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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (10)

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jail
jam
jar
jealous
jealousy
jelly
jeopardize
jerk
jettison
jewel
jewelry
jog
journal
journalism
journalist
judgement
juice
juicy
jumble
junction
jungle
junior
jury
justice
justifiable
justification
justify
juvenile
kangaroo
keen
kernel
kerosene
keyboard
kidnap
kidney
kindle
kingdom
kneel
knit
knob
knot
label
laborer
lace
lag
lamb
lame
landing
landscape
lane
lap
lapse
largely
lark
laser
lasting
latent
lateral
latitude
launch
laundry
lawn
lay
layer
layout
leadership
leading
leaflet
league
leak
lean
leap
lease
lecture
legal
legend
legendary
legislation
legitimate
leisure
lengthen
leopard
lever
levy
liability
liable
liberal
liberate
liberty
license
lick
lift
light
likelihood
likewise
limb
limestone
limousine
limp
line
linear
linen
liner
linger
linguistics
link
liquid
liquor
list
literacy
literal
literally
literary
literate
literature
litter
livelihood
lively
liver
livestock
load
loaf
loan
lobby
lobster
locality
locate
location
lock
locomotive
locust
lodge
lodging
lofty
log
logic
logical
longevity
longitude
loom
loop
loose
loosen
lose
lottery
lounge
low
loyal
lubricate
lumber
luminous
lump
lunar
luxurious
luxury


jail: Read
n. Syn. prison
(тюрьма) building for confinement of persons held in lawful custody

jam: Read
v.
(варенье) crush or bruise; get stuck; press tightly together

jar: Read
n. Syn. pitcher; vase
(JAR) pitcher; vase; small, cylindrical container for food, normally made of glass or clay

jealous: Read
a. Syn. zealous; solicitous; vigilant
(ревнивый) resentful or bitter in rivalry; envious

jealousy: Read
n. Syn. envy; covetousness
(ревность) envy; jealous attitude or disposition

jelly: Read
n.
(желе) substance having the consistency of semi-solid foods

jeopardize: Read
v. Syn. endanger; imperil
(угрозу) endanger; imperil; put at risk

jerk: Read
v.
(рывок) pull, or move with a sudden movement; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions

jettison: Read
v.
(выбрасывать) throw overboard; eject from boat, submarine, aircraft, or spaceship

jewel: Read
n. Syn. gemstone; gem
(драгоценности) gemstone; costly ornament of precious metal or gem

jewelry: Read
n.
(Ювелирные изделия) adornment made of precious metals, as a bracelet or ring or necklace

jog: Read
v. Syn. run
(поворотного) run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake to

journal: Read
n. Syn. magazine; periodical
(журнал) magazine; periodical; log; diary; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred

journalism: Read
n.
(Журналистика) profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media

journalist: Read
n.
(журналист) writer for newspapers and magazines

judgement: Read
n. Syn. decision; appraisal
(суждение) decision; appraisal

juice: Read
n. Syn. liquid
(сок) liquid; liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue

juicy: Read
a. Syn. succulent
(сочные) full of juice; lucrative; richly interesting

jumble: Read
n. Syn. mix
(беспорядок) assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture

junction: Read
n. Syn. connection; joint; intersection; crossing
(соединения) connection; joint; intersection; crossing

jungle: Read
n. Syn. jumble
(джунгли) land densely overgrown with tropical vegetation; dense, confused mass

junior: Read
a.
(младший) less advanced in age than another; younger; lower in standing or in rank

jury: Read
n.
(Жюри) committee appointed to judge a case

justice: Read
n.
(справедливость) quality of being just; practical conformity to human or divine law; equity; uprightness

justifiable: Read
a.
(оправданным) capable of being justified, or shown to be just

justification: Read
n.
(обоснование) good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

justify: Read
v. Syn. vindicate; defend
(оправдывают) adjust the spaces between words; show to be reasonable; explain, clear away

juvenile: Read
n. Syn. youth; young
(несовершеннолетних) youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developed

kangaroo: Read
n.
(кенгуру) animal that having large powerful hind legs and a long thick tail

keen: Read
a. Syn. acute; incisive
(острый) acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally

kernel: Read
n. Syn. nut; core
(ядро) central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn

kerosene: Read
n.
(керосин) flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters

keyboard: Read
n.
(клавиатура) device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer

kidnap: Read
v.
(похитить) take by force or fear, and against one's will; seize and detain unlawfully and usually for ransom

kidney: Read
n.
(почки) glandular organ which excretes urea and other waste products from the animal body

kindle: Read
v. Syn. inspire
(разжечь) build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspire

kingdom: Read
n. Syn. realm; domain; empire
(Великобритания) rank, quality, state, or attributes of a king; royal authority; sovereign power; rule; dominion; monarchy

kneel: Read
v.
(колени) bend the knee; fall or rest on the knees

knit: Read
v.
(вязать) contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining

knob: Read
n.
(ручка) hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lump

knot: Read
n.
(узел) fastening together of one or more threads, cords, ropes; lump or loop formed in thread; ornamental tie

