spin-out n. a business company that has developed from another organizationscale up v. increase the size, amount, or importance of something, usually an organization or process
The MIT spin-out uses a continuous manufacturing approach that allows it to scale up printer production with demand.
lesion n. a region in an organ or tissue which has suffered damage through injury or diseasesalience n. the fact of being important to or connected with what is happening or being discussed
The paper presents a new method to extract intra-patient lesion salience on the basis of deep convolutional neural network features.
nucleate v. begin to formpressing a. requiring quick or immediate action or attention
This work originated as a new project developed in the MIT Catalyst program, a program designed to nucleate projects that solve pressing clinical needs.
deplete v. use up the supply or resources ofozone n. a poisonous form of oxygen, a colorless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odor
The system used a refrigerant known as R-32 with zero ozone-depleting potential (ODP) and a global warming potential about three times lower than another common one.
down the road ad. in the futureedge n. an advantage over other people
This knowledge we’re developing can apply to so many applications down the road, like in water harvesting, and I feel like we're getting the edge over the other competitors.
pathogen n. a bacterium, virus, or other microorganisms that can cause diseasemetastasize v. spread to other parts of the body and cause tumors to grow there.
In addition to protecting against pathogens that infect the lungs, these types of inhaled vaccines could also be used to treat cancer metastasizing to the lungs.
sidestep v. avoid (someone or something) by stepping sidewaysslog n. hard persistent work
Computer-generated holography sidesteps these challenges by simulating the optical setup, but the process can be a computational slog.
approach v. speak to (someone) for the first time about something, typically with a proposal or requesttriage n. (in medical use) the assignment of degrees of urgency to decide the order of treatment
Fifty-one patients were approached in the waiting room or a triage tent and asked if they would be willing to participate in the study.
extrapolate v. extend the application to an unknown situation by assuming that existing trends will continuealgorithm n. a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem
The team figured out a set of algorithms that allowed them to extrapolate back from images of the sample, which look somewhat like a set of stacked layers.
hexagonal a. having a shape with six straight sidesboron n. the chemical element of atomic number 5, a nonmetallic solid
Pairs of two-dimensional materials such as hexagonal boron nitride can exhibit amazing variations when the two sheets are just slightly twisted relative to each other.
olfactory a. relating to the sense of smell