iteration n. the repetition of a process or utterancespan n. the full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers
Rather than having a chemist who can only do a couple of tryings over a span of days, our system can do hundreds of iterations over the same duration.
outcrop n. a rock formation that is visible on the surfacesediment n. the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid
Satellites show that this outcrop, seen from above, resembled river deltas on Earth, where layers of sediment are deposited in the shape of a fan as the river feeds into a lake.
stare at v. gaze or gawk at someone or something in an intense, prolonged, or steadfast mannerforlorn a. pitifully sad and abandoned or lonely
If you look at these images, you’re basically staring at this epic desert landscape; it’s the most forlorn place you could ever visit.
encompass v. surround and have or hold withinphotosynthesis n. the process by which green plants use sunlight to synthesize foods from carbon dioxide and water
Fournier ran this model to estimate the age of this group, which encompasses all the species living today and known to exhibit oxygenic photosynthesis.
accumulate v. gather together or acquire an increasing number or quantity ofdomino effect n. the cumulative effect produced when one event sets off a chain of similar events
This made it possible for oxygen to eventually accumulate in the atmosphere, setting off a domino effect of diversification and shaping the uniquely habitable planet.
snippet n. a small piece or brief extractlab value n. data or data range used to determine a patient's overall health and well-being
The system automatically displays a diabetes card containing medications, lab values, and snippets from past records that are relevant to the treatment.
fragmented a. broken, incoherent, disorderlytedious a. too long, slow, or dull; tiresome or monotonous
Due to fragmented interfaces and tedious data entry procedures, physicians often spend more time navigating these systems than interacting with patients.
neoantigen n. a new protein that forms on cancer cells when certain mutations occur in tumor DNArejuvenate v. give new energy or vigor to; revitalize
If she vaccinated these mice with one of the neoantigens targeted by the suppressed T cells, she could rejuvenate those T cell populations.
proliferate v. increase rapidly in numbers; multiplyburden n. the amount of growth or substance present in a human or animal body or test sample
The T cells proliferate more, they target the tumors better, and we see an overall decrease in lung tumor burden in our mouse model as a result of the therapy.
revolutionize v. change (something) radically or fundamentallycome down to v. be dependent on a specified factor
It really came down to which one would revolutionize the way that we make superconducting magnets, and which one was easier to build.
on track a. acting or thinking in a way that is likely to achieve what is requiredconfine v. keep or restrict someone or something within certain limits of
The collaboration is on track to build the world's first fusion device that can create and confine a plasma that produces more energy than it consumes.
prone a. likely to suffer from, do, or experience something, typically something regrettable or unwelcomeperiphery n. the outer limits or edge of an area or object
Growing up in hazard-prone cities, she noticed that this vulnerability was always at the periphery; today, she’s studying it with the aim of promoting more hazard-resilient communities.
impactful a. having a major impact or effectengage with v. get involved with other people and their ideas in order to understand them
Her research has taken her across the country to attend impactful conferences and allowed her to engage with prominent experts in the realm of resilience.
synapses n. the site of transmission of electric nerve impulses between two nerve cells
At each of the billions of synapses in the human nervous system, one neuron sends a chemical message and the next one receives it, just like two friends texting.
image v. make appear, projectalignment n. arrangement in a straight line, or in correct or appropriate relative positions
After removing a piece of genetic code, they can image the fly’s synapses to see if there was a change in the alignment of the chemical receptors.
amputation n. the action of surgically cutting off a limb