100 Words with Meaning and Sentence

100 common words with meaning and sentence in academic reading; these words are selected from latest English media, easy but with uncommon meanings in contexts.
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 100 Common Words in Academic Reading
outfit  Speak
n.
a group that works as a team
The party locked arms with the third force, a regional outfit called the Janata Dal-Secular; the pairing of two parties thus claimed the right to replace the incumbent from them as chief minister.
side  Speak
v.
support or oppose in a conflict
When Mr Meshal sided with his Qatari financiers, who backed Syria's Islamist rebels after the uprising in 2011, Mr Assad and his men fumed at the treachery.
hideout  Speak
n.
a hiding place, especially one used by someone who has broken the law
In his hideout. he is close to clinching a deal on devolution that would let Renamo share or win power in some provinces.
snap  Speak
n.
a photograph usually taken with a small handheld camera
On the campaign trail before a general election, Mr Hariri has clambered atop cars, posed with fans and cuddled up to children in search of the best snap of himself.
redeem  Speak
v.
compensate for the faults or bad aspects of something
The fall from grace is embodied in capitalism; man is redeemed as the proletariat rises up against its exploiters and creates a communist utopia.
regime  Speak
n.
a government, especially an authoritarian one
The 40% of humanity who lived under Marxist regimes for much of the 20th century endured famines, gulags and party dictatorships.
hawk  Speak
v.
carry around and offer goods for sale, typically advertising them by shouting
China's earliest pawn shops were run by Buddhist monasteries; in recent decades monks are keen to attract visitors, paving roads to their temples and opening shops hawking spiritual tat.
man  Speak
v.
work at, run, or operate a place or piece of equipment
Monks are rattled: the one manning Guanyin's donation box fears such undisguised moneymaking would turn their shrine into a temple run by CEO abbot.
wreck  Speak
v.
cause the destruction by sinking or breaking up
The threat to a craft of deep space is that its electronics might be wrecked; radiation slowly displaces atoms in solids, to the detriment of any electronic components those atoms are part of.
chill  Speak
n.
an unpleasant feeling of coldness in the atmosphere
In the chill of deep space, bacteria somehow shielded from cosmic radiation might survive dormant for millions of years.
reach  Speak
n.
a continuous extent of land or water, especially a stretch of river between two bends
Just a few years ago Wuhan, a sprawling metropolis in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, exemplified China’s economic woes.
loft  Speak
v.
kick, hit, or throw (a ball or missile) high up
The company has built 500 burners on Himalayan ridges in the path of the monsoon, and is testing a system to loft particles of silver iodide from the machines into the atmosphere.
divert  Speak
v.
cause to change course or turn from one direction to another
Diverting water from the south of China to the north is not the country’s only crazily ambitious drought-alleviation scheme.
capably  Speak
ad.
ably, aptly, competently
It listens to customer-service calls and assigns an empathy score based on how compassionate agents are and how fast and how capably they settle complaints.
worthwhile  Speak
a.
worth the time, money, or effort spent; of value or importance
Factory workers have long clocked in and out; but AI makes ubiquitous surveillance worthwhile, because every bit of data is potentially valuable.
track  Speak
v.
follow the course or trail of
Amazon has patented a wristband that tracks the hand movements of warehouse workers and uses vibrations to nudge them into being more efficient.
kindle  Speak
v.
light or set on fire
Such grandiose forecasts kindle anxiety as well as hope; many fret that AI (artificial intelligence) could destroy jobs faster than it creates them.
nestle  Speak
v.
settle or lie comfortably within or against something
Literally Buddha Place, Boudhanath is a village nestled within the sprawling Nepalese city; even though it's now a part of Kathmandu, it retains the self-contained cosiness of a village.
stray  Speak
v.
move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place
For a long time, I bought into this anti-circle bias; and while I often strayed from the straight and narrow, I always chalked up my circuitous path to personal shortcomings.
outfit  Speak
n.
a set of clothes worn together, typically for a particular occasion or purpose
Gabriella Papadakis's sparkling green outfit came undone in the back while she and partner were performing their short program.
malfunction  Speak
n.
a failure to function in a normal or satisfactory manner
CBC says it will edit the encore broadcast of ice dance competition to eliminate images of a French skater's breast that was exposed due to a costume malfunction.
imperative  Speak
a.
of vital importance, crucial
The defence team deployed peremptory challenges, which can be used by both sides for purely strategic reasons with no imperative to justify their use, to nix Indigenous people from being considered as jurors.
render  Speak
v.
cause to be or become; make
The lead-up to the trial itself sparked suspicions: secret jury deliberation can lead to jury nullification, when the jury renders a verdict based purely on its prejudices.
disregard  Speak
v.
pay no attention to; ignore
Did the jury simply disregard the law to give Stanley a free pass to murder? Jury deliberations are kept secret by law, and can never become the basis for a factual appeal.
indigenous  Speak
a.
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
There is outrage in Indigenous communities over the recent acquittal of a Saskatchewan farmer of all charges relating to the shooting death of young Colten Boushie.
adorn  Speak
v.
make more beautiful or attractive
The sapphire engagement ring that now adorns the hand of the Duchess of Cambridge, wasn't custom-made; she selected the diamond-encrusted ring from a jewelry collection catalog.
scrap  Speak
n.
a small piece of something, especially one that is left over after the greater part has been used
The lace on Diana's dress was not just old, it was really, really old, sourced from antique scraps bought at auction by her dress designers.
resemble  Speak
v.
look or seem like
That franchise was told that the blue was chosen to echo the sky, and the building is more orange and red to resemble the surrounding terrain.
hoax  Speak
n.
a humorous or malicious deception
A flat-earther who witnessed this week’s SpaceX launch says it was a hoax – and that Elon Musk has been groomed to help fool people into thinking intergalactic travel is possible.
inspiration  Speak
n.
the process of being mentally stimulated to do or feel something, especially to do something creative
Scholars have long argued about the inspiration for Shakespeare's canon; now a piece of software, used for detecting plagiarism among university students, may have the answer.
poise  Speak
v.
be or cause to be balanced or suspended
This weekend is merely the calm before the proverbial marvel-powered storm as 'Black Panther' is poised to leap into theaters with potentially record-breaking results.
exert  Speak
v.
apply or bring to bear;
make a physical or mental effort
Justin, who works as an Uber driver, also speculated the main reason one percent of the world's elite want to keep the true shape of the Earth secret is to exert control.
roam  Speak
v.
move about or travel aimlessly, especially over a wide area
Mustang roam freely over much of the southwest United States; they live in bands of between 5-20 horses, mainly females and foals led by a dominant stallion.
swoop  Speak
v.
move rapidly downward through the air
Swooping in for the hunt, the long-eared bat takes on the deadly deathstalker scorpion on foot;this scorpion's venom is so strong it is capable of killing a human.
accommodate  Speak
v.
provide lodging or sufficient space for;
fit in with the wishes or needs of
People of different ages have very divergent working styles, priorities, and needs; but how can your business accommodate these unique needs, while still enabling effective collaboration and productivity?
bootleg  Speak
n.
illegal musical recording, especially one made at a concert
Star Wars was banned in the Soviet Union until 1990, although a thriving black market bootleg video exchange meant many Soviet citizens had in fact seen the films during the 1980s.
fickle  Speak
a.
changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties
The surveys will be used to divide publications into buckets to screen out likely peddlers of misinformation; it's also betting on the notoriously fickle news judgment of the masses.
perceive  Speak
v.
become aware or conscious of; come to realize or understand
Friday's change is notable, however, given Facebook's fear of being perceived as an arbiter of news quality.
overhaul  Speak
v.
take apart in order to examine it and repair it if necessary
The move comes roughly a week after Facebook announced it would overhaul its core News Feed product to focus more on engaging content from friends and family rather than passive low-quality news.
trustworthy  Speak
a.
able to be relied on as honest or truthful
Facebook will begin allowing its users to rank news sources they see as the most credible and trustworthy so it can better rank and prioritize them in its News Feed.
euphoria  Speak
n.
a feeling or state of intense excitement and happiness
The euphoria is what was once considered the provenance of libertarians seeking to create an alternative to central bank system, bitcoin, is bringing to mainstream.
scenery  Speak
n.
the natural features of a landscape
While the breathtaking scenery remains the same, pretty much everything else has changed at Whistler Blackcomb, including the gondola.
goody  Speak
n.
something that causes delight or satisfaction
Outside bright snow can be seen piled on the eaves of massive dark-wood buildings, whose small windows glow with goodies.
hearty  Speak
a.
loudly vigorous and cheerful
Families tuck in to hearty meals of sausages and rye bread, and men play cards over glasses of locally brewed beer.
salvage  Speak
v.
rescue a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo from loss at sea
Japan's ancient sport sumo is again fighting to salvage its reputation after a top-ranking wrestler seriously injured a fellow competitor in an alcohol-fuelled attack.
ideology  Speak
n.
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy
This debate often represents a schism in American political ideology that claims to champion the same goals but attempts to meet those goals through different methods.
trigger  Speak
v.
cause an event or situation to happen or exist
Scientists knew that photons striking a plant’s leaves triggered a cascade that ultimately resulted in sugar production, but no one knew exactly how that worked.
startling  Speak
a.
very surprising, astonishing, or remarkable
Jesus taught that life does not end after our bodies die. He made this startling claim: I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me, even though they die like everyone else, will live again.
cast  Speak
v.
throw something forcefully in a specified direction
Although boosters of drilling there have long tried to cast the vast region in northeastern Alaska as a virtual frozen desert, the wilderness actually teems with life.
flee  Speak
v.
run away from a place or situation of danger
They've fled violence in Myanmar and sought refuge in neighboring Bangladesh; the amount of people is just unfathomable, and U.N. called the exodus as the fastest growing refugee crisis.
defect  Speak
v.
abandon one's country or cause in favor of an opposing one
The soldier shot multiple times while defecting to the South is in a stable condition but riddled with parasites that could complicate his chances of survival.
outrage  Speak
n.
an extremely strong reaction of anger, shock, or indignation
The outrage echoed that of 2015 when a Minnesota dentist killed a well-studied lion nicknamed Cecil after he was lured out of a protected Zimbabwe park.
slay  Speak
a.
kill a person or animal in a violent way
The move triggered protests from conservation groups and a frenzy on social media from opponents who posted pictures of Trump sons, who are avid hunters, posing with the cutoff tail of a slain elephant on Twitter.
aide  Speak
n.
assistant, adjutant, auxiliary
President Trump as well as his top aides have expressed skepticism about climate change, while others say human activity is to blame for global warming.
fragment  Speak
n.
a small part broken or separated off something
Muons are produced when cosmic rays - high-speed atom fragments that hurtle through space - smash into the atmosphere; they carpet bomb Earth at a rate of 10,000 per square meter per minute.
pinch  Speak
v.
grip something tightly and sharply between finger and thumb
I worked at McDonald's and they taught me how to pinch the fry carton just right while putting the fries into them so that it looked full, but actually wasn't.
whopping  Speak
a.
very large
Overall mortality rates are up from the same time last year, and deaths from drug overdoses in America rose a whopping 21% last year.
mandate  Speak
n.
an official order or commission to do something
He claims a mandate from that referendum; but they face some unpleasant realities: more than 1,500 companies have moved their domicile outside the region, and tourist bookings have dipped.
compel  Speak
v.
force or oblige someone to do something
The Senate duly approved Mr Rajoy’s request to apply Article 155 of the constitution; it grants the government wide powers to compel a region to obey the constitution.
farce  Speak
a.
foolish show; mockery; a ridiculous sham
It was political theatre: epic for some, farce for others and tragic for many more; the Catalan parliament voted today, October 27th, to declare independence and constitute Catalonia as a republic.
aggression  Speak
n.
hostile or violent behavior or attitudes toward another
Any tentative move towards re-militarisation would trigger alarm bells in China given Japan's history of military aggression in the region.
boost  Speak
n.
a source of help or encouragement leading to increase or improvement
Abe's long-held dream to change the pacifist constitution got a big boost today as conservative coalition won a crucial 2/3 majority in a snap election.
outcry  Speak
n.
an exclamation or shout
The stories dominated news cycles, to be sure, but the outcry accompanying Mr Weinstein’s downfall seems louder and more impassioned.
gust  Speak
n.
a brief, strong rush of wind.
One of the most destructive gusts in the northeastern Atlantic bore down on Ireland, unleashing strong winds and rain that killed at least three people.
watershed  Speak
n.
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers
It's a bizarre concept that Alaskan volcanoes were screwing up the Nile watershed, causing the flow of one of the world’s mightiest rivers to slow.
subsidy  Speak
n.
a sum of money granted by the government
Key senators reach bipartisan health-care subsidy deal; the compromise help offset deductibles and other out-of-pocket costs for low-income consumers.
household  Speak
n.
a house and its occupants regarded as a unit.
It allows parents to specify time limits for specific devices in the household, restrict the applications vulnerable children can use and prevent access to pages with obscene language.
leverage  Speak
n.
the act of using borrowed money to buy an investment or a company
This was on their backburner and not likely to get fixed anytime soon, and we were hoping to get some additional leverage to make them bump up the priority on their end.
variant  Speak
n.
a form or version of something that differs in some respect from other forms of the same thing or from a standard.
The ransomware Locky once considered almost defunct, however, its variant was touted by over 23 million emails with the malware to the US workforce in just 24 hours on August 28.
stoke  Speak
v.
add coal or other solid fuel to a fire, furnace, or boiler
The Pentagon won’t yet say how the USS John S. McCain was rammed by an oil tanker near Singapore, but an information warfare specialist in the Navy doubts the collision stoke cyber threat fears that GPS systems can be spoofed by hackers.
gleeful  Speak
a.
full of exultant joy; merry; delighted
I'm hovering in a makeshift kitchen, watching one of Italy's most eminent marine biologists gleefully playing chef.
malicious  Speak
a.
intending or intended to do harm
The same principles of deception and misdirection, albeit on a much smaller scale, are now starting to be used by some organisations to thwart malicious hackers keen to establish a bridgehead on internal networks.
windfall  Speak
n.
an apple or other fruit blown down from a tree or bush by the wind.
It was agreed without further argument that the milk and the windfall apples should be reserved for the pigs alone.
selfie  Speak
n.
a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website.
We prefer to be seen with each other, instead of looking at each other: the back of selfie is vanity.
brim  Speak
v.
fill or be full to the point of overflowing
Davi was born without fully developed limbs but he's not been discouraged, despite the haphazard nature of facilities in Brazil; "Sport is my life because without sport I'm not Davi, " he said, brimming with confidence.
fabulous  Speak
a.
extraordinary, especially extraordinarily large
From Eva Longoria to Ciara, there’s been a plethora of wow celebrity weddings this year - and some fabulous dresses.
mount  Speak
n.
a support for a gun, camera, or similar piece of equipment
They overlook two gun mounts that resemble cannon barrels; the Zumwalt’s powerful new gun system can unload 600 rocket-powered projectiles on targets more than 70 miles away.
breakout  Speak
n.
a forcible escape, typically from prison
an outbreak
Unwashed brushes are the ideal camp for acne-causing bacteria to set up in. To avoid breakouts, be sure that everything that comes into contact with your cheeks is regularly cleaned – your makeup, your phone, your pillow cases.
nerd  Speak
n.
a foolish or contemptible person who lacks social skills or is boringly studious
Word nerds worldwide are celebrating the crowning of a new champion after 37-year-old Brett Smitherman from England won the World Scrabble Championship Monday in Lille, France.
puppet  Speak
n.
a movable model of a person or animal that is typically moved either by strings controlled from above or by a hand inside it
"Who does he think he is? I am no American puppet. I am the president of a sovereign country and I am not answerable to anyone except the Filipino people," Duterte scoffed in a speech Monday. "Son of a bitch, I will swear at you."
ascendance  Speak
n.
the act of rising or moving up : the act of ascending
To her legion of steadfast admirers, the Nobel Peace Prize winner's ascendance to "sanctified" status may look as inevitable as it is justified.
slum  Speak
n.
a squalid and overcrowded urban street or district inhabited by very poor people.
Mother Teresa earned fame and accolades over a lifetime spent working with the poor and the sick, and with orphans, lepers and AIDS patients, first in the slums of Kolkata, India, and then in many other countries.
fanfare  Speak
n.
a short ceremonial tune or flourish played on brass instruments, typically to introduce something or someone important.
One of the most hyped games of the current generation, No Man’s Sky has quickly become one of the most controversial; the space sim launched with much fanfare, but quickly came under the gaming community’s microscope.
impart  Speak
v.
make information known; communicate
The most fabulously wealthy real-estate developer in New York would search for a young pupil to whom he could impart his boundless wisdom.
viral  Speak
n.
an image, video, advertisement, etc., that is circulated rapidly on the Internet
A young municipal utility worker has become a viral sensation after an image of him submerged in a puddle from a busted pipeline was shared around the country.
intervention  Speak
n.
interposition or interference of one state in the affairs of another.
Our study shows that the pregnancy prevention programme delivered in Western Australia, which involves an infant simulator, does not reduce the risk of pregnancy. In fact, the risk of pregnancy is actually increased compared to girls who didn't take part in the intervention.
onlooker  Speak
n.
a nonparticipating observer; a spectator.
A firefighter clawed at the debris, trying to get to her. "Come on. ... Come on. Slowly, slowly. Mind her head," they said to one another as onlookers applauded in support.
dusk  Speak
n.
the darker stage of twilight.
The attack happened at dusk, which the report noted was prime alligator hunting time. The report also indicated that during the warm summer months the gator's drive for food would be stronger.
insight  Speak
n.
the capacity to gain an accurate and deep intuitive understanding of a person or thing.
The revelation gives more insight into what may have caused Prince's overdose. There are two likely possibilities: Either a pharmaceutical manufacturer mislabeled the pills, or the pills were illegally manufactured.
footage  Speak
n.
a length of film made for movies or television.
The footage appears to show security personnel restrain a visibly upset boy while they carefully cut the belt from the youth's torso in Kirkuk. Once the belt has been removed, the boy is scooped up and taken away.
poach  Speak
v.
illegally hunt or catch (game or fish) on land that is not one's own, or in contravention of official protection.
Mr. Palmer is now wanted by Zimbabwe officials on poaching charges. He killed a prized lion outfitted with a GPS collar in Hwange National Park.
shootout  Speak
n.
a decisive gun battle.
Neymar shed tears of joy after delivering soccer gold medal with the winning penalty in a 5-4 shootout triumph over Germany after a thrilling final ended in a draw following extra-time on Saturday.
humble  Speak
a.
having or showing a modest or low estimate of one's own importance.
Felix remains as gracious and humble as ever in spite of incredible success and worldwide recognition. Her motto: “Medals are won in training.”
venue  Speak
n.
the place where something happens, especially an organized event such as a concert, conference, or sports event
Empty seats have been as ubiquitous at the Rio Olympics venues as Brazilian flags and yellow soccer kits; the organizers donated a massive amount of tickets to less-populated events to underprivileged children even makes things worse.
undergird  Speak
v.
secure or fasten from the underside, especially by a rope or chain passed underneath
Such mega-events have undergirded determination in government and the public alike to move on longstanding issues of housing and infrastructure; a flood of public-works projects have accelerated a profound reshaping of Rio de Janeiro, often in ways that reanimate bitterness over racial and class divisions.
inmate  Speak
n.
a person confined to an institution such as a prison or hospital.
President Obama granted clemency to a record 214 inmates on Wednesday, far surpassing his previous single-day record, as part of an ongoing effort to release federal inmates serving prison terms deemed to be unduly harsh.
atrocity  Speak
n.
an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury
Well, look whats happen again. What are these useless political hacks who have stood by with one attack after another costing the lives of hundreds of innocent Europeans got to say now to the victims and their families of tonight's latest atrocity?
greasepaint  Speak
n.
a waxy substance used as makeup by actors.
Anyone who’s turned the pages of King’s epic coming-of-age horror thriller knows this bloodthirsty funster isn’t your average psycho in greasepaint.
adamant  Speak
a.
refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind.
If only they were as adamant with completing school, getting employment and becoming a productive member of society rather than settling for living in terrible areas and falling into line with the stereotype.