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300 TOEFL Writing Vocabulary (3)



disparate: Read
/'dɪspərət/ a. Syn. unrelated
fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar
Unfortunately, Tony and Tina have disparate notions of marriage: Tony sees it as a carefree extended love affair, while Tina sees it as a solemn commitment to build a family and a home.

disparity: Read
/dɪ'spærɪtɪ/ n. Syn. difference
difference; condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree
Their disparity in rank made no difference at all to the prince and Cinderella.

dispassionate: Read
/dɪ'spæʃ(ə)nət/ a. Syn. calm; impartial
calm; impartial; unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice
Known in the company for his cool judgment, Bill could impartially examine the causes of a problem, giving a dispassionate analysis of what had gone wrong, and go on to suggest how to correct the mess.

dispatch: Read
/dɪ'spætʃ/ n. Syn. expedition; sending off
act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste
He sent a dispatch to headquarters informing his commander of the great victory.

dispel: Read
/dɪ'spɛl/ v. Syn. scatter
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
The bright sunlight eventually might dispel the morning mist.

dissent: Read
/dɪ'sɛnt/ v. Syn. disagree
differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval
They dissent from the Bishops Conferences, not the Universal Church, and their issue is not on “faith and morals,” but on social policy

dissolute: Read
/'dɪsəlu:t/ a.
lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices
The dissolute life led by the ancient Romans is indeed shocking.

distraught: Read
/dɪ'strɔ:t/ a. Syn. upset
deeply agitated, as from emotional conflict; mad; insane
Her father had recently died and her mother was still distraught from the loss.

diverse: Read
/daɪ'vɜrs/ a. Syn. various
differing in some characteristics; various
The professor suggested diverse ways of approaching the assignment and recommended that we choose one of them.

diversify: Read
/daɪ'vɜrsɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. vary
give variety to; spread out activities or investments
For most small investors, the ability to diversify is a primary advantage of index funds.

divulge: Read
/daɪ'vʌldʒ/ v. Syn. reveal
reveal; make known to public
Will update regarding the details, but all I can divulge is that it involves a really good-looking guy.

dogmatic: Read
/dɒg'mætɪk/;/dɔ:gmætɪk/ a. Syn. opinionated; doctrinal
stubbornly adhering to insufficiently proven beliefs; inflexible, rigid
We tried to discourage Doug from being so dogmatic, but never could convince him that his opinions might be wrong.

dynamic: Read
/daɪ'næmɪk/ a. Syn. energetic
energetic; vigorously active
The dynamic aerobics instructor kept her students on the run.

ecclesiastic: Read
/ɪkli:zɪ'æstɪk/ n.
minister or priest; cleric; one holding an office in the Christian ministry
This talented ecclesiastic is also responsible for restoration of the Church in Tlalpan, on the outskirts of the Federal District.

edict: Read
/'i:dɪkt/ n.
decree ,especially issued by a sovereign; official command
The emperor issued an edict decreeing that everyone should come see him model his magnificent new clothes.

edify: Read
/'ɛdɪfaɪ/ v. Syn. instruct
instruct or correct, especially so as to encourage intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement
Although his purpose was to edify and not to entertain his audience, many of his listeners were amused rather than enlightened.

egregious: Read
/ɪ'gri:dʒəs/ a. Syn. notorious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.

elicit: Read
/ɪ'lɪsɪt/ v. Syn. provoke
draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer
The detectives tried to elicit where he had hidden his loot.

elucidate: Read
/ɪ'lu:sɪdeɪt/ v. Syn. explain; enlighten
make clear or plain, especially by explanation; clarify
He was called upon to elucidate the disputed points in his article.

emissary: Read
/'ɛmɪsərɪ/ n. Syn. agent; messenger
agent sent on a mission to represent or advance the interests of another
A native of Brazil, Bella considers herself a kind of emissary from the Brazilian community.

engender: Read
/ɪn'dʒɛndə(r)/ v. Syn. cause; produce
cause; bring into existence; give rise to
To receive praise for real accomplishments would engender self-confidence in a child.

ennui: Read
/ɒn'wi:/ n.
feeling of being bored by something tedious
The monotonous routine of hospital life induced a feeling of ennui that made him moody and irritable.

ensue: Read
/ɪn'sju:/;/ɪn'su:/ v. Syn. follow
pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence
The evils ensue from lack of a stable government.

entreat: Read
/ɪn'tri:t/ v. Syn. plead
plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly
She had to entreat her father to let her stay out till midnight.

ephemeral: Read
/ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a.
short-lived; enduring a very short time
The mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day.

epigram: Read
/'ɛpɪgræm/ n.
witty thought or saying, usually short; short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation
The disadvantage of the epigram is the temptation it affords to good people to explain it to the others who are assumed to be too obtuse to comprehend it alone.

epitaph: Read
/'ɛpɪtɑrf/ n.
inscription on tombstone in memory
In his will, he dictated the epitaph he wanted placed on his tombstone.

epithet: Read
/'ɛpɪθɛt/ n.
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing
So many kings of France were named Charles that you could tell one apart only by his epithet: Charles the Wise was someone far different from Charles the Fat.

