9th Grade Word List - Language Arts

Words for students of 9th Grade, the page is for arts words (Difficult Words 2), which are important supplementary words for 9th Grade academic classes.
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 9th Grade: 9th Grade Word List - Language Arts (Difficult Words 2)
abridge
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v. condense; shorten; reduce length of written text
accost
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v. approach and speak to boldly or aggressively, as with demand or request
affinity
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n. natural attraction, liking, or feeling of kinship; relationship by marriage
agnostic
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n. one who is skeptical of existence of a god or any ultimate reality
alacrity
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n. cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness
altruism
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n. the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
amenity
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n. pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions
attrition
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n. gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment
bastion
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n. fortress; projecting part of fortification; well-fortified position
cadence
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n. rhythmic rise and fall of words or sounds; beat
cohesion
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n. tendency to keep together; sticking together of particles of the same substance
contingent
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a. possible, or liable, but not certain, to occur; incidental; casual.
criterion
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n. standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test
debauchery
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n. corruption of fidelity; seduction from virtue, duty, or allegiance; excessive indulgence of the appetites
destitute
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a. extremely poor; utterly lacking; devoid
diffident
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a. showing modest reserve; lacking self-confidence
dissension
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n. a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters; disagreement among those expected to cooperate
elevation
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n. altitude; height above a given level, especially sea level
erudite
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a. learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books
exalted
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a. superior; elevated in rank, character, or status; of high moral or intellectual value
fabrication
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n. making something a product from raw materials; the action or process of manufacturing or inventing something
felicity
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n. great happiness; pleasing and appropriate manner or style
flagrant
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a. obvious and offensive, blatant, scandalous; flaming into notice
flout
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v. reject; mock; express contempt for rules by word or action; behave with contempt
futurist
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n. someone who predicts the future
gregarious
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a. sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others
heyday
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n. period of greatest popularity, success, or power; golden age
homogenous
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a. all of the same or similar kind or nature
idiosyncrasy
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n. behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
illicit
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a. illegal; unlawful; not authorized or permitted
implement
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v. put into effect; supply with tools
incisive
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a. penetrating, clear, and sharp, as in operation or expression
indigent
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a. poor; experiencing want or need; impoverished
ineffable
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a. unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech
infinity
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n. unlimited extent of time, space, or quantity; eternity; boundlessness; immensity
ingratitude
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n. lack of gratitude; forgetfulness of kindness or favors received
insidious
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a. spreading harmfully in a subtle manner; designed or adapted to entrap
insolence
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n. scornful treatment; insulting speech or conduct
insurgent
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a. rising in revolt against established authority; rebelling against leadership of political party
intrinsic
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a. relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in
jaded
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a. fatigued dulled by surfeit; exhausted; worn out; wearied
laconic
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a. brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words
laureate
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n. someone honored for great achievements; figuratively someone crowned with a laurel wreath
linguistic
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a. relating to language or linguistics; relating to study of language
machination
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n. clever scheme or artful plot, usually crafted for evil purposes
matriculate
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v. enroll in college or graduate school
metamorphosis
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n. marked change in appearance, character, condition, or function; major transformation
misanthropic
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a. believing the worst of human nature and motives; hating mankind in general
moot
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a. open to argument or debate; subject to debate, dispute, or uncertainty, and typically not admitting of a final decision
mulatto
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n. an offspring of a black and a white parent
narcissism
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n. an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself
nihilism
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n. the delusion that things do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal; complete denial of all established authority and institutions
novel
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a. previously unknown; strikingly new, unusual, or different; young
obdurate
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a. hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; not giving in to persuasion
officious
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a. marked by excessive eagerness in offering unwanted services or advice to others
orthodoxy
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n. a belief or orientation agreeing with conventional standards; the quality of being orthodox, especially in religion
palpable
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a. tangible; easily perceptible; unmistakable
paradigm
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n. one that serves as a pattern or model; system of assumptions, concepts, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality
parody
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n. work or performance that imitates another work or performance with ridicule or irony; make fun of
patrician
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a. belong to noble origin; having high birth
pedagogy
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n. teaching; art of education; science of teaching
pejorative
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a. tending to make or become worse; disparaging or belittling
peremptory
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a. offensively self-assured; dictatorial; not allowing contradiction or refusal
periphery
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n. edge, especially of a round surface; surface of a solid; circumference
pivotal
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a. being of vital or central importance; crucial
plethora
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n. excess; over-fullness in any respect; superabundance
posterior
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a. later in time; later in the order of proceeding or moving; coming after; located behind
pragmatic
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a. practical as opposed to idealistic; concerned with the practical worth or impact of something
premise
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n. proposition upon which an argument is based; assumption; land and the buildings on it
promiscuous
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a. having casual sexual relations frequently with different partners; irregular, casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
ramification
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n. act or process of branching out or dividing into branches; subdivision or branch
recede
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v. move back; retreat; withdraw a claim or pretension
reiterate
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v. say, state, or perform again or repeatedly
renaissance
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n. revival; renewal; revival of learning and culture
saffron
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n. a moderate orange to orange yellow; a shade of yellow tinged with orange
samovar
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n. a metal urn with a spigot at the base; used in Russia to boil water for tea
sardonic
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a. disdainful or ironically humorous; cynical; scornful and mocking
seismic
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a. caused by earthquake or earth vibration; earthshaking
servile
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a. slavish; suitable to slave or servant; relating to servitude or forced labor
stagnation
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n. inactivity of liquids; without current or circulation
stigmatize
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v. accuse; condemn; mark as wicked
tantamount
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a. equivalent in effect or value
tenacious
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a. sticking together; stubbornly unyielding; holding together firmly
unctuous
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a. oily; composed of oil or fat; characterized by affected, exaggerated, or insincere earnestness
verisimilitude
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n. appearance of truth; probability; likelihood
vicarious
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a. acting as substitute; done by deputy; experienced at secondhand