TOEFL Integrated Writing Questions 2021

 By Alina Mygou

TOEFL Integrated Writing Questions 2021

The page shows TOEFL integrated writing questions on recent TOEFL speaking tests by our visitors or Internet resources. We removed the duplicated questions and organize them by test date.

As we know, TOEFL integrated writing questions include reading and listening materials. It has a 3 minutes reading and similar size listening so that it's impossible to describe the original one precisely. The page is supposed to describe these questions briefly to help candidates understand its big picture.

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2021-11-14: Task
Reading: Is it necessary to have basic music lessons in elementary school?

main points:
  • Point 1: It will take up time to study other subjects, such as reading and mathematics.
  • Point 2: Schools will spend more money, such as hiring teachers and buying musical instruments. The school has no money to buy school supplies for basic music lessons.
  • Point 3: Few students have musical talents. Even if they do, they need to take expensive private lessons, and the basic music lessons in schools cannot satisfy them.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Point 1: Music helps to learn mathematics. Musical notes in music can help students learn fractions. Learning music can help students understand the different meanings of different sounds and help students learn languages.
  • Point 2: The school can hire retired music teachers, free of charge, and rent musical instruments to students to make some money.
  • Point 3: Music education can give students the ability to appreciate music.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-11-14
Vocabulary: Education
2021-10-09: Task
Reading: Europeans arrived in Australia before the 1606s.

main points:
  • Point 1: Europeans have a map of Australi.
  • Point 2: A mammal is known to Europeans is very common in Australia.
  • Point 3: A string of keys made by Europeans was found somewhere in Australia, which can be dated to about the 1500s according to the surrounding soil.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Point 1: There are many inaccuracies in the maps drawn by Europeans, so they did not arrive, just hearsay.
  • Point 2: The animal is known to Europeans is not only found in Australia but also in North America.
  • Point 3: The time measurement of European crafts in Australia may be wrong because modern technology has found that measuring the age of the land alone cannot determine the age of crafts.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-10-09
2021-09-05: Task
Reading:

Ivory-billed woodpeckers were thought to be extinct decades ago, but recently it has been discovered that they still exist, as evidenced by photos and audio recordings.

main points: These pieces of evidence are not credible.
  • Point 1: There is probably another woodpecker in the photo, the two birds are very similar, and the difference between the two birds cannot be seen from the photo.
  • Point 2: No nest of ivory-billed woodpecker was found in the large forest.
  • Point 3: Those recordings may be the calls of other birds or even gunshots.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Point 1: It is difficult to photograph wild animals; it is even more challenging to photograph the difference between them. And these photos were taken by professional ornithologists, who can distinguish the two kinds of birds.
  • Point 2: The population density of ivory-billed woodpeckers is very low, and their nests are often spaced in an area of 25 square kilometers, so it is possible that no nests are found in large forests.
  • Point 3: The sound of this bird is exceptional, it can't be the sound of other birds, and there are few people in that area; it won't be gunfire.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-09-05
2021-08-28: Task
The disappearance of the dodo is due to human behavior.

main points:
  • Point 1: Dutch settlers hunted the dodo for food.
  • Point 2: Humans cut down the land for farming, destroying the natural habitat of the dodo bird.
  • Reason 3: The outsider brought disease and killed the Dodo.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Point 1: The reason why humans do not hunt the dodo is that the dodo is not tasty.
  • Point 2: Humans cut down the forest, but the dodo was not harmed because the dodo can't fly and builds nests on the ground.
  • Point 3: Nature eliminated the dodo. Before humans arrived, a large number of cyclones hit the island many times.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-08-28
2021-07-03: Task
RAA mosquitoes carry the dengue virus. A company in the United States puts genetically modified (GM) AA mosquitoes into the wild. The AA mosquitoes will give birth to infertile offspring, thereby reducing the number of AA mosquitoes. However, critics believe that this approach is risky.

