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300 TOEFL Writing Vocabulary (6)



rue: Read
/ru:/ v. Syn. regret; lament; mourn
feel regret, remorse, or sorrow for; mourn
Tina seemed to rue the night she met Tony and wondered how she ever fell for such a jerk.

sacrosanct: Read
/'sækroʊsæŋkt/ a. Syn. inviolable
regarded as sacred and inviolable
The brash insurance salesman invaded the sacrosanct privacy of the office of the president of the company.

sagacious: Read
/sə'geɪʃəs/ a. Syn. perceptive; shrewd
perceptive; shrewd; having insight
My father was a sagacious judge of character: he could spot a phony a mile away.

sagacity: Read
/sə'gæsətɪ/ n.
quality of being sagacious; quickness or acuteness of sense perceptions; keenness of discernment; shrewdness
She was half sorry her sagacity had miscarried, and half glad that Tom had stumbled into obedient conduct for once.

sanctimonious: Read
/sæŋktɪ'moʊnɪəs/ a. Syn. hypocritical
excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious
What we need to do is not fool ourselves and remain sanctimonious about the issue of doping in baseball.

sanguine: Read
/'sæŋgwɪn/ a. Syn. cheerful; hopeful; ruddy
cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy
Let us not be too sanguine about the outcome; something could go wrong.

sartorial: Read
/sɑr'tɔ:rɪəl/ a.
relating to a tailor, tailoring, or tailored clothing
He was as famous for the sartorial splendor of his attire as he was for his acting.

satellite: Read
/'sætəlaɪt/ n. Syn. subordinate
small body revolving around a larger one; subordinate
U.S. officials say the satellite is a cover for Pyongyang's efforts to perfect missile technology.

scourge: Read
/skɜrdʒ/ n. Syn. lash; whip
whip used to inflict punishment; severe punishment
They feared the plague and regarded it as a deadly scourge.

scrutinize: Read
/'skru:tɪnaɪz/;/-tənaɪz/ v.
examine closely and critically
Searching for flaws, the sergeant wanted to scrutinize every detail of the private's uniform.

simper: Read
/'sɪmpə(r)/ v. Syn. smirk
smirk; smile in artificial way to make an impression
. Complimented on her appearance, Stella had to self-consciously simper.

sinecure: Read
/'saɪnɪkjʊə(r)/ n.
well-paid position with little responsibility
My job is no sinecure; I work long hours and have much responsibility.

sinister: Read
/'sɪnɪstə(r)/ a. Syn. evil
suggesting or threatening evil
In sudden panic, she's convinced someone sinister is trying to push her from the train.

soporific: Read
/sɒpə'rɪfɪk/ a.
sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class.

sordid: Read
/'sɔ:dɪd/ a. Syn. filthy; vile; dirty; foul
filthy; unethical or dishonest; dirty; foul; morally degraded
Many of these files contain sordid details about the personal lives of the litigants.

sovereign: Read
/'sɒvrɪn/ a. Syn. excellent; independent
having supreme rank or power; self governing; excellent; independent
Belarus, Albania, the Ukraine also have sovereign currencies, not using euro, they also have crashed.

sporadic: Read
/spə'rædɪk/ a.
occurring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time
Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laughter and singing outside, the big Halloween parade has passed; the party's over till next year.

spurn: Read
/spɜrn/ v. Syn. reject; scorn
reject disdainfully or contemptuously; scorn
The heroine had to spurn the villain's advances.

stoic: Read
/'stoʊɪk/ a. Syn. impassive
indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
I wasn't particularly stoic when I had my flu shot; I squealed like a stuck pig.

stringent: Read
/'strɪndʒənt/ a. Syn. binding; rigid
demanding strict attention to rules and procedures; binding; rigid
I think these regulations are too stringent.

stupendous: Read
/stju:'pɛndəs/;/stu:-/ a.
astonishing; wonderful; amazing, especially, astonishing in magnitude or elevation
The lads came back and went at their sports again with a will, chattering all the time about Tom's stupendous plan and admiring the genius of it.

succulent: Read
/'sʌkjʊlənt/ a. Syn. delectable
full of juicy; full of richness; highly interesting or enjoyable; delectable
Beyond, the blue smoke of the sugar house curled into the bluer skies, and the odor of the kettles reached in succulent deliciousness far and wide.

sultry: Read
/'sʌltrɪ/ a.
burning hot; extremely and unpleasantly hot
He could not adjust himself to the sultry climate of the tropics.

tangible: Read
/'tændʒɪb(ə)l/ a. Syn. real; palpable
able to be touched; real or concrete; palpable
It'll take awhile before GM's new direction shows up in tangible new products at the dealership.

tantamount: Read
/'tæntəmaʊnt/ a.
equivalent in effect or value
Though Rudy claimed his wife was off visiting friends, his shriek of horror when she walked into the room was tantamount to a confession that he believed she was dead.

taunt: Read
/tɔ:nt/ v.
reproach in a mocking, insulting, or contemptuous manner; make fun of , often in an aggressive manner
Perhaps later tonight I will dream up something else to taunt you.

temerity: Read
/tɪ'mɛrɪtɪ/ n. Syn. boldness; rashness
boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger
Do you have the temerity to argue with me?.

temporal: Read
/'tɛmpər(ə)l/ a. Syn. secular
not lasting forever; limited by time; secular or civil; of material world; worldly
By passing both laws in temporal proximity to one another, Arizona has revealed itself to have great anxiety not merely about illegal immigration in this nation, but about diversity itself.

