perceptible
apprentice
 
n.
(ученика) works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner
approximate
 
v. Syn. approach
(приближенные) approach; come near
apt
 
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
(АСТ) likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand
aptitude
 
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
(способности) inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding
aquarium
 
n.
(аквариум) tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
aquatic
 
a. Syn. watery
(водных) consisting of, relating to, or being in water
arbitrary
 
a. Syn. capricious; impulse
(произвольной) randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
arc
 
n.
(дуги) continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape
arch
 
n.
(арка) any part of a curved line
archaic
 
a. Syn. antiquated
(архаичных) no longer current or applicable; antiquated
architect
 
n.
(архитектор) one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures
archives
 
n.
(Архив) public records; place where public records are kept
ardent
 
a. Syn. intense; passionate; zealous
(горячим) displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate
arduous
 
a. Syn. hard; strenuous
(трудный) demanding great effort or labor; difficult
arena
 
n.
(Арена) playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
arise
 
v. Syn. spring
(возникает) come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action
armour
 
n.
(доспехи) defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons
arouse
 
v. Syn. excite; stimulate; awake
(вызывают) excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep
array
 
v. Syn. marshal
(массив) set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
articulate
 
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(сформулировать) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
artificial
 
a. Syn. unreal
(искусственного) made by humans; produced rather than natural.
artillery
 
n.
(артиллерия) large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons
ascend
 
v. Syn. climb; mount
(подниматься) climb; mount
ascent
 
n.
(восхождение) upward slope or grade; movement upward
ascertain
 
v. Syn. discover; insure
(установить) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
ascribe
 
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(приписывают) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
aspect
 
n. Syn. respect; facet
(аспект) distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind
aspiration
 
n. Syn. ambition; longing
(стремление) ambition; longing
aspire
 
v. Syn. dream; seek
(Aspire) seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end
assassination
 
n.
(убийство) act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack
assemble
 
v. Syn. gather
(собрать) put together; bring or call together into a group or whole
assert
 
v. Syn. declare
(утверждать) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly
assess
 
v. Syn. estimate; judge
(оценки) estimate value; judge worth of something
asset
 
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(активов) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality
assign
 
v. Syn. appoint; allot
(присвоить) appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly
assorted
 
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
(ассорти) varied; miscellaneous
assumption
 
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
(предположения) something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
assurance
 
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
(обеспечения) promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt
astound
 
v. Syn. surprise; shock
(поразить) affect with wonder; surprise; shock
astronomy
 
n.
(астрономия) branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole
asylum
 
n. Syn. protection
(убежища) place of refuge or shelter; protection
athlete
 
n.
(спортсмена) sports man; one who contended for prize in public games
atlas
 
n.
(Атлас) a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables
attach
 
v. Syn. fasten; annex
(придаем) fasten; annex; be in contact with
attain
 
v. Syn. gain
(достижения) achieve or accomplish; gain
attendance
 
n.
(посещаемости) act of being present
attendant
 
n. Syn. aide; servant
(сопутствующих) aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting
attribute
 
n. Syn. trait
(атрибута) essential quality; reputation; honor
audible
 
a. Syn. perceptible; discernible
(звуковой) perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear
audit
 
n.
(Аудит) examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts
auditorium
 
n.
(аудитории) area of theater or concert hall where audience sits
augment
 
v. Syn. increase
(увеличить) make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
authentic
 
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(подлинные) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy
author
 
n.
(автору) beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer
authoritative
 
a.
(авторитетных) having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
authorize
 
v. Syn. empower; sanction
(разрешить) empower; give permission for; sanction
automate
 
v.
(автоматизации) replace or enhance human labor with machines
automatic
 
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
(автоматического) mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control
automation
 
n.
(Автоматизация) act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls
automobile
 
n.
(автомобиль) self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway
autonomy
 
n. Syn. independence; liberty
(автономии) independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination
auxiliary
 
a. Syn. aiding; supplementary
(вспомогательных) helper, additional or subsidiary
avail
 
v. Syn. profit; promote
(воспользоваться) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote
avalanche
 
n.
(лавина) great mass of falling snow and ice
avert
 
v. Syn. prevent
(предотвратить) prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
aviation
 
n. Syn. flying; flight; aeronautics
(авиация) art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics
axis
 
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
(оси) the center around which something rotates; pivot
backward
 
a.
(назад) directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped
bacterium
 
n.
(бактерии) single celled organism with no nucleus
badminton
 
n.
(бадминтон) game played on a court with light long-handled rackets
baffle
 
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(перегородки) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
ballot
 
n.
(голосования) printed or written ticket used in voting; act of voting; whole number of votes cast at an election
bamboo
 
n.
(бамбука) plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries
ban
 
n. Syn. Prohibition
(запрет) official prohibition; decree that prohibits something
bandage
 
n.
(бандаж) strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds
banish
 
v. Syn. dispel
(изгнать) drive out; drive away; compel to depart; dispel
bankrupt
 
a.
(банкротом) penniless, without any money; financially ruined
banquet
 
n. Syn. feast
(банкет) feast; entertainment of eating and drinking
bark
 
n. Syn. yelp; howl
(коры) sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog
barometer
 
n.
(барометр) instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere
barren
 
a. Syn. desolate
(бесплодной) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking
barricade
 
n. Syn. obstacle
(баррикада) hastily put together defensive barrier; obstacle
barrier
 