main points:
  • Point 1: Although there are fewer AA mosquitoes, their numbers will be replaced by other mosquitoes. These mosquitoes may carry more dangerous viruses.
  • Point 2: If GM mosquito bites people, it will be more dangerous. Because GM mosquitoes carry defective proteins, these defective proteins may be passed on to humans and cause problems.
  • Reason 3: GM mosquitoes caused unforeseen ecological effects. After GM mosquitoes came to nature, the number of butterflies was reduced by half. Therefore, GM mosquitoes may cause negative ecological problems.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Point 1: Scientists refute the first concern through a study. While studying the elimination of mosquitoes, they also studied the impact on other types of mosquitoes. As a result, the virus content in other mosquitoes remained unchanged. For example, Asian tiger mosquitoes remain the same after one kind of mosquito died out.
  • Point 2: Male mosquitoes cannot bite people, so they will not affect people. In addition, male mosquitoes can spread genes better, so it can effectively reduce the number of mosquitoes.
  • Point 3: Genetic mosquitoes will not affect the ecosystem. The effect of genetic mosquitoes on butterflies is isolated. In the past, pesticides were used to kill mosquitoes, and pesticides affected the ecology. If genetic mosquitoes are used, it is better for the ecosystem.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-07-03
2021-06-05: Task
Reading passage: agricultural subsidies in the U.S.

main points: Benefits of agricultural subsidies in the U.S
  • Reason 1: Ensure the stability of food prices, which can ensure that the prices of crops in the country are relatively low, and you can ensure that people in the country can buy low-priced food.
  • Reason 2: More food can provide poorer countries at a low price and solve world hunger problems.
  • Reason 3: Agricultural subsidies can increase farm jobs.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Reason 1: The government spends a lot of taxes on subsidies for agricultural products. These taxes come from consumers. Although consumers buy agricultural products at a low food price, they actually took more taxes.
  • Reason 2: Although people in poorer countries can get cheap food, this benefit is short-term. In the long run, domestic agriculture in these countries will not be able to develop. Therefore, agricultural subsidies undermine the problem of world hunger.
  • Reason 3: In fact, only a few categories like corn are subsidized. When agricultural subsidies increase, they will use a high degree of mechanization to increase productivity. Therefore, the corn industry does not require a lot of labor force and does not increase farm jobs.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-06-05
2021-05-15: Task
Reading passage: Killer whales are large carnivorous whales, and their typical color is mostly black, some with white patches. However, in recent years, an unusual, almost entirely white killer whale has been discovered in the North Pacific. It happened near Alaska in 2000, and another white killer whale, nicknamed "Iceberg" by scientists, was discovered near the coast of Russia in 2010.

main points: whether Iceberg orca and Alaskan orca are the same species
  • Reason 1: The color is altered.
  • Reason 2: The distance is too long.
  • Reason 3: The size of the fin does not match the orca's age.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Reason 1: The seaweed on the skin of killer whales may change color due to seasonal changes, so the color of the seaweed may have changed, not the killer whale, so it is still the same kind of killer whale.
  • Reason 2: Some killer whales may like to stay in one place, but some killer whales like to migrate with the school of fish. Iceberg is the latter.
  • Reason 3: After the killer whale is over 20 years old, the fin will no longer grow.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-05-15
2021-03-14: Task
Reading passage: reasons for the decline in the number of whales (South Residential Orcas)

main points:
  • Chemical pollutants like PCBs affect the reproduction of whales. Chemical substances were found in salmon's bodies. This ostar whale feeds on salmon, so its reproductive capacity is affected.
  • Whales rely on echoes to locate food, and noise interferes with the location. Noise pollution from vessels can prevent Southern Resident Orcas from using echolocation to catch prey.
  • Harmful bacteria grow in the lungs of the whale lungs, leading to the extinction of the whale.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Other whales also exist in this area, and they feed on seals. Seals contain higher levels of this chemical substance.
  • The noise of rainstorms is also very loud, and storms occur frequently.
  • Bacteria do grow in the lungs, but studies have found that organisms have the ability to adapt to bacteria, and whales with diseased lungs can still swim freely in the water.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-03-14
Vocabulary: Environment
2021-02-28: Task
Reading passage: reasons for the decline in the number of whales (South Residential Orcas)

