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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (3)

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cab
cabin
cabinet
cable
cafe
cafeteria
calculate
calculation
calendar
calm
calorie
campaign
campus
canal
canary
cancel
cancellation
candid
candidate
cane
cannon
canon
canteen
canvas
canvass
capability
capable
capacity
cape
capital
caption
captive
capture
card
cardinal
career
careful
careless
cargo
carol
carpenter
carrier
carrot
carry
cart
carton
cartoon
carve
carving
cash
cashier
cassette
cast
casual
casualty
catalyst
catastrophe
catch
category
cater
cathedral
catholic
cause
caution
cautious
cavalry
cavern
cavity
cease
celebrate
cell
cellar
cement
cemetery
censor
centigrade
cereal
ceremonial
ceremony
certainty
certificate
certify
chalk
challenge
chamber
champion
championship
channel
chaos
chap
chapter
character
characteristic
characterize
charcoal
charge
charity
charm
chart
charter
chase
chat
check
cheer
cheque
cherish
chew
chief
chill
chilly
chin
chip
choke
chop
chorus
circle
circuit
circular
circulate
circulation
circumference
circumstance
circus
cite
citizenship
civil
civilization
claim
clamp
clap
clarification
clarify
clash
clasp
classic
classical
classification
classify
clause
clay
clear
clearance
clench
client
clientele
climate
climax
cling
clinic
clip
clockwise
closet
clue
clumsy
cluster
clutch
coach
coarse
code
codify
coherence
coherent
cohesion
cohesive
coil
coin
coinage
coincide
coincidence
coincident
collaborate
collaboration
collapse
colleague
collective
collide
collision
colonel
colonial
colony
column
combat
combination
combine
comedy
comic
commander
commandment
commemorate
commence
commend
comment
commerce
commercial
commission
commit
commitment
committee
commodity
commonplace
commonsense
communicate
communication
community
compact
companion
company
comparable
comparative
comparatively
compare
compass
compatible
compel
compensate
compensation
compete
competent
competition
competitive
competitiveness
competitor
compile
complain
complaint
complement
complex
complexity
compliance
complicated
compliment
complimentary
comply
component
compose
composite
composition
compound
comprehend
comprehension
comprehensive
compress
compression
comprise
compromise
compulsory
computation
compute
conceal
concede
conceit
conceited
conceive
concentrate
concept
conception
concern
concert
concerted
concession
concise
conclude
conclusive
concrete
concurrent
condemn
condemnation
condensation
condense
condenser
condition
conduct
conductor
cone
confer
conference
confess
confession
confide
confidence
confident
confidential
confine
confinement
confirm
confirmation
conflict
conform
conformity
confront
confrontation
confuse
confusion
congestion
congratulation
congress
congressman
conjunction
connect
connection
conquer
conquest
conscience
conscientious
conscious
consciousness
consecutive
consent
consequence
consequently
conservation
conservative
considerable
considerably
considerate
consideration
consign
consist
consistency
consistent
console
consolidate
consonant
conspicuous
conspiracy
constant
constantly
constituent
constitute
constitution
constraint
construct
construction
consult
consultant
consume
consumer
consumption
contact
contain
container
contemplate
contemplation
contemporary
contempt
contemptuous
content
contest
context
continent
continental
contingency
contract
contradict
contradiction
contrary
contrast
contribute
contribution
controversial
controversy
convenience
convenient
convention
conventional
conversant
conversation
converse
conversely
conversion
convert
convey
conveyance
convict
conviction
convince
convinced
cooperate
cooperation
cooperative
coordinate
coordination
cordial
core
cork
corn
corner
corporate
corporation
correlate
correlation
correspond
correspondence
correspondent
corresponding
corrode
corrosion
corrupt
corruption
cosmic
cosmopolitan
cosmos
couch
counsel
countenance
counter
countermand
counterpart
countless
couple
court
courteous
courtesy
cover
coverage
coward
crab
crack
cradle
craft
crash
crate
crave
crawl
crazy
create
creation
credit
creek
creep
crew
cricket
criminal
crimson
cripple
crisis
crisp
critical
crook
crooked
crop
crossing
crouch
crown
crude
cruise
crumb
crumble
crush
crust
crystal
cube
cubic
cubism
cucumber
cultivate
cultivation
culture
cunning
cupboard
curb
cure
curiosity
curious
curl
currency
current
currently
curse
curtail
curve
cushion
custody
custom
customary
customer
customs
cycle


cab: Read
n. Syn. taxi; taxicab
(кабины) taxi; one-horse vehicle for public hire

cabin: Read
n. Syn. cottage
(кабины) small room on a ship or boat where people sleep

cabinet: Read
n.
(кабинет) group of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister; hut; cottage; small house; small room; closet

cable: Read
n.
(Кабель) very strong thick rope made of twisted steel or metal wire

cafe: Read
n.
(кафе) coffee house; restaurant where coffee and liquors are served

cafeteria: Read
n.
(Кафе) restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier

calculate: Read
v. Syn. compute; determine; estimate
(расчет) compute; determine; estimate

calculation: Read
n.
(расчет) planning something carefully and intentionally

calendar: Read
n.
(календарь) orderly arrangement as years, months, weeks, and days; a table showing months, weeks, and days

calm: Read
a. Syn. placid; quiet; tranquil
(спокойствие) freedom from motion, agitation, or disturbance; tranquility; stillness; quiet; serenity

calorie: Read
n.
(калории) unit of heat; unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1 degree

campaign: Read
n. Syn. drive; battle
(кампании) battle ;a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end

campus: Read
n.
(кампуса) field where the buildings of a university are situated

canal: Read
n. Syn. tube
(Канал) artificial channel filled with water; tube or duct

canary: Read
n.
(канарейки) pale yellowish color; wine made in the Canary Islands; canary bird; quick and lively dance

cancel: Read
v. Syn. revoke
(Отмена) revoke; call off; omit or delete

cancellation: Read
n.
(отмены) act of cancelling; calling off some arrangement

candid: Read
a. Syn. straightforward; frank
(откровенные) straightforward; frank; free from prejudice; impartial

candidate: Read
n.
(кандидатов) person who is considered for something; person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honor

