prick n. an act of piercing something with a fine, sharp pointsyringe n. a tube for collecting blood or other liquids or for putting liquids into the body usually through a needle
Existing technologies can help with some parts of this process; however, the devices are not widely available, so most patients must rely on finger pricks and syringes.
embodiment n. a tangible or visible form of an idea, quality, or feelingverbal a. of, relating to, or consisting of words, spoken rather than written
When a device has a higher level of social embodiment, such as the ability to give verbal social cues, family members interact with one another more frequently.
competent a. having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfullycue n. a signal to someone, like a performer, to begin a specific speech or action
People tend to think a device is more competent and emotionally engaging if it can exhibit social cues, like moving to orient its gaze at a speaking person.
perspective n. the appearance to the eye of objects in respect to their relative distance and positionscarousel n. a rotating machine or device, like a merry-go-round
The team imaged the cloud with a camera, capturing a perspective similar to a child’s when facing towards the center on a playground carousel.
give rise to v. to cause somethingintriguing a. arousing one's curiosity or interest; fascinating
Even in classical physics, this gives rise to intriguing pattern formation, like clouds wrapping around the Earth in beautiful spiral motions.
enzyme n. a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reactionresonance n. the condition in which an electric circuit produces the largest possible response to an applied oscillating signal
This technique has yielded new antibodies to treat cancer and other diseases, enzymes used in biofuel production, and imaging agents for magnetic resonance imaging.
tweak v. improve a mechanism or system by making fine adjustments to itmutation n. the changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a variant form that may be transmitted to subsequent generations
Because they can study so many populations in parallel, they can tweak factors such as the mutation rate, size of the original population, and environmental conditions.
pivot v. to turn on; to adapt or improve by adjusting or modifying somethinginferior n. a person lower than another in rank, status, or ability
Even the inferior need to respond to the changing opportunities to pivot more effectively to new things when the old one starts looking shaky.
mire v. cause to become stuck in the mudpronounced a. very noticeable or marked; conspicuous
These findings suggest that many people are mired in a poverty trap, unable to improve their circumstances because of their pronounced lack of resources in the first place.
reprecipitate v. to cause to condense and fall or deposit againdissolve v. to cause to become incorporated into a liquid so as to form a solution
By eliminating the need for liquid separation and the extra steps and materials, it requires to dissolve and then reprecipitate individual elements.
alleviate v. make a problem less severerare earth n. any of a group of similar oxides of metals occurring together in widely distributed but relatively scarce minerals
The findings offer one way to alleviate a growing demand for minor metals like cobalt, lithium, and rare earth elements that are used in clean energy products like electric cars.
substantive a. having a firm basis in reality and therefore importantthorny a. full of difficulties or controversial points