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4000 IELTS Academic Words List (1)

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abandon
abandonment
abbreviation
abeyance
abide
ability
abnormal
aboard
abolish
abolition
abortion
abortive
abridge
abrogate
abrupt
absence
absent
absolute
absolutely
absorb
absorption
abstract
absurd
absurdity
abundance
abundant
abuse
academic
academy
accede
accelerate
acceleration
access
accessible
accessory
accident
accidental
accidentally
accommodate
accommodation
accompaniment
accompany
accomplish
accomplishment
accord
account
accountant
accounting
accrue
accumulate
accumulation
accuracy
accurate
accusation
accuse
achieve
achievement
acid
acknowledge
acquaint
acquaintance
acquainted
acquire
acquisition
across
activate
actively
actual
actually
acute
adapt
adaptation
additional
additive
address
adequate
adhere
adhesive
adjacent
adjoin
adjust
adjustment
administer
administration
administrative
admiration
admire
admission
admit
admittedly
adolescence
adolescent
adopt
adoption
adore
adorn
adornment
adult
advance
advanced
adventure
adventurous
adversary
adverse
adversity
advertise
advisable
advocate
aerial
affect
affection
affectionate
affiliate
affirm
affirmation
affirmative
afford
affordable
agency
agent
aggravate
aggregate
aggregation
aggressive
aggressor
agitate
agitation
agony
agreeable
agreement
agriculture
aid
ailment
aim
air
aircraft
aisle
ajar
alarm
album
alert
alien
alienate
alignment
alike
allergic
allergy
alliance
allocate
allot
allowance
alloy
ally
alone
along
alongside
alter
alternate
alternation
alternative
altitude
aluminum
amateur
amaze
amazement
ambassador
ambiguity
ambiguous
ambition
ambitious
ambulance
amend
amendment
amends
amiable
amicable
amid
ammunition
amount
ample
amplification
amplify
amuse
analogy
analysis
analytical
analyze
ancestor
anchor
anecdote
angular
animate
animation
ankle
annex
anniversary
announce
announcement
announcer
annoy
annual
annually
antagonism
antagonist
antarctic
antibiotic
anticipate
anticipation
antique
antonym
anxiety
anxious
anyhow
apart
ape
apologize
apology
apparatus
apparent
appeal
appealing
appendix
appetite
applaud
appliance
applicable
applicant
application
apply
appoint
appointment
appreciable
appreciate
appreciation
appreciative
apprentice
approach
appropriate
approval
approve
approximate
approximately
apt
aptitude
arbitrary
arbitrator
arc
arch
archaeology
architect
architecture
ardent
arduous
area
arena
argue
arise
aristocracy
aristocrat
arithmetic
armour
arms
arouse
arrange
arrangement
array
arrest
arrogance
arrogant
article
artificial
ascend
ascertain
ascribe
ashamed
aside
aspect
aspirin
assassination
assault
assemble
assembly
assert
assess
assessment
assign
assignment
assist
assistance
assistant
associate
association
assorted
assortment
assume
assumption
assurance
assure
assured
astonish
astound
astray
astronomer
astronomical
astronomy
athlete
atlas
atmosphere
atom
atomic
attach
attachment
attack
attain
attempt
attend
attendance
attendant
attention
attentive
attic
attitude
attorney
attract
attraction
attribute
auction
audience
auditorium
august
author
authority
authorization
authorize
autobiography
automate
automatic
automation
automobile
autonomous
autonomy
auxiliary
avail
available
avenge
avenue
average
aviation
avoid
aware
awe
awful
awkward
awkwardly
axis
axle


abandon: Read
n. Syn. relinquish
(отказаться) lacking restraint or control; feeling of extreme emotional intensity; unbounded enthusiasm

abandonment: Read
n.
(отказ) giving up completely; freedom from constraint

abbreviation: Read
n.
(аббревиатура) shortening something by omitting parts of it

abeyance: Read
n. Syn. suspension
(отложено) suspended action; temporary cessation or suspension

abide: Read
v.
(соблюдать) endure; put up with; bear; tolerate

ability: Read
n. Syn. capacity; skill
(способность) capacity; skill

abnormal: Read
a. Syn. anomalous; unusual
(ненормальные) unusual; not typical; not normal

aboard: Read
ad.
(борт) on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; in or into a group, organization, or business

abolish: Read
v. Syn. cancel; annul
(отменить) cancel; put an end to; destroy completely

abolition: Read
n.
(отмена) ending; act of abolishing; act of doing away with

abortion: Read
n.
(аборт) termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan

abortive: Read
a. Syn. unsuccessful; fruitless
(неудачную) unsuccessful; failing to accomplish an intended objective; fruitless

abridge: Read
v. Syn. condense; shorten
(Краткое) condense; shorten; reduce length of written text

abrogate: Read
a. Syn. abolish
(отменить) abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority

abrupt: Read
a. Syn. sudden; unforeseen
(резкое) broken off; very steep; having sudden transitions from one subject to another

absence: Read
n.
(Отсутствие) state of being absent; state of being away

absent: Read
a. Syn. missing
(отсутствует) go away or leave ; missing; not present

absolute: Read
a. Syn. complete; certain
(абсолютная) perfect in quality or nature; complete; totally unlimited; certain

absolutely: Read
ad. Syn. utterly; definitely
(абсолютно) utterly; definitely

absorb: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; receive
(поглощают) assimilate or incorporate; suck or drink up; occupy full attention

absorption: Read
n. Syn. assimilation; reception
(поглощения) process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; state of mental concentration

abstract: Read
a. Syn. theoretical; abstruse
(Аннотация) theoretical; not concrete; not applied or practical; difficult to understand

absurd: Read
a. Syn. preposterous; ridiculous; foolish
(абсурдно) preposterous; ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable; foolish

absurdity: Read
n.
(абсурда) quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment; logical contradiction

abundance: Read
n. Syn. profusion; richness
(изобилие) great or plentiful amount; fullness to overflowing

abundant: Read
a. Syn. plentiful
(обильные) plentiful; possessing riches or resources

abuse: Read
n. Syn. misuse
(нарушении) improper use or handling; misuse

academic: Read
a. Syn. scholarly; collegiate; theoretical
(академических) related to school; not practical or directly useful; relating to scholarly organization; based on formal education

academy: Read
n.
(Академия) school for special instruction; society of scholars, scientists, or artists

accede: Read
v. Syn. agree; assent; concede
(присоединиться) agree; give consent, often at insistence of another; concede

accelerate: Read
v. Syn. speed; hasten
(ускорения) move faster; cause to develop or progress more quickly; occur sooner than expected

acceleration: Read
n.
(ускорение) faster rate of improvement; rate of change of velocity with respect to time

access: Read
n. Syn. approach
(доступ) approach; entry; entrance

accessible: Read
a. Syn. obtainable; approachable
(доступны) easily approached or entered; obtainable; easy to talk to or get along with

accessory: Read
n. Syn. adjunct; appendage
(аксессуары) additional object; useful but not essential thing; subordinate or supplementary item

accident: Read
n.
(авария) event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; sudden, and unexpected event

accidental: Read
a. Syn. unexpected; unforeseen
(случайно) unexpected; unforeseen

accidentally: Read
ad. Syn. inadvertently
(случайно) inadvertently; by chance; casually; fortuitously; not essentially or intrinsically

accommodate: Read
v. Syn. adapt; oblige
(размещения) do a favor or service for; provide for; supply with; make suitable; adapt; allow for

accommodation: Read
n.
(Размещение) living quarters provided for public convenience; something that meets a need; convenience

accompaniment: Read
n.
(сопровождение) act of accompanying someone or something

accompany: Read
v.
(сопровождать) travel with; be associated with

accomplish: Read
v. Syn. finish; achieve
(выполнения) succeed in doing; bring to pass; achieve; reach the end of; complete

accomplishment: Read
n. Syn. achievement; fulfillment
(достижение) achievement; fulfillment

accord: Read
n. Syn. agreement; treaty
(соглашение) settlement or compromise of conflicting opinions; written agreement between two states

account: Read
n. Syn. report; description
(счета) narrative or record of events; reason given for a particular action or event

accountant: Read
n.
(бухгалтера) one who maintains and audits business accounts

accounting: Read
n.
(учета) system that provides quantitative information about finances

accrue: Read
v.
(начисляются) increase, accumulate, or come about as a result of growth; accumulate over time

accumulate: Read
v. Syn. collect
(накапливаются) pile up; collect; mount up; increase

accumulation: Read
n. Syn. accretion; concentration
(накопления) increase by natural growth or addition; concentration

accuracy: Read
n.
(точности) quality of nearness to the truth or the true value

accurate: Read
a. Syn. precise; correct
(точной) capable of providing a correct reading or measurement; performing with care and precision

accusation: Read
n. Syn. indictment; charge
(обвинения) indictment; charge of wrongdoing that is made against a person or other party

accuse: Read
v. Syn. blame; condemn
(обвинить) blame; condemn

achieve: Read
v. Syn. accomplish; fulfill
(достижения) gain with effort; accomplish; fulfill

achievement: Read
n. Syn. feat; accomplishment
(достижения) feat; accomplishment; award for completing a particular task or meeting an objective

acid: Read
n.
(кислота) sour; water-soluble compounds having a sour taste; quality of being sarcastic, bitter, or scornful

acknowledge: Read
v. Syn. recognize; admit
(признать) declare to be true or admit; express obligation, thanks

acquaint: Read
v. Syn. Inform
(ознакомиться) inform about; cause to come to know personally; make familiar

acquaintance: Read
n.
(знакомства) personal knowledge or information about someone or something

acquainted: Read
a.
(знакомиться) known by or familiar with another; informed or familiar

acquire: Read
v. Syn. obtain; gain
(приобрести) gain through experience or effort; gain possession of; locate with tracking system

acquisition: Read
n. Syn. acquirement; attainment
(приобретение) act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something

across: Read
ad.
(через) from side to side; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length

activate: Read
v. Syn. encourage; stimulate
(активации) make active or more active; stimulate; make radioactive

actively: Read
ad. Syn. energetically; vigorously
(активное) energetically; vigorously; in an active manner; voluntarily, not passively

actual: Read
a. Syn. true; real
(Актуально) true; real; being, existing, or acting at the present moment; current

actually: Read
ad. Syn. truly; really
(фактически) truly; really; in fact

acute: Read
a. Syn. keen; sharp
(острого) quickly perceptive; keen; having a sharp point or tip; extremely sharp or severe

adapt: Read
v. Syn. alter; modify
(адаптироваться) make fit for; change to suit a new purpose

adaptation: Read
n. Syn. modification; adjustment
(адаптации) modification; alteration or adjustment in structure or habits

additional: Read
a. Syn. further; extra
(дополнительных) further; extra; supplemental or added to

additive: Read
n. Syn. addition; supplement
(аддитивной) addition; supplement

address: Read
v.
(адрес) make a formal speech to; deal with or discuss; direct efforts or attention of

adequate: Read
a. Syn. sufficient; enough
(адекватную) sufficient; enough to meet a purpose

adhere: Read
v. Syn. stick; bond
(придерживаться) stick fast; stick to firmly; be compatible or in accordance with

adhesive: Read
n. Syn. glue; paste
(клей) glue; paste ; substance that unites or bonds surfaces together

adjacent: Read
a. Syn. adjoining; neighboring
(смежных) adjoining; neighboring; close to; lying near

adjoin: Read
v. Syn. attach
(примыкают) be next to; be contiguous to; border on

adjust: Read
v. Syn. adapt; regulate
(Изменить) adapt; regulate

adjustment: Read
n.
(регулировки) making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances

administer: Read
v. Syn. govern; supervise
(администрирование) govern; supervise; give or apply medications

administration: Read
n. Syn. management; supervision; executive
(Администрация) management; supervision; people who are in charge for management; activity of government for powers and duties

administrative: Read
a.
(административных) of or relating to or responsible for administration

admiration: Read
n.
(восхищение) favorable judgment; feeling of pleasure, wonder, and approval

admire: Read
v. Syn. esteem; appreciate
(восхищаться) regard with wonder or astonishment; view with surprise; marvel at

admission: Read
n. Syn. admittance; entrance; access
(приема) act or practice of admitting; power or permission to enter

admit: Read
v.
(допускают) permit to enter; receive; provide the right or a means of entrance to

admittedly: Read
ad. Syn. doubtlessly; surely
(правда) doubtlessly; in an acknowledged manner; confessedly

adolescence: Read
n. Syn. youth; juvenescence
(подростковом возрасте) state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; transitional period between youth and maturity

adolescent: Read
n.
(подростков) a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity;

adopt: Read
v. Syn. accept
(принимать) accept; take on; raise; take into one's family

adoption: Read
n.
(принятия) act of accepting with approval

adore: Read
v. Syn. idolize; adorn
(обожаю) worship with profound reverence; pay divine honors to; regard with the utmost esteem and affection

adorn: Read
v. Syn. decorate
(украшают) enhance or decorate with or as if with ornaments

adornment: Read
n. Syn. embellishment; decoration
(украшения) embellishment; decoration; something that beautifies or adorns; ornament

adult: Read
n.
(взрослых) one who has attained maturity or legal age; fully grown

advance: Read
v. Syn. further; progress
(заранее) proceed; move forward; improve; moving forward

advanced: Read
a.
(расширенный) improved; highly developed or complex; ahead of the times; progressive

adventure: Read
n. Syn. risk; venture
(приключения) something happens without design; chance; hazard; risk; danger

adventurous: Read
a. Syn. valiant; venturesome
(приключений) valiant; venturesome; inclined or willing to incur hazard or engage in adventures

adversary: Read
n. Syn. opponent; contestant
(противника) opponent in contest; someone who offers opposition

adverse: Read
a. Syn. unfavorable; hostile
(неблагоприятных) in opposing direction; harmful or unfavorable; acting or serving to oppose

adversity: Read
n. Syn. poverty; misfortune
(невзгоды) state of misfortune, hardship, or affliction; misfortune

advertise: Read
v. Syn. notify
(Реклама) give notice to; inform or apprise; make known; give public notice of

advisable: Read
a.
(целесообразно) proper to be advised or to be done; expedient; prudent; ready to receive advice

advocate: Read
v. Syn. urge; support
(адвокат) speak, plead, or argue in favour of; plead for; push for something

aerial: Read
a.
(воздушных) of the air or atmosphere; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air

affect: Read
v.
(влияют) have an emotional or cognitive impact upon

affection: Read
n. Syn. fondness; love
(привязанность) fondness; tender feeling toward another; fondness

affectionate: Read
a. Syn. loving
(ласковые) having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; kindly inclined; zealous

affiliate: Read
v. Syn. associate; incorporate
(филиал) associate; incorporate

affirm: Read
v. Syn. assert; confirm
(утверждаем) assert; confirm

affirmation: Read
n. Syn. confirmation
(утверждения) positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath

affirmative: Read
a.
(позитивные) confirmative; ratifying; giving assent or approval; confirming

afford: Read
v. Syn. pay; risk
(себе) pay; provide; have the financial means for; bear the cost of

affordable: Read
a.
(доступным) able to pay for

agency: Read
n.
(Агентство) a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government

agent: Read
n. Syn. representative; delegate; deputy
(агент) one that acts on behalf of other persons or organizations

aggravate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; exacerbate
(усугубить) worsen; make worse or more troublesome

aggregate: Read
v. Syn. gather; accumulate
(совокупности) gather into a mass, sum, or whole; amount to

aggregation: Read
n.
(агрегации) several things grouped together or considered as a whole

aggressive: Read
a.
(агрессивного) making assaults; unjustly attacking; combative; hostile; tending to spread quickly

aggressor: Read
n. Syn. attacker; assailant; invader
(агрессора) one that engages in aggression; person who first attacks

agitate: Read
v. Syn. disturb
(агитировать) cause to move with violence or sudden force; upset; disturb

agitation: Read
n. Syn. anxiety; disturbance
(агитация) anxiety; extreme emotional disturbance

agony: Read
n.
(агония) extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; last struggle of life; death struggle

agreeable: Read
a. Syn. pleasing; acceptable
(приятным) ready to consent or submit; acceptable

agreement: Read
n.
(Соглашение) state of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character

agriculture: Read
n.
(сельское хозяйство) practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

aid: Read
n.
(помощь) person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; helper; assistant

ailment: Read
n. Syn. sickness; illness; affliction
(болезни) sickness; illness; affliction

aim: Read
n. Syn. objective; object; plan
(Цель) point or direct towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it

air: Read
v.
(воздуха) be broadcast on television or radio

aircraft: Read
n.
(самолет) vehicle that can fly, such as an airplane, helicopter, balloon

aisle: Read
n.
(прохода) passageway between rows of seats, as in an auditorium or an airplane; wing of a building

ajar: Read
a.
(приоткрытой) half-open; slightly turned or opened

alarm: Read
n.
(сигнализации) any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger

album: Read
n.
(альбом) a list of names; a register for visitors; a blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographs

alert: Read
n.
(предупреждения) warning serves; alarm; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action

alien: Read
a. Syn. strange; unfamiliar; foreign
(чужеродн��е) dissimilar, inconsistent, or opposed in nature; very different place, society, or person

alienate: Read
v. Syn. estrange; transfer; separate
(отчуждать) cause to become unfriendly or hostile; transfer property or ownership; isolate or dissociate emotionally

alignment: Read
n. Syn. arrangement; association; alliance
(выравнивание) arrangement; association; alliance

alike: Read
a. Syn. similar; resembling
(так) similar; in the same manner or to the same degree

allergic: Read
a.
(аллергические) excessively sensitive; susceptible; having an allergy

allergy: Read
n.
(аллергия) hyper sensitivity reaction; abnormally high sensitivity to certain substances

alliance: Read
n.
(союз) state of being allied; act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties

allocate: Read
v. Syn. assign
(выделить) assign; distribute according to plan

allot: Read
v. Syn. distribute
(выделить) parcel out in parts or portions; distribute to each individual concerned; assign as a share or lot

allowance: Read
n. Syn. authorization; permission
(учетом) approval; act of allowing, granting, or admitting

alloy: Read
v. Syn. combine; mix
(сплав) combine; mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate

ally: Read
n. Syn. confederate; partner; collaborator
(союзником) confederate; partner; collaborator

alone: Read
a. Syn. solitary; by oneself
(только) solitary; by oneself

along: Read
ad.
(вдоль) by the length; in a line with the length; onward; forward; in company; together

alongside: Read
ad.
(наряду) along or by the side; side by side with

alter: Read
v. Syn. modify; change; convert
(изменить) modify; cause to change; make different; convert

alternate: Read
a. Syn. substitute
(альтернативных) happening or following in turns; succeeding each other continuously; substitute

alternation: Read
n.
(чередование) successive change from one thing or state to another and back again

alternative: Read
a.
(альтернативные) one of two or more things, ideas or courses of action that may be used; option; choice

altitude: Read
n. Syn. elevation; height
(высоте) elevation especially above sea level; height

aluminum: Read
n.
(алюминия) silvery ductile metallic element

amateur: Read
a. Syn. nonprofessional; inexpert
(любительское) nonprofessional; lacking the skill of a professional, as in an art

amaze: Read
v. Syn. stun; astonish; shock
(удивлять) astonish; affect with wonder

amazement: Read
n. Syn. wonder; surprise
(удивлению) wonder; state of extreme surprise or wonder; astonishment

ambassador: Read
n.
(посол) authorized messenger or representative

ambiguity: Read
n.
(неопределенность) state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty

ambiguous: Read
a.
(неоднозначное) unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambition: Read
n. Syn. aspiration
(амбиции) aspiration

ambitious: Read
a. Syn. aspiring; enterprising
(амбициозные) aspiring; having a strong desire for success or achievement

ambulance: Read
n.
(скорая помощь) field hospital organized as to follow an army in its movements; wagon for conveying the wounded to hospital

amend: Read
v. Syn. correct; improve
(изменить) change for the better; improve; remove faults or errors

amendment: Read
n. Syn. correction; revision
(Поправка) correction; revision

amends: Read
n.
(вносит) compensation for a loss or injury; recompense; reparation

amiable: Read
a. Syn. agreeable; lovable
(любезный) good-natured and likable; lovable; warmly friendly

amicable: Read
a. Syn. friendly
(дружественных) exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; not quarrelsome

amid: Read
ad. Syn. among
(среди) in the middle of; among; surrounded by

ammunition: Read
n. Syn. weapon
(боеприпасов) military stores or provisions; articles used in weapons, as powder, balls, shot, shells

amount: Read
n. Syn. quantity; sum
(Сумма) total of two or more quantities; aggregate; sum

ample: Read
a. Syn. abundant
(достаточно) more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large

amplification: Read
n.
(усиления) addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail

amplify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase
(усиления) broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make larger or more powerful; increase

amuse: Read
v. Syn. absorb; distract; bewilder
(развлекаться) occupy in an agreeable, pleasing, or entertaining fashion; cause laughter or be funny; delude or deceive

analogy: Read
n. Syn. similarity; parallelism
(аналогии) similarity in some respects; comparison based on similarity

analysis: Read
n. Syn. study; investigation
(анализа) study; investigation; process of breaking down a substance into its constituent parts

analytical: Read
a.
(аналитические) of analysis; resolving into elements or parts

analyze: Read
v. Syn. diagnose; examine; analyze
(анализа) diagnose; examine

ancestor: Read
n. Syn. forefather; forebear
(предка) forefather; forebear; forerunner or predecessor

anchor: Read
v. Syn. fasten
(якоря) secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; narrate or coordinate

anecdote: Read
n. Syn. episode; story
(анекдот) short account of amusing or interesting event; short narrative; secret story of history or biography

angular: Read
a.
(угловой) sharp-cornered; consisting of an angle or angles; stiff in manner

animate: Read
a.
(анимации) endowed with life; alive; living; animated

animation: Read
n.
(анимация) act of animating, or giving life or spirit; state of being animate or alive.

ankle: Read
n.
(лодыжки) joint which connects the foot with the leg; tarsus

annex: Read
v. Syn. attach
(Приложение) append or attach; take possession of; incorporate into an existing political unit

anniversary: Read
a.
(юбилей) annual; yearly; annual return of the day on which any notable event took place

announce: Read
v. Syn. herald; proclaim
(объявить) herald; give out; proclaim; make known publicly

announcement: Read
n.
(Объявления) formal public statement; act of making known publicly

announcer: Read
n.
(диктора) one who proclaims a message publicly

annoy: Read
v. Syn. disturb; irritate
(раздражать) disturb, especially by minor irritations; irritate

annual: Read
a.
(ежегодного) occurring or payable every year

annually: Read
ad. Syn. yearly
(ежегодно) yearly; each year; returning every year; year by year