main points:
  • Chemical pollutants like PCBs affect the reproduction of whales. Chemical substances were found in salmon's bodies. This ostar whale feeds on salmon, so its reproductive capacity is affected.
  • Whales rely on echoes to locate food, and noise interferes with the location。 Noise pollution from vessels can prevent Southern Resident Orcas from using echolocation to catch prey.
  • Harmful bacteria grow in the lungs of the whale lungs, leading to the extinction of the whale.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Other whales also exist in this area, and they feed on seals. Seals contain higher levels of this chemical substance.
  • The noise of rainstorms is also very loud, and storms occur frequently.
  • Bacteria do grow in the lungs, but studies have found that organisms have the ability to adapt to bacteria, and whales with diseased lungs can still swim freely in the water.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-03-14
Vocabulary: Environment
2021-01-31: Task
Reading passage: the advantages of crew-less cargo ships

main points:
  • The use of crew-less ships can reduce labor costs;
  • It is computer-controlled to prevent pirate attacks and change course
  • The use of crew-less ships can reduce man-made accidents.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • The crew is very useful and can be maintained while sailing, while a ship without a crew can only be maintained on the shore, and the cost will not be reduced;
  • High-tech is also risky. Pirates can break the transmission system and directly change the course;
  • Computers are not as good as humans, and the crew can find out and deal with marine situations at any time.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-01-31
2021-01-16: Task
Who can live longer, placental animals or marsupials?

Reading passage: Placental animals adapt to the environment better.

main points:
  • The cubs of marsupials have a short time in the mother's fetus, resulting in hypoplasia of organs and a weak immune system.
  • Marsupials cannot regulate their internal body temperature.
  • In North America, there are fewer marsupial animals than placental animals. Australia only has marsupials, because there are no placental animals to compete with it.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Marsupials can continue to develop organs in the mother's bag, and the immune system can also be strengthened.
  • Adult marsupials can lower their body temperature to reduce energy consumption.
  • Placental animals have lived in Australia for a long time, which shows that they have competed with marsupials and finally lost.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-01-16
2021-01-09: Task
Reading passage: the speculation of the reason why a group of small dinosaurs died in the canyon

main points:
  • The little dinosaur is stuck in the swamp and can't get out of it.
  • The little dinosaur drinks poisonous water in the pool.
  • The little dinosaur was drowned in a sudden flood because their remains showed no harm.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • After death, the body will become stiff, if it is really mud, it will definitely struggle, so the posture after death should be like standing;
  • When this occurs, it is impossible to determine when the water in the pool is poisonous. The water in the pool may be poisonous after the death of the dinosaur;
  • Because the dinosaur had a dead body after its death, it may have been left here after death, and then there was a flood that washed the dinosaur body.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2021-01-09
2020-12-20: Task
Reading passage: how did the stones of Stonehenge in Britain be transported?

main points:
  • Shipping
  • wooden roll
  • Glacier
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • The stones are difficult to transport to the beach.
  • The stone is too heavy and the wheels are hard to turn.
  • The source of stones transported by the glacier is different.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2020-12-20
2020-12-19: Task
Reading passage: protection of mountain pine trees damaged by the pine beetle and discussing the significance of human activities.

main points:
  • The Northwestern United States is colder in winter, and most of the larvae are frozen to death.
  • The trees will produce a viscous liquid, which can flush out the bugs and avoid continuous damage to the tree.
  • Bugs like old trees and wildfires can allow young trees to quickly replace mature trees and maintain the forest.
Listening to lecture (oppose specific points:)
  • Human activities will cause the temperature to rise, the lowest temperature in winter is now 7-10 degrees higher than before, and the larvae can survive and are not easily killed.
  • Water used by human activities reduces groundwater, and trees cannot produce sap.
  • Forest management prevents fire/fire minimization, young trees cannot grow.
Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2020-12-19
2019-09-01: Task (India)
About effort to encourage ecologically sustainable forestry practices in the USA. Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2019-08-05
2019-09-01: Task (India)
About traditional voting systems and computerized voting systems. Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they cast doubt on specific points made in the reading passage.

Recent Tests:
  • 2019-08-05