n. Syn. obstacle; hindrance; hurdle
(барьер) obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit
barter
 
v. Syn. trade; exchange
(бартер) trade goods or services without the exchange of money
batch
 
n.
(партия) quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together
bathe
 
v. Syn. lave; immerse
(купаться) wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self
batter
 
v.
(тесто) beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence
bead
 
n. Syn. pearl; drops; droplet
(шарик) small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing
beautician
 
n.
(косметолог) one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments
beforehand
 
ad. Syn. previously; aforetime
(заранее) in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparation
beneficial
 
a. Syn. helpful; useful
(полезных) helpful; tending to promote physical well-being
berth
 
n.
(причал) space for ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; place to sleep or stay; appointment or job
beset
 
v. Syn. harass; attack
(сталкиваются) attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in
beverage
 
n. Syn. refreshment
(напитки) liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment
bewilder
 
v. Syn. confuse
(замешательство) lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes
bias
 
n. Syn. prejudice; preference
(смещения) preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way
bibliography
 
n.
(библиография) list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject
bilateral
 
a. Syn. mutual; lateral
(двусторонних) two-sided; mutual
bilingual
 
n.
(двуязычные) using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency
bind
 
v. Syn. contract; cohere; stick
(связывать) tie, or confine with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick together
biography
 
n.
(биография) an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life
bitumen
 
n.
(битум) mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame
blaze
 
n. Syn. flame
(пожар) brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame
bleach
 
v. Syn. whiten; blanch
(отбеливание) make white or colorless; blanch
bleak
 
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
(мрачная) cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable
blend
 
n. Syn. combination; mixture
(смесь) combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture
blink
 
v. Syn. wink
(мигать) shut eyes briefly; wink
bloc
 
n.
(блок) a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action
bloom
 
n. Syn. flower; blossom
(цветения) flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity
blossom
 
n.
(цветок) reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts
blot
 
n.
(пятно) spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing
blunder
 
n. Syn. error
(ошибка) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion
blunt
 
a. Syn. insensitive
(тупой) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive
blur
 
n. Syn. stain; dim
(размытия) something that is hazy and indistinct to the sight or mind; dim, confused appearance; moral stain or blot
blush
 
v.
(краснеть) become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
boast
 
v. Syn. brag; vaunt
(похвастаться) show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride
boil
 
v.
(кипения) be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in water
bookcase
 
n.
(Стеллаж) case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors
bookkeeper
 
n.
(бухгалтера) one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office
bookstall
 
n.
(книжном киоске) stall where books are sold, as on a street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale
boost
 
v. Syn. raise; advance
(повысить) raise; advance; push or shove upward
boundary
 
n. Syn. border; frontier
(границы) dividing line; border; frontier
bounty
 
n. Syn. kindness; virtue
(щедрость) goodness, kindness; virtue; liberality in giving
bouquet
 
n. Syn. bunch
(букет) small cluster or arrangement of flowers; an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present
bowel
 
n.
(кишечника) a part or division of intestine; interior of something; any internal organ of the body, as the stomach, liver, brain
boycott
 
v.
(бойкот) refrain from buying or using
brace
 
n.
(скобка) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;
brake
 
n.
(тормозные) a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction
brashness
 
n.
(нахальство) characteristic of being brash; trait of being rash and hasty; tasteless showiness
breach
 
n. Syn. violation; infringement
(нарушение) breaking of contract or duty
breakthrough
 
n.
(прорыв) act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction
breed
 
v. Syn. raise; hatch; mate
(породы) raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate
brew
 
v. Syn. boil; cook
(варево) boil or seethe; cook; be in a state of preparation; be mixing, forming, or gathering
brink
 
n. Syn. verge; border
(грани) edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge
brisk
 
a. Syn. energetic; swift
(оживленная) marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner
brochure
 
n. Syn. pamphlet
(брошюры) pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover
bronze
 
n.
(бронза) an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements
brood
 
v.
(выводок) think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought
browse
 
v. Syn. graze
(просмотреть) graze; skim or glance at casually
bruise
 
v.
(синяк) injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fight with the fists
buckle
 
v. Syn. fold; fasten; distort
(пряжки) fold or collapse; bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat
buffet
 
n.
("шведский стол") table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set out
bulb
 
n.
(лампа) rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball
bulge
 
v.
(выпуклости) cause to curve outward; swell up; stick out; protrude
bulk
 
n. Syn. majority; mass
(Массовые) majority; main part; volume; mass
bulletin
 
n.
(Бюллетень) brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication
bumper
 
n.
(бампер) something as bars at edges to absorb shock and prevent serious damage
bundle
 
n. Syn. packet; parcel
(расслоения) packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of money
bungalow
 
n.
(Бунгало) small house or cottage usually having a single story and attic
buoyant
 
a.
(плавучей) able to float; cheerful and optimistic
bureaucracy
 
n.
(бюрократия) over-regulated administrative system
burgeon
 
v. Syn. thrive; mushroom
(распускаться) grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly
burial
 
n. Syn. grave
(захоронения) grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground
burrow
 
n. Syn. tunnel; den
(нора) tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; dig; move through by or as by digging
bustle
 
v. Syn. teem
(суета) move or cause to move energetically and busily; teem
butcher
 
n. Syn. slaughterer
(мясника) one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; vendor, especially on train or in theater
butterfly
 
n.
(Бабочки) insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wings
bypass
 
n.
(обхода) channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallel