Group (A B) - Words of the GroupNext  
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PTE Word List for Academic (A B)

abbreviation: Read
shortening something by omitting parts of it

abnormal: Read
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
unusual; not typical; not normal

abolish: Read
v. Syn. cancel; annul
cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

aboriginal: Read
a. Syn. primitive; native
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native

abort: Read
v. Syn. failure; terminate
stop; terminate before completion; terminate a pregnancy

abound: Read
be full of; be plentiful

abrasion: Read
n. Syn. scratch; friction
scratch; friction

abridge: Read
v. Syn. condense; shorten
condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

abrupt: Read
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

absorb: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention

abstract: Read
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand

abundance: Read
n. Syn. profusion; richness
great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing

accelerate: Read
v. Syn. speed; hasten
move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected

accessory: Read
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item

acclaim: Read
v. Syn. applaud
applaud; announce with great approval

accommodate: Read
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for

accommodation: Read
living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience

accompany: Read
travel with; be associated with

accord: Read
n. Syn. agreement; treaty
settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states

accountable: Read
liable to being called to account; answerable; responsible; something that can be explained

accumulate: Read
v. Syn. collect
pile up; collect; mount up; increase

accuser: Read
one who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault

achieve: Read
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill

acquaint: Read
v. Syn. Inform
inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

acquire: Read
v. Syn. obtain; gain
gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system

acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

activate: Read
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive

acute: Read
a. Syn. keen; sharp
quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

adapt: Read
v. Syn. alter; modify
make fit for; change to suit a new purpose

addict: Read
cause someone to become dependent; indulge in; be devoted to

adept: Read
a. Syn. competent; proficient
expert at; very skilled; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adequate: Read
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adhere: Read
v. Syn. stick; bond
stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

adjacent: Read
a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

adjoin: Read
v. Syn. attach
be next to; be contiguous to; border on

administer: Read
v. Syn. govern; supervise
govern; supervise; give or apply medications

administrate: Read
administer; supply; supervise or be in charge of

admission: Read
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter

adolescence: Read
n. Syn. youth; juvenescence
state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity

advent: Read
n. Syn. arrival
coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

advertise: Read
v. Syn. notify
give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of

advocate: Read
v. Syn. urge; support
speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

aerial: Read
of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air

aesthetic: Read
a. Syn. artistic; elegant
elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
associate; incorporate

affirm: Read
v. Syn. assert; confirm
assert; confirm

affix: Read
v. Syn. fasten; attach
fasten; append; add on; secure to something

afflict: Read
v. Syn. plague; suffer; torment
cause pain, suffering or distress

aggregate: Read
v. Syn. gather; accumulate
gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

agony: Read
extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle

agreeable: Read
a. Syn. pleasing; acceptable
ready to consent or submit; acceptable

airing: Read
exposure to air for freshening or drying; exposure to public attention; radio or television broadcast

albeit: Read
even though; although; notwithstanding

alienate: Read
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally

allege: Read
v. Syn. affirm
state without proof; assert to be true

allegiance: Read
n. Syn. loyalty; fidelity
loyalty to a nation, sovereign, or cause; fidelity to any person or thing; devotion

alleviate: Read
v. Syn. relieve; moderate; reduce
provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier; remove in part

allocate: Read
v. Syn. assign
assign; distribute according to plan

allot: Read
v. Syn. distribute
parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

allowance: Read
n. Syn. authorization; permission
approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting

alloy: Read
v. Syn. combine; mix
combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate

alongside: Read
along or by the side; side by side with

alphabetical: Read
arranged in customary order of the letters of a language

alter: Read
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
modify; cause to change; make different; convert

alternate: Read
a. Syn. substitute
happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute

altitude: Read
n. Syn. elevation; height
elevation especially above sea level; height

amateur: Read
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art

amaze: Read
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
astonish; affect with wonder

ambiguity: Read
state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty

ambiguous: Read
unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambitious: Read
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement

amend: Read
v. Syn. correct; improve
change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors

amends: Read
compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

amid: Read
ad. Syn. among
in the middle of; among; surrounded by

amidst: Read
ad. Syn. amid; among
amid; in the middle of; among

ammunition: Read
n. Syn. weapon
military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells

amphibian: Read
able to live both on land and in water

ample: Read
a. Syn. abundant
more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large

amplify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase
broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase

amuse: Read
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive

analogy: Read
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity

analyse: Read
resolve anything complex into its elements; separate into parts for purpose of examination of each separately

analytical: Read
of analysis; resolving into elements or parts

ancestor: Read
n. Syn. forefather; forebear
forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor

anchor: Read
v. Syn. fasten
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate

anecdote: Read
n. Syn. episode; story
short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

annihilate: Read
v. Syn. destroy
destroy completely; reduce to nonexistence

annoy: Read
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate

annuity: Read
annual payment of allowance or income; periodical payment, amounting to a fixed sum in each year

antagonism: Read
n. Syn. hostility; enmity
active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

antarctic: Read
opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it

anthem: Read
n. Syn. song; hymn
song of praise or patriotism; song of devotion or loyalty

anthology: Read
n. Syn. collection
book of literary selections by various authors

anthropology: Read
social science that studies origins and social relationships of human beings

antibiotic: Read
a. Syn. antibacterial
of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections

anticipate: Read
v. Syn. expect; predict
act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

anticipation: Read
n. Syn. expectation
something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence

antonym: Read
word of opposite meaning; counter term

apologetic: Read
offering or expressing an apology or excuse; serving as or containing a formal justification or defense

apparatus: Read
n. Syn. equipment
a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purpose

apparent: Read
a. Syn. visible
capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

append: Read
v. Syn. attach
attach; add as supplement or appendix

appendix: Read
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
something appended or added

applaud: Read
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

appliance: Read
durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use

applicant: Read
n. Syn. candidate

appraisal: Read
n. Syn. assessment; evaluation
assessment; evaluation; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth

appreciable: Read
a. Syn. considerable; perceptible
considerable; perceptible

apprentice: Read
works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner

approximate: Read
v. Syn. approach
approach; come near

apt: Read
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

aptitude: Read
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding

aquarium: Read
tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals

aquatic: Read
a. Syn. watery
consisting of, relating to, or being in water

arbitrary: Read
a. Syn. capricious; impulse
randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle

arc: Read
continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape

arch: Read
any part of a curved line

archaic: Read
a. Syn. antiquated
no longer current or applicable; antiquated

architect: Read
one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures

archives: Read
public records; place where public records are kept

ardent: Read
a. Syn. intense; passionate; zealous
displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate

arduous: Read
a. Syn. hard; strenuous
demanding great effort or labor; difficult

arena: Read
playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments

arise: Read
v. Syn. spring
come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action

armour: Read
defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons

arouse: Read
v. Syn. excite; stimulate; awake
excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep

array: Read
v. Syn. marshal
set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement

articulate: Read
a. Syn. effective; distinct
expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language

artificial: Read
a. Syn. unreal
made by humans; produced rather than natural.

artillery: Read
large weapons, such as cannon and missile launchers operated by crews; branch of army in use of large weapons

ascend: Read
v. Syn. climb; mount
climb; mount

ascent: Read
upward slope or grade; movement upward

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

aspect: Read
n. Syn. respect; facet
distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind

aspiration: Read
n. Syn. ambition; longing
ambition; longing

aspire: Read
v. Syn. dream; seek
seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end

assassination: Read
act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack

assemble: Read
v. Syn. gather
put together; bring or call together into a group or whole

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

assess: Read
v. Syn. estimate; judge
estimate value; judge worth of something

asset: Read
n. Syn. properties; advantage
properties; advantage; useful or valuable quality

assign: Read
v. Syn. appoint; allot
appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly

assorted: Read
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
varied; miscellaneous

assumption: Read
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of

assurance: Read
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt

astound: Read
v. Syn. surprise; shock
affect with wonder; surprise; shock

astronomy: Read
branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole

asylum: Read
n. Syn. protection
place of refuge or shelter; protection

athlete: Read
sports man; one who contended for prize in public games

atlas: Read
a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables

attach: Read
v. Syn. fasten; annex
fasten; annex; be in contact with

attain: Read
v. Syn. gain
achieve or accomplish; gain

attendance: Read
act of being present

attendant: Read
n. Syn. aide; servant
aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting

attribute: Read
n. Syn. trait
essential quality; reputation; honor

audible: Read
a. Syn. perceptible; discernible
perceptible; heard or perceptible by the ear

audit: Read
examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts

auditorium: Read
area of theater or concert hall where audience sits

augment: Read
v. Syn. increase
make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity

authentic: Read
a. Syn. genuine; real; valid; trustworthy
not counterfeit or copied; valid; trustworthy

author: Read
beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer

authoritative: Read
having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial

authorize: Read
v. Syn. empower; sanction
empower; give permission for; sanction

automate: Read
replace or enhance human labor with machines

automatic: Read
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control

automation: Read
act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls

automobile: Read
self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway

autonomy: Read
n. Syn. independence; liberty
independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

auxiliary: Read
a. Syn. aiding; supplementary
helper, additional or subsidiary

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

avalanche: Read
great mass of falling snow and ice

avert: Read
v. Syn. prevent
prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away

aviation: Read
n. Syn. flying; flight; aeronautics
art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics

axis: Read
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
the center around which something rotates; pivot

backward: Read
directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped

bacterium: Read
single celled organism with no nucleus

badminton: Read
game played on a court with light long-handled rackets

baffle: Read
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

ballot: Read
printed or written ticket used in voting; act of voting; whole number of votes cast at an election

bamboo: Read
plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries

ban: Read
n. Syn. Prohibition
official prohibition; decree that prohibits something

bandage: Read
strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds

banish: Read
v. Syn. dispel
drive out; drive away; compel to depart; dispel

bankrupt: Read
penniless, without any money; financially ruined

banquet: Read
n. Syn. feast
feast; entertainment of eating and drinking

bark: Read
n. Syn. yelp; howl
sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog

barometer: Read
instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere

barren: Read
a. Syn. desolate
desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

barricade: Read
n. Syn. obstacle
hastily put together defensive barrier; obstacle

barrier: Read
n. Syn. obstacle; hindrance; hurdle
obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit

barter: Read
v. Syn. trade; exchange
trade goods or services without the exchange of money

batch: Read
quantity of bread baked at one time; a collection of things or persons to be handled together

bathe: Read
v. Syn. lave; immerse
wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one's self

batter: Read
beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence

bead: Read
n. Syn. pearl; drops; droplet
small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

beautician: Read
one skilled in giving cosmetic treatments; one who does hair styling, manicures, and other beauty treatments

beforehand: Read
ad. Syn. previously; aforetime
in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparation

beneficial: Read
a. Syn. helpful; useful
helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

berth: Read
space for ship to dock or anchor; allotted place; place to sleep or stay; appointment or job

beset: Read
v. Syn. harass; attack
attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in

beverage: Read
n. Syn. refreshment
liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

bewilder: Read
v. Syn. confuse
lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes

bias: Read
n. Syn. prejudice; preference
preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bibliography: Read
list of works of a specific author or publisher; list of writings relating to a given subject

bilateral: Read
a. Syn. mutual; lateral
two-sided; mutual

bilingual: Read
using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency

bind: Read
v. Syn. contract; cohere; stick
tie, or confine with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick together

biography: Read
an account of the series of events making up a person's life; accounts of people's life

bitumen: Read
mineral pitch; black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame

blaze: Read
n. Syn. flame
brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame

bleach: Read
v. Syn. whiten; blanch
make white or colorless; blanch

bleak: Read
a. Syn. cold; cheerless
cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable

blend: Read
n. Syn. combination; mixture
combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

blink: Read
v. Syn. wink
shut eyes briefly; wink

bloc: Read
a group of nations, parties, or persons united for common action

bloom: Read
n. Syn. flower; blossom
flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

blossom: Read
reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts

blot: Read
spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing

blunder: Read
n. Syn. error
serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt: Read
a. Syn. insensitive
having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

blur: Read
n. Syn. stain; dim
something that is hazy and indistinct to the sight or mind; dim, confused appearance; moral stain or blot

blush: Read
become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame

boast: Read
v. Syn. brag; vaunt
show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride

boil: Read
be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in water

bookcase: Read
case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors

bookkeeper: Read
one who keeps accounts; one who has charge of keeping books and accounts in an office

bookstall: Read
stall where books are sold, as on a street; table with enclosed sides, for displaying books for sale

boost: Read
v. Syn. raise; advance
raise; advance; push or shove upward

boundary: Read
n. Syn. border; frontier
dividing line; border; frontier

bounty: Read
n. Syn. kindness; virtue
goodness, kindness; virtue; liberality in giving

bouquet: Read
n. Syn. bunch
small cluster or arrangement of flowers; an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present

bowel: Read
a part or division of intestine; interior of something; any internal organ of the body, as the stomach, liver, brain

boycott: Read
refrain from buying or using

brace: Read
something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brake: Read
a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction

brashness: Read
characteristic of being brash; trait of being rash and hasty; tasteless showiness

breach: Read
n. Syn. violation; infringement
breaking of contract or duty

breakthrough: Read
act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

breed: Read
v. Syn. raise; hatch; mate
raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

brew: Read
v. Syn. boil; cook
boil or seethe; cook; be in a state of preparation; be mixing, forming, or gathering

brink: Read
n. Syn. verge; border
edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge

brisk: Read
a. Syn. energetic; swift
marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

brochure: Read
n. Syn. pamphlet
pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

bronze: Read
an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

brood: Read
think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought

browse: Read
v. Syn. graze
graze; skim or glance at casually

bruise: Read
injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fight with the fists

buckle: Read
v. Syn. fold; fasten; distort
fold or collapse; bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat

buffet: Read
table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set out

bulb: Read
rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball

bulge: Read
cause to curve outward; swell up; stick out; protrude

bulk: Read
n. Syn. majority; mass
majority; main part; volume; mass

bulletin: Read
brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication

bumper: Read
something as bars at edges to absorb shock and prevent serious damage

bundle: Read
n. Syn. packet; parcel
packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of money

bungalow: Read
small house or cottage usually having a single story and attic

buoyant: Read
able to float; cheerful and optimistic

bureaucracy: Read
over-regulated administrative system

burgeon: Read
v. Syn. thrive; mushroom
grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly

burial: Read
n. Syn. grave
grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground

burrow: Read
n. Syn. tunnel; den
tunnel; hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; dig; move through by or as by digging

bustle: Read
v. Syn. teem
move or cause to move energetically and busily; teem

butcher: Read
n. Syn. slaughterer
one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; vendor, especially on train or in theater

butterfly: Read
insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wings

bypass: Read
channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallel