11th Grade Cards: Language Arts

Words for students of 11th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 1), which are important supplementary words for 11th Grade academic classes.
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 11th Grade Cards: Language Arts (click the card to toggle it.)
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abortive
a. unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless
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aerostatics
n. a branch of statics that deals with the equilibrium of gaseous fluids and of solid bodies immersed in them
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animadvert
v. express blame or censure or make a harshly critical remark
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argot
n. a characteristic language of a particular group, as among thieves
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baroque
a. complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
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biennium
n. a period of two years
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brogue
n. a thick and heavy shoe; a strong outdoor shoe with ornamental patterns
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cacophonous
a. discordant; inharmonious; sounding harshly; ill-sounding
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cantata
n. story or poem set to music that can be sung by chorus
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cathode
n. a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device
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clangor
n. loud, resounding noise; sharp, metallic, ringing sound; resonant, clanging sound
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cogency
n. power of proving or of producing belief; quality of being highly probable or convincing; force; credibility
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comity
n. a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility and respect
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concomitant
a. in conjunction with; accompanying; associated with
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consanguineous
a. of the same lineage or origin; having common ancestor
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contemn
v. look down on with disdain; treat or regard with contempt
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contuse
v. injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
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corporeal
a. bodily; of a material nature; tangible
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coxswain
n. the helmsman of a ship's boat or a racing crew
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declension
n. the variation of the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, by which its grammatical case, number, and gender are identified; process of changing to an inferior state
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demagnetize
v. make nonmagnetic; take away the magnetic properties; erase
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deponent
n. a person who testifies or gives a deposition
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desiccant
n. a substance that promotes drying, e.g., calcium oxide absorbs water and is used to remove moisture
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diacritical
a. capable of distinguishing; showing up a distinction
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diminution
n. the act of decreasing or reducing something; change toward something smaller or lower
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discountenance
v. look with disfavor on; show disapproval by discouraging
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dissentient
a. disagreeing, especially with a majority
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distaff
n. the sphere of work by women; a stick or spindle onto which wool or flax is wound for spinning
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dowdy
a. lacking stylishness or neatness; shabby; old-fashioned
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duteous
a. willingly obedient out of a sense of duty and respect
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effervescent
a. marked by high spirits or excitement
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effuse
v. give out or emit; flow or spill forth; pour out
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embolism
n. an insertion into a calendar; obstruction of an artery, typically by a clot of blood or an air bubble
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empirical
a. derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
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ennoble
v. confer dignity or honor upon; give a title to someone; make someone a member of the nobility
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esquire
n. a title of respect for someone, whose rank just below a knight; an attendant and shield bearer to a knight; a candidate for knighthood
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eureka
n. an alloy of copper and nickel with high electrical resistance and a low temperature coefficient; used as resistance wire
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exigent
a. requiring precise accuracy; demanding attention
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expostulation
n. the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest; an exclamation of protest or remonstrance or reproof
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farrier
n. a person who shoes horses; a blacksmith
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feudalism
n. the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
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forecastle
n. living quarters consisting of a superstructure in the bow of a merchant ship where the crew is housed
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fusible
a. capable of being melted and fused
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grebe
n. small compact-bodied almost completely aquatic bird that builds floating nests; similar to loons but smaller and with lobate rather than webbed feet
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heterogeneous
a. consisting of dissimilar elements or parts; completely different
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incunabula
n. any book printed before 1501; the infancy or earliest stages of something
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inquisition
n. a severe interrogation, often violating the rights or privacy of individuals
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interposition
n. the act or fact of interjecting or interposing one thing between or among others
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inure
v. apply in use; use or accustom till no pain or inconvenience; harden; habituate
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iridescence
n. the visual property of something having a milky brightness and a play of colors from the surface
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isobar
n. an isogram connecting points having equal barometric pressure at a given time, for meteorology
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lackadaisical
a. lacking purpose or zest; halfhearted; lacking spirit or liveliness
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laxative
a. having a tendency to loosen or relax.
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libertine
n. free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint
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lingual
a. relating to, near, or on the side toward the tongue; relating to speech or language
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littoral
a. of or relating to a coastal or shore region
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macadamize
v. pave by laying and compacting successive layers of broken stone, often with asphalt or hot tar
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marmot
n. stocky coarse-furred burrowing rodent with a short bushy tail found throughout the northern hemisphere; hibernates in winter
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metonymy
n. substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself
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ministration
n. assistance in time of difficulty
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modish
a. in the current fashion or style
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mordacious
a. capable of wounding; biting or given to biting
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muleteer
n. a worker who drives mules
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necromancer
n. one who practices magic or sorcery; one who practices divination by conjuring up the dead
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neurology
n. the branch of medicine that deals with the nervous system and its disorders
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obsolescence
n. the process of becoming obsolete; falling into disuse or becoming out of date
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occlude
v. block passage through; close, shut, or stop up a passage
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orthogonal
a. statistically unrelated; having a set of mutually perpendicular axes; meeting at right angles
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pamphleteer
n. a writer of pamphlets, usually taking a partisan stand on public issues
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patronymic
a. of or derived from a personal or family name
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peevish
a. easily irritated or annoyed
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penury
n. extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency
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perspicuous
a. transparently clear of language; easily understandable
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phonograph
n. machine in which rotating records cause a stylus to vibrate and the vibrations are amplified acoustically or electronically
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pogrom
n. organized persecution of an ethnic group, especially Jews
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precipitant
a. done with very great haste and without due deliberation
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propitiate
v. make peace with; appease and render favorable
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ramify
v. divide into branches or subdivisions; subordinate branchlike parts
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renunciation
n. sacrificing; giving up; state of having rejected your religious beliefs
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reversion
n. returning to a former state; turning in the opposite direction; a failure to maintain a higher state
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salacious
a. lustful; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
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secede
v. withdraw from an organization or communion
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solder
v. repair or unite by using fusible metal alloy, usually tin and lead
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threnody
n. a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person
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venereal
a. of or relating to the external sex organs
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wittingly
ad. with full knowledge and deliberation