Hard TOEFL Words - Group 1

 Hard TOEFL Words - Group 1View Group Words   
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ad. by surprise; behind; in the rear


Spelling Word: aback
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n. the act of giving up or renouncing a right, office, or position of power etc.


Spelling Word: abdication
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n. capacity; skill


Spelling Word: ability
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a. burning; radiant; bright; keenly excited ; resembling flame in brilliance or color


Spelling Word: ablaze
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v. cancel; put an end to; destroy completely


Spelling Word: abolish
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n. a reformer who favors abolishing slavery


Spelling Word: abolitionist
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v. be full of; be plentiful


Spelling Word: abound
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a. broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another


Spelling Word: abrupt
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v. assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention


Spelling Word: absorb
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v. border upon; adjoin; touch or end at one end or side; lie adjacent


Spelling Word: abut
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n. a scholar who is skilled in academic disputation


Spelling Word: academician
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n. approach; entry; entrance


Spelling Word: access
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n. attribute of being easy to meet or deal with


Spelling Word: accessibility
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n. additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item


Spelling Word: accessory
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v. applaud; announce with great approval


Spelling Word: acclaim
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n. act of accompanying someone or something


Spelling Word: accompaniment
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a. attendant; concomitant


Spelling Word: accompanying
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n. achievement; fulfillment


Spelling Word: accomplishment
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n. a portable box-shaped free-reed instrument; reeds that are made to vibrate by air from the bellows controlled by the player


Spelling Word: accordion
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n. narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event


Spelling Word: account
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v. authorize; commission; give credit for


Spelling Word: accredit
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n. act of gathering or amassing, as into a heap or pile


Spelling Word: accumulation
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v. blame; condemn


Spelling Word: accuse
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v. consent or comply passively or without protest; assent


Spelling Word: acquiesce
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n. act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something


Spelling Word: acquisition
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n. abbreviation


Spelling Word: acronym
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v. cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to


Spelling Word: addict
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a. causing or characterized by addiction


Spelling Word: addictive
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n. addition; supplement


Spelling Word: additive
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a. adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near


Spelling Word: adjacent
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v. be next to; be contiguous to; border on


Spelling Word: adjoin
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v. adapt; regulate


Spelling Word: adjust
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n. clay; brick ;sun-dried brick; structure built with this type of brick


Spelling Word: adobe
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n. a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;


Spelling Word: adolescent
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v. accept; take on; raise; take into one's family


Spelling Word: adopt
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n. accepting with approval; favorable reception


Spelling Word: adoption
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n. coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important


Spelling Word: advent
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ad. with affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly


Spelling Word: affectionately
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n. A person, organization, or establishment associated with another, as a subordinate, subsidiary, or member


Spelling Word: affiliate
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v. assert; confirm


Spelling Word: affirm
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n. cause or condition of pain, suffering, or distress


Spelling Word: affliction
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a. generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich; plentiful; abundant


Spelling Word: affluent
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a. able to pay for


Spelling Word: affordable
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n. anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance


Spelling Word: agitation
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v. be broadcast on television or radio


Spelling Word: air
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a. aloft; flying; in the air


Spelling Word: airborne
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n. a passageway between rows of seats or shelves


Spelling Word: aisle
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ad. as known or named at another time or place; also known as


Spelling Word: aka
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n. arrangement; association; alliance


Spelling Word: alignment
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v. assign; distribute according to plan


Spelling Word: allocate
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v. combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate


Spelling Word: alloy
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n. confederate; partner; collaborator


Spelling Word: ally
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a. apart; remote in manner; distant physically or emotionally; reserved and remote


Spelling Word: aloof
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n. elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered


Spelling Word: altar
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v. astonish; affect with wonder


Spelling Word: amaze
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a. awesome; astounding; surprising


Spelling Word: amazing
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n. aspiration


Spelling Word: ambition
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a. aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement


Spelling Word: ambitious
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v. change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors


Spelling Word: amend
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n. correction; revision


Spelling Word: amendment
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n. addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail


Spelling Word: amplification
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v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase


Spelling Word: amplify
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n. a person who has had one or more limbs removed by amputation


Spelling Word: amputee
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a. comparable; similar or alike


Spelling Word: analogous
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v. diagnose; examine


Spelling Word: analyze
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n. detailed analysis; branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals


Spelling Word: anatomy
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a. inherited or inheritable by established rules


Spelling Word: ancestral
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ad. once more; again; in a new and different way


Spelling Word: anew
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v. append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit


Spelling Word: annex
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v. destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence


Spelling Word: annihilate
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a. bothersome; troublesome; irritating


Spelling Word: annoying
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v. adjust or calculate so as to reflect a rate that is based on a full year


Spelling Word: annualize
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v. apply oil, ointment, or a similar substance to; choose by or as if by divine intervention


Spelling Word: anoint
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v. be earlier in time; go back further


Spelling Word: antedate
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n. metallic apparatus for sending or receiving electromagnetic waves


Spelling Word: antenna
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n. book of literary selections by various authors


Spelling Word: anthology
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a. of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections


Spelling Word: antibiotic
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v. act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict


Spelling Word: anticipate
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n. any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion


Spelling Word: antique
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n. a policy or practice of separating or segregating groups


Spelling Word: apartheid
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n. highest point; the vertex; usually pointed end of an object; the tip


Spelling Word: apex
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v. beg pardon


Spelling Word: apologize
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n. attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge


Spelling Word: appeal
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a. attractive; charming


Spelling Word: appealing
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v. bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve


Spelling Word: appease
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n. instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink


Spelling Word: appetite
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v. acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands


Spelling Word: applaud
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n. candidate


Spelling Word: applicant
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n. close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance


Spelling Word: application
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v. designate; nominate


Spelling Word: appoint
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n. assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth


Spelling Word: appraisal
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a. considerable; perceptible


Spelling Word: appreciable
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v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of


Spelling Word: appreciate
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n. access; method


Spelling Word: approach
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v. acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use


Spelling Word: appropriate
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v. approach; come near


Spelling Word: approximate
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ad. about; roughly


Spelling Word: approximately
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a. consisting of, relating to, or being in water


Spelling Word: aquatic
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n. continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape


Spelling Word: arc
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n. a large group of islands; a sea, containing a large number of scattered islands


Spelling Word: archipelago
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a. demanding great effort or labor; difficult


Spelling Word: arduous
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a. lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants


Spelling Word: arid
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n. arsenal; a place where arms are manufactured


Spelling Word: armory
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n. composition; order


Spelling Word: arrangement
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n. stock or supply, usually of weapons


Spelling Word: arsenal
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v. climb; mount


Spelling Word: ascend
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a. climbing; rising


Spelling Word: ascending
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n. the act of rising or going upward


Spelling Word: ascent
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v. deprive of oxygen to the extent of producing death or very serious symptoms; suffocate


Spelling Word: asphyxiate
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n. ambition; longing


Spelling Word: aspiration
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a. ambitious; enthusiastic


Spelling Word: aspiring
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n. attack; onslaught


Spelling Word: assault
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n. a group of persons together in one place


Spelling Word: assemblage
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v. declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly


Spelling Word: assert
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v. estimate value; judge worth of something


Spelling Word: assess
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n. act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable


Spelling Word: assessment
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n. activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose


Spelling Word: assistance
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ad. certainly; undoubtedly


Spelling Word: assuredly
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a. amazed; surprised


Spelling Word: astonished
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v. affect with wonder; surprise; shock


Spelling Word: astound
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n. person to pilot, navigate, or as a crew member of spacecraft


Spelling Word: astronaut
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n. a physicist who studies astronomy


Spelling Word: astronomer
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n. branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole


Spelling Word: astronomy
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n. a place offering protection and shelter


Spelling Word: asylum
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n. air


Spelling Word: atmosphere
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n. a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element


Spelling Word: atom
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a. of or pertaining to an atrium, especially the upper chambers of the heart


Spelling Word: atrial
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n. extreme criminality or cruelty; quality of being shockingly cruel and inhumane


Spelling Word: atrocity
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n. a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory


Spelling Word: attachment
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v. achieve or accomplish; gain


Spelling Word: attain
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v. be present at; go to; take care of; tend


Spelling Word: attend
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n. act of being present


Spelling Word: attendance
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n. aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting


Spelling Word: attendant
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n. person who is present and participates in a meeting


Spelling Word: attendee
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n. act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought


Spelling Word: attention
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n. clothing; dress


Spelling Word: attire
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n. appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts


Spelling Word: attraction
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a. appealing; pleasing; inviting; tempting


Spelling Word: attractive
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n. area of theater or concert hall where audience sits


Spelling Word: auditorium
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n. quality of being genuine or trustworthy


Spelling Word: authenticity
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n. biography or story written by yourself


Spelling Word: autobiography
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a. convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible


Spelling Word: available
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n. fall or slide of a large mass, as of snow or rock, down a mountainside


Spelling Word: avalanche
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n. a method or means by which something may be accomplished


Spelling Word: avenue
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n. thin A bird-like or flying creature


Spelling Word: avian
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n. design, development, and production of aircraft


Spelling Word: aviation
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n. activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment


Spelling Word: avocation
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v. rouse from sleep;stir the interest of; excite


Spelling Word: awake
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a. difficult to handle or manage


Spelling Word: awkward