perspective n.the appearance to the eye of objects in respect to their relative distance and positions
The team imaged the cloud with a camera, capturing a perspective similar to a child’s when facing towards the center on a playground carousel.
tweak v.improve a mechanism or system by making fine adjustments to it
Because they can study so many populations in parallel, they can tweak factors such as the mutation rate, size of the original population, and environmental conditions.
inferior n.a person lower than another in rank, status, or ability
Even the inferior need to respond to the changing opportunities to pivot more effectively to new things when the old one starts looking shaky.
pronounced a.very noticeable or marked; conspicuous
These findings suggest that many people are mired in a poverty trap, unable to improve their circumstances because of their pronounced lack of resources in the first place.
camp n.a group engaged in promoting or defending a theory or position
If I can get students from different ideological camps to come together and learn to hold substantive conversations about the thorny issues, then that’s a win for me.
compose v.to form by putting together
The inaugural committee is composed of Amy Brand, director and publisher at the MIT Press, Gabriela Bueno Gibbs, assistant acquisitions editor; and other experts.
ongoing a.continuing; still in progress
The MIT Press Grant Program is an important step in our ongoing commitment to amplify marginalized voices and help change the culture of academic publishing.
tab v.exploit or draw a supply from
Her work taps empirical evidence in archives that amplify her theoretical arguments, and that illuminates contemporary problems of global power jockeying.
complex n.a group of obviously related units of which the nature of the relationship is imperfectly known
This age segregation, the researchers believe, is a strong sign of a complex, herd-like social structure.
span n.the full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers
Rather than having a chemist who can only do a couple of tryings over a span of days, our system can do hundreds of iterations over the same duration.
burden n.the amount of growth or substance present in a human or animal body or test sample
The T cells proliferate more, they target the tumors better, and we see an overall decrease in lung tumor burden in our mouse model as a result of the therapy.
image v.make appear, project
After removing a piece of genetic code, they can image the fly’s synapses to see if there was a change in the alignment of the chemical receptors.
strain n.a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence
A CDC internal document said the Delta variant was roughly as transmissible as chickenpox, whereas an early strain was closer to the common cold.
fuel v.support, stimulate
A new detail about the severity of their symptoms could fuel further debate about the origins of the coronavirus pandemic.
snake v.move or extend with the twisting motion
If the Earth’s oceans were drained completely, they would reveal a massive chain of undersea volcanoes snaking around the planet, a sprawling ocean ridge system.
underrepresent v.provide with insufficient or inadequate representation
Women and people of color remain underrepresented at every step of the tenure track in every academic field in the United States.
light n.public knowledge; a particular aspect or appearance presented to view
By many lights, these are challenging times: the Covid-19 pandemic, the climate crisis, and rampant political polarization have all contributed to a sense of outright turmoil.
overrun n.a finishing time or a cost that continues past an intended limit
Deploying these nuclear batteries does not entail managing a large construction site, which has been the primary source of schedule delays and cost overruns for nuclear projects.
oversee v.supervise (a person or work), especially in an official capacity
He was assigned to a frigate in Norfolk, oversaw all aspects of the engineering plan, ranging from power supply to propulsion.
buffet v.(especially of wind or waves) strike repeatedly and violently
The Cambridge-area innovation hub has been buffeted by the events of the past year but also shown great resilience and creativity.
pressing a.requiring quick or immediate action or attention
This work originated as a new project developed in the MIT Catalyst program, a program designed to nucleate projects that solve pressing clinical needs.
edge n.an advantage over other people
This knowledge we’re developing can apply to so many applications down the road, like in water harvesting, and I feel like we're getting the edge over the other competitors.
tract n.a major passage in the body, a large bundle of nerve fibers
Many viruses infect their hosts through mucosal surfaces such as the lining of the respiratory tract.
sidestep v.avoid (someone or something) by stepping sideways
Computer-generated holography sidesteps these challenges by simulating the optical setup, but the process can be a computational slog.
approach v.speak to (someone) for the first time about something, typically with a proposal or request
Fifty-one patients were approached in the waiting room or a triage tent and asked if they would be willing to participate in the study.
headwind n.a force or influence opposing forward motion; a wind blowing from directly in front
He said that while it is possible the Federal Reserve may turn more dovish at its March, April, and June meetings, there are headwinds.
motor n.a source of power, energy, or motive force
Leon is a precocious kid, which provides the motor for the novel as his innocence stands in stark contrast to the evil of the old man he converses with.
stem v.prevent, stop, or deter
With a highly transmissible new variant of the virus surging across Britain, Johnson is rushing out vaccines faster than the country’s neighbors in a bid to stem the pandemic.
work out v.solve a problem by doing a calculation
It all works out to fewer New Year’s babies; the baby bust could mean some 320,000 children who statistically would have likely been born in 2021 but won't because of the pandemic.