antagonism: Read
n. Syn. hostility; enmity
(антагонизм) active resistance; condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor

antagonist: Read
n.
(антагониста) one who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; opponent

antarctic: Read
a.
(Антарктики) opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it

antibiotic: Read
a. Syn. antibacterial
(антибиотик) of or relating to chemical substance that kills microorganisms and cures infections

anticipate: Read
v. Syn. expect; predict
(предвидеть) act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; predict

anticipation: Read
n. Syn. expectation
(ожидании) something expected; pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence

antique: Read
n. Syn. relic; curio
(античный) any furniture old and valuable; out of fashion

antonym: Read
n.
(антоним) word of opposite meaning; counter term

anxiety: Read
n.
(тревоги) concern something in state of painful uneasiness; state of restlessness and agitation

anxious: Read
a. Syn. eager; keen; worried
(хотелось) eager; keen; worried; uneasy and apprehensive about an uncertain event or matter

anyhow: Read
ad.
(иначе) in any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event

apart: Read
ad.
(кроме) separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside

ape: Read
v. Syn. imitate
(обезьяна) imitate; mimic, as an ape imitates human actions

apologize: Read
v.
(извиниться) beg pardon

apology: Read
n. Syn. regret
(извинения) acknowledgment expressing regret or asking pardon for a fault or offense; explanation or excuse

apparatus: Read
n. Syn. equipment
(аппарата) a group of parts that work together to perform given function; appliance or device for particular purpose

apparent: Read
a. Syn. visible
(очевидной) capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye

appeal: Read
n. Syn. attraction; charm
(Обращение) attraction; charm; attract; fascinate; challenge

appealing: Read
a. Syn. attractive; charming
(привлекательным) attractive; charming

appendix: Read
n. Syn. appendage; adjunct; concomitant
(Приложение) something appended or added

appetite: Read
n. Syn. desire
(аппетит) instinctive physical desire, especially one for food or drink

applaud: Read
v. Syn. clap; acclaim
(приветствую) acclaim; express approval, especially by clapping the hands

appliance: Read
n.
(устройство) durable goods for home or office use; device or instrument for household use

applicable: Read
a.
(применимо) capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance

applicant: Read
n. Syn. candidate
(заявителя) candidate

application: Read
n. Syn. diligence
(применение) close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance

apply: Read
v. Syn. exert
(применяются) exert; put into service; avail oneself to;

appoint: Read
v. Syn. designate; nominate
(назначить) designate; nominate

appointment: Read
n. Syn. arrangement
(назначения) act of putting a person into a non-elective position; arrangement

appreciable: Read
a. Syn. considerable; perceptible
(заметной) considerable; perceptible

appreciate: Read
v. Syn. admire; value
(оценить) be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of

appreciation: Read
n. Syn. recognition; taste
(признательность) recognition; taste; judgment or opinion, especially a favorable one

appreciative: Read
a.
(признательны) having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception

apprentice: Read
n.
(ученика) works for an expert to learn a trade; beginner; learner

approach: Read
n. Syn. access; method
(подход) access; method

appropriate: Read
v. Syn. acquire; allocate
(соответствующие) acquire; take possession of for one's own use; set apart for specific use

approval: Read
n. Syn. sanction; endorsement
(утверждения) official approbation; endorsement; act of approving

approve: Read
v. Syn. ratify
(утвердить) ratify; consider right or good; think or speak favorably of

approximate: Read
v. Syn. approach
(приближенные) approach; come near

approximately: Read
ad. Syn. about; roughly
(примерно) about; roughly

apt: Read
a. Syn. appropriate; suitable
(АСТ) likely; exactly suitable; appropriate; quick to learn or understand

aptitude: Read
n. Syn. intelligence; talent
(способности) inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding

arbitrary: Read
a. Syn. capricious; impulse
(произвольной) randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle

arbitrator: Read
n. Syn. judge; arbiter
(арбитр) someone chosen to judge and decide disputed issue; one having power to make authoritative decisions

arc: Read
n.
(дуги) continuous portion of a circle; something curved in shape

arch: Read
n.
(арка) any part of a curved line

archaeology: Read
n.
(археология) study of artifacts and relics of early mankind

architect: Read
n.
(архитектор) one who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures

architecture: Read
n.
(архитектура) art and science of designing and erecting buildings; buildings and other large structures

ardent: Read
a. Syn. intense; passionate; zealous
(горячим) displaying or by strong enthusiasm or devotion; passionate

arduous: Read
a. Syn. hard; strenuous
(трудный) demanding great effort or labor; difficult

area: Read
n.
(область) plane surface, as of the floor of a room; open space in a building; the enclosed space; extent; scope; range

