100 Words with Uncommon Meaning

They are 100 common words with uncommon meaning; we select example sentences from recent English media, like Economics and BBC, most of them are for academic reading. The list is updated weekly to help readers refresh hot usage of common words.
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 100 Common Words with Uncommon Meaning and Sentence
pressing  Speak
a.
urgently important
He embarked on an odyssey of jobs in the nonprofit sector and graduate work in multiple academic disciplines, touching on pressing social topics. MIT News
supercharge  Speak
v.
to make something more powerful or impressive
By retrofitting existing hydropower plants, the founders believe they can supercharge the hydropower industry that is by far the largest source of renewable electricity. MIT News
harness  Speak
v.
control and make use of (natural resources), especially to produce energy
Companies looking to harness their potential do have to address some hurdles before the solar cells can be commercially competitive. MIT News
primer  Speak
n.
a small introductory book on a subject
He penned a book for general audiences, in addition to a widely-read primer on climate change and risk assessment designed to influence business leaders. MIT News
avenue  Speak
n.
a way of approaching a problem or making progress toward something
She also recognized that staying with a company driven by profits would not be the best avenue to fulfill her personal career aspirations. MIT News
words  Speak
n.
pl. something that is said, talk
The acoustics are perfect for amplifying her words and her innate passion for geology. MIT News
reception  Speak
n.
a social gathering often for the purpose of extending a formal welcome
At the reception, they toasted the long-lived partnership; a professor emeritus of linguistics described the affection Chomsky and Halle had for each other. MIT News
strip  Speak
v.
remove all coverings from; leave bare of accessories or fittings
The recycled pulsar then starts reradiating energy that further strips the star and eventually destroys it. MIT News
model  Speak
v.
use something as an example to follow or imitate
If you don't model wave breaking right, it would have tremendous implications for how structures behave. MIT News
rung  Speak
n.
horizontal support on a ladder for a person's foot
They are referred to as ladder polymers because they are formed from double strands connected by rung-like bonds, and these linkages provide a high degree of rigidity. MIT News
dent  Speak
n.
a weakening or lessening effect
Despite concerted efforts worldwide to develop more efficient solar panels, a mundane problem like dust can actually put a serious dent in the whole thing. MIT News
frame  Speak
v.
give expression to; express something choosing your words carefully
He has realized the importance of making data accessible and discovered the power of framing data to control a storyline. MIT News
glitch  Speak
n.
a false or spurious electronic signal
The datasets had been identified by humans, so the researchers were able to compare the anomalies their model identified with real glitches in each system. MIT News
overhead  Speak
n.
business expenses not chargeable to a particular part of the work or product
Existing secure computation methods like homomorphic encryption offer strong security guarantees, but they incur huge overheads in area and power. MIT News
regimen  Speak
n.
a prescribed course of medical treatment, way of life, or diet for the promotion or restoration of health
Many conventional studios require commitments that can be daunting if you’re still figuring out what your ideal fitness regimen is. MIT News
promote  Speak
v.
help bring something into being; launch
There are many questions left to answer, such as the roles of intermediaries, how to promote access securely, and how to design for those without smartphones. MIT News
clock  Speak
v.
to time with a stopwatch or by an electric timing device
Rosado tells the story of when she clocked her best time yet at a swim meet. MIT News
perspective  Speak
n.
the appearance to the eye of objects in respect to their relative distance and positions
The team imaged the cloud with a camera, capturing a perspective similar to a child’s when facing towards the center on a playground carousel. MIT News
tweak  Speak
v.
improve a mechanism or system by making fine adjustments to it
Because they can study so many populations in parallel, they can tweak factors such as the mutation rate, size of the original population, and environmental conditions. MIT News
inferior  Speak
n.
a person lower than another in rank, status, or ability
Even the inferior need to respond to the changing opportunities to pivot more effectively to new things when the old one starts looking shaky. MIT News
pronounced  Speak
a.
very noticeable or marked; conspicuous
These findings suggest that many people are mired in a poverty trap, unable to improve their circumstances because of their pronounced lack of resources in the first place. MIT News
camp  Speak
n.
a group engaged in promoting or defending a theory or position
If I can get students from different ideological camps to come together and learn to hold substantive conversations about the thorny issues, then that’s a win for me. MIT News
compose  Speak
v.
to form by putting together
The inaugural committee is composed of Amy Brand, director and publisher at the MIT Press, Gabriela Bueno Gibbs, assistant acquisitions editor; and other experts. MIT News
ongoing  Speak
a.
continuing; still in progress
The MIT Press Grant Program is an important step in our ongoing commitment to amplify marginalized voices and help change the culture of academic publishing. MIT News
tab  Speak
v.
exploit or draw a supply from
Her work taps empirical evidence in archives that amplify her theoretical arguments, and that illuminates contemporary problems of global power jockeying. MIT News
complex  Speak
n.
a group of obviously related units of which the nature of the relationship is imperfectly known
This age segregation, the researchers believe, is a strong sign of a complex, herd-like social structure. MIT News
span  Speak
n.
the full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers
Rather than having a chemist who can only do a couple of tryings over a span of days, our system can do hundreds of iterations over the same duration. MIT News
burden  Speak
n.
the amount of growth or substance present in a human or animal body or test sample
The T cells proliferate more, they target the tumors better, and we see an overall decrease in lung tumor burden in our mouse model as a result of the therapy. MIT News
image  Speak
v.
make appear, project
After removing a piece of genetic code, they can image the fly’s synapses to see if there was a change in the alignment of the chemical receptors. MIT News
strain  Speak
n.
a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence
A CDC internal document said the Delta variant was roughly as transmissible as chickenpox, whereas an early strain was closer to the common cold. CNN
fuel  Speak
v.
support, stimulate
A new detail about the severity of their symptoms could fuel further debate about the origins of the coronavirus pandemic. CNN
snake  Speak
v.
move or extend with the twisting motion
If the Earth’s oceans were drained completely, they would reveal a massive chain of undersea volcanoes snaking around the planet, a sprawling ocean ridge system. MIT News
underrepresent  Speak
v.
provide with insufficient or inadequate representation
Women and people of color remain underrepresented at every step of the tenure track in every academic field in the United States. MIT News
light  Speak
n.
public knowledge; a particular aspect or appearance presented to view
By many lights, these are challenging times: the Covid-19 pandemic, the climate crisis, and rampant political polarization have all contributed to a sense of outright turmoil. MIT News
overrun  Speak
n.
a finishing time or a cost that continues past an intended limit
Deploying these nuclear batteries does not entail managing a large construction site, which has been the primary source of schedule delays and cost overruns for nuclear projects. MIT News
oversee  Speak
v.
supervise (a person or work), especially in an official capacity
He was assigned to a frigate in Norfolk, oversaw all aspects of the engineering plan, ranging from power supply to propulsion. MIT News
buffet  Speak
v.
(especially of wind or waves) strike repeatedly and violently
The Cambridge-area innovation hub has been buffeted by the events of the past year but also shown great resilience and creativity. MIT News
edge  Speak
n.
an advantage over other people
This knowledge we’re developing can apply to so many applications down the road, like in water harvesting, and I feel like we're getting the edge over the other competitors. MIT News
tract  Speak
n.
a major passage in the body, a large bundle of nerve fibers
Many viruses infect their hosts through mucosal surfaces such as the lining of the respiratory tract. MIT News
sidestep  Speak
v.
avoid (someone or something) by stepping sideways
Computer-generated holography sidesteps these challenges by simulating the optical setup, but the process can be a computational slog. MIT News
approach  Speak
v.
speak to (someone) for the first time about something, typically with a proposal or request
Fifty-one patients were approached in the waiting room or a triage tent and asked if they would be willing to participate in the study. MIT News
headwind  Speak
n.
a force or influence opposing forward motion; a wind blowing from directly in front
He said that while it is possible the Federal Reserve may turn more dovish at its March, April, and June meetings, there are headwinds. Market Watch
motor  Speak
n.
a source of power, energy, or motive force
Leon is a precocious kid, which provides the motor for the novel as his innocence stands in stark contrast to the evil of the old man he converses with. Washington Times
stem  Speak
v.
prevent, stop, or deter
With a highly transmissible new variant of the virus surging across Britain, Johnson is rushing out vaccines faster than the country’s neighbors in a bid to stem the pandemic. Reuters
work out  Speak
v.
solve a problem by doing a calculation
It all works out to fewer New Year’s babies; the baby bust could mean some 320,000 children who statistically would have likely been born in 2021 but won't because of the pandemic. Washington Times