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4000 IELTS Academic Word List (11)



mackintosh: Read
n.
waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

magic: Read
n.
any art that invokes supernatural powers

magician: Read
n.
one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizard

magistrate: Read
n.
civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

magnetic: Read
a. Syn. captivating; attractive
having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

magnetism: Read
n.
attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets

magnificent: Read
a. Syn. gorgeous; lavish
grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kind

magnify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase; enlarge
intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

magnitude: Read
n. Syn. greatness; extent
extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

maintain: Read
v. Syn. support; sustain
keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continue

maintenance: Read
n. Syn. preservation
preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

maize: Read
n.
tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

majesty: Read
n. Syn. nobility
nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personage

major: Read
a.
greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

majority: Read
n.
greater number or part; a number more than half of the total

malady: Read
n. Syn. illness
disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition

malaise: Read
n. Syn. uneasiness
general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

malice: Read
n.
enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another

malicious: Read
a. Syn. spiteful
deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred

manifest: Read
a. Syn. evident; visible; obvious; apparent
clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

manifestation: Read
n. Syn. revelation; indication
revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something

manifesto: Read
n. Syn. declaration
public declaration of principles; statement of policy

manipulate: Read
v. Syn. maneuver; control
operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfully

mansion: Read
n.
dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residence

manual: Read
n. Syn. guide book
guide book; hand-operated

manufacture: Read
v.
make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

manuscript: Read
n.
written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

map: Read
v.
depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrange

maple: Read
n.
tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species

marble: Read
n.
hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

march: Read
n. Syn. parade; advance
walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advance

margin: Read
n. Syn. border; rim; room
border; rim; room

marginal: Read
a.
of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

marine: Read
a. Syn. maritime; naval
sea-dwelling; maritime; naval

mariner: Read
n.
one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailor

marked: Read
a. Syn. noticeable
noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks

marsh: Read
n. Syn. swamp; bog
swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetation

marshal: Read
v. Syn. arrange; enlist; organize
put in order; arrange or place something in line

martyr: Read
n.
one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering

marvel: Read
n. Syn. wonder; miracle
wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

masculine: Read
a.
of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

mask: Read
v.
try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearance

massacre: Read
n.
killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

massive: Read
a. Syn. enormous; colossal; immense
enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter

mast: Read
n.
fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns; a pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, set upright in boat to sustain sail

masterpiece: Read
n.
chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

match: Read
n.
something that resembles or harmonizes with

mate: Read
n. Syn. breed
a fellow member of a team

material: Read
a.
of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritual

materialism: Read
n.
philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

mathematics: Read
n.
science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape

mattress: Read
n.
quilted bed; bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastened

mature: Read
v.
develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

maturity: Read
n.
state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fixed for payment

maximum: Read
n.
the largest possible quantity

meadow: Read
n.
tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for hay

measure: Read
v.
determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or comparison

mechanical: Read
a. Syn. automatic; monotonous
automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics

mechanics: Read
n.
branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

mechanism: Read
n. Syn. device; machine
device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

medal: Read
n.
a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person, or to serve as a reward

medieval: Read
a.
very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

meditate: Read
v.
dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; plan in the mind

meditation: Read
n. Syn. contemplation; consideration
lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters

medium: Read
n.
state that is intermediate between extremes

meek: Read
a. Syn. spiritless; gentle
quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

melancholy: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; sad
gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression

melody: Read
n. Syn. tune
tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

melon: Read
n.
juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the fruit juicy

melt: Read
v.
changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat

memo: Read
n. Syn. note; memorandum
short note; memorandum; written proposal or reminder

memorial: Read
n. Syn. monument
monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed

memorize: Read
v. Syn. commemorate
commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart

memory: Read
n. Syn. recollection; memorial
faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events

menace: Read
n. Syn. danger
danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate

mend: Read
v. Syn. repair; improve
make repairs or restoration to; fix; improve

mental: Read
a.
involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mind

mentality: Read
n.
mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

mention: Read
v. Syn. refer; indicate
speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory manner

menu: Read
n.
an agenda of things to do

mercantile: Read
a. Syn. trading; commercial
trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

merchandise: Read
n. Syn. goods
objects for sale; goods

merchant: Read
n.
one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; trader

mercy: Read
n. Syn. clemency
compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to be kind

mere: Read
a.
being nothing more than what is specified; considered apart from anything else; small; slight

merge: Read
v. Syn. combine; unite
combine; unite

merit: Read
n. Syn. virtue; value; credit
virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

mermaid: Read
n.
legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fish

mesh: Read
n. Syn. enclose
opening or space enclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

mess: Read
n.
soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one meal

metallic: Read
a.
of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

method: Read
n. Syn. manner; way; mode
orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

methodology: Read
n.
system of methods followed in a particular discipline

meticulous: Read
a. Syn. scrupulous; cautious
excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

metric: Read
n.
standard of measurement; geometric function that describes the distances between pairs of points in a space

metropolitan: Read
a. Syn. city
city center; one who lives in a city center

microscope: Read
n.
magnifier of the image of small objects

microwave: Read
n.
a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave oven

