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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (12)

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naked
namely
nap
narrator
nasty
native
nausea
naval
navigable
navigation
neat
necessitate
needle
needy
negate
negation
negative
neglect
negligence
negligent
negligible
negotiable
negotiation
nervous
network
neutral
neutron
nevertheless
nickel
nightmare
nitrogen
nobility
noisy
nominal
nominate
nomination
nonsense
norm
normally
notable
notably
note
notify
notion
notorious
notwithstanding
nought
nourish
nourishment
novel
novelty
nowadays
nowhere
nuclear
nucleus
nuisance
null
nullify
numerical
numerous
nursery
nylon
oak
oar
oath
obedient
object
objection
objective
obligation
oblige
obliterate
oblong
obscure
observance
observe
obstacle
obstinate
obstruction
obtain
obtainable
obvious
occasion
occasional
occasionally
occupation
occupy
occur
occurrence
odd
odour
offence
offend
offensive
offer
offset
offspring
omen
ominous
omission
omit
onset
opaque
opera
operative
opinion
opponent
opportune
opportunity
oppose
opposite
opposition
optical
optimal
optimism
optimistic
optimum
option
optional
oral
orbit
orchard
orchestra
orderly
ore
organ
organic
organism
orient
oriental
orientation
origin
original
originality
originate
ornament
ornamental
ounce
outbreak
outcome
outdoors
outermost
outlandish
outlaw
outlet
outline
outlook
output
outrage
outrageous
outright
outset
outstanding
oval
overall
overcast
overcharge
overcome
overestimate
overflow
overhear
overlap
overlapping
overload
overlook
overseas
oversight
overtake
overthrow
overtime
overwhelm
overwhelming
owe
owl
own
ownership
oxide
oxygen
oyster


naked: Read
a. Syn. nude; bare
(голые) bare and pure; completely unclothed

namely: Read
ad.
(именно) by name; by particular mention; expressly; that is to say

nap: Read
n.
(НПД) a period of time spent sleeping

narrator: Read
n.
(рассказчика) someone who tells a story

nasty: Read
a.
(неприятный) very dirty, foul; disgusting; nauseous

native: Read
a.
(родном) being as origin; as found in nature in the elemental form

nausea: Read
n.
(тошнота) feeling of sickness in stomach by an urge to vomit; strong aversion; disgust

naval: Read
a. Syn. maritime
(морской) relating to, or adjacent to the sea; relating to marine shipping or navigation

navigable: Read
a.
(судоходных) wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; able to be steered

navigation: Read
n.
(навигация) guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place

neat: Read
a. Syn. tidy; clean
(аккуратные) clean or orderly

necessitate: Read
v.
(необходимость) make necessary or indispensable; render unavoidable

needle: Read
n.
(иглы) long, thin, sharp implement usually for piercing such as sewing, or knitting

needy: Read
a. Syn. poor; indigent
(нуждающимся) poor; indigent; being in need; impoverished

negate: Read
v. Syn. nullify; deny
(отрицать) cancel out; make ineffective or invalid; deny

negation: Read
n.
(отрицание) act of denying; assertion of the nonrealistic or untruthfulness of anything

negative: Read
a. Syn. adverse; disparaging
(отрицательных) adverse; involving disadvantage or harm; pessimistic

neglect: Read
v. Syn. disregard; ignore
(пренебрежение) disregard; ignore; pay little or no attention to

negligence: Read
n. Syn. neglect
(небрежность) neglect; failure to take reasonable care; state or quality of being negligent

negligent: Read
a. Syn. careless; inattentive
(небрежность) careless; inattentive

negligible: Read
a. Syn. insignificant; tiny
(незначительным) so small, trifling, or unimportant that it may be easily disregarded

negotiable: Read
a.
(оборотные) capable of being negotiated; transferable by assignment or endorsement to another person

negotiation: Read
n.
(переговоры) discussion intended to produce an agreement

nervous: Read
a. Syn. agitated; anxious
(нервной) agitated; anxious

network: Read
n.
(сеть) any system of lines or channels crossing like the fabric of a net; complex, interconnected group or system

neutral: Read
a. Syn. impartial
(нейтральной) impartial; not supporting one side over another

neutron: Read
n.
(нейтронов) elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton

nevertheless: Read
ad.
(Тем не менее) not the less; notwithstanding; in spite of that; yet

nickel: Read
n.
(никеля) coin worth one twentieth of a dollar

nightmare: Read
n.
(кошмар) dream arousing feelings of intense fear, horror, and distress; event or experience that is intensely distressing

nitrogen: Read
n.
(азота) colorless nonmetallic element, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volume

nobility: Read
n.
(дворянство) quality or state of being noble; superiority of mind or of character; commanding excellence; eminence

noisy: Read
a. Syn. vociferous; clamorous
(шумной) full of loud and nonmusical sounds; clamorous

nominal: Read
a.
(номинальной) in name only; insignificantly small

nominate: Read
v. Syn. designate; appoint
(назначить) designate; appoint

nomination: Read
n.
(номинации) act of naming or nominating; designation of a person as a candidate for office

nonsense: Read
n. Syn. silliness; rubbish
(глупости) silliness; words or signs having no intelligible meaning

norm: Read
n. Syn. convention; standard; rule
(нормы) convention; standard; rule

normally: Read
ad. Syn. usually; commonly
(нормально) usually; as a rule; regularly; according to a rule

notable: Read
a. Syn. conspicuous; distinguished
(заметных) worthy of note or notice; remarkable; important

notably: Read
ad. Syn. especially; remarkably; particularly
(в частности) especially; in a notable manner; remarkably; particularly

note: Read
v.
(Примечание) observe carefully; notice; show; indicate

notify: Read
v. Syn. declare; publish
(Уведомлять) make known; give notice to; inform by notice

notion: Read
n. Syn. idea; conception
(Понятие) general or universal conception; belief or opinion

notorious: Read
a. Syn. disreputable; infamous
(пресловутый) disreputable; known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous

notwithstanding: Read
ad.
(несмотря) nevertheless; in spite of; despite anything to the contrary

nought: Read
n. Syn. naught
(ничто) nonexistence; nothingness; zero

nourish: Read
v. Syn. feed; nurture
(питать) provide with nourishment; provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth

nourishment: Read
n.
(питание) a source of materials to nourish the body

novel: Read
a. Syn. original; innovative
(роман) previously unknown; strikingly new, unusual, or different; young

novelty: Read
n. Syn. newness; innovation
(Новинки) quality of being novel; newness; something new and unusual

nowadays: Read
ad. Syn. now; presently
(сегодня) during current time; presently

nowhere: Read
ad.
(нигде) not anywhere; not in any place or state

nuclear: Read
a. Syn. atomic
(ядерных) of, relating to, or forming a nucleus of an atom; pertaining to, or using nuclear weapons

nucleus: Read
n. Syn. hub; core
(ядро) central or essential part around which other parts are gathered or grouped; core

nuisance: Read
n.
(неприятность) something that annoys or gives trouble and vexation; something that is offensive or noxious

null: Read
a. Syn. invalid; void; nullified
(NULL) invalid; void; nullified; having no legal force; invalid

nullify: Read
v.
(аннулирования) make invalid; make null; invalidate; counteract force or effectiveness of

numerical: Read
a.
(численного) belonging to number; denoting number; consisting in numbers; expressed by numbers, and not letters

numerous: Read
a. Syn. many; various
(многочисленные) many; various; amounting to a large indefinite number

nursery: Read
n.
(питомник) room for baby; area in a household set apart for the use of children

nylon: Read
n.
(нейлоновые) any of a family of high-strength, resilient synthetic polymers

oak: Read
n.
(дуб) any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus; durable wood of any of these trees or shrubs

oar: Read
n.
(весло) long, thin, usually wooden pole with a blade at one end, used to row or steer a boat

oath: Read
n. Syn. vow; pledge
(присягу) solemn promise; commitment to tell the truth

obedient: Read
a.
(послушным) subject in will or act to authority; willing to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or command

object: Read
v.
(объект) be averse to or express disapproval of

objection: Read
n. Syn. opposition; denial
(возражения) act of expressing earnest opposition or protest

objective: Read
a. Syn. fair
(Цель) not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or reality

obligation: Read
n. Syn. duty; commitment
(обязательства) act of binding oneself by a social, legal, or moral tie; written promise to repay a debt

oblige: Read
v. Syn. force; compel; coerce
(обязать) force; bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; do a service or favor for

obliterate: Read
v. Syn. delete; erase; abolish
(уничтожить) destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no trace

oblong: Read
a.
(продолговатые) having greater length than breadth, especially when rectangular

obscure: Read
v. Syn. darken; hide; block
(неясным) darken; make dim or indistinct; conceal in obscurity

observance: Read
n.
(соблюдением) act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; an act, ceremony, or rite, as of worship or respect

observe: Read
v.
(Заметим) be on the watch respecting; pay attention to; notice with care; see; perceive

obstacle: Read
n. Syn. obstruction; impediment; hindrance
(препятствие) one that opposes, stands in the way of, or holds up progress

obstinate: Read
a. Syn. stubborn
(упрямая) stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion; hard to control or treat

obstruction: Read
n.
(препятствие) act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress difficult

obtain: Read
v. Syn. acquire; get; procure; derive
(получения) get hold of; gain possession of; acquire, in any way

obtainable: Read
a. Syn. available
(получить) available; capable of being obtained

obvious: Read
a. Syn. evident; apparent
(очевидно) exposed; easily discovered; plain

occasion: Read
n. Syn. incident
(случаю) significant event that occurs at a critical time; opportunity to do something; event or happening

occasional: Read
a. Syn. random; incidental
(случайными) random; occurring from time to time; infrequent

occasionally: Read
ad. Syn. sometimes; infrequently; irregularly
(иногда) now and then; from time to time; infrequently; irregularly

occupation: Read
n. Syn. job; vocation; business
(оккупации) act of occupying or taking possession; control of a country by military forces of a foreign power

occupy: Read
v. Syn. inhabit
(занимать) inhabit; live in a certain place; be present in; be inside of

occur: Read
v. Syn. happen
(происходят) take place; be found to exist ; come to one's mind

occurrence: Read
n. Syn. incidence; event; happening
(возникновения) an event that happens

odd: Read
a. Syn. bizarre; strange; unusual
(нечетным) not easily explained; beyond from the usual or expected; not divisible by two

odour: Read
a. Syn. odor
(запах) any smell, whether fragrant or offensive; scent; perfume

offence: Read
n.
(преступления) act of causing anger, resentment, displeasure, or affront; violation or infraction of moral or social code

offend: Read
v.
(обидеть) strike against; attack; assail; make angry; affront

offensive: Read
a. Syn. attacking; insulting; distasteful
(наступление) causing anger, displeasure, resentment, or affront

offer: Read
n. Syn. proposal
(Предложение) act of presenting; something, such as a suggestion, proposal, bid, or recommendation

offset: Read
v.
(офсетная) counterbalance, counteract, or compensate for; balance

offspring: Read
n. Syn. descendant
(потомство) descendant

omen: Read
n.
(знак) any indication or action regarded as a foreshowing; phenomenon supposed to portend good or evil

ominous: Read
a. Syn. threatening
(зловещий) threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

omission: Read
n.
(бездействие) act of omitting; neglect or failure to do something required by propriety or duty

omit: Read
v. Syn. bypass; neglect
(опустить) leave undone or leave out ; bypass; neglect; fail to include or mention

onset: Read
n. Syn. start; assault
(начало) beginning or early stages; offensive against enemy

opaque: Read
a. Syn. nontransparent; obscure
(непрозрачной) impenetrable by light; not transparent; not reflecting light; having no luster

opera: Read
n.
(опера) a drama set to music and consists of singing

operative: Read
a.
(оперативного) having power of acting; exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of effects

opinion: Read
n.
(мнения) notion or conviction founded on probable evidence; belief stronger than impression; favorable estimation

opponent: Read
n. Syn. antagonist; adversary
(противника) contestant; someone who offers opposition ; adverse; hostile; opposing

opportune: Read
a. Syn. timely
(своевременной) timely; just in time; suited or right for a particular purpose

opportunity: Read
n. Syn. chance; probability
(возможность) favorable or advantageous circumstance; chance for progress or advancement

oppose: Read
v.
(против) place in front of, or over against; set opposite; exhibit; confront; resist; withstand

opposite: Read
n.
(противоположной) two words that express opposing concepts; contrariwise; directly facing each other

opposition: Read
n.
(оппозиция) condition of being in conflict; act of opposing something

optical: Read
a.
(оптические) of or relating to or involving light or optics

optimal: Read
a. Syn. optimum; ideal
(оптимального) most advantageous; optimum; ideal

optimism: Read
n.
(оптимизм) tendency to expect the best possible outcome; belief that the universe is improving and good will win over evil

optimistic: Read
a. Syn. hopeful; positive
(оптимистично) hopeful; positive; expecting the best in all possible ways

optimum: Read
a. Syn. best
(оптимального) most favorable or advantageous

option: Read
n. Syn. alternative; choice; selection
(вариант) act of choosing; power or freedom to choose

optional: Read
a.
(дополнительно) not obligatory; left to choice; not compulsory or automatic

oral: Read
a. Syn. spoken; unwritten
(устной) spoken; unwritten; relating to the mouth

orbit: Read
n. Syn. path; circle
(орбите) path; circle; move in an orbit; encircle

orchard: Read
n. Syn. garden
(сад) garden; area of land devoted to the cultivation of fruit or nut trees

orchestra: Read
n. Syn. band
(оркестр) band

orderly: Read
a.
(упорядоченного) conformed to order; in order; regular; well-regulated

ore: Read
n. Syn. mineral
(руды) mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined

organ: Read
n.
(органа) natural part or structure in animal or plant, capable of performing some special action

organic: Read
a.
(органических) simple and healthful and close to nature

organism: Read
n.
(организма) living being; system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body

orient: Read
v. Syn. direct; guide; lead
(ориентироваться) focus toward; determine position with reference to another point; locate to face the east

oriental: Read
a.
(восточные) of or relating to the countries of the orient or their peoples or cultures; eastern

orientation: Read
n. Syn. direction
(ориентации) act of finding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course introducing new situation

origin: Read
n.
(происхождения) the first existence or beginning of anything; birth; fountain

original: Read
a. Syn. first; primary
(оригинальные) not second hand; not copied or translated from something else

originality: Read
n. Syn. novelty; creativity
(оригинальность) novelty; creativity; capacity to act or think independently

originate: Read
v. Syn. initiate; invent; begin
(происходят) initiate; invent; bring into being; create

ornament: Read
n. Syn. decoration; adornment
(орнамент) decoration; something used to beautify

ornamental: Read
a. Syn. decorative; embellishing
(декоративные) decorative; any plant grown for its beauty or ornamental value

ounce: Read
n.
(унцию) unit of weight equal to one sixteenth of a pound

outbreak: Read
n. Syn. beginning; eruption; explosion
(вспышка) beginning; eruption; explosion

outcome: Read
n. Syn. result; effect
(результаты) result; end or consequence; result of a random trial

outdoors: Read
ad.
(на улице) out of house; out of doors

outermost: Read
a. Syn. utmost
(внешних) far most; utmost; outmost; most distant from the center or inside

outlandish: Read
a. Syn. strange; bizarre
(диковинные) unconventional; strikingly unfamiliar; located far from civilized areas

outlaw: Read
n.
(вне закона) person excluded from the benefit of the law, or deprived of its protection; fugitive from the law; habitual criminal

outlet: Read
n. Syn. channel
(выход) an opening that permits escape or release; activity that releases creative energy or emotion

outline: Read
n.
(наброски) line that appears to bound an object; shape of an object or figure; summary of a written work or speech

outlook: Read
n. Syn. viewpoint; standpoint
(Перспективы) prospect; view; belief about the future ; act of looking out

output: Read
n. Syn. production; product
(выход) act or process of producing; production; amount produced during a certain time

outrage: Read
n. Syn. atrocity; barbarity
(возмущение) act of extreme violence or viciousness; offense

outrageous: Read
n. Syn. violent; atrocious
(возмутительно) of the nature of an outrage; exceeding the limits of right, reason

outright: Read
ad. Syn. altogether; entirely
(Поединок) altogether; entirely; without reservation or exception

outset: Read
n.
(начала) beginning; start; origin; time at which something is supposed to begin

outstanding: Read
a.
(выдающийся) distinguished from others in excellence

oval: Read
a. Syn. elliptic
(овальные) elliptic; rounded like an egg

overall: Read
a. Syn. general; comprehensive
(общей) general; comprehensive; from one end to the other; including everything

overcast: Read
a.
(облачность) covered or obscured, as with clouds or mist; gloomy; melancholy

overcharge: Read
n. Syn. overprice
(завышенную) overprice; a price that is too high

overcome: Read
v. Syn. defeat
(преодолеть) defeat another in competition or conflict; conquer; prevail over

overestimate: Read
v.
(переоценить) make too high an estimate of

overflow: Read
v.
(переполнения) flow over; cover with, or as with, water or other fluid; spread over; flow over the brim of

overhear: Read
v.
(подслушать) hear more of anything than was intended to be heard; hear again

overlap: Read
n.
(перекрытия) representation of common ground between two things; extend over and cover a part of

overlapping: Read
a.
(перекрытия) covering with a design in which one element covers a part of another

overload: Read
v.
(перегрузки) place too much a load on

overlook: Read
v. Syn. ignore; disregard
(забывать) ignore; disregard; fail to notice ; watch over

overseas: Read
ad.
(Зарубежные) beyond or across the sea; abroad

oversight: Read
n. Syn. omission; inattention
(надзор) unintentional omission or mistake; watchful care or management; supervision

overtake: Read
v.
(догнать) come up with in a course, pursuit, progress, or motion; catch up with; come upon from behind; capture; overcome

overthrow: Read
v.
(свержения) throw over; overturn; upset; turn upside down; cause to fall or to fail

overtime: Read
n.
(сверхурочных) beyond the regular time

overwhelm: Read
v.
(сокрушить) defeat; cover completely or make imperceptible; overcome by superior force ; charge someone with too many tasks

overwhelming: Read
a.
(подавляющее) overpowering in effect or strength; very great or intense; extreme

owe: Read
v.
(должны) be in debt; be obliged to pay or repay

owl: Read
n.
(сова) any species of raptorial birds of the family Strigidae

own: Read
a.
(собственное) belonging to oneself or itself; not foreign; domestic

ownership: Read
n.
(собственности) having and controlling property

oxide: Read
n.
(оксида) any compound of oxygen with another element; a binary chemical compound of oxygen

oxygen: Read
n.
(кислорода) a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas

oyster: Read
n.
(устрицы) marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell