proliferate v. increase rapidly in numbers; multiplyburden n. the amount of growth or substance present in a human or animal body or test sample
The T cells proliferate more, they target the tumors better, and we see an overall decrease in lung tumor burden in our mouse model as a result of the therapy.
revolutionize v. change (something) radically or fundamentallycome down to v. be dependent on a specified factor
It really came down to which one would revolutionize the way that we make superconducting magnets, and which one was easier to build.
on track a. acting or thinking in a way that is likely to achieve what is requiredconfine v. keep or restrict someone or something within certain limits of
The collaboration is on track to build the world's first fusion device that can create and confine a plasma that produces more energy than it consumes.
prone a. likely to suffer from, do, or experience something, typically something regrettable or unwelcomeperiphery n. the outer limits or edge of an area or object
Growing up in hazard-prone cities, she noticed that this vulnerability was always at the periphery; today, she’s studying it with the aim of promoting more hazard-resilient communities.
impactful a. having a major impact or effectengage with v. get involved with other people and their ideas in order to understand them
Her research has taken her across the country to attend impactful conferences and allowed her to engage with prominent experts in the realm of resilience.
synapses n. the site of transmission of electric nerve impulses between two nerve cells
At each of the billions of synapses in the human nervous system, one neuron sends a chemical message and the next one receives it, just like two friends texting.
image v. make appear, projectalignment n. arrangement in a straight line, or in correct or appropriate relative positions
After removing a piece of genetic code, they can image the fly’s synapses to see if there was a change in the alignment of the chemical receptors.
tactile a. of or connected with the sense of touchresidual a. remaining after the greater part or quantity has gone
The researchers found the prosthetic, designed with a system for tactile feedback, restored some primitive sensation in a volunteer’s residual limb.
strain n. a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulencetransmissible a. able to be passed on from one person or organism to another.
A CDC internal document said the Delta variant was roughly as transmissible as chickenpox, whereas an early strain was closer to the common cold.
viral load n. a measurement of the amount of a virus in an organism, typically in the bloodstreampivotal a. of crucial importance in relation to the development or success
The finding that the Delta variant resulted in similar viral loads was a pivotal discovery leading to CDC's updated mask recommendation.
catalog n. a complete list of items, typically one in alphabetical or other systematic ordergenetic blueprint n. a gene map, or a genome map
This giant catalog of information contains genetic blueprints drawn from virus samples studied at the lab in Wuhan.
severity n. the condition of being very bad, serious, unpleasant, or harshfuel v. support, stimulate
A new detail about the severity of their symptoms could fuel further debate about the origins of the coronavirus pandemic.
convection n. the movement caused within a fluid by the tendency of hotter and therefore less dense material to risetectonics n. large-scale processes affecting the structure of the earth's crust
knowing the temperature along this whole convection and plate tectonics chain is fundamental to understanding the planet as a heat engine.
sprawling a. spreading out over a large area in an untidy or irregular waysnake v. move or extend with the twisting motion