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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (11)

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mackintosh
magic
magician
magistrate
magnetic
magnetism
magnificent
magnify
magnitude
maintain
maintenance
maize
majesty
major
majority
malady
malaise
malice
malicious
manifest
manifestation
manifesto
manipulate
mansion
manual
manufacture
manuscript
map
maple
marble
march
margin
marginal
marine
mariner
marked
marsh
marshal
martyr
marvel
masculine
mask
massacre
massive
mast
masterpiece
match
mate
material
materialism
mathematics
mattress
mature
maturity
maximum
meadow
measure
mechanical
mechanics
mechanism
medal
medieval
meditate
meditation
medium
meek
melancholy
melody
melon
melt
memo
memorial
memorize
memory
menace
mend
mental
mentality
mention
menu
mercantile
merchandise
merchant
mercy
mere
merge
merit
mermaid
mesh
mess
metallic
method
methodology
meticulous
metric
metropolitan
microscope
microwave
mighty
migrant
migrate
migration
milestone
military
milk
miller
millionaire
mince
mingle
miniature
minimize
minimum
minister
ministry
minor
minority
minus
minute
miracle
miraculous
miscarriage
mischief
miserable
misery
misfortune
misgiving
mishap
mislead
missile
mission
mist
moan
mobile
mobilize
mock
mode
moderate
modest
modification
modify
modulate
module
moist
moisture
molecular
molecule
momentary
momentous
monarch
monastery
monetary
monitor
monopolize
monopoly
monotonous
monotony
monster
monstrous
monument
monumental
moor
morale
morality
moreover
mortal
motel
motion
motionless
motivate
motivation
motive
motto
mould
mount
mourn
mournful
mourning
moustache
mouth
movement
muffle
muffler
multiple
multiply
multitude
municipal
murmur
muscular
muse
mushroom
mute
mutton
mutual
myriad
mysterious
myth
mythology


mackintosh: Read
n.
(Макинтош) waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

magic: Read
n.
(магия) any art that invokes supernatural powers

magician: Read
n.
(маг) one who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; sorcerer; wizard

magistrate: Read
n.
(судья) civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

magnetic: Read
a. Syn. captivating; attractive
(магнитных) having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

magnetism: Read
n.
(магнетизм) attraction for iron; associated with electric currents as well as magnets

magnificent: Read
a. Syn. gorgeous; lavish
(великолепный) grand or noble in thought or deed; outstanding of its kind

magnify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase; enlarge
(увеличить) intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

magnitude: Read
n. Syn. greatness; extent
(величины) extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

maintain: Read
v. Syn. support; sustain
(поддерживать) keep in any particular state or condition; keep up or carry on; continue

maintenance: Read
n. Syn. preservation
(обслуживание) preservation; support; continuance; court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another

maize: Read
n.
(кукуруза) tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

majesty: Read
n. Syn. nobility
(величие) nobility; greatness and dignity of a sovereign; royal personage

major: Read
a.
(основных) greater in number, quantity, or extent; more important

majority: Read
n.
(Большинство) greater number or part; a number more than half of the total

malady: Read
n. Syn. illness
(болезни) disease, disorder, or ailment; unwholesome condition

malaise: Read
n. Syn. uneasiness
(недомогание) general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

malice: Read
n.
(злоба) enmity of heart; malevolence; ill will; spirit delighting in harm or misfortune to another

malicious: Read
a. Syn. spiteful
(вредоносных) deliberately harmful; spiteful; proceeding from extreme hatred

manifest: Read
a. Syn. evident; visible; obvious; apparent
(манифест) clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

manifestation: Read
n. Syn. revelation; indication
(проявление) revelation; indication of the existence, reality, or presence of something

manifesto: Read
n. Syn. declaration
(манифест) public declaration of principles; statement of policy

manipulate: Read
v. Syn. maneuver; control
(управления) operate with one's hands; control or play upon people, forces artfully

mansion: Read
n.
(Особняк) dwelling-house of the better class; a large or stately residence

manual: Read
n. Syn. guide book
(руководство) guide book; hand-operated

manufacture: Read
v.
(производство) make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

manuscript: Read
n.
(рукописи) written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

map: Read
v.
(карта) depict as if on a map; plan or delineate, especially in detail; arrange

maple: Read
n.
(клен) tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species

marble: Read
n.
(мрамор) hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

march: Read
n. Syn. parade; advance
(Март) walking with regular steps; a procession of people walking together; steady advance

margin: Read
n. Syn. border; rim; room
(маржи) border; rim; room

marginal: Read
a.
(маргинальных) of or pertaining to a margin; written or printed in the margin