label: Read
n.
(этикетки) paper affixed to anything by inscription; slip of ribbon, parchment; writing annexed by way of addition

laborer: Read
n. Syn. worker; toiler
(рабочий) worker; someone who works with their hands

lace: Read
n.
(кружева) delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyelets

lag: Read
v. Syn. delay; drag
(отставание) delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind

lamb: Read
n.
(баранина) the young of the sheep; simple, unsophisticated person

lame: Read
a.
(хромой) moving with pain or difficulty because of injury; disabled so that movement is difficult or impossible

landing: Read
n. Syn. touchdown
(посадки) touchdown; act of coming down to the earth

landscape: Read
n. Syn. scenery
(пейзаж) scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

lane: Read
n.
(переулок) passageway between fences which is not traveled as a highroad; narrow country road

lap: Read
v.
(круг) take in food or drink with one's tongue; splash gently

lapse: Read
n.
(промежуток) gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in duty

largely: Read
ad. Syn. mainly
(основном) in a large manner; for the most part; mainly

lark: Read
v.
(жаворонок) any of various small, singing passerine birds of the family Alaudidae; one who wakes early; one who is up with the larks

laser: Read
n.
(лазер) optical device that produces an intense monochromatic beam of coherent light

lasting: Read
a. Syn. enduring; durable
(прочного) continuing or remaining for a long time; enduring; durable

latent: Read
a. Syn. dormant; hidden
(скрытой) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lateral: Read
a. Syn. parallel; side
(боковой) coming from side; situated at or extending to the side

latitude: Read
n.
(широты) freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator

launch: Read
v. Syn. begin; originate; initiate
(запуск) begin; originate; initiate; send off; take off

laundry: Read
n. Syn. washing
(прачечная) washing; workplace where clothes are washed and ironed

lawn: Read
n. Syn. landscape; grassland; meadow
(газон) landscape; grassland, usually tended or mowed; meadow

lay: Read
v. Syn. deposit
(лежал) put into a certain place; cause to lie down; spread over a surface

layer: Read
n. Syn. tier; stratum
(слой) tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

layout: Read
n.
(макет) overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid out

leadership: Read
n. Syn. guidance; direction; authority
(руководство) guidance; direction; authority; position or office of a leader

leading: Read
a. Syn. main; principal
(ведущие) chief; principal; having a position in the lead; foremost

leaflet: Read
n.
(листовка) small leaf; leaf like organ or part

league: Read
n. Syn. association; union
(лига) association; union

leak: Read
v. Syn. seep; ooze
(утечки) escape fluid from container through a hole or crack; tell anonymously; reveal

lean: Read
v.
(постное) bend or slant away from the vertical; rely for assistance or support

leap: Read
n. Syn. jump; hop
(прыжок) jump; hop; place jumped over or from

lease: Read
n. Syn. rent; charter
(аренда) rent; charter; engage for service under a term of contract

lecture: Read
n.
(лекции) teaching by giving a discourse on some subject; speech that is open to the public

legal: Read
a.
(правовой) created by, permitted by law; according to the law of works

legend: Read
n.
(Легенда) explanatory list of symbols on a map; unverified story handed down from earlier times

legendary: Read
a. Syn. mythical; fabled
(легендарной) mythical; fabled; extremely well known; famous or renowned

legislation: Read
n. Syn. lawmaking
(законодательство) lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

legitimate: Read
a.
(законные) accordant with law; lawful; based on logical reasoning; reasonable

leisure: Read
n. Syn. convenience; vacancy
(Отдых) convenience; vacancy; freedom to choose a pastime or enjoyable activity

lengthen: Read
v. Syn. extend; elongate
(удлинить) extend; make or become longer

leopard: Read
n.
(Леопард) large feline of African and Asian forests usually having a tawny coat with black spots

lever: Read
n.
(рычаг) simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force

levy: Read
v. Syn. impose; collect
(Леви) impose fine or tax; collect payment

liability: Read
n.
(ответственности) something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible

liable: Read
v. Syn. responsible; answerable
(ответственность) bound or obliged in law or equity

liberal: Read
a. Syn. tolerant
(либеральные) open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

liberate: Read
v. Syn. free; discharge; release
(освободить) set free, as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control; discharge; release

liberty: Read
n. Syn. freedom
(свободы) state of free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another; freedom

license: Read
n. Syn. permission
(лицензии) official or legal permission to do or own a specified thing

lick: Read
v.
(лизать) draw or pass the tongue over; pass or lap quickly and rapidly; beat thoroughly in a competition or fight

lift: Read
v. Syn. hoist; elevate
(лифт) direct or carry from a lower to a higher position; raise; transport by air

light: Read
n.
(свет) brightness; something that admits illumination; source of fire; particular aspect of a situation

likelihood: Read
n.
(вероятности) possibility, strong probability; state of being probable

likewise: Read
ad. Syn. similarly
(также) similarly; as well; too

limb: Read
n. Syn. arm; leg
(конечностей) arm; leg; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree

limestone: Read
n.
(известняка) rock consisting chiefly of calcium carbonate or carbonate of lime

limousine: Read
n.
(Лимузин) any of various large passenger vehicles, especially a luxurious automobile; van or small bus on regular route

limp: Read
v.
(Limp) walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily

line: Read
n.
(линии) thin continuous mark, as that made by a pen, pencil, or brush applied to a surface; border or boundary

linear: Read
a.
(линейные) having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal

linen: Read
n.
(белье) fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant; thread made from fibers of the flax plant

liner: Read
n.
(лайнера) vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or plane

linger: Read
v. Syn. dawdle
(задерживаться) be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay

linguistics: Read
n.
(лингвистика) humanistic study of language and literature

link: Read
v.
(ссылка) be or become joined or united; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

liquid: Read
n. Syn. fluid; juice
(жидкость) fluid; juice; substance in fluid state

liquor: Read
n.
(ликер) any liquid, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice; alcoholic or spirituous fluid

list: Read
v. Syn. tilt
(список) lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize

literacy: Read
n.
(грамотности) reading and writing; ability to read and write

literal: Read
a.
(буквальном) according to the letter or verbal expression; exactly as stated

literally: Read
ad.
(буквально) with meaning; word for word; letter by letter

literary: Read
a.
(литературный) knowledgeable about literature; of or relating to or characteristic of literature

literate: Read
a. Syn. educated; schooled
(грамотные) educated; schooled; one who can read and write

literature: Read
n.
(литература) imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a literary writer

litter: Read
v.
(мусор) make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about

livelihood: Read
n. Syn. subsistence; sustenance
(средств к существованию) subsistence; financial means whereby one lives

lively: Read
a. Syn. busy; energetic; vigorous
(оживленной) busy; energetic; vigorous

liver: Read
n.
(печени) large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in upper right chest

livestock: Read
n.
(скота) any animals kept for use or profit

load: Read
n. Syn. burden; duty
(нагрузка) burden; something which is laid on or put in anything for conveyance; quantity which can be carried or drawn in some specified way

loaf: Read
n.
(каравай) any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread

loan: Read
n.
(кредита) give temporarily; temporary provision of money

lobby: Read
n. Syn. hall; room
(лобби) a group of people who try to influence legislation; hall; room; a large entrance or reception room or area

lobster: Read
n.
(омара) any large macrurous crustacean used as food

locality: Read
n. Syn. place; district
(местности) place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhood

locate: Read
v. Syn. find; monitor; settle
(найти) find; monitor; settle; determine or specify the position or limits o

location: Read
n. Syn. scene; site; spot
(местоположение) scene; site; place where something is or could be located

lock: Read
n.
(Блокировка) strand or cluster of hair; fastening together; a closing of one thing upon another; device operated by a key

locomotive: Read
n.
(локомотив) of or relating to locomotion; a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine

locust: Read
n.
(саранчи) any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory insects, of the family Acrididae

lodge: Read
n.
(домик) small house on the grounds of an estate or a park, used by a caretaker or gatekeeper

lodging: Read
n. Syn. accommodation
(жилье) accommodation; lodging

lofty: Read
a.
(высокие) high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism

log: Read
n. Syn. wood
(Журнал) record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities

logic: Read
n.
(Логика) reasoned and reasonable judgment; a system of reasoning

logical: Read
a. Syn. coherent; reasonable
(логические) reasonable; based on known statements or events or conditions

longevity: Read
n.
(долголетие) long life; great duration of life; long duration or continuance, as in an occupation

longitude: Read
n.
(долгота) an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles

loom: Read
v. Syn. appear; emerge
(ткацкий станок) appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form

loop: Read
v. Syn. circle; ring
(петли) circle; ring; move in loops; make a loop in; join with a loop

loose: Read
a. Syn. unstable; weak
(свободные) unbound; untied; not attached, fastened, fixed, or confined

loosen: Read
v.
(ослабить) make loose or looser; make less severe or strict

lose: Read
v.
(потерять) fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have; be deprived of; fail to win

lottery: Read
n.
(лотереи) scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes

lounge: Read
n.
(гостиная) public room with seating where people can wait; living room; lobby

low: Read
v. Syn. moo
(цены) utter sound made by cattle; make a low noise

loyal: Read
a.
(лояльных) steadfast in allegiance or duty; faithful to a person, ideal, custom, cause, or duty

lubricate: Read
v.
(смазать) make smooth or slippery

lumber: Read
v.
(пиломатериалы) move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of

luminous: Read
a. Syn. shining
(световой) shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light

lump: Read
n.
(единовременной) a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugar

lunar: Read
a.
(лунный) pertaining to the moon; affecting the moon

luxurious: Read
a. Syn. sumptuous; lavish
(роскошный) rich and superior in quality; lavish

luxury: Read
n. Syn. opulence; extravagance
(люкс) something that is an indulgence rather than necessity; excessively expensive