cane: Read
n. Syn. stick
(тростник) any plant with long, hard, elastic stems; walking stick

cannon: Read
n.
(пушка) great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force; loop at the top of a bell by which it is hung

canon: Read
n.
(Canon) law or rule; decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works

canteen: Read
n.
(столовая) vessel used by soldiers for carrying water, liquor, or other drink; snack bar or small cafeteria, as on a military installation

canvas: Read
n.
(холст) heavy closely woven fabric; background against which events unfold, as in a historical narrative

canvass: Read
v.
(полотно) determine votes; examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize

capability: Read
n. Syn. capacity; skill
(возможности) quality of being capable; capacity; skill

capable: Read
a. Syn. competent
(способны) having the ability required for a specific task

capacity: Read
n. Syn. volume; ability; capability
(потенциала) mental or physical ability; ability to accommodate

cape: Read
n.
(мыс) piece or point of land, extending beyond the adjacent coast into the sea or a lake; sleeveless outer garment

capital: Read
n.
(капитала) wealth in form of money or property; assets available for use; city that is the official seat of government

caption: Read
n. Syn. title
(заголовок) title; chapter heading; text under illustration

captive: Read
n.
(плен) prisoner taken by force; one kept in power of another; one charmed or subdued by beauty, excellence, or affection

capture: Read
n.
(захват) act of seizing by force, or getting possession of by superior power; thing taken by force, surprise, or stratagem

card: Read
n.
(карты) flat, rectangular piece of stiff paper, cardboard, or plastic; business card; credit card

cardinal: Read
a. Syn. chief
(Кардинал) chief; serving as an essential component

career: Read
n. Syn. vocation; occupation
(карьера) profession or occupation; individual’s work and life roles over their lifespan

careful: Read
a. Syn. deliberate; cautious
(тщательный) full of care; anxious; solicitous; taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious

careless: Read
a. Syn. negligent; heedless
(небрежного) negligent; taking insufficient care

cargo: Read
n. Syn. shipload; freight
(грузов) freight carried by a ship, an aircraft, or another vehicle

carol: Read
n.
(Кэрол) round dance; a song of joy; song of praise or joy, especially for Christmas

carpenter: Read
n.
(плотник) skilled worker who makes, finishes, and repairs wooden objects and structures

carrier: Read
n. Syn. messenger
(носителей) one that carries or conveys; messenger

carrot: Read
n.
(морковь) root of cultivated varieties of the plant, usually spindle-shaped, and of a reddish yellow color

carry: Read
v.
(выполнять) convey or transport in any manner from one place to another; hold or support while moving; bear

cart: Read
n.
(корзина) common name for various kinds of vehicles; two-wheeled vehicle; light business wagon

carton: Read
n.
(коробки) pasteboard for paper boxes; pasteboard box

cartoon: Read
n.
(мультфильм) design or study drawn of full size to serve as a model for transferring or copying; drawing depicting a humorous situation

carve: Read
v. Syn. cut; sculpt
(вырезать) cut; sculpt

carving: Read
n.
(резьба) cutting away parts to create a desired shape

cash: Read
n.
(денежных) money paid at the time of purchase; money in the form of bills or coins; currency

cashier: Read
n.
(Кассир) one who has charge of money; cash keeper

cassette: Read
n.
(кассеты) container that holds a magnetic tape used for recording or playing sound or video

cast: Read
v.
(Состав) assign the roles of; choose at random

casual: Read
a. Syn. informal; purposeless; unplanned
(повседневная) informal; purposeless; occurring by chance

casualty: Read
n.
(авария) serious or fatal accident; someone injured or killed in an accident

catalyst: Read
n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
(катализатора) agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged

catastrophe: Read
n. Syn. calamity; disaster
(катастрофы) calamity; disaster; state of extreme ruin and misfortune

catch: Read
v.
(поймать) capture or seize, especially after a chase; take by or as if by trapping; reach just in time

category: Read
n. Syn. group
(Категория) group; class; collection of things sharing a common attribute

cater: Read
v.
(удовлетворить) supply what is needed or desired; provide food professionally for special occasion

cathedral: Read
n. Syn. church; temple
(собор) church; temple

catholic: Read
a. Syn. universal
(католической) broadly sympathetic; universal; related to Roman Catholic Church

cause: Read
n.
(причины) something produces a result; basis for an action or response; a reason

caution: Read
n. Syn. care
(осторожность) care; being attentive to possible danger

cautious: Read
a. Syn. conservative; careful
(осторожны) conservative; careful

cavalry: Read
n.
(кавалерии) part of military force which serves on horseback

cavern: Read
n. Syn. cave
(пещеры) cave; large underground chamber, as in a cave

cavity: Read
n. Syn. hole; cavern
(полости) hole; cavern; hollow area within the body

cease: Read
v. Syn. stop; terminate
(прекратить) stop; terminate; put an end to; discontinue

celebrate: Read
v. Syn. praise
(отпраздновать) praise; assign great social importance to

cell: Read
n.
(ячейка) any small compartment

cellar: Read
n.
(подвал) room or rooms under a building, and usually below the surface of the ground

cement: Read
n.
(цемент) any substances used for making bodies adhere to each other; bond of union; concrete pavement

cemetery: Read
n. Syn. graveyard
(кладбище) place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; graveyard

censor: Read
n.
(цензуры) overseer of morals; official responsible for removal of objectionable or sensitive content

centigrade: Read
a.
(стоградусных) measure of temperature, used widely in Europe

cereal: Read
n.
(зерновых) grass such as wheat, oats, or corn, the starchy grains of which are used as food.

ceremonial: Read
n. Syn. ritual; ceremony
(Торжественное) ritual; ceremony or rite

ceremony: Read
n. Syn. ritual; rite
(Церемония) formal act or set of acts performed as prescribed by ritual or custom

certainty: Read
n. Syn. clearness
(уверенности) quality or condition of being certain; fact or truth unquestionable established; clearness

certificate: Read
n.
(сертификат) document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; document issued to a person completing a course

certify: Read
v.
(сертификации) give certain information to; assure; make certain

chalk: Read
n.
(мел) soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, used as a drawing implement

challenge: Read
v.
(задача) assert a right; raise a formal objection; take exception to

chamber: Read
n. Syn. cell; compartment; room
(камеры) cell; compartment; room

champion: Read
v.
(чемпион) protect or fight for as first place

championship: Read
n.
(Чемпионат мира) status of being a champion; position or title of a winner

channel: Read
n.
(канала) passage for water or other fluids to flow through; bed of a stream or river; route of communication or access

chaos: Read
n. Syn. disorder
(хаос) disorder; condition or place of great disorder or confusion; disorderly mass

chap: Read
n.
(глава) crack, as in earth surface; splitting of skin, caused by cold or exposure; one of the jaws or cheeks; man or boy

chapter: Read
n.
(главы) division of a book or treatise; assembly of monks; bishop's council; organized branch of some society

character: Read
n. Syn. part; nature; personality
(характер) part; nature; description of a person's attributes, traits, or abilities

characteristic: Read
n. Syn. quality;
(характеристика) feature that helps to identify, tell apart, or describe recognizably; a distinguishing mark or trait

characterize: Read
v. Syn. distinguish
(характеризуют) distinguish; be characteristic of; be a distinctive trait or mark of

charcoal: Read
n.
(уголь) a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a very dark gray color

charge: Read
v.
(заряд) set or ask for a certain price; load to capacity; fill; instruct or urge authoritatively; command

charity: Read
n.
(благотворительность) activity or gift that benefits the public at large

charm: Read
n.
(шарм) power or quality of pleasing or delighting; attractiveness; item worn for its supposed magical benefit

chart: Read
n. Syn. graph; diagram
(карта) graph; diagram; map showing coastlines, water depths, or other information of use to navigators

charter: Read
v. Syn. license; authorize
(Устав) license; authorize; hold under a lease or rental agreement of goods and services

chase: Read
v.
(Чейз) pursue for the purpose of killing or taking; hunt; follow as if to catch

chat: Read
n. Syn. talk
(чат) talk without exchanging too much information; informal conversation

check: Read
v. Syn. control; suppress; restrict
(проверить) stop motion; curb or restrain

cheer: Read
n.
(подбодрить) lightness of spirits or mood; source of joy or happiness; festive food and drink; refreshment

cheque: Read
n.
(проверить) written order directing a bank to pay money

cherish: Read
v. Syn. harbor; treasure; value
(лелеять) harbor; treasure; treat with affection and tenderness; hold dear

chew: Read
v.
(жевать) bite and grind with the teeth

chief: Read
a. Syn. principal
(главный) highest in office or rank; principal; head

chill: Read
a. Syn. cool
(холод) cool; freeze

chilly: Read
a. Syn. cold
(холодно) cold

chin: Read
n.
(подбородок) central forward portion of the lower jaw; bottom of face

chip: Read
v.
(чип) cut small pieces from; diminish or reduce to shape; break or crack

choke: Read
v. Syn. asphyxiate; suffocate
(дроссель) breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; reduce the air supply

chop: Read
v. Syn. cut; hew
(рубить) hew; cut by striking with a heavy sharp tool, such as an ax

chorus: Read
n.
(хор) any utterance produced simultaneously by a group

circle: Read
n. Syn. group; society
(круг) round; something shaped like such a ring; group of people sharing an interest, activity, or achievement

circuit: Read
n.
(цепи) electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow

circular: Read
a. Syn. round
(циркулярные) round; shaped like or nearly like a circle

circulate: Read
v.
(распространяет) move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point

circulation: Read
n.
(обращения) spread or transmission of something to a wider group or area

circumference: Read
n. Syn. perimeter; periphery
(окружности) boundary line of a circle, figure, area, or object

circumstance: Read
n. Syn. situation; condition
(обстоятельство) situation; condition; detail accompanying or surrounding an event

circus: Read
n.
(Цирк) public entertainment of performances by acrobats, clowns, and trained animals

cite: Read
v. Syn. quote
(цитировать) quote; adduce as an instance

citizenship: Read
n.
(гражданства) status of a citizen with rights and duties

civil: Read
a. Syn. civic
(гражданского) having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite

civilization: Read
n. Syn. culture
(цивилизации) culture

claim: Read
n.
(претензии) demand for something as rightful or due

clamp: Read
n.
(зажим) any of various devices used to join, grip, support, or compress mechanical or structural parts

clap: Read
v. Syn. applaud; slap
(хлопок) applaud; slap; strike together with a sharp sound, as one hard surface on another

clarification: Read
n.
(разъяснения) process of making things clearer or easier to understand

clarify: Read
v. Syn. illuminate; elucidate
(уточнить) make clear and comprehensible; elucidate

clash: Read
v.
(столкновение) make noise by striking against something; dash noisily together; meet in opposition

clasp: Read
n.
(застежка) fastening device; firm grip

classic: Read
n.
(классические) work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; creation of the highest excellence

classical: Read
a.
(Классическая) standard and authoritative rather than new or experimental; relating to the ancient Greeks and Romans, especially art, architecture, and literature

classification: Read
n.
(классификации) assigning to a class or category

classify: Read
v.
(классификации) declare unavailable, as for security reasons; arrange or order by classes or categories

clause: Read
n. Syn. sentence; phrase
(предложение) sentence; phrase; distinct article, stipulation, or provision in a document

clay: Read
n.
(глины) very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired

clear: Read
ad.
(Очистить) out of the way; completely away

clearance: Read
n.
(оформление) act of clearing; space cleared; permission to proceed or trust

clench: Read
v. Syn. grasp
(стиснуть) close tightly; grasp or grip tightly; fasten with a clinch

client: Read
n.
(клиента) someone who pays to get goods or services

clientele: Read
n.
(клиентов) clients of professional person; body of customers or patrons

climate: Read
n. Syn. atmosphere; environment
(Климат) weather condition; atmosphere; environment

climax: Read
n.
(кульминации) upward movement; steady increase; the highest point; the greatest degree

cling: Read
v. Syn. stick
(цепляться) hold fast or adhere to something; stick together and resist separation; remain emotionally

clinic: Read
n. Syn. dispensary; infirmary
(клиника) healthcare facility for outpatient care

clip: Read
n.
(клип) small section of filmed or filed material

clockwise: Read
ad.
(часовой) in the direction that the hands of a clock move

closet: Read
n.
(шкаф) small room or apartment; room for privacy

clue: Read
n.
(ключ) a ball of thread or cord; thread; something guides or directs anything of a doubtful or intricate nature

clumsy: Read
a. Syn. awkward; inept
(неуклюжие) awkward; showing lack of skill or aptitude

cluster: Read
n. Syn. flowers; curls; group; bunch
(кластера) group; bunch; group of the same or similar elements gathered or occurring closely

clutch: Read
v. Syn. grasp
(сцепления) grasp and hold tightly; attempt to grasp or seize

coach: Read
n. Syn. tutor; teacher
(тренер) tutor; teacher; a vehicle carrying many passengers

coarse: Read
a. Syn. rough; harsh
(грубых) rough; harsh; of low, common, or inferior quality

code: Read
n.
(Код) body of law; system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; system of symbols, letters, or words

codify: Read
v. Syn. classify
(кодифицировать) arrange laws, rules as a code; classify; arrange or systematize

coherence: Read
n.
(согласованность) logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; state of cohering or sticking together

coherent: Read
a. Syn. adhesive; cohesive
(когерентного) adhesive; cohesive; sticking together ; logical; sound; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

cohesion: Read
n. Syn. unity; solidarity
(сплоченности) tendency to keep together

cohesive: Read
a.
(сплоченной) cohering or tending to cohere; well integrated

coil: Read
n. Syn. ring; roll
(катушки) a series of connected spirals or concentric rings formed by gathering or winding; spiral pipe or series of spiral pipes

coin: Read
v. Syn. create; invent
(монета) make pieces of money from metal; invent or fabricate

coinage: Read
n.
(монеты) coins collectively

coincide: Read
v. Syn. correspond
(совпадают) occur at the same time as; correspond

coincidence: Read
n.
(совпадение) two or more things occurring at the same time by chance

coincident: Read
a.
(совпадают) concerning; simultaneous

collaborate: Read
v. Syn. cooperate
(сотрудничать) work together, especially in a joint intellectual effort

collaboration: Read
n.
(сотрудничество) act of working together; act of cooperating with an enemy, especially it occupying one's own country

collapse: Read
v.
(свернуть) breakdown; failure

colleague: Read
n. Syn. associate
(коллега) fellow worker; associate; co-worker

collective: Read
a. Syn. common
(Коллектив) common; assembled into or viewed as a whole

collide: Read
v.
(сталкиваются) bump; hit; conflict

collision: Read
n. Syn. crash; impact
(столкновения) crash; conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals

colonel: Read
n.
(Полковник) a commissioned military officer

colonial: Read
a.
(колониального) of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colony

colony: Read
n. Syn. group; community
(колонии) region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency; a community of social insects, as ants, bees

column: Read
n.
(колонна) pillar; cylindrical or polygonal support for roof; anything resembling, in form or position; upright body or mass

combat: Read
v. Syn. fight
(борьбе) struggle as with an opposing force; fight with

combination: Read
n. Syn. blend; union
(Сочетание) blend; union

combine: Read
v. Syn. blend; fuse; merge
(объединить) blend; fuse; merge

comedy: Read
n.
(комедия) light and humorous drama with a happy ending

comic: Read
a. Syn. funny; ridiculous
(комические) arousing or provoking laughter; ridiculous; amusing; humorous

commander: Read
n. Syn. chief; leader
(командира) chief; leader

commandment: Read
n.
(заповедь) order or injunction given by authority; command; charge; act of commanding; exercise of authority

commemorate: Read
v. Syn. remember; memorialize
(память) serve as a memorial to; honor the memory of with a ceremony

commence: Read
v. Syn. originate; start; begin
(начать) have a beginning or origin; originate; start; begin

commend: Read
v.
(воздать) commit, entrust, or give in charge for care or preservation; recommend as worthy of confidence or regard

comment: Read
v. Syn. remark; judgment
(комментарии) express an opinion; remark

commerce: Read
n. Syn. trade; business
(Торговля) trade; business; intellectual exchange or social interaction

commercial: Read
a.
(Реклама на сайте) money-making; involved in work that is intended for the mass market

commission: Read
n.
(Комиссия) fee for services; group of people appointed to find out about something; authorize

commit: Read
v.
(совершения) do something that cannot be changed; cause to be admitted

commitment: Read
n.
(обязательства) pledge, undertaking; act of binding yourself to a course of action

committee: Read
n.
(комитет) special group delegated to consider some matter

commodity: Read
n. Syn. goods
(товара) goods; article of trade; advantage; benefit.

commonplace: Read
a. Syn. ordinary; common
(банальность) ordinary; having no remarkable features

commonsense: Read
a.
(здравого смысла) exhibiting native good judgment

communicate: Read
v. Syn. convey; inform; correspond
(общаться) send information about; make known; impart; reveal clearly

communication: Read
n.
(коммуникации) activity of communicating; activity of conveying information

community: Read
n. Syn. society; district
(Сообщество) society; a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government

compact: Read
a. Syn. compressed; condensed; concise
(компактных) closely and firmly united or packed together; briefly giving gist of something

companion: Read
n. Syn. associate; partner
(спутник) associate; partner

company: Read
n.
(компании) team; guard team; group of persons; business enterprise

comparable: Read
a. Syn. similar
(сопоставимых) similar or equivalent; being of equal regard; worthy to be ranked with

comparative: Read
a. Syn. relative
(сравнительного) relative; based on, or involving comparison

comparatively: Read
ad. Syn. relatively; rather
(сравнительно) relatively; in comparison

compare: Read
v.
(сравнить) examine and note the similarities or differences of

compass: Read
v.
(компас) go about or entirely round; make the circuit of; enclose on all sides; surround

compatible: Read
a. Syn. harmonious
(совместимые) harmonious; having similar disposition and tastes

compel: Read
v.
(заставить) force; coerce; necessitate or pressure by force

compensate: Read
v. Syn. make up; reimburse
(компенсации) make amends for; reimburse

compensation: Read
n.
(компенсации) something given or received as payment as for a service or loss or injury

compete: Read
v. Syn. vie; contest; fight
(конкурировать) contest; fight

competent: Read
a. Syn. capable; adept
(компетентным) capable; adept

competition: Read
n. Syn. struggle; rivalry
(конкурс) struggle; rivalry; act of competing as for profit or a prize

competitive: Read
a.
(конкурентоспособной) of or pertaining to competition; producing competition; showing a fighting disposition

competitiveness: Read
n.
(конкурентоспособности) an aggressive willingness to compete

competitor: Read
n.
(конкурента) one who seeks what another seeks, or claims what another claims; one who competes; rival

compile: Read
v. Syn. assemble; gather; accumulate
(компи��яции) put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources

complain: Read
v. Syn. lament
(пожаловаться) make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge

complaint: Read
n. Syn. grievance; criticism
(жалобу) expression of pain, dissatisfaction, or resentment; criticism

complement: Read
v. Syn. complete; consummate
(дополнения) complete; consummate; make perfect

complex: Read
a. Syn. intricate; compound
(Комплекс) complicated in structure; a whole structure, as a building, made up of interconnected or related structures

complexity: Read
n. Syn. complication
(сложности) complication

compliance: Read
n.
(соблюдения) readiness to yield; happy friendly agreement

complicated: Read
a. Syn. intricate; circuitous
(сложные) difficult to analyze or understand

compliment: Read
n. Syn. praise; commendation
(комплимент) praise; commendation; say something to someone that expresses praise

complimentary: Read
a. Syn. flattering; laudatory
(бесплатно) expressing of praise, admiration, or congratulation; given free to repay a favor or as an act of courtesy

comply: Read
v.
(соблюдать) yield assent; accord; agree, or acquiesce; adapt one's self; fulfill; accomplish

component: Read
n. Syn. element; ingredient
(компонент) element; ingredient; abstract part of something

compose: Read
v. Syn. write; create
(сочинять) write; create; make or create by putting together parts or elements

composite: Read
a.
(составной) made up of distinct parts or elements; compounded

composition: Read
n. Syn. makeup; constitution
(состав) makeup; constitution; writing; essay

compound: Read
v. Syn. combine; constitute
(соединения) combine; mix; constitute; pay interest; increase

comprehend: Read
v. Syn. understand; grasp
(понять) take in the meaning, nature, or importance of; grasp

comprehension: Read
n. Syn. grasp
(понимание) grasp; ability to understand

comprehensive: Read
a. Syn. thorough; inclusive
(всеобъемлющего) thorough; including all or everything; broad in scope

compress: Read
v. Syn. squeeze; contract
(сжатия) close; squeeze or press together; contract

compression: Read
n.
(сжатия) applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required

comprise: Read
v. Syn. include
(включают) include; consist of; be composed of

compromise: Read
v.
(компромисс) adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of

compulsory: Read
a. Syn. mandatory; obligatory
(обязательного) mandatory; obligatory; required by rule

computation: Read
n. Syn. calculation
(вычисление) calculation

compute: Read
v. Syn. reckon; calculate
(вычисления) reckon; make mathematical calculation

conceal: Read
v. Syn. hide; secrete
(скрыть) keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; secrete

concede: Read
v. Syn. admit; yield
(уступать) admit; yield; give up physical control of another

conceit: Read
n.
(тщеславие) overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

conceited: Read
a.
(тщеславный) endowed with fancy or imagination; entertaining a flattering opinion of one's self; vain

conceive: Read
v. Syn. design; consider
(себе) form or develop in the mind; devise; become pregnant with; begin or originate in a specific way

concentrate: Read
v.
(концентрат) bring to or direct toward a common center; unite more closely; gather into one body

concept: Read
n. Syn. notion; idea
(Концепция) something formed in the mind; thought or notion

conception: Read
n. Syn. thought; idea
(Концепция) beginning; forming of an idea; act of conceiving

concern: Read
n.
(обеспокоенность) interest in any person or thing; regard; solicitude; anxiety

concert: Read
n. Syn. harmony; accord
(концерт) performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging; harmony; accord

concerted: Read
a.
(согласованные) planned or accomplished together; combined

concession: Read
n.
(концессии) act of yielding; point yielded; acknowledgment or admission

concise: Read
a. Syn. succinct; terse
(краткой) brief and compact; expressing much in few words

conclude: Read
v. Syn. deduce; infer
(заключение) enclose; reach as an end of reasoning; make final determination ; judge or decide; bring to an end

conclusive: Read
a. Syn. definitive; decisive; final
(убедительных) definitive; decisive; final

concrete: Read
n. Syn. cement
(бетон) solid mass; covering with cement; hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate , and gravel

concurrent: Read
a. Syn. simultaneous; coincident
(одновременно) simultaneous; coincident; occurring or operating at the same time

condemn: Read
v. Syn. blame; denounce
(осуждают) blame; denounce; express strong disapproval of

condemnation: Read
n. Syn. blame
(осуждение) blame

condensation: Read
n. Syn. compression
(конденсации) compression

condense: Read
v.
(конденсации) change from a gaseous to a liquid state and fall in drops; compress or concentrate

condenser: Read
n.
(конденсатор) lens used to concentrate light on an object; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquid

condition: Read
n. Syn. situation; state; fitness
(условия) mode or state of being; fitness; existing circumstances

conduct: Read
v. Syn. accompany; direct
(поведения) direct the course of; manage or control; lead or guide

conductor: Read
n.
(дирижер) a device designed to transmit electricity, heat; person who collects fares on a public conveyance

cone: Read
n.
(конуса) a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point

confer: Read
v.
(конференции) bestow; present; have a conference in order to talk something over

conference: Read
n. Syn. meeting; discussion
(конференции) meeting for consultation or discussion; exchange of views

confess: Read
v. Syn. acknowledge; admit
(признаюсь) acknowledge; admit

confession: Read
n.
(признание) public declaration of faith

confide: Read
v. Syn. disclose; reveal; tell
(доверять) disclose; reveal; tell in confidence

confidence: Read
n.
(доверия) feeling secure or certain about something

confident: Read
a. Syn. assured
(уверен) assured; having or marked by assurance

confidential: Read
a.
(конфиденциальную) treated with confidence; trusted in; trustworthy; secret

confine: Read
v. Syn. limit; circumscribe
(ограничиться) restrict in movement; circumscribe

confinement: Read
n. Syn. restriction; limitation; imprisonment
(заключения) state of being confined; restraint within limits; any restraint of liberty by force

confirm: Read
v. Syn. verify; corroborate
(подтвердить) support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify

confirmation: Read
n.
(подтверждение) additional proof that something that was believed

conflict: Read
n. Syn. fight; struggle
(конфликта) fight; struggle; incompatibility of dates or events

conform: Read
v.
(соответствовать) comply with; follow; fit; meet

conformity: Read
n. Syn. harmony; agreement
(соответствия) similarity in form or character; agreement

confront: Read
v.
(противостоять) be face to face with; oppose in hostility or competition; deal with

confrontation: Read
n.
(противостояние) state of being confronted, especially a meeting face to face; clash of opinions and ideas

confuse: Read
v. Syn. disorient; mix up
(путайте) cause to be unable to think with clarity or act with intelligence or understanding; mix up

confusion: Read
n.
(путаницы) mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; lack of clarity or order

congestion: Read
n. Syn. overcrowding
(заторов) act of gathering or heaping together or forming a mass

congratulation: Read
n.
(поздравление) act of acknowledging that someone has an occasion for celebration

congress: Read
n.
(Конгресс) meeting of elected or appointed representatives

congressman: Read
n.
(конгрессмен) man who is a member of the U.S. Congress, especially of the House of Representatives

conjunction: Read
n.
(совместно) state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league

connect: Read
v. Syn. join; link; relate
(связаться) join, or fasten together; associate; combine; unite or link together

connection: Read
n.
(Связь) relation between things or events; shifting from one form of transportation to another

conquer: Read
v.
(завоевать) gain or acquire by force; take possession of by violent means; gain dominion over

conquest: Read
n.
(завоевания) success in mastering something difficult; one that has been captivated or overcome

conscience: Read
n.
(совести) motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles; source of moral or ethical judgment

conscientious: Read
a. Syn. diligent; responsible; reliable
(добросовестный) diligent; responsible; reliable

conscious: Read
a. Syn. awake
(сознательное) awake; alert

consciousness: Read
n.
(сознание) having knowledge of ; special awareness or sensitivity:

consecutive: Read
a. Syn. successive; sequential
(последовательных) following one after another without interruption; sequential

consent: Read
v. Syn. accord; concur; allow
(согласия) agree in opinion or sentiment; be of the same mind; accord; concur; allow

consequence: Read
n. Syn. result; aftermath; outcome
(следствием) result; relation of a result to its cause; logical conclusion or inference

consequently: Read
ad. Syn. therefore
(следовательно,) therefore; as a result or consequence of something; subsequently

conservation: Read
n. Syn. preservation
(сохранения) preservation or restoration from loss, damage, or neglect

conservative: Read
a. Syn. traditional; conventional
(консервативного) favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change

considerable: Read
a. Syn. significant
(значительные) worthy of consideration; large in amount, extent, or degree

considerably: Read
ad. Syn. substantially
(значительно) substantially; significantly; to a degree worth considering

considerate: Read
a. Syn. thoughtful
(внимательный) thoughtful; marked by consideration or reflection; deliberate

consideration: Read
n.
(рассмотрение) considerate and thoughtful act

consign: Read
v.
(предать) give, transfer, or deliver in a formal manner, as if by signing over into the possession of another

consist: Read
v.
(состоят) be made up or composed; be comprised or contained in

consistency: Read
n.
(согласованность) harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts

consistent: Read
a. Syn. uniform; regular
(последовательной) being in agreement with itself; coherent; regular

console: Read
v. Syn. relieve; comfort
(консоли) cheer from distress or depression; alleviate grief and raise spirits of; relieve; comfort

consolidate: Read
v.
(консолидировать) make solid; unite or press together into a compact mass; harden or make dense and firm

consonant: Read
a. Syn. compatible; harmonious
(согласных) compatible; harmonious

conspicuous: Read
a. Syn. noticeable; prominent
(заметными) noticeable; prominent; easy to notice; obvious

conspiracy: Read
n. Syn. plot; intrigue
(заговор) plot; intrigue; agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act

constant: Read
a. Syn. invariable; repeating
(постоянной) invariable; repeating; continually occurring; persistent

constantly: Read
ad. Syn. incessantly; perpetually; continually
(постоянно) in an unchangeable or invariable manner; in every case; perpetually; continually

constituent: Read
n. Syn. component; element; ingredient
(учредительных) component or part; citizen, voter

constitute: Read
v. Syn. form
(представляют собой) make up; form something

constitution: Read
n.
(конституция) law determining the fundamental political principles of a government; the act of forming something

constraint: Read
n. Syn. bound; restraint
(ограничение) something that restricts or confines within prescribed bounds

construct: Read
v. Syn. erect; build
(построить) form by assembling or combining parts; build; create

construction: Read
n.
(строительство) act of constructing or building something

consult: Read
v.
(консультации) seek advice or information of; take into account; consider

consultant: Read
n.
(консультант) an expert who gives advice

consume: Read
v. Syn. devour; eat
(потребляют) devour; eat

consumer: Read
n.
(потребителей) people who buy goods or services

consumption: Read
n.
(потребления) eating or drinking of something

contact: Read
v.
(контакт) get in touch with; reach

contain: Read
v. Syn. include; incorporate; house
(содержат) include; incorporate; be capable of holding

container: Read
n. Syn. receptacle
(контейнер) any object that can be used to hold things

contemplate: Read
v. Syn. ponder; meditate
(созерцать) look at attentively and thoughtfully; observe deep in thought

contemplation: Read
n.
(созерцание) act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular subject; meditation; expectation

contemporary: Read
a.
(современные) modern; belonging to the same period of time

contempt: Read
n. Syn. disgrace
(презрение) state of being despised or dishonored; disgrace; disobedience to, or open disrespect of

contemptuous: Read
a. Syn. scornful
(презрительный) scornful; expressing contempt; showing a lack of respect

content: Read
n. Syn. volume; capacity
(Содержание) volume; something contained; material, including text and images

contest: Read
v. Syn. oppose; dispute
(конкурс) contend for; call in question; oppose; dispute

context: Read
n. Syn. circumstance; setting
(контекст) circumstance

continent: Read
n.
(континента) one of the large landmasses of the earth

continental: Read
a.
(континентальном) being or concerning or limited to a continent

contingency: Read
n.
(резервного) condition of being dependent on chance; uncertainty; possibility

contract: Read
v. Syn. shrink; constrict
(контракта) constrict; make smaller; compress or concentrate

contradict: Read
v. Syn. confront; oppose
(противоречит) confront; oppose

contradiction: Read
n.
(противоречие) assertion of contrary; denial of the truth of a statement or assertion; opposition, whether by argument or conduct

contrary: Read
a. Syn. opposite
(Наоборот) relation of direct opposition; very opposed in nature or character or purpose

contrast: Read
n.
(отличие) act of distinguishing by comparing differences

contribute: Read
v.
(содействовать) provide; bestow a quality on

contribution: Read
n. Syn. impost; levy
(вклад) act of contributing; payment exacted for special purpose; impost or levy

controversial: Read
a. Syn. controvertible; disputable
(спорных) controvertible; disputable

controversy: Read
n. Syn. contention; argument
(споры) contentious speech act; argument

convenience: Read
n.
(удобства) state of being suitable

convenient: Read
a. Syn. handy; suitable; near; accessible
(удобное) suited or favorable to one's comfort, purpose, or needs:; near; accessible

convention: Read
n. Syn. conference; norm; custom
(конвенции) social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states

conventional: Read
a.
(условные) based upon tradition rules; formed by agreement or compact

conversant: Read
a. Syn. skilled; proficient
(знакомы) familiar, as by study or experience; able to converse knowledgeably

conversation: Read
n. Syn. dialogue; talk
(разговор) general course of conduct; intimate fellowship or association; close acquaintance; informal dialogue

converse: Read
v. Syn. chat
(обратное) chat; talk informally; engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts

conversely: Read
ad.
(Обратно) in a converse manner; with change of order or relation; reciprocally.

conversion: Read
n. Syn. change; transformation
(преобразование) change; transformation

convert: Read
n. Syn. transform
(преобразовать) change something into another form; transform

convey: Read
v.
(передают) carry from one place to another; bear or transport

conveyance: Read
n. Syn. vehicle; transfer
(перевозки) act of conveying; tools of conveying, especially vehicle for transportation

convict: Read
v.
(осужденного) find or declare guilty

conviction: Read
n. Syn. assurance; confidence
(убеждение) judgment that someone is guilty of crime; strongly held belief

convince: Read
v.
(убедить) overpower; force to yield assent to truth; satisfy by proof; prove guilty

convinced: Read
a.
(убеждены) certain, sure

cooperate: Read
v. Syn. collaborate
(сотрудничество) work or act together toward a common end or purpose

cooperation: Read
n.
(сотрудничество) practice of cooperating; joint operation or action

cooperative: Read
a.
(кооператив) done with or working with others

coordinate: Read
v. Syn. integrate; harmonize
(координаты) bring order and organization to; harmonize

coordination: Read
n.
(координации) regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation

cordial: Read
a. Syn. gracious
(сердечные) gracious; showing warm and friendliness

core: Read
n. Syn. center; essence
(основных) basic, center, or most important part; essence

cork: Read
n.
(пробки) lightweight elastic outer bark, used especially for bottle closures, insulation, floats

corn: Read
n.
(кукуруза) single seed of certain plants, as wheat; grain; small, hard particle

corner: Read
n.
(угол) position at which two lines, surfaces, or edges meet and form an angle

corporate: Read
a.
(корпоративные) united or combined into one body; collective; belonging to corporation or incorporated body

corporation: Read
n.
(Корпорация) business firm; a group of people combined into or acting as one body

correlate: Read
v. Syn. relate; associate
(коррелируют) relate; associate; bring into a mutual relation

correlation: Read
n. Syn. relationship
(корреляции) mutual relationship; interdependence or interconnection relationship

correspond: Read
v.
(соответствует) be compatible, similar or consistent; exchange messages

correspondence: Read
n. Syn. mail
(соответствия) similarity or analogy; communication by the exchange of letters

correspondent: Read
a.
(Корреспондент) one who communicates information, especially, by letter or telegram to newspaper or periodical

corresponding: Read
a.
(соответствующие) accompanying

corrode: Read
v.
(коррозии) destroy metal or alloy gradually, especially by chemical action; be eaten or worn away

corrosion: Read
n. Syn. decay; erosion
(коррозии) decay; erosion

corrupt: Read
a. Syn. spoiled; tainted
(коррумпированных) changed from sound to putrid state; spoiled; tainted

corruption: Read
n. Syn. bribery; fraud
(коррупция) bribery; fraud

cosmic: Read
a. Syn. vast
(космические) pertaining to the universe; vast

cosmopolitan: Read
a. Syn. sophisticated
(космополитической) sophisticated; of worldwide scope

cosmos: Read
n.
(космос) universe or universality of created things; ordered, harmonious whole

couch: Read
n.
(диван) sofa; arrange or dispose as in a bed

counsel: Read
v. Syn. advise; suggest
(адвокат) advise; suggest

countenance: Read
v. Syn. approve; tolerate
(лицо) give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

counter: Read
n.
(счетчик) flat surface on which money is counted, business is transacted; one that is an opposite

countermand: Read
v. Syn. cancel; revoke
(отменять) cancel; revoke command or order; order or direct in opposition to; prohibit; forbid

counterpart: Read
n. Syn. version; analogue; match
(коллега) duplicate copy; analogue; one that closely resembles another

countless: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; infinite
(бесчисленные) innumerable; infinite; too many to count

couple: Read
n. Syn. pair
(пара) a male and female associated together; a pair who associate with one another

court: Read
n.
(суд) enclosed space; courtyard; uncovered area shut in by the walls of a building

courteous: Read
a. Syn. polite
(вежливый) exhibiting courtesy and politeness; showing regard or thought for others

courtesy: Read
n.
(любезно) polite behavior; act of civility or respect; consent or agreement in spite of fact

cover: Read
v.
(покрытия) overspread the surface; envelop; shelter, as from evil or danger; protect

coverage: Read
n. Syn. reportage
(Покрытие) extent to which something is covered; news as presented by reporters

coward: Read
n. Syn. timid
(трусом) person who lacks courage to face danger; timid

crab: Read
n.
(краба) a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply

crack: Read
v.
(трещины) break into simpler molecules by means of heat; split; hit forcefully; pass through

cradle: Read
n.
(колыбели) small low bed for an infant, often furnished with rockers; infancy, or very early life

craft: Read
n. Syn. vessel
(корабль) something made by people; vessel

crash: Read
n. Syn. smash; collision
(авария) smash; collision; falling down or in pieces with a loud noise of breaking parts

crate: Read
n.
(ящик) large basket, used for moving china or similar wares; box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspaces

crave: Read
v. Syn. beseech; implore
(жаждут) ask with earnestness or importunity; ask with submission or humility; beg

crawl: Read
v. Syn. creep
(обхода) move slowly, as people or animals with the body near the ground

crazy: Read
a. Syn. insane; deranged
(сумасшедшие) affected with madness; insane; deranged

create: Read
v.
(Создать) make or cause to be or to become; invest with a new thing

creation: Read
n.
(создание) fact or state of having been created; act of investing with a new office or title

credit: Read
n. Syn. reputation; prestige
(кредит) arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow

creek: Read
n. Syn. stream; brook
(Крик) small stream, often a shallow tributary to a river; brook

creep: Read
v. Syn. crawl
(ползучести) move slowly; move stealthily or cautiously

crew: Read
n.
(экипажа) group of people working together, as in spacecraft, ship, plane or train

cricket: Read
n.
(Борьба) outdoor game played with bats, a ball, and wickets by two teams of 11 players each

criminal: Read
n.
(уголовного) one who has committed a crime; one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof

crimson: Read
a. Syn. bloody
(Малиновый) bloody

cripple: Read
n. Syn. handicap; maim; disable
(калекой) person or animal that is partially disabled or unable to use a limb or limb

crisis: Read
n.
(кризис) dangerous situation; crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point

crisp: Read
a.
(четкий) firm but easily broken or crumbled; brittle

critical: Read
a.
(критических) urgently needed; absolutely necessary; essential; acute; crucial; decisive

crook: Read
v.
(мошенник) bend, turn, or curve; curvature; flexure

crooked: Read
a. Syn. curved
(кривые) having or marked by bends or angles; not straight or aligned; curved

crop: Read
n.
(Зерно) the top, end, or highest part of anything, especially of plant or tree; grain or other product of field while standing; anything cut off or gathered

crossing: Read
n.
(пересечения) traveling across; place at which roads, lines, or tracks intersect; intersection

crouch: Read
v.
(Крауч) bend down; stoop low; lie close to the ground with the legs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear

crown: Read
n.
(корона) ornamental circlet or head covering, made of gold with jewels and worn as a symbol of sovereignty

crude: Read
a.
(сырой) being in an unrefined or natural state; raw; lacking tact or taste; blunt or offensive

cruise: Read
v.
(круиз) sail back and forth on the ocean; sail as for protection of commerce, in search of an enemy, or for pleasure

crumb: Read
n.
(крошка) small fragment or piece, especially, a small piece of bread or other food; broken or cut off

crumble: Read
v. Syn. fall apart; disintegrate
(рушиться) break into small pieces; cause to fall in pieces

crush: Read
v. Syn. squash; smash; press
(раздавить) press between opposing bodies so as to break or injure; extract or obtain by pressing or squeezing

crust: Read
n. Syn. covering; coat; shell
(коры) outer layer ; covering; coat; shell

crystal: Read
n. Syn. quartz
(кристалла) quartz; glassware made of quartz; high-quality, clear, colorless glass

cube: Read
n.
(куба) three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; cubicle, used for work or study

cubic: Read
a.
(кубических) having three dimensions

cubism: Read
n.
(Кубизм) an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes

cucumber: Read
n.
(огурец) cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons

cultivate: Read
v. Syn. farm; domesticate; nurture; teach
(культивировать) improve and prepare, as by plowing or fertilizing, for raising crops; promote the growth of

cultivation: Read
n.
(выращивание) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops

culture: Read
n. Syn. civilization
(Культура) all the knowledge and values shared by a society ; foster; raising of plants or animals

cunning: Read
a.
(хитрость) knowing; skillful; artful; designing; deceitful

cupboard: Read
n.
(шкаф) a small room or cabinet used for storage space

curb: Read
v.
(обуздать) bend or curve; guide and manage, or restrain

cure: Read
n.
(лечение) medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; removal of disease or evil

curiosity: Read
n.
(любопытство) desire to know or learn

curious: Read
a. Syn. inquisitive
(любопытным) difficult to please or satisfy; careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry

curl: Read
v.
(ротор) form into coiled or spiral shape; twist into ringlets or coils; move in curve or spiral

currency: Read
n. Syn. money
(валюта) money; general acceptance or use

current: Read
n. Syn. stream; flow
(текущее) stream; flow; up-to-date; present

currently: Read
ad. Syn. presently
(настоящее) presently; at the present time

curse: Read
v.
(проклятие) call upon divine or supernatural power to send injury upon; bring great evil upon

curtail: Read
v. Syn. shorten; reduce
(сократить) cut short or reduce; cut off end or tail, or any part

curve: Read
v.
(кривой) bend or turn gradually from a given direction, as road curves to the right

cushion: Read
n.
(подушка) soft pillow or pad usually used for sitting, reclining, or kneeling

custody: Read
n.
(склад) keeping or guarding; care, watch, inspection, for keeping, preservation, or security

custom: Read
n. Syn. tradition; practice
(Таможня) tradition; practice followed by people of a particular group or region

customary: Read
a.
(обычного) agreeing with or established by common usage; conventional; habitual

customer: Read
n. Syn. patron; clientele
(Покупателю) patron; one that buys goods or services

customs: Read
n.
(таможенной) money collected under a tariff

cycle: Read
n.
(цикла) periodically repeated sequence of events; long period of time; entire round in a circle or a spire