marine: Read
a. Syn. maritime; naval
(морской) sea-dwelling; maritime; naval

mariner: Read
n.
(моряк) one whose occupation is to assist in navigating ships; seaman or sailor

marked: Read
a. Syn. noticeable
(Помечено) noticeable or pronounced; having one or more distinguishing marks

marsh: Read
n. Syn. swamp; bog
(Марш) swamp; bog; low lying wet land with grassy vegetation

marshal: Read
v. Syn. arrange; enlist; organize
(маршал) put in order; arrange or place something in line

martyr: Read
n.
(мученика) one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering

marvel: Read
n. Syn. wonder; miracle
(чудо) wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

masculine: Read
a.
(мужской) of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

mask: Read
v.
(маска) try to conceal something; disguise; hide under a false appearance

massacre: Read
n.
(резня) killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

massive: Read
a. Syn. enormous; colossal; immense
(массивных) enormous; colossal; consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter

mast: Read
n.
(мачты) fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns; a pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, set upright in boat to sustain sail

masterpiece: Read
n.
(шедевр) chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

match: Read
n.
(матч) something that resembles or harmonizes with

mate: Read
n. Syn. breed
(Мате) a fellow member of a team

material: Read
a.
(материала) of, relating to, or composed of matter; concerned with physical, not from intellectual or spiritual

materialism: Read
n.
(материализм) philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

mathematics: Read
n.
(математика) science dealing with the logic of quantity and shape

mattress: Read
n.
(матрас) quilted bed; bed stuffed with hair, moss, or other suitable material, and quilted or otherwise fastened

mature: Read
v.
(Пожилые) develop and reach maturity; grow old or older

maturity: Read
n.
(погашения) state or quality of being mature; ripeness; full development; arrival of the time fixed for payment

maximum: Read
n.
(максимальной) the largest possible quantity

meadow: Read
n.
(луг) tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for hay

measure: Read
v.
(меры) determine the size of something; mark, lay out, or establish dimensions; estimate by evaluation or comparison

mechanical: Read
a. Syn. automatic; monotonous
(механические) automatic; monotonous; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics

mechanics: Read
n.
(механика) branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

mechanism: Read
n. Syn. device; machine
(механизм) device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

medal: Read
n.
(медаль) a piece of metal in form of coin, and intended to preserve remembrance of notable event or person, or to serve as a reward

medieval: Read
a.
(средневековой) very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

meditate: Read
v.
(медитировать) dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; plan in the mind

meditation: Read
n. Syn. contemplation; consideration
(медитации) lengthy intent consideration; long and thoughtful observation; contemplation of spiritual matters

medium: Read
n.
(среды) state that is intermediate between extremes

meek: Read
a. Syn. spiritless; gentle
(кроткие) quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

melancholy: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; sad
(меланхолия) gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression

melody: Read
n. Syn. tune
(мелодии) tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

melon: Read
n.
(дыни) juicy fruit of certain cucurbitaceous plants, as the muskmelon, watermelon; plant that produces the fruit juicy

melt: Read
v.
(расплава) changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by the application of heat

memo: Read
n. Syn. note; memorandum
(памятки) short note; memorandum; written proposal or reminder

memorial: Read
n. Syn. monument
(мемориал) monument; short note or abstract, intended for registry, exhibiting the particulars of a deed

memorize: Read
v. Syn. commemorate
(запомнить) commemorate; commit to memory; learn by heart

memory: Read
n. Syn. recollection; memorial
(память) faculty of mind by which it retains the knowledge of previous thoughts, impressions, or events

menace: Read
n. Syn. danger
(угрозой) danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate

mend: Read
v. Syn. repair; improve
(исправить) make repairs or restoration to; fix; improve

mental: Read
a.
(психического) involving mind or intellectual process; affected by disorder of mind

mentality: Read
n.
(менталитета) mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

mention: Read
v. Syn. refer; indicate
(отметить) speak or notice of anything, usually in a brief or cursory manner

menu: Read
n.
(меню) an agenda of things to do

mercantile: Read
a. Syn. trading; commercial
(товарной) trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

merchandise: Read
n. Syn. goods
(товаров) objects for sale; goods

merchant: Read
n.
(торговец) one who traffics on a large scale, especially with foreign countries; trafficker; trader

mercy: Read
n. Syn. clemency
(милость) compassionate treatment of unfortunate and helpless; willingness to spare or to help; disposition to be kind

mere: Read
a.
(просто) being nothing more than what is specified; considered apart from anything else; small; slight

merge: Read
v. Syn. combine; unite
(слияния) combine; unite

merit: Read
n. Syn. virtue; value; credit
(заслуги) virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

mermaid: Read
n.
(русалки) legendary sea creature having the head and upper body of a woman and the tail of a fish

mesh: Read
n. Syn. enclose
(сетка) opening or space enclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

mess: Read
n.
(беспорядок) soft semi liquid food; a quantity of food set on a table at one time; provision of food for one meal

metallic: Read
a.
(металлические) of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

method: Read
n. Syn. manner; way; mode
(метод) orderly procedure or process; regular manner of doing anything

methodology: Read
n.
(методологии) system of methods followed in a particular discipline

meticulous: Read
a. Syn. scrupulous; cautious
(тщательно) excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

metric: Read
n.
(метрике) standard of measurement; geometric function that describes the distances between pairs of points in a space

metropolitan: Read
a. Syn. city
(митрополит) city center; one who lives in a city center

microscope: Read
n.
(микроскоп) magnifier of the image of small objects

microwave: Read
n.
(СВЧ) a short electromagnetic wave; cook or heat in a microwave oven

mighty: Read
a. Syn. powerful; great
(могучий) having or showing great strength or force or intensity

migrant: Read
a. Syn. wandering
(мигрантов) habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work; wandering

migrate: Read
v.
(миграции) move from one country or region to another and settle there

migration: Read
n.
(Миграция) movement of persons from one country or locality to another

milestone: Read
n. Syn. landmark; significant development
(вехой) landmark; significant development

military: Read
a. Syn. soldiery; militia
(военной) pertaining to soldiers, to arms, or to war; of whole body of soldiers

milk: Read
n.
(молоко) white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young

miller: Read
n.
(Миллер) one who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill; milling machine

millionaire: Read
n.
(миллионер) one whose material wealth is valued at more than a million dollars

mince: Read
v.
(фарш) cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force of

mingle: Read
v.
(смешивать) be all mixed up or jumbled together;

miniature: Read
a. Syn. tiny
(миниатюрных) very small; model that represents something in a greatly reduced size

minimize: Read
v. Syn. diminish
(минимизации) diminish; belittle; make small or insignificant

minimum: Read
a.
(минимальный) the smallest possible quantity

minister: Read
n. Syn. servant; subordinate
(министр) one who performs service for another; officer of justice; executive head of a government department

ministry: Read
n.
(Министерство) act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

minor: Read
a.
(малые) of lesser importance or stature or rank; not of legal age; limited in size or scope

minority: Read
n.
(меньшинств) a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group

minus: Read
a.
(минус) less; requiring to be subtracted; negative

minute: Read
a. Syn. tiny
(минут) extremely small; short note

miracle: Read
n. Syn. marvel; wonder
(чудо) wonderful thing; something that excites admiration or astonishment

miraculous: Read
a. Syn. astonishing; amazing
(чудесным) astonishing; amazing

miscarriage: Read
n.
(выкидыша) failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

mischief: Read
n.
(зло) behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment

miserable: Read
a. Syn. unhappy; wretched
(несчастным) very unhappy; full of misery; wretched

misery: Read
n. Syn. calamity; misfortune
(страдания) great unhappiness; extreme pain of body or mind

misfortune: Read
n.
(несчастье) bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

misgiving: Read
n. Syn. doubt
(опасение) feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

mishap: Read
n. Syn. accident; misfortune
(авария) unfortunate accident; bad luck

mislead: Read
v. Syn. deceive; misguide
(заблуждение) deceive; misguide

missile: Read
n.
(ракет) weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

mission: Read
n.
(Миссия) assignment that is given to a person or group; operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters; job; task

mist: Read
n.
(туман) visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog; haze before the eyes that blurs the vision

moan: Read
n.
(стон) a low prolonged sound of grief or pain, whether articulate or not; groan softly and continuously

mobile: Read
a. Syn. movable
(мобильный) movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable

mobilize: Read
v.
(мобилизации) assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

mock: Read
v. Syn. ridicule; mimic; disappoint
(макет) treat with ridicule or contempt; mimic; frustrate hopes of

mode: Read
n. Syn. manner; method; style
(режиме) prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

moderate: Read
a. Syn. temperate; gentle; mild
(умеренной) temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

modest: Read
a. Syn. humble; moderate
(скромным) humble; less ambitious; moderate

modification: Read
n.
(модификации) act of modifying, or state of being modified; modified form or condition; a change

modify: Read
v. Syn. alter; change
(Изменить) alter; change

modulate: Read
v.
(модулировать) tone down in intensity; regulate; change from one key to another

module: Read
n.
(модуль) standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topic

moist: Read
a. Syn. wet; damp
(влажной) slightly wet; damp or humid

moisture: Read
n.
(влаги) wetness caused by water

molecular: Read
a.
(молекулярной) of molecules; relating to simple or basic structure or form

molecule: Read
n.
(молекулы) the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

momentary: Read
a.
(мгновенные) done in a moment; continuing only a moment; lasting a very short time

momentous: Read
a. Syn. grave; serious
(важный) very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

monarch: Read
n. Syn. king; ruler
(монарха) king; sole and absolute ruler; sovereign, such as a king or empress

monastery: Read
n.
(монастырь) house of religious retirement, or of seclusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks

monetary: Read
a. Syn. fiscal; pecuniary; financial
(денежных) of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

monitor: Read
v. Syn. observe; watch; locate
(монитор) observe; watch; keep an eye on

monopolize: Read
v. Syn. dominate; occupy
(монополизировать) dominate; occupy; have and control fully and exclusively

monopoly: Read
n. Syn. domination
(монополия) exclusive control or possession of something; domination

monotonous: Read
a. Syn. boring; dull
(монотонной) boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

monotony: Read
n.
(однообразие) uniformity or lack of variation; continual increase, or continual decrease; tedium as a result of repetition

monster: Read
n.
(монстр) beast; ugly creature; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

monstrous: Read
a.
(чудовищной) marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

monument: Read
n. Syn. statue; memorial
(памятник) structure erected to commemorate persons or events; memorial

monumental: Read
a. Syn. massive
(монументальной) massive; taking a great amount of time and effort to complete; in manner of a monument

moor: Read
n.
(Мур) dark-colored person generally; broad area of open land, often high but poorly drained

morale: Read
n. Syn. confidence; spirit; mood
(морального) confidence; mood or spirit of a group that makes the members wants the group to succeed

morality: Read
n.
(морали) set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct

moreover: Read
ad.
(причем) beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

mortal: Read
n.
(смертного) man, human being; liable or subject to death; accompanying death

motel: Read
n.
(мотель) motor hotel; lodging rooms adjacent to a parking lot

motion: Read
n. Syn. movement; action
(движение) movement; act of changing location; ability or power to move

motionless: Read
a. Syn. still; immobile; stationary
(неподвижно) at rest, stationary, immobile, not moving

motivate: Read
v. Syn. prompt; stimulate; impel
(мотивации) stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

motivation: Read
n. Syn. incentive; drive
(мотивация) incentive; psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal

motive: Read
n. Syn. intention; purpose
(мотив) emotion, desire, physiological need; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior

motto: Read
n.
(девиз) short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

mould: Read
n.
(формы) crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

mount: Read
v.
(горы) go up or advance; fix onto a backing; put up or launch

mourn: Read
v.
(скорбеть) express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

mournful: Read
a. Syn. sorrowful; sad; gloomy
(скорбный) feeling or expressing sorrow or grief; sad; gloomy

mourning: Read
n.
(траур) expression of deep sorrow because someone has died

moustache: Read
n.
(усы) hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

mouth: Read
n. Syn. entrance
(рот) opening through which an animal receives food; aperture between jaws or between lips

movement: Read
n.
(движение) act of moving; change of place or posture; transference, by any means, from one situation to another

muffle: Read
n.
(муфельной) bare end of nose between nostrils

muffler: Read
n.
(глушитель) heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noise

multiple: Read
a.
(несколько) having, or consisting of more than one part; many

multiply: Read
v. Syn. proliferate; increase
(умножить) proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

multitude: Read
n.
(множество) a great number; many

municipal: Read
a. Syn. metropolitan; civic
(муниципальных) metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

murmur: Read
v.
(шум) make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

muscular: Read
a. Syn. brawny
(мышечной) having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

muse: Read
v. Syn. ponder
(муза) be absorbed in one's thoughts; consider or say thoughtfully

mushroom: Read
v.
(гриб) multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

mute: Read
a.
(Mute) refraining from producing speech or vocal sound; unable to speak; expressed without speech; unspoken

mutton: Read
n.
(баранина) sheep; flesh of a sheep; loose woman; prostitute

mutual: Read
a. Syn. interactive; shared
(взаимной) common to or shared by two or more parties; shared

myriad: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
(множество) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

mysterious: Read
a.
(таинственный) beyond ordinary understanding

myth: Read
n. Syn. legend; fable
(миф) legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

mythology: Read
n.
(мифологии) study of myths; collection of myths