Group (A) - Words of the GroupNext  
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3000 TOEIC Vocabulary (A)

abandon: Read
n. Syn. relinquish
(放棄) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abbreviation: Read
(略称は) shortening something by omitting parts of it

abnormal: Read
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
(異常) unusual; not typical; not normal

abort: Read
v. Syn. failure; terminate
(中止) stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy

abortion: Read
(中絶) termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan

abrasion: Read
n. Syn. scratch; friction
(摩耗) scratch; friction

abrasive: Read
(研磨) rubbing away; tending to grind down

abrupt: Read
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
(突然) broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

absence: Read
(不在) state of being absent; state of being away

absolutely: Read
ad. Syn. utterly; definitely
(絶対) utterly; definitely

absorb: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
(吸収) assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention

abstract: Read
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
(抽象) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand

absurd: Read
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
(不条理) preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish

abuse: Read
n. Syn. misuse
(濫用) improper use or handling; misuse

academic: Read
a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
(学術) related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education

academy: Read
(アカデミー) school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists

access: Read
n. Syn. approach
(アクセス) approach; entry; entrance

accessory: Read
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
(アクセサリー) additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item

accidental: Read
a. Syn. unexpected; unforeseen
(偶然) unexpected; unforeseen

accommodate: Read
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
(対応) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for

accompany: Read
(添付) travel with; be associated with

accomplished: Read
a. Syn. skilled; experienced
(達成) skilled; experienced; having many social graces; polished or refined

account: Read
n. Syn. report; description
(アカウント) narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event

accountable: Read
(責任) liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained

accountant: Read
(会計士) one who maintains and audits business accounts

accounting: Read
(会計) system that provides quantitative information about finances

accurate: Read
a. Syn. precise; correct
(正確) capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

accuse: Read
v. Syn. blame; condemn
(非難) blame; condemn

accused: Read
(被告人) defendant or defendants in a criminal case; person charged with an offense

achieve: Read
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
(全体) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill

acid: Read
(達成) sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful

acidic: Read
(酸性) tasting sour like acid; being or containing an acid

acknowledge: Read
v. Syn. recognize; admit
(了承) declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks

acquire: Read
v. Syn. obtain; gain
(取得) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system

acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(知らせる被告アクティブ) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

across: Read
(バウンス) from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length

activate: Read
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
(全体) make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive

actual: Read
a. Syn. true; real
(加速実際) true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current

actually: Read
ad. Syn. truly; really
(実際) truly; really; in fact

acupuncture: Read
(鍼灸) treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

acute: Read
a. Syn. keen; sharp
(急性) quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

adapt: Read
v. Syn. alter; modify
(適応) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose

addict: Read
(買収中毒) cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to

address: Read
(アドレス) make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of

adequate: Read
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
(十分) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adhere: Read
v. Syn. stick; bond
(付着) stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

adhesive: Read
a. Syn. sticky; glutinous
(接着剤) sticky; glutinous; tending to persist

adjunct: Read
n. Syn. addition; accessory
(支持) something added on or attached generally nonessential or inferior

adjust: Read
v. Syn. adapt; regulate
(調整) adapt; regulate

administer: Read
v. Syn. govern; supervise
(管理) govern; supervise; give or apply medications

administration: Read
n. Syn. management; supervision; executive
(管理) management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties

admission: Read
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
(入学案内) act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter

admit: Read
(認めざる) permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to

adopt: Read
v. Syn. accept
(採用) accept; take on; raise; take into one's family

adore: Read
v. Syn. idolize; adorn
(崇拝) worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection

adult: Read
(大人) one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown

adventure: Read
n. Syn. risk; venture
(冒険) something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger

adventurous: Read
a. Syn. valiant; venturesome
(冒険) valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures

adversity: Read
n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
(逆境を) state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune

advertise: Read
v. Syn. notify
(広告) give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of

advocate: Read
v. Syn. urge; support
(支持) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

aerodynamics: Read
(力学) study of how objects move through the air or water

affect: Read
(影響) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

affected: Read
a. Syn. artificial; pretended
(影響) speaking or behaving in artificial way; emotionally stirred or moved; infected or attacked

affection: Read
n. Syn. fondness; love
(愛情) fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness

affective: Read
a. Syn. sentimental
(感情) sentimental; emotional; emotionally charged

afford: Read
v. Syn. pay; risk
(余裕) pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of

agency: Read
(代理店) a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government

agenda: Read
n. Syn. schedule; calendar
(議題) items of business at a meeting; list or program of things to be done or considered