mighty: Read
a. Syn. powerful; great
having or showing great strength or force or intensity

migrant: Read
a. Syn. wandering
habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering

migrate: Read
v.
move from one country or region to another and settle there

migration: Read
n.
movement of persons from one country or locality to another

milestone: Read
n. Syn. landmark; significant development
landmark; significant development

military: Read
a. Syn. soldiery; militia
pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

milk: Read
n.
white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young

miller: Read
n.
one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machine

millionaire: Read
n.
one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollars

mince: Read
v.
cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force of

mingle: Read
v.
be all mixed up or jumbled together;

miniature: Read
a. Syn. tiny
very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size

minimize: Read
v. Syn. diminish
diminish; belittle; make small or insignificant

minimum: Read
a.
the smallest possible quantity

minister: Read
n. Syn. servant; subordinate
one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government department

ministry: Read
n.
act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

minor: Read
a.
of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scope

minority: Read
n.
a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group

minus: Read
a.
less; requiring to be subtracted; negative

minute: Read
a. Syn. tiny
extremely small; short note

miracle: Read
n. Syn. marvel; wonder
wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishment

miraculous: Read
a. Syn. astonishing; amazing
astonishing; amazing

miscarriage: Read
n.
failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

mischief: Read
n.
behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment

miserable: Read
a. Syn. unhappy; wretched
very unhappy; full of misery; wretched

misery: Read
n. Syn. calamity; misfortune
great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mind

misfortune: Read
n.
bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

misgiving: Read
n. Syn. doubt
feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

mishap: Read
n. Syn. accident; misfortune
unfortunate accident; bad luck

mislead: Read
v. Syn. deceive; misguide
deceive; misguide

missile: Read
n.
weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

mission: Read
n.
assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; job; task

mist: Read
n.
visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog; haze before the eyes that blurs the vision

moan: Read
n.
a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuously

mobile: Read
a. Syn. movable
movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable

mobilize: Read
v.
assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

mock: Read
v. Syn. ridicule; mimic; disappoint
treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of

mode: Read
n. Syn. manner; method; style
prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

moderate: Read
a. Syn. temperate; gentle; mild
temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

modest: Read
a. Syn. humble; moderate
humble; less ambitious; moderate

modification: Read
n.
act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a change

modify: Read
v. Syn. alter; change
alter; change

modulate: Read
v.
tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another

module: Read
n.
standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topic

moist: Read
a. Syn. wet; damp
slightly wet; damp or humid

moisture: Read
n.
wetness caused by water

molecular: Read
a.
of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or form

molecule: Read
n.
the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

momentary: Read
a.
done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short time

momentous: Read
a. Syn. grave; serious
very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

monarch: Read
n. Syn. king; ruler
king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empress

monastery: Read
n.
house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks

monetary: Read
a. Syn. fiscal; pecuniary; financial
of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

monitor: Read
v. Syn. observe; watch; locate
observe; watch; keep an eye on

monopolize: Read
v. Syn. dominate; occupy
dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusively

monopoly: Read
n. Syn. domination
exclusive control or possession of something; domination

monotonous: Read
a. Syn. boring; dull
boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

monotony: Read
n.
uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetition

monster: Read
n.
beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

monstrous: Read
a.
marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

monument: Read
n. Syn. statue; memorial
structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorial

monumental: Read
a. Syn. massive
massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monument

moor: Read
n.
dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained

morale: Read
n. Syn. confidence; spirit; mood
confidence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed

morality: Read
n.
set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct

moreover: Read
ad.
beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

mortal: Read
n.
man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying death

motel: Read
n.
motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lot

motion: Read
n. Syn. movement; action
movement; act of changing location; ability or power to move

motionless: Read
a. Syn. still; immobile; stationary
at rest, stationary, immobile, not moving

motivate: Read
v. Syn. prompt; stimulate; impel
stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

motivation: Read
n. Syn. incentive; drive
incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

motive: Read
n. Syn. intention; purpose
emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

motto: Read
n.
short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

mould: Read
n.
crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

mount: Read
v.
go up or advance; fix onto a backing; put up or launch

mourn: Read
v.
express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

mournful: Read
a. Syn. sorrowful; sad; gloomy
feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomy

mourning: Read
n.
expression of deep sorrow because someone has died

moustache: Read
n.
hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

mouth: Read
n. Syn. entrance
opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lips

movement: Read
n.
act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to another

muffle: Read
n.
bare end of nose between nostrils

muffler: Read
n.
heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noise

multiple: Read
a.
having, or consisting of more than one part; many

multiply: Read
v. Syn. proliferate; increase
proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

multitude: Read
n.
a great number; many

municipal: Read
a. Syn. metropolitan; civic
metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

murmur: Read
v.
make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

muscular: Read
a. Syn. brawny
having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

muse: Read
v. Syn. ponder
be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully

mushroom: Read
v.
multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

mute: Read
a.
refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspoken

mutton: Read
n.
sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitute

mutual: Read
a. Syn. interactive; shared
common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

myriad: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

mysterious: Read
a.
beyond ordinary understanding

myth: Read
n. Syn. legend; fable
legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

mythology: Read
n.
study of myths; collection of myths