equable: Read
/'ɛkwəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. tranquil; uniform
tranquil; not varying; uniform; not easily disturbed
After the hot summers and cold winters of New England, he found the climate of the West Indies equable and pleasant.

equanimity: Read
/i:kwə'nɪmɪtɪ/ n.
calmness of temperament; steadiness of mind under stress.
Even the inevitable strains of caring for an ailing mother did not disturb Bea's equanimity.

erratic: Read
/ɪ'rætɪk/ a. Syn. odd; unpredictable
no fixed or regular course; wandering
State Senate Minority Leader, a Democrat, accused him of engaging in erratic behavior.

erudite: Read
/'ɛru:daɪt/ a. Syn. learned; scholarly
learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books
Though his fellow students thought him erudite, Paul knew he would have to spend many years in serious study before he could consider himself a scholar.

esoteric: Read
/i:soʊ'tɛrɪk/ a. Syn. mysterious
hard to understand; known only in a particular group
The New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events.

exceptionable: Read
/ɪk'sɛpʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/ a.
open or liable to objection or debate; liable to cause disapproval
Do you find the punk rock band Green Day a highly exceptionable, thoroughly distasteful group, or do you think they are exceptionally talented performers?.

exculpate: Read
/'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v.
pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
The court will exculpate him of the crime after the real criminal confesses.

exemplary: Read
/ɪg'zɛmplərɪ/ a. Syn. modeled; ideal
serving as model; outstanding; typical
But the official Miss America website stresses you performed all your duties in exemplary fashion before you gave up the crown.

exodus: Read
/'ɛksədəs/ n. Syn. departure
departure of a large number of people
The exodus from the hot and stuffy city was particularly noticeable on Friday evenings.

exotic: Read
/ɛg'zɒtɪk/ a. Syn. strange
from another part of the world; foreign; strikingly strange or unusual
Because of his exotic headdress, he was followed in the streets by small children who laughed at his strange appearance.

expatriate: Read
/ɛks'pætrɪət/ n. Syn. exile
someone who has withdrawn from his native land
Henry James was an American expatriate who settled in England.

expedient: Read
/ɪk'spi:dɪənt/ a. Syn. suitable
suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest
A pragmatic politician, he was guided by what was expedient rather than by what was ethical.

exploit: Read
/ɛk'splɔɪt/ v.
make use of, sometimes unjustly
Cesar Chavez fought attempts to exploit migrant farm workers in California.

exposition: Read
/ɛkspə'zɪʃ(ə)n/ n.
exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue
We would have understood the play better if there had been some initial exposition of the background.

expound: Read
/ɪk'spaʊnd/ v.
explain or describe in detail
The teachers expound on the theory of relativity for hours.

expurgate: Read
/'ɛkspəgeɪt/ v. Syn. clean
clean; remove offensive parts of book
The editors decided to expurgate certain passages in the book before it could be used in the classroom.

extinct: Read
/ɪk'stɪŋkt/ a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
no longer existing or living; vanished; dead
There are about 35 different kinds of extinct kangaroos in these deposits, none of them looked like anything we know today because they didn't hop.

extirpate: Read
/'ɛkstəpeɪt/ v.
root out; eradicate, literally or figuratively; destroy wholly
The policemen extirpate the criminals after many years of investigation.

extraneous: Read
/ɛks'treɪnɪəs/ a.
not essential; coming from outside
No wonder Ted can't think straight! His mind is so cluttered up with extraneous trivia, he can't concentrate on the essentials.

facade: Read
/fə'sɑrd/ n. Syn. face; appearance
front of building; superficial or false appearance
I believe the Religious Right's thin facade is being revealed.

facetious: Read
/fə'si:ʃəs/ a. Syn. humorous
joking ,often inappropriately; humorous
Instead, the crowd began sarcastically to cheer him on and showered him with facetious advice.

fallacious: Read
/fə'leɪʃəs/ a. Syn. false; deceptive
false; tending to mislead; deceptive
Paradoxically, fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty, the answer you get may nevertheless be correct.

fallacy: Read
/'fæləsɪ/ n.
deceptive or false appearance; false notion; deception
This particular logical fallacy is called 'circular definition'.

fallible: Read
/'fæləb(ə)l/ a.
likely to fail or be inaccurate
I know I am fallible, but I feel confident that I am right this time.

fathom: Read
/'fæð(ə)m/ v.
measure the depth; come to understand
I find his motives impossible to fathom; in fact, I'm totally clueless about what goes on in his mind.

fatuous: Read
/'fætjʊəs/ a. Syn. foolish
foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way
He is far too intelligent to utter such fatuous remarks.

feasible: Read
/'fi:zɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. practical; possible; suitable
capable of being accomplished or brought about
Now, the expert that would have to come in and examine "Baby R.B." and decide whether that's feasible is just now being scheduled.

feign: Read
/feɪn/ v. Syn. pretend; disguise; conceal
make false appearance of; disguise; conceal; invent or imagine
Lady Macbeth decided to feign illness although she was actually healthy.

feint: Read
/feɪnt/ n. Syn. trick
trick; any distracting or deceptive maneuver
The boxer was fooled by his opponent's feint and dropped his guard.