arena: Read
n.
(Арена) playing field where sports events take place; large structure for open-air sports or entertainments

argue: Read
v.
(спорить) invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; debate

arise: Read
v. Syn. spring
(возникает) come up from a lower to a higher position; come above the horizon; spring up; come into action

aristocracy: Read
n.
(аристократия) hereditary nobility; privileged class

aristocrat: Read
n.
(аристократ) one of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble

arithmetic: Read
n.
(арифметических) theory of numerical calculations

armour: Read
n.
(доспехи) defensive covering, as of metal, wood, or leather, worn to protect the body against weapons

arms: Read
n. Syn. weapon
(оружие) weapons considered collectively; official symbols of a family

arouse: Read
v. Syn. excite; stimulate; awake
(вызывают) excite; stimulate; awaken from or as if from sleep

arrange: Read
v. Syn. plan; schedule
(организовать) put in proper order; dispose in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose

arrangement: Read
n. Syn. composition; order
(Композиция) composition; order

array: Read
v. Syn. marshal
(массив) set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement

arrest: Read
v.
(арест) stop or slow down; catch someone's attention; take into custody

arrogance: Read
n. Syn. pride; haughtiness
(высокомерие) overbearing pride; haughtiness; manifest feeling of personal superiority in rank, power, or estimation

arrogant: Read
a. Syn. overbearing; lofty
(высокомерным) arising from feeling or assumption of one's superiority toward others

article: Read
n. Syn. essay; editorial
(статьи) essay; editorial; individual thing or element of a class

artificial: Read
a. Syn. unreal
(искусственного) made by humans; produced rather than natural.

ascend: Read
v. Syn. climb; mount
(подниматься) climb; mount

ascertain: Read
v. Syn. discover; insure
(установить) find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of

ascribe: Read
v. Syn. refer; attribute; assign
(приписывают) inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality

ashamed: Read
a.
(стыдно) affected by shame; abashed or confused by guilt

aside: Read
ad.
(сторону) on, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest

aspect: Read
n. Syn. respect; facet
(аспект) distinct feature or element in a problem; a way in which something can be viewed by the mind

aspirin: Read
n.
(аспирин) white crystalline compound drug to relieve pain and reduce fever and inflammation

assassination: Read
n.
(убийство) act of assassinating; killing by treacherous violence; murder of public figure by surprise attack

assault: Read
n. Syn. attack; onslaught
(нападение) attack; onslaught

assemble: Read
v. Syn. gather
(собрать) put together; bring or call together into a group or whole

assembly: Read
n. Syn. gathering; meeting
(сборка) gathering; meeting; a group of persons gathered together for common reason

assert: Read
v. Syn. declare
(утверждать) declare or state with confidence; put oneself forward boldly

assess: Read
v. Syn. estimate; judge
(оценки) estimate value; judge worth of something

assessment: Read
n. Syn. evaluation; judgment
(оценки) act of judging or assessing; amount determined as payable

assign: Read
v. Syn. appoint; allot
(присвоить) appoint; allot; make over; point out authoritatively or exactly

assignment: Read
n. Syn. task; job
(назначение) task given to students; job; distribution; appointment

assist: Read
v. Syn. help
(помощь) give help or support to, especially as a subordinate

assistance: Read
n.
(помощь) activity of contributing to fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose

assistant: Read
n. Syn. helper; aide
(Помощник) helper; person who assists or helps someone else

associate: Read
v. Syn. pertain; connect
(ассоциированных) connect or join together; combine

association: Read
n. Syn. alliance; connection
(ассоциация) connection, whether of persons of things; union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose

assorted: Read
a. Syn. varied; miscellaneous
(ассорти) varied; miscellaneous

assortment: Read
n. Syn. variety; conglomerate
(Ассортимент) variety; collection containing a variety of sorts of things

assume: Read
v. Syn. suppose; presume
(считать) suppose; presume; take on; bear

assumption: Read
n. Syn. hypothesis; supposition
(предположения) something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of

assurance: Read
n. Syn. certainty; confidence; insurance; guaranty
(обеспечения) promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence; freedom from doubt

assure: Read
v. Syn. solidify; guarantee; convince
(обеспечения) solidify; guarantee; convince

assured: Read
a.
(заверил) made sure; exhibiting confidence or authority; indubitable

astonish: Read
v. Syn. surprise; shock
(удивлять) surprise; shock

astound: Read
v. Syn. surprise; shock
(поразить) affect with wonder; surprise; shock

astray: Read
a.
(заблуждение) away from the correct path or direction, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering

astronomer: Read
n.
(астроном) a physicist who studies astronomy

astronomical: Read
a. Syn. celestial
(астрономические) enormously large or extensive; relating to astronomy

