asset n. a useful or valuable thing, person, or qualitywell-off a. being in good condition or favorable circumstances
There are moral debates about whether society has too much wealth tied up in stocks as opposed to other kinds of assets, and workers might spend more relative to well-off investors.
dope v. add an impurity to a semiconductor to produce a desired electrical characteristicantialigned a. aligned in an opposite direction, especially of a magnetic domain
The team has found that by doping extra electrons into an antiferromagnetic material, they can turn its collective antialigned arrangement on and off, in a controllable way.
ferromagnet n. something having the same kind of magnetism that iron hassynchrony n. simultaneous action, development, or occurrence
Where the electrons in ferromagnets spin in synchrony - a property that allows a compass needle to point north, collectively following the Earth’s magnetic field.
disentangle v. separate things that have become joined or confusedtease out v. try to get information or understand a meaning that is hidden or not clear
This requires the ability to disentangle sounds produced by different events or objects, and the ability to tease out the effects of the environment.
exposure n. the act or an instance of exposingperceive v. become aware or conscious of something
McDermott’s lab explores how exposure to different types of music affects people’s music preferences and even how they perceive music.
brittle a. hard but liable to break or shatter easilygeometrical a. consisting of lines and simple shapes; of or relating to or determined by the geometry
The researchers worked primarily with composite materials that included both soft and brittle components in a variety of random geometrical arrangements.
strain n. a force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degreeslog n. a period of difficult or tiring effort
For centuries, engineers have relied on physical laws to understand the stresses and strains on the materials; but solving those equations can be a computational slog.
buffet v. (especially of wind or waves) strike repeatedly and violentlyresilience n. the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness
The Cambridge-area innovation hub has been buffeted by the events of the past year but also shown great resilience and creativity.
lattice n. a structure made from strips of wood or other material that cross over each other with spaces betweenswab n. a small piece of soft material at the end of a thin stick, used for cleaning something or for putting on medicine
Tiny woven lattices within OPT’s swabs allow them to absorb and release more fluid than conventional swabs.
spin-out n. a business company that has developed from another organizationscale up v. increase the size, amount, or importance of something, usually an organization or process
The MIT spin-out uses a continuous manufacturing approach that allows it to scale up printer production with demand.
lesion n. a region in an organ or tissue which has suffered damage through injury or diseasesalience n. the fact of being important to or connected with what is happening or being discussed
The paper presents a new method to extract intra-patient lesion salience on the basis of deep convolutional neural network features.
nucleate v. begin to formpressing a. requiring quick or immediate action or attention
This work originated as a new project developed in the MIT Catalyst program, a program designed to nucleate projects that solve pressing clinical needs.
deplete v. use up the supply or resources ofozone n. a poisonous form of oxygen, a colorless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odor
The system used a refrigerant known as R-32 with zero ozone-depleting potential (ODP) and a global warming potential about three times lower than another common one.
down the road ad. in the future