temporize: Read
/'tɛmpəraɪz/ v.
act evasively in order to gain time, avoid argument, or postpone a decision
I cannot permit you to temporize any longer; I must have a definite answer today.

tenet: Read
/'tɛnɪt/ n. Syn. doctrine; dogma
opinion, doctrine, or principle held as being true by person or organization
The agnostic did not accept the any tenet of their faith.

tenuous: Read
/'tɛnjʊəs/ a. Syn. thin; rare; slim
long and thin; slender; having little substance
The allegiance of our allies is held by rather tenuous ties; we all should see it's in dangerous.

tranquil: Read
/'træŋkwɪl/ a. Syn. serene; pacific
free from disturbance; pacific
Though I look comfortably accommodated, I am not very tranquil in my mind.

transgress: Read
/træns'grɛs, trɑr-/ v.
pass over or beyond; surpass
You may transgress this programming if the circumstances are right.

tremulous: Read
/'trɛmjʊləs/ a. Syn. trembling; wavering
marked by trembling, quivering, or shaking; timid or fearful; timorous
She was tremulous more from excitement than from fear.

trivial: Read
/'trɪvɪəl/ a. Syn. unimportant; trifling; commonplace
unimportant; of little significance or value; ordinary; commonplace
Mr Madhi escaped from Iran in February 2008 after being sentenced to 73 years in jail for what he described as a trivial charge.

truculence: Read
/'trukjələns/ n. Syn. aggressiveness; ferocity
aggressiveness; ferocity; ferociously cruel actions or behavior
Tynan's reviews were noted for their caustic attacks and general tone of truculence.

truculent: Read
/'trukjələnt, 'trʌkjʊlənt/ a. Syn. belligerent
disposed to fight; belligerent; aggressively hostile
The bully was initially truculent but eventually stopped picking fights at the least provocation.

turgid: Read
/'tɜrdʒɪd/ a. Syn. swollen; distended
swollen; distended; excessively ornate or complex in style or language
The turgid river threatened to overflow the levees and flood the countryside.

ubiquitous: Read
/ju:'bɪkwɪtəs/ a. Syn. omnipresent
being or existing everywhere; omnipresent
That Christmas "The Little Drummer Boy" seemed ubiquitous; we heard the tune everywhere.

untenable: Read
/ʌn'tɛnəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. indefensible
indefensible; not able to be maintained
Wayne is so contrary that, the more untenable a position is, the harder he'll try to defend it.

utilitarian: Read
/jʊtɪlɪ'tɛərɪən/ a. Syn. practical; useful
practical and functional, not just for show
Do not forget those utilitarian steel tables when moving.

vanquish: Read
/'væŋkwɪʃ/ v. Syn. conquer; overcome; defeat
conquer; overcome; come out better in a competition
The time it takes to vanquish is greatly increased by lots of unnecessary backtracking.

veneer: Read
/vɪ'nɪə(r)/ n.
thin layer; coating consisting of thin layer; ornamental coating to a building
Casual acquaintances were deceived by his veneer of sophistication and failed to recognize his fundamental shallowness.

venerable: Read
/'vɛnərəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. revered; honored
deserving high respect; impressive by reason of age; profoundly honored
We do not mean to be disrespectful when we refuse to follow the advice of our venerable leader.

vernal: Read
/'vɜrn(ə)l/ a. Syn. fresh
related to spring; suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh
Bea basked in the balmy vernal breezes, happy that winter was coming to an end.

versatile: Read
/'vɜrsətaɪl/;/-tl/ a. Syn. flexible; pliable
having many talents; capable of working in many fields
She was a versatile athlete, especially in basketball, hockey, and track.

vicarious: Read
/vɪ'kɛərɪəs/ a.
acting as substitute; done by deputy; experienced at secondhand
Many people get a vicarious thrill at the movies by imagining they are the characters on the screen.

vicissitude: Read
/vɪ'sɪsɪtud/ n.
change, especially in one's life or fortunes; regular change or succession of one thing to another; alternation
Humbled by life's vicissitude, the last emperor of China worked as a lowly gardener in the palace over which he had once ruled.

vituperative: Read
/vaɪ'tupərətiv/ a. Syn. abusive; scolding
marked by harsh spoken or written abuse; scolding
He became more vituperative as he realized that we were not going to grant him his wish.

waive: Read
/weɪv/ v. Syn. yield; relinquish
give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; defer
If they can waive the fees for all charities, we think the others could lower their charges.

whim: Read
/wɪm/;/hwɪm/ n. Syn. fancy; caprice; impulse
sudden turn or start of mind; temporary eccentricity; fancy; capricious notion
We shouldn't be changing our constitution to suit a short-term whim or agenda.

whimsical: Read
/'wɪmzɪk(ə)l/ a. Syn. capricious
determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; capricious
The hero is a playful, whimsical man who takes a notion to dress up as a woman so that he can look after his children, who are in the custody of his ex-wife.

writhe: Read
/raɪð/ v. Syn. contort
move in twisting or contorted motion; contort in pain
In Dances with Snakes, the snake dancer wriggled sinuously and made her python writhe around her torso.

zealot: Read
/'zɛlət/ n. Syn. fanatic
fanatically committed person; person who shows excessive zeal
Though Glenn was devout, he was no zealot, he never tried to force his beliefs on his friends.

zealous: Read
/'zɛləs/ a. Syn. enthusiastic; fervent
enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal
The company will offer you the most reliable price and satisfied service with its most zealous and most professional service.

zenith: Read
/'zɛnɪθ/ n. Syn. summit
point directly overhead in sky; summit
When the sun was at its zenith, the glare was not as strong as at sunrise and sunset.