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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (8)

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habit
haggard
haggle
hail
hairy
hallmark
halt
ham
hamburger
hamper
handbook
handful
handicap
handle
handsome
handy
hang
hanger
haphazard
harbor
harden
hardware
hardy
harmful
harmless
harmonious
harmony
harness
harsh
harvest
haste
hasten
hasty
hatch
haughty
haul
haunt
hawk
hay
hazard
heading
headlong
heal
heap
hearing
heave
heaven
hedge
hedgehog
heed
heel
heighten
heir
heiress
helicopter
hell
helmet
helpful
helpless
hemisphere
hence
henceforth
herald
herb
herd
hesitant
hesitate
hide
hideous
hijack
hike
hinder
hindrance
hinge
hint
hinterland
hiss
historian
historic
hitchhike
hitherto
hoarse
hobby
hoe
hoist
hold
hollow
homely
homesick
hook
hop
horizon
horizontal
horn
horrible
horror
hose
hospitable
hospitality
host
hostage
hostile
hound
house
hover
howl
hug
hull
hum
humane
humanitarian
humanity
humble
humid
humidity
humiliate
humorous
hunger
hurl
husband
hush
hustle
hydrogen
hygiene
hymn
hypocrisy
hypothesis
hypothetical
hysteria


habit: Read
n.
(привычке) established disposition of the mind or character; distinctive dress, especially of a religious order

haggard: Read
a.
(Haggard) wasted away; showing wearing effects of overwork or suffering

haggle: Read
v. Syn. bargain
(торговаться) argue about prices; bargain, as over the price of something

hail: Read
n.
(града) call for; salute; greet; praise vociferously

hairy: Read
a.
(волосатый) bearing or covered with hair; made of or resembling hair; rough with hair

hallmark: Read
n. Syn. sign
(Hallmark) sign; feature; mark indicating quality or excellence

halt: Read
v. Syn. stop; pause
(остановить) stop; stand in doubt; hesitate

ham: Read
n.
(Ветчина) meat cut from the thigh of a hog, usually smoked

hamburger: Read
n.
(гамбургер) a fried bread of minced beef served on a bun

hamper: Read
v. Syn. obstruct
(препятствовать) put at disadvantage; prevent progress or free movement of

handbook: Read
n.
(Руководство) concise reference book providing specific information

handful: Read
n.
(горстка) a small number

handicap: Read
n. Syn. disadvantage
(Фора) disadvantage; physical disability; cripple; hinder; impede

handle: Read
v.
(ручка) touch; feel with the hand; use or hold with the hand; manage in using; deal with

handsome: Read
a.
(красивый) skillful; handy; agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance; attractive

handy: Read
a. Syn. convenient; close
(удобный) convenient; close

hang: Read
v.
(повесить) suspend; fasten to some elevated point without support from below; hold for support

hanger: Read
n.
(вешалки) one who hangs, or causes to be hanged; loop or strap by which something is hung

haphazard: Read
a. Syn. random
(случайно) not thorough, constant or consistent; by chance

harbor: Read
v. Syn. hide
(гавани) provide a refuge for; hide; give shelter to

harden: Read
v.
(затвердеть) become hard or harder

hardware: Read
n.
(Аппаратное обеспечение) mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system

hardy: Read
a. Syn. robust; healthy
(Харди) in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditions

harmful: Read
a. Syn. damaging; noxious; detrimental; dangerous
(вредных) damaging; noxious; detrimental; dangerous

harmless: Read
a. Syn. innocuous
(безвредны) unlikely to harm or disturb anyone

harmonious: Read
a. Syn. concordant; accordant
(гармоничное) concordant; accordant; suitable and fitting

harmony: Read
n. Syn. compatibility
(гармония) compatibility in opinion and action; an agreeable sound property

harness: Read
n. Syn. utilize
(использовать) stable gear consisting of an arrangement to an animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart

harsh: Read
a. Syn. rough; coarse; acid
(суровых) rough; coarse; severe; unpleasantly stern

harvest: Read
v. Syn. gather; reap
(урожай) gather; yield from plants in a single growing season

haste: Read
n. Syn. hurry
(спешке) hurry; rapidity of action or motion

hasten: Read
v. Syn. accelerate; quicken
(спешить) accelerate; quicken

hasty: Read
a. Syn. fast; impetuous
(поспешных) easily angered; irritable; made too quickly to be accurate or wise

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
(люк) breed; emerge from the egg

haughty: Read
a.
(надменный) high; lofty; bold; arrogant; overbearing

haul: Read
v. Syn. transport; drag
(магистральных) draw slowly or heavily; pull or drag forcibly; shift direction

haunt: Read
v. Syn. torment; bother; disturb
(преследовать) be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; bother; disturb

hawk: Read
n.
(ястреб) bird of prey typically having short rounded wings and a long tail

hay: Read
n.
(сено) grass or other plants, cut and dried for fodder

hazard: Read
n. Syn. danger; risk
(опасности) danger; risk

heading: Read
n.
(заголовок) course or direction in which a ship or aircraft is moving; title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top or beginning

headlong: Read
a.
(головой) uncontrollably forceful or fast; done with head leading; headfirst

heal: Read
v. Syn. cure
(исцелить) cure; make or get healthy again

heap: Read
n.
(куча) crowd or throng; a great number of persons; pile or mass

hearing: Read
n.
(слушания) opportunity to be heard; capacity to hear; judicial investigation of a suit at law

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(бросать) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

heaven: Read
n.
(небо) expanse of space surrounding the earth; sky; place where the sun, moon, and stars appear

hedge: Read
n.
(хедж) thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes

hedgehog: Read
n.
(еж) small European insectivore, and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines

heed: Read
v. Syn. consider
(внимания) pay attention to; listen to and consider

heel: Read
n.
(пятки) back part of the human foot; lower end of a ship's mast

heighten: Read
v. Syn. enhance; hoist; boost
(повысить) enhance; hoist; raise or increase the quantity or degree of; intensify

heir: Read
n. Syn. descendent; offspring
(наследник) person who inherits some title or office

heiress: Read
n.
(наследница) woman who is an heir, especially to great wealth

helicopter: Read
n.
(вертолет) aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades

hell: Read
n.
(ад) place of the dead, or of souls after death where sinners suffer eternal punishment; any place of pain and turmoil

helmet: Read
n.
(шлем) defensive covering for head; hat, made of cork, felt, or metal, worn as uniform of soldiers, firemen

helpful: Read
a. Syn. useful; beneficial
(полезно) giving aid; assistant; useful; salutary

helpless: Read
a. Syn. unable; powerless; weak
(беспомощным) unable to help oneself; powerless or incompetent; powerless; weak

hemisphere: Read
n. Syn. halves; sides
(полушария) halves; half of a sphere bounded by a great circle

hence: Read
ad.
(следовательно,) from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction

henceforth: Read
ad.
(дальнейшем) from this time forward; henceforward

herald: Read
n. Syn. announce; proclaim
(Вестник) proclaim; announces important news; messenger

herb: Read
n.
(трава) plant lacking a permanent woody stem, some having medicinal properties

herd: Read
n. Syn. flock; crowd
(стадо) flock; crowd; group of cattle or other domestic animals

hesitant: Read
a. Syn. reluctant; irresolute
(решаются) reluctant, irresolute; tending to wait, or proceed with caution or reservation

hesitate: Read
v. Syn. vacillate; fluctuate
(стесняйтесь) pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness

hide: Read
v.
(Скрыть) prevent from being seen or discovered

hideous: Read
a. Syn. despicable
(отвратительное) frightful, shocking, or offensive to the eyes; offensive to moral sensibilities; despicable

hijack: Read
v.
(захватить) stop and rob a vehicle in transit; seize control of by use of force

hike: Read
v. Syn. travel; walk
(поход) long walk usually for exercise or pleasure

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(препятствовать) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hindrance: Read
n. Syn. block; obstacle
(помеха) something that holds back or causes problems with something else; obstacle

hinge: Read
n.
(шарнир) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

hint: Read
n. Syn. allusion; clue
(намек) allusion; clue; brief or indirect suggestion

hinterland: Read
n. Syn. region; inland
(тыл) region; remote and undeveloped area

hiss: Read
n.
(шипение) prolonged sound like that letter s, made by forcing out the breath between the tongue and teeth

historian: Read
n.
(историк) one who is an authority on history

historic: Read
a.
(историческое) having importance or significance in history; belonging to the past; historical

hitchhike: Read
v.
(автостопом) travel by getting free rides from passing vehicles; be carried along with something else

hitherto: Read
ad.
(ранее) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

hoarse: Read
a.
(хриплым) having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or sound

hobby: Read
n.
(хобби) auxiliary activity; activity or interest pursued outside one's regular occupation

hoe: Read
v.
(мотыгой) weed, cultivate, or dig up with a tool, which has flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle

hoist: Read
v.
(подъемник) raise; lift; elevate; raise to one's mouth in order to drink

hold: Read
v.
(удерживайте) keep from departing; take and maintain control over; stop dealing with

hollow: Read
a. Syn. empty
(полых) sound as if echoing in a empty space; void; vain; not solid; having a space or gap or cavity

homely: Read
a.
(домашняя) of home; domestic; familiar; intimate; plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished

homesick: Read
a.
(тосковать) unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or persons

hook: Read
n.
(крюк) a piece of metal, or other hard material, bent into curve or at angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything

hop: Read
v.
(хопа) move by successive leaps, as toads do; spring or jump on one foot

horizon: Read
n. Syn. range; limit
(горизонт) line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet; range of one's knowledge, experience, or interest

horizontal: Read
a. Syn. flat; level
(горизонтальной) flat; level; parallel to or in a base line

horn: Read
n.
(рога) one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates

horrible: Read
a. Syn. dreadful; terrible; shocking
(что попало) exciting, or tending to horror or fear; hideous

horror: Read
n. Syn. terror; fear
(ужас) terror; fear; intense dislike

hose: Read
n.
(шланг) a flexible pipe for conveying a liquid or gas

hospitable: Read
a. Syn. generous; receptive
(гостеприимный) disposed to treat guests with warmth and generosity; receptive

hospitality: Read
n.
(гостеприимство) act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward

host: Read
n.
(хост) great number; person entertaining guests

hostage: Read
n.
(заложники) prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms

hostile: Read
a. Syn. unfriendly; antagonistic
(враждебных) unfriendly; showing the disposition of an enemy

hound: Read
n.
(собака) a variety of domestic dog, having large, drooping ears; side bar used to strengthen portions of gear of a vehicle

house: Read
v.
(дом) provide living quarters for; lodge; contain; harbor

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(наведении) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

howl: Read
v.
(вой) utter a loud, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and wolves often do; utter a sound expressive of distress; cry aloud and mournfully

hug: Read
v.
(обнять) crowd together; keep close to; tight or amorous embrace

hull: Read
n.
(корпуса) outer covering of anything, particularly of a nut or of grain; outer skin of a kernel; husk

hum: Read
n.
(гул) low, prolonged sound; humming noise; singing with shut mouth

humane: Read
a.
(гуманного) marked by kindness, mercy, or compassion

humanitarian: Read
n. Syn. philanthropic
(гуманитарного) philanthropic; one devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms

humanity: Read
n. Syn. kindness; virtue
(человечества) kindness; virtue; all of the inhabitants of the earth

humble: Read
a. Syn. meek; submissive; modest
(скромным) low or inferior in station or quality; modest

humid: Read
a. Syn. damp; wet
(влажный) containing a high amount of water or water vapor

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(влажность) dampness; moisture

humiliate: Read
v. Syn. embarrass; shame
(унизить) cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

humorous: Read
a. Syn. witty; funny; amusing
(юмористические) employing or showing humor; funny; amusing

hunger: Read
n.
(голод) strong desire for something; feel the need to eat

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(бросать) throw with great force; cast; toss

husband: Read
v. Syn. conserve; save
(муж) use economically; conserve; save

hush: Read
v.
(тишина) make silent or quiet; keep from public knowledge; suppress mention of

hustle: Read
v. Syn. bustle
(шума) bustle; cause to move furtively and hurriedly

hydrogen: Read
n.
(водорода) a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas

hygiene: Read
n. Syn. cleanliness; sanitation
(гигиены) cleanliness; sanitation

hymn: Read
n.
(Гимн) song of praise or adoration, especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric

hypocrisy: Read
n.
(лицемерие) practice of professing beliefs, feelings, or virtues that one does not hold; falseness; expression of agreement that is not supported by real conviction

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(гипотезы) assumption; theory

hypothetical: Read
a. Syn. supposed; theoretical
(гипотетической) based on assumptions; supposed

hysteria: Read
n.
(истерия) behavior exhibiting excessive or uncontrollable emotion, such as fear or panic; mental disorder