felicitous: Read
/fə'lɪsɪtəs/ a. Syn. apt
apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
He was famous for his felicitous remarks and was called upon to serve as master-of-ceremonies at many a banquet.

felicity: Read
/fə'lɪsɪtɪ/ n. Syn. happiness
great happiness; pleasing and appropriate manner or style
She wrote a note to the newlyweds wishing them great felicity in their wedded life.

fervid: Read
/'fɜrvɪd/ a.
extremely hot; eager; impassioned; burning
Her fervid enthusiasm inspired all of us to undertake the dangerous mission.

fetish: Read
/'fɛtɪʃ/ n.
a charm superstitiously believed to embody magical powers; excessive or irrational devotion to some activity
The 3 day expo will feature dozens of vendor booths displaying the best in fetish clothing, adult toys, erotica, art, jewelry, and even smoking accessories.

fiasco: Read
/fɪ'æskoʊ/ n.
complete failure; sudden and violent collapse
The real problem with our job fiasco is that I essentially had two nights with almost no sleep.

fictitious: Read
/fɪk'tɪʃəs/ a. Syn. imaginary
existing only in imagination; feigned; not true or real
Although this book purports to be a biography of George Washington, many of the incidents are fictitious.

flaccid: Read
/'flæsɪd/ a.
acting in strength, firmness, or resilience
His sedentary life had left him with flaccid muscles.

flagrant: Read
/'fleɪgrənt/ a.
obvious and offensive, blatant, scandalous; flaming into notice
The governor's appointment of his brother-in-law to the State Supreme Court was a flagrant violation of the state laws against nepotism.

flamboyant: Read
/flæm'bɔɪənt/ a. Syn. showy; ostentatious
elaborately or excessively ornamented
Modern architecture has discarded the flamboyant trimming on buildings and emphasizes simplicity of line.

flaunt: Read
/flɔ:nt/ v.
display proudly or shamelessly; show oneself off
And all the information they did flaunt is easily obtainable.

fleeting: Read
/'fli:tɪŋ/ a. Syn. ephemeral
transient; brief; temporary; passing quickly
Sometimes, for a fleeting moment, I thought I caught a glance, heard a tone, beheld a form, which announced the realization of my dream.

fluctuate: Read
/'flʌktjʊeɪt/ v. Syn. waver; shift
rise and fall in or as if in waves; shift; vary irregularly
The water pressure in our shower does fluctuate wildly.

forbearance: Read
/fɔ:'bɛərəns/ n. Syn. patience
patience; restraint of passions; act of forbearing or waiting
We must use forbearance in dealing with him because he is still weak from his illness.

forensic: Read
/fə'rɛnzɪk/;/fə'rɛnzɪk/ a.
relating to use of technology in investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in court by law
An expert in forensic accounting, according to a recent report in Newsweek, says the AIG scandal might get considerably worse than it already is.

fortuitous: Read
/fɔ:'tju:ɪtəs/;/-'tu:-/ a. Syn. accidental; random
accidental; by chance; coming or occurring without any cause
Though he pretended their encounter was fortuitous, he'd actually been hanging around her usual haunts for the past two weeks, hoping she'd turn up.

fracas: Read
/'frækɑr/ n. Syn. disturbance
noisy, disorderly fight or quarrel; disturbance
The military police stopped the fracas in the bar and arrested the belligerents.

frustrate: Read
/frʌ'streɪt/;/'frʌstrɛt/ v. Syn. thwart; defeat
make null; bring to nothing; prevent from taking effect or attaining fulfillment
We must frustrate this dictator's plan to seize control of the government.

fulsome: Read
/'fʊlsəm/ a.
offensively flattering or insincere; offensive; disgusting
His fulsome praise of the dictator revolted his listeners.

garnish: Read
/'gɑrnɪʃ/ v. Syn. decorate
decorate with ornamental appendages
Top with pan drippings and garnish with a drizzle of good olive oil and a lemon wedge.

genealogy: Read
/dʒi:nɪ'ælədʒɪ/ n. Syn. lineage
account or history of descent of person or family from ancestor; lineage
He was proud of his genealogy and constantly referred to the achievements of his ancestors.

genesis: Read
/'dʒɛnɪsɪs/ n. Syn. origin
coming into being of something; origin
But let's rewind, back to the beginning, as their genesis is available for all to read online.

ghastly: Read
/'gɑrstlɪ/;/'gæstlɪ/ a. Syn. horrible
horrible; inspiring shock; extremely unpleasant or bad
It was a kind of ghastly waiting for the jurymen to return; it is so hard to spend.

gibe: Read
/dʒaɪb/ v. Syn. mock
mock; laugh at with contempt and derision
As you gibe at their superstitious beliefs, do you realize that you, too, are guilty of similarly foolish thoughts?

glib: Read
/glɪb/ a. Syn. fluent
performed with a natural or offhand ease
"Excuse me, sir," said the man in glib English.

glut: Read
/glʌt/ v. Syn. overstock
fill beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedlly
The many manufacturers glut the market and could not find purchasers for the excess articles they have produced.