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Barrons GRE Vocabulary List 13

nominal: in name only; insignificantly small
E.g.He offered to drive her to the airport for only a nominal fee.

nonchalance: indifference; lack of concern; composure
E.g.Cool, calm, and collected under fire, James Bond shows remarkable nonchalance in the face of danger.

noncommittal: very reluctant to give out information
E.g.We were annoyed by his noncommittal reply for we had been led to expect definite assurances of his approval.

nondescript: dull and uninteresting; lacking distinct or individual
E.g.The private detective was a short, nondescript fellow with no outstanding features, the sort of person one would never notice in a crowd.

nonentity: person of no importance; something that does not exist or that exists only in imagination
E.g.Because the two older princes dismissed their youngest brother as a nonentity, they did not realize that he was quietly plotting to seize the throne.

nonplus: perplex or bewilder someone; confound or flummox
E.g.Jack's uncharacteristic rudeness might nonplus Jill, leaving her uncertain how to react.

nonsense: silliness; words or signs having no intelligible meaning
E.g.'Don't talk nonsense,' said Alice more boldly: 'you know you're growing too.'

noose: loop formed in a rope by means of a slipknot so that it binds tighter as the rope is pulled; trap
E.g.I think the noose is slowly tightening on Tony and company and it’s just a matter of time, really.

nostalgia: homesickness; bittersweet longing for things of past.
E.g.We've been there for a couple weeks now and the nostalgia is there, but we are trying to keep everything fresh.

nostrum: patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable; quack medicine
E.g.This nostrum is a compound of some of the ordinary foods with certain well-known aromatic and carminative substances.

notable: worthy of note or notice; remarkable; important
E.g.Today the head cook was shaking, for the notable chef Julia Child was coming to dinner.

notch: small cut; V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface
E.g.There was one notch in the handle of his revolver.

notoriety: known for some unfavorable act or quality; bad or ill fame
E.g.To the starlet, any publicity was good publicity: if she couldn't have a good reputation, she'd settle for notoriety.

nourish: provide with nourishment; provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth
E.g.Along with a devoted team of sixteen full-time staffers and several volunteers, they now nourish kids in seventy Toronto daycares.

nourishment: a source of materials to nourish the body
E.g.Each may share equally in nourishment, sun, air, water, as long as they �keep their distance.�

novelty: quality of being novel; newness; something new and unusual
E.g.Another novelty is the Japanese garden with its bamboo fence, the posts and door of entrance being carved with remarkable taste and boldness.

novice: beginner; person new to a field or activity
E.g.To do this appears so abrupt that the novice is apt to make a further effort to finish up the subject.

noxious: harmful to living things; injurious to health
E.g.We must trace the source of these noxious gases before they asphyxiate us.

nuance: subtle or slight degree of difference; small difference in meaning
E.g.The problem that I see is that the average low information voter won't get the nuance, which is my concern.

nubile: of an age suitable for marriage; marriageable
E.g.The show wasn't too bad either, especially the nubile women.

nullify: make invalid; make null; invalidate; counteract force or effectiveness of
E.g.We will nullify the contract, it no longer has any legal force next month.

numismatist: collector and student of money, in particular of coins
E.g.The numismatist had a splendid collection of antique coins.

nuptial: relating to marriage or wedding ceremony
E.g.Reluctant to be married in a traditional setting, they decided to hold their nuptial ceremony at the carousel in Golden Gate Park.

nuptial: relating to marriage or wedding ceremony
E.g.Reluctant to be married in a traditional setting, they decided to hold their nuptial ceremony at the carousel in Golden Gate Park.

nurture: nourish; help grow or develop; foster
E.g.The Head Start program attempts to nurture pre-kindergarten children so that they will do well when they enter public school.

nutrient: nourishing substance; source of nourishment, especially nourishing ingredient in a food
E.g.As a budding nutritionist, Kim has learned to design diets that contain foods rich in this important nutrient.

nutritious: of or providing nourishment; promoting growth, or preventing decay
E.g.Vitamin water has too much sugar to be accurately described as nutritious; we has ordered owner Coca-Cola to stop running advertisements carrying the claim.