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(悪化) worsen; make worse or more troublesome

aggregation: Read
(集計) several things grouped together or considered as a whole

aggressive: Read
(積極) making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly

agony: Read
(悩み) extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle

agreement: Read
(契約) state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character

aid: Read
(援助) person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant

ailment: Read
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
(疾患) sickness; illness; affliction

air: Read
(空気) be broadcast on television or radio

aircraft: Read
(航空機) vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon

aisle: Read
(通路) passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building

alarm: Read
(アラーム) any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger

album: Read
(アルバム) a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographs

alert: Read
(情報) warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action

alien: Read
a. Syn. strange; unfamiliar; foreign
(外国人) dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person

alienate: Read
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
(疎外) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally

alike: Read
a. Syn. similar; resembling
(似) similar; in the same manner or to the same degree

allegation: Read
(主張) suggestion without proof that someone has done something wrong

allegiance: Read
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
(忠誠) loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion

alliance: Read
(アライアンス) state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties

alliteration: Read
(頭韻法) repetition of beginning sound in poetry

allowance: Read
n. Syn. authorization; permission
(手当) approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting

ally: Read
n. Syn. confederate; partner; collaborator
(同盟) confederate; partner; collaborator

alone: Read
a. Syn. solitary; by oneself
(単独) solitary; by oneself

along: Read
(沿っ) by the length; in a line with the length; onward; forward; in company; together

alongside: Read
(横) along or by the side; side by side with

alter: Read
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
(変更) modify; cause to change; make different; convert

alteration: Read
n. Syn. renovation; change
(変更) passage from one form or state to another; change

alternate: Read
a. Syn. substitute
(代替) happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute

alternation: Read
(交代) successive change from one thing or state to another and back again

alternative: Read
(代替) one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

altitude: Read
n. Syn. elevation; height
(高度) elevation especially above sea level; height

aluminum: Read
(アルミ) silvery ductile metallic element

amateur: Read
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
(アマチュア) nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art

amaze: Read
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
(驚か) astonish; affect with wonder

amazement: Read
n. Syn. wonder; surprise
(驚き) wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment

ambassador: Read
(大使) authorized messenger or representative

ambitious: Read
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
(意欲) aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement

ambivalence: Read
(曖昧) state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes, such as love and hate

ambulance: Read
(救急車) field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital

amenable: Read
a. Syn. responsible; accountable
(従順) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

amends: Read
(補償) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

ammunition: Read
n. Syn. weapon
(弾薬) military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells

amount: Read
n. Syn. quantity; sum
(量) total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum

ample: Read
a. Syn. abundant
(豊富) more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large

amuse: Read
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
(アミューズ) occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive

analogy: Read
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
(類推) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity

analysis: Read
n. Syn. study; investigation
(分析) study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts

anchor: Read
v. Syn. fasten
(アンカー) secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate

anecdote: Read
n. Syn. episode; story
(逸話) short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

anesthetic: Read
(麻酔) substance that causes loss of sensation; producing temporary loss or impairment of feeling

angular: Read
(角度) sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner

anniversary: Read
(周年を) annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place

annoy: Read
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
(イライラ) disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate

annual: Read
(年間) occurring or payable every year

annually: Read
ad. Syn. yearly
(年間) yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year

anonymous: Read
a. Syn. unknown; nameless
(匿名) having no name; having unknown or unacknowledged name

anthem: Read
n. Syn. song; hymn
(国歌) song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty

anthropology: Read
(人類学) social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings

antibiotic: Read
a. Syn. antibacterial
(抗生物質) of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections

anticipate: Read
v. Syn. expect; predict
(予想) act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

anticipation: Read
n. Syn. expectation
(予想) something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence

antiquated: Read
a. Syn. obsolete; antique; aged
(時代遅れ) too old to be fashionable, suitable, or useful; obsolete; aged

antique: Read
n. Syn. relic; curio
(アンティーク) any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion

antiquity: Read
n. Syn. relic
(古代) ancient times, especially the times preceding the Middle Ages; extreme oldness

antiseptic: Read
n. Syn. bactericide; germicide
(防腐剤) substance that prevents infection; substance that restricts the growth of disease-causing microorganisms

anxiety: Read
(不安) concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitation

anyhow: Read
(とにかく) in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event

apart: Read
(離れ) separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside

apparent: Read
a. Syn. visible
(明らか) capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

appeal: Read
n. Syn. attraction; charm
(アピール) attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge

appendix: Read
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
(付録) something appended or added

appetite: Read
n. Syn. desire
(食欲) instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink

applaud: Read
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
(拍手を送る) acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

apply: Read
v. Syn. exert
(お申し込み) exert; put into service; avail oneself to;

appointment: Read
n. Syn. arrangement
(予約) act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement

appreciate: Read
v. Syn. admire; value
(感謝) be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of

apprentice: Read
(見習い) works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner

approach: Read
n. Syn. access; method
(アプローチ) access; method

appropriate: Read
v. Syn. acquire; allocate
(適切な) acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use

approval: Read
n. Syn. sanction; endorsement
(承認) official approbation; endorsement; act of approving

approve: Read
v. Syn. ratify
(承認) ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of

aptitude: Read
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
(適性) inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding

aquamarine: Read
(アクアマリン) of bluish-green colour; of pale blue to light greenish blue

aquarium: Read
(水族館) tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals

arboreal: Read
(関節リウマチ) tree-dwelling; treelike; living in trees

arc: Read
(アーク) continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape

arch: Read
(アーチ) any part of a curved line

archaeology: Read
(考古学) study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

architect: Read
(建築) one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures

archives: Read
(アーカイブ) public records; place where public records are kept

area: Read
(エリア) plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range

arena: Read
(アリーナ) playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments

argue: Read
(主張) invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate

arise: Read
v. Syn. spring
(発生) come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action

arithmetic: Read
(算術) theory of numerical calculations

armor: Read
n. Syn. shield
(鎧) shield; defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons

arms: Read
n. Syn. weapon
(武器) weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family

array: Read
v. Syn. marshal
(配列) set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement

arrogant: Read
a. Syn. overbearing; lofty
(傲慢) arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others

arsenal: Read
n. Syn. armory
(武器) storage place for military equipment; stock of weapons

artery: Read
(動脈) one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart; major transit corridor

article: Read
n. Syn. essay; editorial
(記事) essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
(明確) expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

artificial: Read
a. Syn. unreal
(人工) made by humans; produced rather than natural.

artillery: Read
(砲兵) large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons

ascent: Read
(上昇) upward slope or grade; movement upward

ashamed: Read
(恥) affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt

aside: Read
(脇) on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest

aspect: Read
n. Syn. respect; facet
(アスペクト) distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind

aspirin: Read
(アスピリン) white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation

assassination: Read
(暗殺) act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(暴行) attack; onslaught

assemble: Read
v. Syn. gather
(アセンブル) put together; bring or call together into a group or whole

assess: Read
v. Syn. estimate; judge
(評価) estimate value; judge worth of something

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
(資産) properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assign: Read
v. Syn. appoint; allot
(割り当て) appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly

assignment: Read
n. Syn. task; job
(割り当て) task given to students; job; distribution; appointment

assist: Read
v. Syn. help
(支援する) give help or support to, especially as a subordinate

associate: Read
v. Syn. pertain; connect
(アソシエイト) connect or join together; combine

association: Read
n. Syn. alliance; connection
(団体) connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose

assorted: Read
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
(盛り合わせ) varied; miscellaneous

assortment: Read
n. Syn. variety; conglomerate
(品揃え) variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things

assume: Read
v. Syn. suppose; presume
(想定) suppose; presume; take on; bear

assumption: Read
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
(前提) something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of

assurance: Read
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
(保証) promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt

assure: Read
v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
(保証) solidify; guarantee; convince

astonish: Read
v. Syn. surprise; shock
(驚かせる) surprise; shock

astounding: Read
(驚異的な) surprising; shocking

astronomy: Read
(天文学) branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole

astute: Read
a. Syn. shrewd
(抜け目) wise or keen; shrewd; with sharp intelligence

asylum: Read
n. Syn. protection
(亡命) place of refuge or shelter; protection

asymmetrical: Read
a. Syn. unbalanced; uneven
(非対称) unbalanced; uneven

athlete: Read
(選手) sports man; one who contended for prize in public games

atlas: Read
(地図) a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables

atomization: Read
(霧) act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles

atrophy: Read
n. Syn. shrinkage
(萎縮) wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease

attach: Read
v. Syn. fasten; annex
(添付) fasten; annex; be in contact with

attack: Read
(攻撃) offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment

attempt: Read
n. Syn. try; endeavor; effort
(試み) action of trying at something

attend: Read
(参加) be present at; go to; take care of; tend

attendance: Read
(参加) act of being present

attendant: Read
n. Syn. aide; servant
(受付) aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting

attitude: Read
(態度) posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
(弁護士) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

attractive: Read
a. Syn. appealing; pleasing; inviting; intriguing; tempting
(魅力) appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting

auction: Read
(オークション) public sale of property to the highest bidder

audience: Read
n. Syn. spectator; viewer
(視聴者) a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance

audit: Read
(監査) examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts

auditorium: Read
(講堂) area of theater or concert hall where audience sits

aurora: Read
(オーロラ) the first light of day; an atmospheric phenomenon consisting of bands of light caused by charged solar particles following the earth's magnetic lines of force

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
(本格的) not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

author: Read
(著者) beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer

authority: Read
n. Syn. jurisdiction; power
(権限) jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government

authorize: Read
v. Syn. empower; sanction
(承認) empower; give permission for; sanction

automatic: Read
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
(自動) mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control

automobile: Read
(自動車) self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway

autonomous: Read
(独裁) self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent

available: Read
a. Syn. free
(利用) convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible

avalanche: Read
(役に立つ雪崩) great mass of falling snow and ice

avenue: Read
(大通り) way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street

average: Read
a. Syn. typical; mediocre
(平均) typical; mean; achieve or reach on average

averse: Read
a. Syn. reluctant; disinclined; unwilling
(嫌い) reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling

aviator: Read
(飛行士は) someone who operates an aircraft

avoid: Read
v. Syn. shun; prevent
(回避) shield away from; prevent

aware: Read
(認識) knowing; having knowledge or cognizance

awful: Read
a. Syn. terrible
(ひどい) causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible

awkward: Read
a. Syn. clumsy; inept
(ぎこちない) difficult to handle or manage

axis: Read
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
(軸) the center around which something rotates; pivot