100 Words with Uncommon Meaning

They are 100 common words with uncommon meaning; we select example sentences from recent English media, like Economics and BBC, most of them are for academic reading. The list is updated weekly to help readers refresh hot usage of common words.
 100 Common Words with Uncommon Meaning and Sentence
perspective  Speak
n.
the appearance to the eye of objects in respect to their relative distance and positions
The team imaged the cloud with a camera, capturing a perspective similar to a child’s when facing towards the center on a playground carousel.
tweak  Speak
v.
improve a mechanism or system by making fine adjustments to it
Because they can study so many populations in parallel, they can tweak factors such as the mutation rate, size of the original population, and environmental conditions.
inferior  Speak
n.
a person lower than another in rank, status, or ability
Even the inferior need to respond to the changing opportunities to pivot more effectively to new things when the old one starts looking shaky.
pronounced  Speak
a.
very noticeable or marked; conspicuous
These findings suggest that many people are mired in a poverty trap, unable to improve their circumstances because of their pronounced lack of resources in the first place.
camp  Speak
n.
a group engaged in promoting or defending a theory or position
If I can get students from different ideological camps to come together and learn to hold substantive conversations about the thorny issues, then that’s a win for me.
compose  Speak
v.
to form by putting together
The inaugural committee is composed of Amy Brand, director and publisher at the MIT Press, Gabriela Bueno Gibbs, assistant acquisitions editor; and other experts.
ongoing  Speak
a.
continuing; still in progress
The MIT Press Grant Program is an important step in our ongoing commitment to amplify marginalized voices and help change the culture of academic publishing.
tab  Speak
v.
exploit or draw a supply from
Her work taps empirical evidence in archives that amplify her theoretical arguments, and that illuminates contemporary problems of global power jockeying.
complex  Speak
n.
a group of obviously related units of which the nature of the relationship is imperfectly known
This age segregation, the researchers believe, is a strong sign of a complex, herd-like social structure.
span  Speak
n.
the full extent of something from end to end; the amount of space that something covers
Rather than having a chemist who can only do a couple of tryings over a span of days, our system can do hundreds of iterations over the same duration.
burden  Speak
n.
the amount of growth or substance present in a human or animal body or test sample
The T cells proliferate more, they target the tumors better, and we see an overall decrease in lung tumor burden in our mouse model as a result of the therapy.
image  Speak
v.
make appear, project
After removing a piece of genetic code, they can image the fly’s synapses to see if there was a change in the alignment of the chemical receptors.
strain  Speak
n.
a natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence
A CDC internal document said the Delta variant was roughly as transmissible as chickenpox, whereas an early strain was closer to the common cold.
fuel  Speak
v.
support, stimulate
A new detail about the severity of their symptoms could fuel further debate about the origins of the coronavirus pandemic.
snake  Speak
v.
move or extend with the twisting motion
If the Earth’s oceans were drained completely, they would reveal a massive chain of undersea volcanoes snaking around the planet, a sprawling ocean ridge system.
underrepresent  Speak
v.
provide with insufficient or inadequate representation
Women and people of color remain underrepresented at every step of the tenure track in every academic field in the United States.
light  Speak
n.
public knowledge; a particular aspect or appearance presented to view
By many lights, these are challenging times: the Covid-19 pandemic, the climate crisis, and rampant political polarization have all contributed to a sense of outright turmoil.
overrun  Speak
n.
a finishing time or a cost that continues past an intended limit
Deploying these nuclear batteries does not entail managing a large construction site, which has been the primary source of schedule delays and cost overruns for nuclear projects.
oversee  Speak
v.
supervise (a person or work), especially in an official capacity
He was assigned to a frigate in Norfolk, oversaw all aspects of the engineering plan, ranging from power supply to propulsion.
buffet  Speak
v.
(especially of wind or waves) strike repeatedly and violently
The Cambridge-area innovation hub has been buffeted by the events of the past year but also shown great resilience and creativity.
pressing  Speak
a.
requiring quick or immediate action or attention
This work originated as a new project developed in the MIT Catalyst program, a program designed to nucleate projects that solve pressing clinical needs.
edge  Speak
n.
an advantage over other people
This knowledge we’re developing can apply to so many applications down the road, like in water harvesting, and I feel like we're getting the edge over the other competitors.
tract  Speak
n.
a major passage in the body, a large bundle of nerve fibers
Many viruses infect their hosts through mucosal surfaces such as the lining of the respiratory tract.
sidestep  Speak
v.
avoid (someone or something) by stepping sideways
Computer-generated holography sidesteps these challenges by simulating the optical setup, but the process can be a computational slog.
approach  Speak
v.
speak to (someone) for the first time about something, typically with a proposal or request
Fifty-one patients were approached in the waiting room or a triage tent and asked if they would be willing to participate in the study.
headwind  Speak
n.
a force or influence opposing forward motion; a wind blowing from directly in front
He said that while it is possible the Federal Reserve may turn more dovish at its March, April, and June meetings, there are headwinds.
motor  Speak
n.
a source of power, energy, or motive force
Leon is a precocious kid, which provides the motor for the novel as his innocence stands in stark contrast to the evil of the old man he converses with.
stem  Speak
v.
prevent, stop, or deter
With a highly transmissible new variant of the virus surging across Britain, Johnson is rushing out vaccines faster than the country’s neighbors in a bid to stem the pandemic.
work out  Speak
v.
solve a problem by doing a calculation
It all works out to fewer New Year’s babies; the baby bust could mean some 320,000 children who statistically would have likely been born in 2021 but won't because of the pandemic.