5th Grade Word List - Science

Words for students of 5th Grade, the page is for science words (List 1), which are essential vocabulary for 5th Grade academic classes.
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 5th Grade: 5th Grade Word List - Science (List 1)
aerial
Speak
of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air
atmospheric
Speak
relating to or located in the atmosphere
balanced force
Speak
forces are balanced when the forces pushing (or pulling) an object in one direction are the same size as the forces acting in the opposite direction
cloud cover
Speak
the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds
consumer
Speak
people who buy goods or services
decomposer
Speak
an organism, often a bacterium or fungus, that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter, thus making organic nutrients available to the ecosystem
deforestation
Speak
the state of being clear of trees; the removal of trees
deposition
Speak
act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process
ecosystem
Speak
system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
erosion
Speak
corrosion; a gradual decline of something
flood plain
Speak
a low plain adjacent to a river that is formed chiefly of river sediment and is subject to flooding
flow
Speak
the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression; dominant course of successive events or ideas
friction
Speak
clash in opinion; rubbing against; conflict
inertia
Speak
property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight line or direction
interdependent
Speak
mutually dependent; reliant on one another
landforms
Speak
features that make up the earth's surface, such as a plain, mountain, or valley
machine
Speak
a device consisting of fixed and moving parts that modifies mechanical energy and transmits it in a more useful form
meander
Speak
follow a winding and turning course; move aimlessly and idly without fixed direction
momentum
Speak
product of a body's mass and its velocity; impelling force or strength; impetus
niche
Speak
small concavity; a position particularly well suited to the person who occupies it
pattern
Speak
a model considered worthy of imitation; something regarded as a normative example
photograph
Speak
picture or likeness obtained by photography
pollutants
Speak
foreign substance that makes something dirty, or impure, especially waste from human activities
producer
Speak
someone who manufactures something
record
Speak
be or provide a memorial to a person or an event; a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone
recycle
Speak
reprocess; use again after processing
run-off
Speak
run away, usually includes taking something or somebody along; run off as waste; leave suddenly and as if in a hurry
sedimentation
Speak
the phenomenon of sediment or gravel accumulating
simple
Speak
having or composed of only one thing, element, or part; not involved or complicated
slope
Speak
be at an angle; incline; gradient
topographic
Speak
concerned with detailed, precise description of a place or region
tributary
Speak
branch that flows into the main stream; tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
unbalanced
Speak
being or thrown out of equilibrium; debits and credits are not equal
water cycle
Speak
the cycle of processes by which water circulates between the earth's oceans, atmosphere, and land
weathering
Speak
erosion; exposure; action of the elements on a rock in altering its color, texture, or composition