oaf: person regarded as stupid or awkward
E.g."Watch what you're doing, you clumsy oaf!" Bill shouted at the waiter who had drenched him with iced coffee.

obese: extremely fat; grossly overweight
E.g.It is advisable that obese people try to lose weight.

obfuscate: confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex
E.g.Was the president's spokesman trying to clarify the Whitewater mystery, or was he trying to obfuscate the issue so the voters would never figure out what went on?.

obituary: death notice; list of dead
E.g.I cut out his obituary from the local paper, and wrapped it in clear tape to preserve it.

objective: not influenced by emotions; having actual existence or reality
E.g.Even though he was her son, she tried to be objective about his behavior.

obligatory: morally or legally constraining; required; binding
E.g.It is obligatory that books borrowed from the library be returned within two weeks.

oblique: having slanting or sloping direction, course, or position; inclined
E.g.Casting a quick, oblique glance at the reviewing stand, the sergeant ordered the company to march.

obliterate: destroy completely; do away with completely so as to leave no trace
E.g.The tidal wave would obliterate several island villages,.

oblivion: condition or quality of being completely forgotten; official overlooking of offenses; amnesty
E.g.The only thing keeping McCain from oblivion is his image as a nonpartisan maverick.

oblivious: inattentive or unmindful; lacking all memory; forgetful
E.g.One can even travel to Ben Gurion Airport and remain oblivious to the concrete separation wall.

obnoxious: causing disapproval or protest; very annoying or objectionable; offensive
E.g.I find your behavior obnoxious; please mend your ways.

obscure: darken; make dim or indistinct; conceal in obscurity
E.g.Because the smog will obscure our view, we have to adjust original plan.

obsequious: slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
E.g.Helen liked to be served by people who behaved as if they respected themselves; nothing irritated her more than an excessively obsequious waiter or a fawning salesclerk.

obsessive: excessive in degree or nature; preoccupying
E.g.Well, obsessive is going to extremes and medium is not.

obsolete: no longer useful; outmoded; antiquated
E.g.But the content is very difficult to locate, and often in obsolete video formats.

obstetrician: physician specializing in delivery of babies
E.g.In modern times, the delivery of children has passed from the midwife to the more scientifically trained obstetrician.

obstinate: stubbornly adhering to an attitude or opinion; hard to control or treat
E.g.We tried to persuade him to give up smoking, but he was obstinate and refused to change.

obstreperous: noisily aggressive; making great noise or outcry
E.g.What do you do when an obstreperous horde of drunken policemen goes carousing through your hotel, crashing into potted plants and singing vulgar songs?.

obtuse: lacking in insight or discernment; stupid
E.g.What can you do with somebody who's so obtuse that he can't even tell that you're insulting him?.

obviate: bypass requirement or make it unnecessary; get rid of
E.g.I hope this contribution will obviate any need for further collections of funds.

occult: hidden from the eye or the understanding; invisible; secret; concealed; unknown
E.g.He had hoped that he might give him some proofs of the great accomplishments which he possessed in occult things and in this way add to his own glory and renown.

odds: probability of a specified outcome; likelihood of the occurrence of one thing, as in a contest
E.g.Bookmakers have now slashed his odds from 400/1 to 28/1.

odious: hateful; arousing strong dislike, aversion, or intense displeasure
E.g.Cinderella's ugly stepsisters had the odious habit of popping their zits in public.

odium: strong dislike, contempt, or aversion; hatefulness; disrepute
E.g.Prince Charming could not express the odium he felt toward Cinderella's stepsisters because of their mistreatment of poor Cinderella.

odorous: having distinctive odor; emitting an odor; sweet of scent; fragrant
E.g.This variety of hybrid tea rose is more odorous than the one you have in your garden.

odyssey: long, eventful journey; extended adventurous voyage or trip
E.g.The nine-month, 32,000-mile odyssey is one of the world's most grueling competitions, the sailing equivalent of scaling Mount Everest.

offensive: causing anger, displeasure, resentment, or affront
E.g.The professional boxers are required by law to restrict their offensive impulses to the ring.

offhand: without planning or thinking ahead; right away; immediately
E.g.The only answer I can think of offhand is the bond market and those who have an interest in fixed incomes since inflation would be painful for both.

ogle: look at amorously; cast glances as in fondness or to attract notice
E.g.At the coffee house, Walter was too shy to ogle the pretty girls openly; instead, he peeked out at them from behind a rubber plant.

olfactory: relating to, or contributing to sense of smell
E.g.A wine taster must have a discriminating palate and a keen olfactory sense, for a good wine appeals both to the taste buds and to the nose.

oligarchy: government by a few persons, especially by a small faction of persons or families
E.g.One small clique ran the student council: what had been intended as a democratic governing body had turned into an oligarchy.

ominous: threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
E.g.As you know, that law was slipped into a massive ominous appropriations bill back in 1999.

omnipotent: all-powerful; having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force
E.g.The monarch regarded himself as omnipotent and responsible to no one for his acts.

omnipresent: universally present; being present everywhere
E.g.On Christmas Eve, Santa Claus is omnipresent.

omniscient: having total knowledge; knowing everything
E.g.I do not pretend to be omniscient, but I am positive about this fact.

omnivorous: eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything; having interest in a variety of subjects
E.g.Some animals, including man, are omnivorous and eat both meat and vegetables; others are either carnivorous or herbivorous.

onerous: burdensome or oppressive; not easily borne; wearing
E.g.He asked for an assistant because his work load was too onerous.

onslaught: assault; attack
E.g.The islanders took shelter in mountain caves to escape the onslaught.

onus: burden or obligation; difficult or disagreeable responsibility or necessity
E.g.The emperor was spared the onus of signing the surrender papers; instead, he relegated the assignment to his generals.

ooze: be any thick messy substance; pass gradually; progress slowly but steadily
E.g.Over grass bleached colorless by strong sun, we see the herd ooze forward.

opalescent: varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles; lustrous
E.g.The oil slick on the water had an opalescent, rainbow-like sheen.

opaque: impenetrable by light; not transparent; not reflecting light; having no luster
E.g.The opaque window shade kept the sunlight out of the room.

opiate: medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction
E.g.To say that religion is the opiate of the people is to condemn religion as a drug that keeps the people quiet and submissive to those in power.

opportune: timely; just in time; suited or right for a particular purpose
E.g.Sally looked at her father struggling to balance his checkbook; clearly this would not be an opportune moment to ask him for a raise in her allowance.

opportunist: one who takes advantage of any chance to achieve an end, with no regard for principles or consequences
E.g.The first man is a holy fool who loves animals, the second a razor-thin opportunist, and the third an obese pervert.

optician: maker and seller of eyeglasses
E.g.The patient took the prescription given him by his oculist to the optician.

optimist: one who expects favorable or good outcome
E.g.The problem with being an optimist is that when you persist in seeing the upside, people often assume you're an idiot.

optimum: most favorable or advantageous
E.g.Wind and solar are intermittent power sources - only producing electricity under certain optimum environmental conditions.

optometrist: a person skilled in testing for defects of vision in order to prescribe corrective glasses
E.g.An optometrist, or Doctor of Optometry, is a healthcare professional who provides primary vision care.

opulence: extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
E.g.The glitter and opulence of the ballroom took Cinderella's breath away.

opus: creative work, as literary or musical composition
E.g.Although many critics hailed his Fifth Symphony as his major work, he did not regard it as his major opus.

oracular: prophetic; uttered as if with divine authority; mysterious or ambiguous
E.g.Like many others who sought divine guidance from the oracle at Delphi, Oedipus could not understand the enigmatic oracular warning he received.

orator: skilled public speaker; person who pronounces discourse publicly on some special occasion, as pleader or lawyer
E.g.Demades, the Ancient Greek orator, is about to address an assembly in Athens on a matter of vital importance.

oratorio: musical composition for voices and orchestra based on religious text
E.g.Kathleen Ferrier was the greatest oratorio singer of the time.

ordain: decree or command; grant holy orders; predestine
E.g.The king would ordain that no foreigner should be allowed to enter the city.

ordeal: severe trial; form of trial to determine guilt or innocence; difficult or painful experience
E.g.Another concern in this ordeal is the matter of proof.

ordinance: decree; authoritative command or order
E.g.If the ordinance is approved, the community of 20000 people could face a long and costly court battle.

ordination: act of admitting to holy orders; disposition as in ranks or rows; formal arrangement
E.g.At the young priest's ordination, the members of the congregation presented him with a set of vestments.

orgy: wild party involving excessive drinking; unrestrained indulgence; secret rite in the cults of ancient
E.g.When her income tax refund check finally arrived, Sally indulged in an orgy of shopping.

orientation: act of finding oneself position; position or alignment relative to points of directions; course introducing new situation
E.g.Although its main orientation is north-south, the road turns slightly to the east and then to the west.

orifice: mouth or aperture, as of a tube, pipe; an opening
E.g.A mouse ran out from the dark orifice of the cave.

ornate: excessively or elaborately decorated; flashy, showy, or florid in style or manner
E.g.With its elaborately carved, convoluted lines, furniture of the Baroque period was highly ornate.

ornithologist: one who makes special study of birds
E.g.Audubon's drawings of American bird life have been of interest not only to an ornithologist but also to the general public.

orthodox: traditional; conservative in belief; adhering to established faith, especially in religion
E.g.Every member of a church promises to remain orthodox, that is to say -- stationary.

oscillate: swing back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm; vibrate pendulum like; waver
E.g.It is interesting to note how public opinions oscillate between the extremes of optimism and pessimism.

ostensible: put forth or held out as real, actual, or intended; proper or intended to be shown
E.g.Although the ostensible purpose of this expedition is to discover new lands, we are really interested in finding new markets for our products.

ostentatious: showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention
E.g.Donald Trump's latest casino in Atlantic City is the most ostentatious gambling palace in the East.

ostracize: exclude from community or group; banish by popular vote
E.g.As soon as the newspapers carried the story of his connection with the criminals, his friends began to ostracize him.

oust: expel; eject from a position or place; force out
E.g.The world wondered if Aquino would be able to oust Marcos from office.

outcast: cast out; degraded; excluded from a society
E.g.She had never been cold or hungry or outcast from Society.

outfit: a set of clothing, often with accessories; a set of tools or equipment for a specialized purpose
E.g.Every day her outfit is analyzed as if it were fashion week.

outgoing: sociable; going out or away; departing
E.g.From the government's side, the outgoing Prime Minister, Ivan Kostov, admitted personal responsibility for his party's crushing defeat.

outlandish: unconventional; strikingly unfamiliar; located far from civilized areas
E.g.The eccentric professor who engages in markedly outlandish behavior is a stock figure in novels with an academic setting.

outlaw: person excluded from the benefit of the law, or deprived of its protection; fugitive from the law; habitual criminal
E.g.Viridina had freed him and sent him away to join the outlaw humans that had escaped their lives of slavery.

outlook: prospect; view; belief about the future ; act of looking out
E.g.The general global economic outlook now looks more positive than it was earlier in the year.

outmoded: no longer usable or practical; obsolete; not in fashion
E.g.Unconcerned about keeping in style, Lenore was perfectly happy to wear outmoded clothes as long as they were clean.

outrage: act of extreme violence or viciousness; offense
E.g.Breaking the silence and expressing our outrage is the only way to even begin to make a change.

outspoken: given to expressing yourself freely or insistently
E.g.The candidate was too outspoken to be a successful politician; he had not yet learned to weigh his words carefully.

outstrip: exceed or surpass; leave behind
E.g.Jesse Owens easily will outstrip his white competitors to win the gold medal at the Olympic Games.

outwit: outsmart; trick; beat through cleverness and wit
E.g.By disguising himself as an old woman, Holmes was able to outwit his pursuers and escape capture.

ovation: enthusiastic, prolonged applause; show of public homage or welcome
E.g.When the popular tenor Placido Domingo came on stage, he was greeted by a tremendous ovation.

overbearing: expecting unquestioning obedience; overwhelming in power or significance
E.g."In choosing a husband," she said, "good birth is of overbearing importance; compared to that, neither wealth nor talent signifies."

oversee: supervise; manage; watch over and direct; examine or inspect
E.g.This caseworker had about 100 cases to oversee, which is four times the recommended number.

overt: open to view; not secret or hidden
E.g.According to the United States Constitution, a person must commit an overt act before he may be tried for treason.

overthrow: throw over; overturn; upset; turn upside down; cause to fall or to fail
E.g.He revealed their conspiracy to overthrow the government.

overture: an opening or aperture; recess; introductory section or part, as of a poem
E.g.This overture has the potential to call out the real spirit of the so-called Tea Party.

overturn: reverse; overthrow; upset something
E.g.He is accused of an armed attempt to overturn the constitutional order; if he is convicted he could face life imprisonment.

overwhelm: defeat; cover completely or make imperceptible; overcome by superior force ; charge someone with too many tasks
E.g.Still, he was sufficiently touched by his aunt's grief too long to rush out from under the bed and overwhelm her with joy--and the theatrical gorgeousness of the thing appealed strongly to his nature, too, but he resisted and lay still.

overwrought: extremely disturbed from emotion
E.g.When Kate heard the news of the sudden tragedy, she became too overwrought to work and had to leave the office early.

pachyderm: any of various large, thick-skinned, hoofed mammals, as elephant
E.g.The elephant is probably the best-known pachyderm.

pacifist: one opposed to force; antimilitarist
E.g.Shooting his way through the jungle, Rambo was clearly not a pacifist.

pacify: ease anger or agitation of; make calm or quiet; end war or violence
E.g.Dentists criticize the practice of giving fussy children sweets to pacify them.

paean: song of praise or joy; loud and joyous song; song of triumph
E.g.At present the same form of paean is employed at the beginning and at the end, whereas the end should differ from the beginning.

painstaking: extremely careful and diligent work or effort; taking of pains
E.g.The truth is, I didn’t want to have to call any parents, so by outlining everything in painstaking detail in my newsletters, I could avoid it.

palatable: acceptable; sufficiently agreeable in flavor to be eaten
E.g.Neither Jack's under-baked opinions nor his overcooked casseroles were palatable to Jill.

palate: roof of the mouth; sense of taste
E.g.In the highly mechanized countries, thanks to tinned food, cold storage, synthetic flavoring matters, etc., the palate is almost a dead organ.

palatial: of nature of palace, as in spaciousness or ornateness
E.g.After living in a cramped studio apartment for years, Alicia thought the modest one bedroom looked downright palatial.

paleontology: study of prehistoric life; science of former life of the globe
E.g.You can not do experiments in paleontology: it is a descriptive science, just as most of zoology.

palette: board on which painter mixes pigments
E.g.At the present time, art supply stores are selling a paper palette that may be discarded after use.

palimpsest: manuscript, typically of papyrus or parchment, that has been written on more than once, with the earlier writing incompletely erased
E.g.The parchment, known as a palimpsest, contains the only known copies of some of Archimedes' works.

pall: grow tiresome; have dulling, wearisome, or boring effect
E.g.The study of word lists can eventually pall and put one to sleep.

palliate: lessen violence of disease; moderate intensity; gloss over with excuses
E.g.Not content merely to palliate the patient's sores and cankers, the researcher sought a means of wiping out the disease.

pallid: abnormally pale; lacking intensity of color or luminousness
E.g.Because his job required that he work at night and sleep during the day, he had an exceptionally pallid complexion.

palm: inner surface of the hand between bases of fingers and wrist; tropical evergreen trees of the family Palmae
E.g.The coconut palm is a plant of many uses, as seen in this photograph from West Central Mexico.

palpable: tangible; easily perceptible; unmistakable
E.g.The patient's enlarged spleen was palpable: even the first year medical student could feel it.

palpitate: beat rapidly; shake with fast, tremulous movements
E.g.As he became excited, his heart began to palpitate more and more erratically.

paltry: insignificant; lacking in importance or worth; worthless
E.g.One hundred dollars for a genuine imitation Rolex watch! Lady, this is a paltry sum to pay for such a high-class piece of jewelry.

pan: criticize harshly; wash in pan; cook in pan
E.g.Hoping for a rave review of his new show, the playwright was miserable when saw the critics pan it unanimously.

panacea: remedy for all diseases, evils, or difficulties; a cure-all
E.g.The rich youth cynically declared that the panacea for all speeding tickets was a big enough bribe.

panache: distinctive and stylish elegance; a bunch of feathers or plume, especially on a helmet
E.g.Many performers imitate Noel Coward, but few have his panache and sense of style.

pandemic: widespread; affecting majority of people
E.g.They feared the AIDS epidemic would soon reach pandemic proportions.

pandemonium: state of extreme confusion and disorder; very noisy place
E.g.When the ships collided in the harbor, pandemonium broke out among the passengers.

pander: offer illicit sex with third party; tempt with or appeal to improper motivations
E.g.The reviewer accused the makers of Lethal Weapon to pander to the masses' taste for violence.

panoramic: related to unobstructed and comprehensive view; with a wide view
E.g.On a clear day, from the top of the World Trade Center you can get a panoramic view of New York City and parts of New Jersey and Long Island.

pantomime: communication by means of gesture and facial expression
E.g.Because he worked in pantomime, the clown could be understood wherever he appeared.

papyrus: ancient paper made from stem of plant
E.g.The ancient Egyptians were among the first to write on papyrus.

parable: short, simple story teaching moral or religious lesson
E.g.Let us apply to our own conduct the lesson that this parable teaches.

paradigm: one that serves as a pattern or model; system of assumptions, concepts, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality
E.g.Pavlov's experiment in which he trains a dog to salivate on hearing a bell is a paradigm of the conditioned-response experiment in behavioral psychology.

paradox: something apparently contradictory in nature; statement that looks false but is actually correct
E.g.Richard presents a bit of a paradox, for he is a card-carrying member of both the National Rifle Association and the relatively pacifist American Civil Liberties Union.

paragon: model of excellence or perfection; peerless example
E.g.Mr. Brumby's paragon is shocked at the other's inaptitude for examination.

parallel: make or place something to another's side; of or relating to multiple operations at same time; not intersecting
E.g.Parallel processing is very common in today's computer.

parallelism: state of being parallel; similarity in aspect, course, or tendency
E.g.Although the twins were separated at birth and grew up in different adoptive families, a striking parallelism exists between their lives.

parameter: characteristic or feature that distinguishes something from others
E.g.Security's critical parameter is the ratio of workers to retirees.

paramount: foremost in importance; supreme in rank
E.g.Prime Minister Gordon Brown said the impact of the volcano ash cloud temporarily lessened, but stressed that passenger safety would remain paramount.

paranoia: psychological disorder by delusions; extreme, irrational distrust of others
E.g.Suffering from paranoia, Don claimed everyone was out to get him.

parasite: animal or plant living on another
E.g.Scientists believe a parasite is attacking the lobsters' nervous system, killing the shellfish.

parched: dried out by heat; toasted or roasted slightly
E.g.If you'll follow me, I'm sure you're parched from the journey and wouldn't mind a bit of refreshment.

parchment: skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on
E.g.And near the King was the White Rabbit, with a trumpet in one hand, and a scroll of parchment in the other.

pariah: social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home
E.g.Shortly Tom came upon the juvenile pariah of the village, Huckleberry Finn, son of the town drunkard.

parity: equality in status or amount; similarity or close
E.g.Unfortunately, some doubt exists whether women's salaries will ever achieve parity with men's.

parochial: narrow in outlook; related to local church community
E.g.Although Jane Austen sets her novels in small rural communities, her concerns are universal, not parochial,.

parody: work or performance that imitates another work or performance with ridicule or irony; make fun of
E.g.The show Forbidden Broadway presents a parody spoofing the year's new productions playing on Broadway.

paroxysm: sudden outburst of emotion or action; sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease
E.g.When he heard of his son's misdeeds, he was seized by a paroxysm of rage.

parry: avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing
E.g.Unwilling to injure his opponent in such a pointless clash, Dartagnan simply tried to parry his rival's thrusts.

parsimony: extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily
E.g.Because her father wouldn't let her buy a new iPhone, Annie accused him of parsimony.

partial: incomplete; fragmentary; favoring one person or side over another or others
E.g.These market price moves are reverses, but only partial reverses, of the shifts that happened when the conflict started last week.

partiality: inclination; favorable prejudice or bias; special fondness
E.g.As a judge, not only must I be unbiased, but I must also avoid any evidence of partiality when I award the prize.

partisan: one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party
E.g.On certain issues of principle, she refused to take a partisan stand, but let her conscience be her guide.

partition: divide into parts, pieces, or sections
E.g.Before their second daughter was born, they decided each child needed a room, and so they planned to partition a large bedroom into two small separate rooms.

passive: lacking in energy or will; peacefully resistant in response to injustice
E.g.Mahatma Gandhi urged his followers to pursue a program of passive resistance as he felt that it was more effective than violence.

pastoral: rural; relating to shepherds or herders; relating to the country or country life
E.g.In these stories of pastoral life, we find an understanding of the daily tasks of country folk.

pastry: articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts; place where pastry is made
E.g.This precious vessel was now placed on my knee, and I was invited to eat the circlet of delicate pastry upon it.

patent: open for the public to read; obvious; plain
E.g.It was patent to everyone that the witness spoke the truth.

pathetic: causing sadness, compassion, or pity
E.g.The old, rather shabby room struck her as extraordinarily pathetic.

pathological: related to the study of disease; diseased or markedly abnormal; relating to or caused by disease
E.g.I think that she had what we call pathological envy, meaning she didn't want anyone else to be happy but her.

pathos: tender sorrow; pity; quality in art or literature that produces these feelings
E.g.The quiet tone of pathos that ran through the novel never degenerated into the maudlin or the overly sentimental.

patina: green crust on old bronze works; tone slowly taken by varnished painting
E.g.Judging by the patina on this bronze statue, we can conclude that this is the work of a medieval artist.

patriarch: father and ruler of family or tribe
E.g.In many primitive tribes, the leader and lawmaker was the patriarch.

patrician: belong to noble origin; having high birth
E.g.We greatly admired her well-bred, patrician elegance.

patronize: act as a patron to; support or sponsor
E.g.Penniless artists hope to find some wealthy art-lover who will patronize them.

paucity: scarcity; smallness of number; fewness
E.g.They closed the restaurant because the paucity of customers made it uneconomical to operate.

pauper: very poor person; one living on or eligible for public charity
E.g.Though Widow Brown was living on a reduced income, she was by no means a pauper.

peccadillo: slight offense; small sin or fault
E.g.When Peter Piper picked a peck of Polly Potter's pickles, did Pete commit a major crime or just a peccadillo?.

pecuniary: relating to money; requiring payment of money
E.g.Seldom earning enough to cover their expenses, folk dance teachers work because they love dancing, not because they expect any pecuniary reward.

pedagogy: teaching; art of education; science of teaching
E.g.Though Maria Montessori gained fame for her innovations in pedagogy, it took years before the methods were common practice in American.

pedant: one who is overly concerned with formal rules and trivial points of learning
E.g.Her insistence that the book be memorized marked the teacher as a pedant rather than a scholar.

pedantic: marked by narrow focus on or display of learning, especially formal rules and trivial points
E.g.Leavening his decisions with humorous, down-to-earth anecdotes, Judge Walker was not at all the pedantic legal scholar.

pedestal: architectural support or base, as for a column or statue; support or foundation
E.g.Before it could be transported to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had to be built.

pedestrian: lacking wit or imagination; ordinary
E.g.Unintentionally boring, he wrote page after page of pedestrian prose.

pedigree: a line of ancestors; descent; lineage; register or record of a line of ancestors
E.g.But, on both his mother's and his father's side there is nothing that even comes close to the kind of pedigree that qualifies as American elite.