afloat a. out of debt or difficultyprose n. written language in its ordinary form rather than poetry
Alcott was living in a basement apartment with her family, and they were struggling to stay afloat; even then, her prose was impressive.
glimpse n. a momentary or partial viewprolific a. present in large numbers or quantities, plentiful
The story offers a new glimpse into the imagination of a writer who was prolific even as a teenager.
crop up v. appear, occur, or come to one's notice unexpectedlyshield v. protect someone or something from a danger
The same issue crops up in deciding who should be shielding and whether some people need extra protection in the workplace.
implication n. a conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly statedgrapple v. engage in a close fight or struggle without weapons
It does have far-reaching implications that are difficult to grapple.
devour v. read books or literature quickly and eagerlypropel v. drive, push, or cause to move in a particular direction
As a little girl, Sullivan was already devouring every newspaper she could find on the subject; it was a time when the Mercury Seven were propelling the image of astronauts into America's mind.
encroachment n. intrusion on a person's territory or rightsspill over v. continue for a longer time than expected, reach or influence a larger area
We see the disease from wildlife to spill over into humans and spread quickly around the world; human encroachment on the natural world speeds up it.
personnel n. people employed in an organization to undertake such as military servicefluctuate v. rise and fall irregularly in number or amount
Some US personnel based in Europe support non-Nato operations and US military numbers fluctuate as forces are rotated in and out.
grouse v. complain pettily; grumbleoutpouring n. something that streams out rapidly
Trump has groused that finding another location to host G7 summit will cost the country a fortune, following an outpouring of criticism.
vulnerable a. susceptible to physical or emotional attack or harmfallout n. adverse side effects or results of a situation
Until Covid-19 struck, most of the sector was booming; now it's reeling as the city is vulnerable to the fallout of the pandemic.
complacency n. a feeling of smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievementsbrace v. support an object in order to stop it from falling downgrueling a. extremely tiring and demanding