astronomy: Read
n.
(астрономия) branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and universe as a whole

athlete: Read
n.
(спортсмена) sports man; one who contended for prize in public games

atlas: Read
n.
(Атлас) a bound volume of maps, charts, or tables

atmosphere: Read
n. Syn. air
(атмосфера) air

atom: Read
n.
(атома) a tiny piece of anything; the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element

atomic: Read
a.
(атомной) of or relating to or comprising atoms; immeasurably small

attach: Read
v. Syn. fasten; annex
(придаем) fasten; annex; be in contact with

attachment: Read
n. Syn. preference; affection
(вложения) a bond, as of affection or loyalty; fond regard; supplementary part; accessory

attack: Read
n.
(атаки) offensive move; expression of strong criticism; hostile comment

attain: Read
v. Syn. gain
(достижения) achieve or accomplish; gain

attempt: Read
n. Syn. try; endeavor; effort
(Попытка) action of trying at something

attend: Read
v.
(участие) be present at; go to; take care of; tend

attendance: Read
n.
(посещаемости) act of being present

attendant: Read
n. Syn. aide; servant
(сопутствующих) aide; servant; accompanying; person who participates in a meeting

attention: Read
n. Syn. concentration; care
(внимание) act or state of attending or heeding; application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought

attentive: Read
a. Syn. considerate; thoughtful
(внимательный) alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful

attic: Read
n.
(чердак) story or room directly below the roof of a building, especially a house;

attitude: Read
n.
(отношения) posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue

attorney: Read
n. Syn. lawyer
(адвокат) lawyer; one who is appointed by another to act in his place or stead; proxy

attract: Read
v. Syn. lure; allure
(привлечения) draw to, or cause to tend to; engage or fix, as the mind, attention; invite or allure

attraction: Read
n. Syn. affinity; appeal
(привлечения) appeal; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts

attribute: Read
n. Syn. trait
(атрибута) essential quality; reputation; honor

auction: Read
n.
(аукцион) public sale of property to the highest bidder

audience: Read
n. Syn. spectator; viewer
(аудитории) a group of people within hearing; crowd seeing a stage performance

auditorium: Read
n.
(аудитории) area of theater or concert hall where audience sits

august: Read
a. Syn. impressive; majestic; grand
(Август) impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

author: Read
n.
(автору) beginner, former, or first mover of anything; creator; originator; one who composes or writes book or composer

authority: Read
n. Syn. jurisdiction; power
(власть) jurisdiction; power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge; government

authorization: Read
n.
(разрешения) act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrant

authorize: Read
v. Syn. empower; sanction
(разрешить) empower; give permission for; sanction

autobiography: Read
n.
(Автобиография) biography or story written by yourself

automate: Read
v.
(автоматизации) replace or enhance human labor with machines

automatic: Read
a. Syn. automated; mechanized; involuntary
(автоматического) mechanized; operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control

automation: Read
n.
(Автоматизация) act or process of converting the controlling of a machine or device to a more automatic system, such as computer or electronic controls

automobile: Read
n.
(автомобиль) self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on street or roadway

autonomous: Read
a.
(автономного) self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent

autonomy: Read
n. Syn. independence; liberty
(автономии) independence; self-government or the right of self-government; self-determination

auxiliary: Read
a. Syn. aiding; supplementary
(вспомогательных) helper, additional or subsidiary

avail: Read
v. Syn. profit; promote
(воспользоваться) turn to advantage of; be of service to; profit; promote

available: Read
a. Syn. free
(обучения) convenient for use or disposal; not busy, free; obtainable; accessible

avenge: Read
v.
(мстить) take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone

avenue: Read
n.
(проспект) way or opening for entrance or exit place; passage by which a place may be reached; broad street

average: Read
a. Syn. typical; mediocre
(Средний) typical; mean; achieve or reach on average

aviation: Read
n. Syn. flying; flight; aeronautics
(авиация) art or science of flying; flight; aeronautics

avoid: Read
v. Syn. shun; prevent
(избежать) shield away from; prevent

aware: Read
a.
(знать) knowing; having knowledge or cognizance

awe: Read
n. Syn. dread; admiration; amazement
(трепет) mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder; fear, as of something evil

awful: Read
a. Syn. terrible
(ужасно) causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible

awkward: Read
a. Syn. clumsy; inept
(неловко) difficult to handle or manage

awkwardly: Read
ad.
(неловко) in an uncomfortable, nervous or embarrassed way

axis: Read
n. Syn. shaft; pivot
(оси) the center around which something rotates; pivot

axle: Read
n.
(оси) pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel; transverse bar or shaft connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage