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Barrons GRE Vocabulary List 16

referendum: direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment; note from a diplomat to his government requesting instructions
E.g.Whatever Turkey's direction, or directions, the result of the referendum was a hit in at least two arenas of Turkish life on Monday morning.

refraction: turning or bending of any wave, such as light or sound wave, when it passes from one medium into another of different optical density
E.g.When you look at a stick inserted in water, it looks bent because of the refraction of the light by the water.

refractory: stubborn; unmanageable; obstinately resistant to authority or control
E.g.The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey.

refrain: abstain from; resist; hold oneself back
E.g.Whenever he heard a song with a lively chorus, Sol could never refrain from joining in.

refurbish: renovate; make bright by polishing
E.g.The flood left a deposit of mud on everything; we had to refurbish our belongings.

refute: disprove; prove to be false or incorrect
E.g.The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the false testimony of the prosecution's sole witness.

regal: of or relating to a monarch; royal; magnificent; splendid
E.g.The queen, dressed in regal purple, was joined by her husband.

regale: entertain; provide with great enjoyment
E.g.John wanted to regale us with tales of his adventures in Africa.

regeneration: renewal; growth of lost or destroyed parts or organs
E.g.I personally prefer burning an area, because the regeneration is more sufficient.

regent: ruling; governing; exercising vicarious authority; one who rules or reigns; governor; ruler
E.g.The regent carried out an advanced system in his country.

regime: form of government; government in power; administration; prevailing social system or pattern
E.g.State Department officials insisted that, privately, the Yeltsin regime is still willing to cooperate in the search for peace.

regimen: prescribed diet and habits; a systematic plan for therapy; governmental rule or control
E.g.I doubt whether the results warrant our living under such a strict regimen.

regiment: government; mode of ruling; rule; authority
E.g.The regiment is stationed there since the riots; and the officers are the most agreeable men in the world: they put all our young knife-grinders and scissor merchants to shame.

rehabilitate: restore to proper condition; help to re-adapt, as to former state of health or good repute
E.g.We must rehabilitate those whom we send to prison.

reimburse: pay back for some expense incurred
E.g.You must make the payments directly to the providers of those services, you can't just reimburse the people who you are benefiting.

reinstate: place again in possession, or in a former state; restore to a state from which one had been removed
E.g.It is a story about how to reinstate a king in the possession of the kingdom.

reiterate: say, state, or perform again or repeatedly
E.g.He will reiterate the warning to make sure everyone understood it.

rejoinder: retort; comeback; answer to a reply
E.g.When someone has been rude to me, I find it particularly satisfying to come up with a quick rejoinder.

rejuvenate: make young again; restore to youthful vigor or appearance
E.g.The Charlatan claimed that his elixir would rejuvenate the aged and weary.

relapse: falling back into a former state, especially becoming worse
E.g.He handed in his resignation at once--and that night the Judge suffered a relapse and died.

relent: give in; become more compassionate or forgiving; cause to soften in attitude or temper
E.g.When her stern father would not relent and allow her to marry Robert Browning, Elizabeth Barrett eloped with her suitor.

relevant: pertinent; having connection with matter at hand
E.g.The only way for a value brand like ours to remain relevant is to provide innovation that sets us apart.

relic: surviving remnant; something left after loss or decay; object kept for its association with the past
E.g.Egypt's Department of Antiquities prohibits tourists from taking any ancient relic out of the country.

relinquish: give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon
E.g.On the other hand, he knew that the Countess Astaride, having gone so far, would never again relinquish her ambitions.

relish: take keen or zestful pleasure in; enjoy the flavor of; give spice or flavor to
E.g.Watching they enthusiastically chow down, I thought, "Now there are men who relish a good dinner!"

remediable: capable of being remedied or cured; set straight or right
E.g.Let us be grateful that the damage is remediable.

reminiscence: recollection; process of remembering
E.g.Her reminiscence of her summer experience is so fascinating that she ought to write a book.

remiss: negligent; careless in performing duty or business
E.g.As America's children acquire more and more behavior problems, the schools remain remiss in doing anything about it except typical punishment.

remission: temporary moderation of disease symptoms; cancellation of a debt; lessening of intensity or degree
E.g.In Feb, I'll have been in remission from the main cancer for 17 years.

remit: send back; give up; surrender; resign; restore; transmit or send, especially as money in payment of a demand
E.g.He used to remit some money to his mother on first day every month.

remittance: transmitting money, bills, especially to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in discharge of an obligation
E.g.Migration to the USA and dependence on remittance is becoming a way of life for more and more Mexicans in the central and southern parts of the country.

remnant: remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists
E.g.I suggest that you wait until the store places the remnant of that big fish on sale.

remonstrate: point out; show clearly; make plain or manifest; demonstrate; present and urge reasons in opposition to
E.g.I will remonstrate with him about his rudeness.

remorse: pain of a guilty conscience; feeling of deep regret
E.g.Ah, said Bernard, my remorse is all gone, and yet I think I love you about as much as ever!

remunerative: compensating; rewarding; profitable or paying
E.g.I find my new work so remunerative that I may not return to my previous employment.

rend: split; tear or split apart or into pieces violently
E.g.In his grief, he tried to rend his garments.

render: deliver;give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or painting
E.g.And from the standpoint of state and local law enforcement, often the best service our federal government can render is to do these things and do them right.

rendezvous: meeting at a prearranged time and place; popular gathering place; prearranged meeting point for troops or ships
E.g.They set off in a private plane from California anticipating a happy family ski trip to Montana - a rendezvous with grandparents.

rendition: translation, often interpretive; performance of a musical or dramatic work
E.g.The audience cheered enthusiastically as she completed her rendition of the aria.

renegade: disloyal person; traitor or rebel
E.g.Because he had abandoned his post and joined forces with the Indians, his fellow officers considered the hero of Dances with Wolves a renegade.

renege: deny; go back on; fail to fulfill promise or obligation
E.g.He tried to renege on paying off his debt.

renovate: restore to good condition; renew
E.g.They claim that they can renovate worn shoes so that they look like new ones.

renown: fame; quality of being widely honored and acclaimed
E.g.For many years an unheralded researcher, Barbara McClintock gained international renown when she won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.

rent: payment, usually of an amount fixed by contract
E.g.Oh, did I mention that the rent is the same as what I'm paying here?

reparable: capable of being repaired; admitting of repair
E.g.Fortunately, the damages we suffered in the accident were reparable and our car looks brand new.

reparation: act of putting something in working order again; act or process of making amends; compensation
E.g.At the peace conference, the defeated country promised to pay reparation to the victor.

repast: food eaten or provided at a meal; feast; banquet
E.g.The caterers prepared a delicious repast for Fred and Judy's wedding day.

repeal: revoke or annul, especially by official or formal act
E.g.What would the effect on our society be if we repeal the laws against the possession and sale of narcotics?

repel: force or drive back; disgust; offer resistance to; fight against
E.g.Poles of the same name repel each other; poles of unlike name attract each other.

repellent: driving away; unattractive; inspiring aversion or distaste; resistant or impervious to something
E.g.The sheep use it as a natural water repellent, which is lovely for them, but I found it to be sticky, oily.

repercussion: often indirect effect or result that is produced by an event or action; reflection, especially of sound
E.g.I am afraid that this unfortunate incident will have any serious repercussion.

repertoire: list of works of music or drama; class of compositions in a genre; range or number of skills
E.g.In fact, most of their concert repertoire is by living composers.

replenish: fill or make complete again; add a new stock or supply to
E.g.Before she could take another backpacking trip, Carla had to replenish her stock of freeze-dried foods.

replete: filled to brim or to point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
E.g.The movie star's memoir was replete with juicy details about the love life of half of Hollywood.

replica: copy or reproduction of a work of art
E.g.The iconic icehouse, demolished last year and rebuilt in replica, is situated in the west orchards.

replicate: duplicate, copy, reproduce, or repeat; fold over or bend back
E.g.Because he had always wanted a palace, Donald decided to replicate the Tai Mahal in miniature on his estate.

repose: relaxation; leisure; freedom from worry; peace of mind
E.g.After working hard every day in the busy city, Mike finds his repose on weekends playing golf with friends.

repository: place where things may be put for safekeeping, as storehouse, warehouse, museum, or tomb
E.g.This library is repository of the country's best thoughts.

reprehensible: deserving blame; admonition; blameworthy
E.g.What's reprehensible is to say one thing, then say another, then claim when you said the first thing you didn't actually say it.

repress: put down by force or intimidation ; restrain; crush; oppress; conceal or hide
E.g.In order to curb her impetuosity, Anne's parents tried not to repress her high spirits.

reprieve: temporary relief from harm or discomfort; postponement or cancellation of punishment
E.g.Many fund managers see the dollar's recent gains as nothing more than a short-term reprieve.

reprimand: reprove severely, especially in a formal or official way; rebuke formally; censure severely or angrily
E.g.Every time Ermengarde made a mistake in class, she was afraid that Miss Minchin would reprimand her and tell her father how badly she was doing in school.

reprisal: action taken in return for injury or offense
E.g.Villagers have reported that thousands of homes have been burned to the ground in reprisal attacks mainly by the FDLR.

reprise: musical repetition; repeat performance; recurrent action
E.g.We enjoyed the soprano's solo in Act I so much that we were delighted by its reprise in the finale.

reproach: express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace
E.g.He never did anything wrong without imagining how the look on his mother's face would reproach him afterwards.

reprobate: person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples
E.g.I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the reprobate you say he is.

reprove: voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; find fault with
E.g.The principal would severely reprove the students whenever they talked in the halls.

repudiate: disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority of
E.g.On separating from Tony, Tina announced that she would repudiate all debts incurred by her soon-to-be ex-husband.

repugnance: extreme dislike or aversion; opposition; conflict; resistance, in a physical sense
E.g.I can still recall my repugnance when I was told that dirty story.

repulse: force or drive back; drive back; refuse; disgust
E.g.He had to repulse the suggestion because it gave him no room to live.

reputable: having a good reputation; honorable
E.g.In fact, you can even find claims made by celebrated scholars, and published in reputable sources.

reputed: state of being held in high esteem and honor
E.g.Intelligence is really not what we think it is, it is not going to college or earning a PhD in so called reputed educational institutions.

requiem: mass for dead; song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as memorial
E.g.They played Mozart's requiem at the funeral.

requisite: necessary requirement; indispensable item
E.g.Many colleges state that a student must offer three years of a language as a requisite for admission.

requisition: act of requiring, as of right; demand or application made as by authority.
E.g.Adele and I had now to vacate the library: it would be in daily requisition as a reception-room for callers.

requite: repay; revenge; make repayment for or return something
E.g.The wretch used to requite his benefactors by betraying them.

rescind: cancel; make void; repeal or annul
E.g.To change or rescind is justified only when re-estimate of all of the available facts.

resentment: indignation; deep sense of injury; strong displeasure
E.g.That Gerry finally has let go of his resentment is an enormous relief to me.

reserve: lack of enthusiasm; skeptical caution; something saved for future use; self-restraint in expression
E.g.The bank had put $3.9 billion in reserve to cover such costs.

residual: remaining as a residue; surplus
E.g.Please tell us the residual quantity as soon as you finish this noon.

residue: remainder of something after removal of parts or a part; balance
E.g.The presence of plastic residue is nothing more than an indication of possible doping.

resign: sign back; return by a formal act; yield to another; abandon
E.g.He decided to resign his claim to the copyright.

resignation: act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, or office; surrender
E.g.He informed that his resignation was effective immediately and never back office once more.

resilient: elastic; having power of springing back or recover readily
E.g.Based on its highly resilient, the steel is good to make excellent bedsprings.

resolution: determination; resolving to do something; formal statement of a decision
E.g.Nothing could shake his resolution that his children would get the best education that money could buy.

resolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
E.g.Civic leaders say their resolve is as strong as it was when they rebuilt downtown.

resolve: determination; formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
E.g.Civic leaders say their resolve is as strong as it was when they rebuilt downtown.

resonant: echoing; strong and deep in tone; resounding; having lasting presence or effect
E.g.The deep, resonant voice of the actor James Earl Jones makes him particularly effective when he appears on stage.

resort: vacation spot; act of turning to for assistance
E.g."We lied in the morning, we lied in the evening and we lied at night", he made a speech in the resort town.

respiration: breathing; process of inhaling and exhaling; oxidative process occurring within living cells
E.g.In the severe form of the disease, the respiration is arrested, while in the milder attacks, the breathing is difficult, slow, deep, and snoring.

respite: usually short interval of rest or relief; delay in punishment
E.g.For David, the two weeks vacationing in New Zealand were a delightful respite from the pressures of his job.

resplendent: dazzling; glorious; shining with brilliant luster; very bright
E.g.While all the adults were commenting how glorious the emperor looked in his resplendent new clothes, one little boy was heard to say, "But he's naked!".

responsiveness: quality of being responsive; reacting quickly
E.g.The audience cheered and applauded, delighting the performers by its responsiveness.

restitution: reparation; getting something back again; restoring something to its original state
E.g.He offered to make restitution for the window broken by his son.

restraint: moderation or limitation; controlling force; loss of freedom; control of feelings
E.g.For Fatah senior leaders, this restraint is the path to a Palestinian state.

resumption: resuming; beginning again; recommencement
E.g.During summer break, Don had not realized how much he missed university life: at the resumption of classes, however, he felt marked excitement and pleasure.

resurge: rise again; sweep or surge back again
E.g.It was startling to see the spirit of nationalism resurge as the Soviet Union disintegrated into a loose federation of ethnic and national groups.

resurrect: bring back to life; rise from the dead; bring back into practice, notice, or use
E.g.Kasim Reed could heal the sick, cast out demons, resurrect the dead, and walk on water, and he wouldn't be able to avoid the accusation of racism.

resuscitate: restored to life; restore consciousness, vigor, or life to; revive
E.g.In any other operating room instruments would have been beeping wildly and doctors would be frantically shouting orders as they attempted to resuscitate me.

retain: keep; maintain possession of; hire by payment of a fee; keep in mind; remember
E.g.I read over 100 books a year, and what I retain is usually the general storyline and my impression of the characters.

retaliate: do something harmful or negative to get revenge for some harm; fight back or respond in kind to an injury or affront
E.g.However, attempting to retaliate is either futile or dangerous ethically.

retard: keep delaying; continue to hinder; prevent from progress; impede; hinder
E.g.Cold weather will retard the growth of the crops.

retentive: holding; having quality, power, or capacity of retaining, as to retain knowledge with ease
E.g.The pupil did not need to spend much time studying, for he had a retentive mind and remembered all he read.

reticent: inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.
E.g.It commanded its followers to be reticent � to never degrade intimate emotions by parading them in public.

retinue: following members; attendants accompanying high-ranking person
E.g.The queen's retinue followed her down the aisle.

retiring: shy and reserved; modest
E.g.Given Susan's retiring personality, no one expected her to take up public speaking.

retort: reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty manner
E.g.Even when it was advisable for her to keep her mouth shut, she was always ready with a quick retort.

retract: withdraw; take back; draw back or in
E.g."Conditions will probably only start to retract from the middle of the first quarter of 2007," Downing said.

retrench: cut down; reduce; restrict; economize
E.g.In order to be able to afford to send their children to college, they would have to retrench.

retribution: something justly deserved; recompense; compensation; punishment for offenses
E.g.A robber whom a jury sentences to 10 years in retribution said something misled them.

retrieve: recover; find and bring in; get back
E.g.They say the more they talk to these detainees, the more tips and evidence they retrieve from the area.

retroactive: extending in scope or effect to a prior time or to prior conditions
E.g.Because the law was retroactive to the first of the year, we found she was eligible for the pension.

retrograde: go backwards; decline to inferior state; degenerate
E.g.Instead of advancing, our civilization seems to retrograde in ethics and culture.

retrospective: looking back on, or directed to the past; applying to or influencing the past
E.g.The Museum of Graphic Arts is holding a retrospective showing of the paintings of Michael Whelan over the past two decades.

revelry: merrymaking, especially, festivity or jollity
E.g.The cause for the latest revelry is the fact that the government appears to be in a position to make an $8 billion gain on the stock it holds in Citigroup.

reverent: respectful; worshipful; impressed with veneration or deep respect
E.g.Though I bow my head in church and recite the prayers, sometimes I don't feel properly reverent.

reverie: daydream; state of abstracted musing; absent-minded dreaming while awake
E.g.He was awakened from his reverie by the teacher's question.

revert: return to a former condition, practice, subject, or belief; backslide; turn back to
E.g.The last thing we will see is Thailand again revert to military rule or move away from democracy.

revile: attack with abusive language; vilify
E.g.Though most of his contemporaries revile Captain Kidd as a notorious, bloody-handed pirate, some of his fellow merchant-captains believe him innocent of his alleged crimes.

revoke: void or annul by recalling, withdrawing, or reversing; cancel; retract
E.g.He tried to revoke the ban on smoking.

revulsion: sudden strong change or reaction in feeling, especially a feeling of violent disgust
E.g.The dreadful events of 11th September have filled people throughout the world with a revulsion for terrorism, whatever its aims.

rhapsodize: speak or write in exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner
E.g.She greatly enjoyed her Hawaiian vacation and wanted to rhapsodize about it for weeks.

ribald: coarse or indecent; humorously vulgar or offensive
E.g.He sang a ribald song that offended many of the more prudish listeners.

riddle: pierce with numerous holes; perforate; permeate or spread throughout
E.g.With machine guns, they riddle the car with bullets till it looks like a slice of Swiss cheese.

rider: amendment or clause added to a legislative bill; one that rides, especially one who rides horses
E.g.Senator Foghorn said he would support Senator Filibuster's tax reform bill only if Filibuster agreed to add an antipollution rider to the bill.

rife: excessively abundant or numerous; in widespread existence, practice, or use
E.g.In the face of the many rumors of scandal, which are rife at the moment, it is best to remain silent.

rift: shallow area in a waterway; break in friendly relations; narrow fissure in rock
E.g.Capello believes there will be no long-term rift between the fans and the Manchester United star.

rig: manipulate dishonestly; make or construct in haste
E.g.The boss was able to rig the election by bribing people to stuff the ballot boxes with ballots marked in his candidate's favor.

righteous: morally justified; equitable; free from wrong, guilt, or sin
E.g.Noah was a righteous man, the one blameless man of his time; he walked with God.

rigid: stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexible
E.g.Without integration, we are stuck in rigid, inflexible states and to face chaotic feeling or thought.

rigor: strictness or severity, as in temperament, action, or judgment; something hard to endure
E.g.Many settlers could not stand the rigor of the New England winters.

rile: irritate; stir to anger; stir up liquid; muddy
E.g.Reid had a hair-trigger temper: he was an easy man to rile.

rip: tear or be torn violently; criticize or abuse strongly and violently
E.g.The candidates rip into their opponents each other mercilessly.

rivet: metallic pin with a head, used for uniting two plates or pieces of material together
E.g.Can I fasten these metal plates with rivet?

robust: vigorous; full of health and strength; vigorous
E.g.Those levels are expected to remain robust this year, said the ratings firm, but be somewhat below 2008.

roil: make liquids murky by stirring up sediment
E.g.Be careful when you pour not to roil the wine; if you stir up the sediment you'll destroy the flavor.

rooster: adult male chicken
E.g.A rooster, cock or cockerel is a male chicken, the female being called a hen.

roster: list, especially of names
E.g.When a roster is assembled, Patrick expects the team to start practicing in August.

rostrum: elevated platform for public speaking; pulpit
E.g.The crowd murmured angrily and indicated that they did not care to listen to the speaker who was approaching the rostrum.

rote: memorizing process using routine or repetition; sound of surf breaking on the shore
E.g.He recited the passage by rote and gave no indication he understood what he was saying.

rotundity: roundness; rounded fullness; integral entireness
E.g.Washington Irving emphasized the rotundity of the governor by describing his height and circumference.

rousing: lively; vigorous; inducing enthusiasm or excitement; stirring
E.g.We're more united than ever, we're feeling exhilarated again, rousing from a crushingly bleak freeze.

rout: put to disorderly flight or retreat; drive out; cause to flee; defeat overwhelmingly
E.g.The reinforcements were able to rout the enemy.

rubble: broken fragments; irregular pieces of rock
E.g.A Haitian woman covered in rubble is rescued in Port-au-Prince after a huge earthquake measuring 7.0 rocked the impoverished Caribbean nation.

ruddy: reddish color; healthy-looking
E.g.He came down the steps with his jacket flapping and his cheeks still ruddy from the scraping of the razor.

rudimentary: relating to basic facts or principles; being in the earliest stages of development; incipient
E.g.One teacher is assigned for four years to the homeroom class, which combines lessons in rudimentary social skills with those in computer and civics.

rue: feel regret, remorse, or sorrow for; mourn
E.g.Tina seemed to rue the night she met Tony and wondered how she ever fell for such a jerk.

ruffian: bully; lawless and cruel; cruel and brutal person or gangster
E.g.The ruffian threw stones at the police.

rumble: utter or emit low dull sounds; move or proceed with a deep, long, rolling sound
E.g.If you've ever stood on Park Avenue, Manhattan, and felt a subway train rumble by underfoot, you know what a typical quake feels like.

ruminate: chew over and over mentally, or like cows physically; mull over; ponder
E.g.Unable to digest quickly the baffling events of the day, Reuben had to ruminate about them till four in the morning.

rummage: make an energetic, usually hasty search
E.g.When we rummage through the trunks in the attic, we find many souvenirs of our childhood days.

ruse: trick; use of artifice or trickery; deceptive maneuver, especially to avoid capture
E.g.Police believe the ruse is attractive to criminal gangs because the profits are similar to those made by trafficking drugs, but with less punitive penalties.

rustic: typical of country life or country people; awkwardly simple and provincial; lacking refinement or elegance
E.g.Schulz says the team of researchers will spend weeks at a time living and working in rustic conditions in the Mexican village.

ruthless: pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless
E.g.The rule of the strongest and most ruthless is what happens when honest citizens are deprived of the right and ability to defend themselves.

saboteur: one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property
E.g.Every member of the Resistance acted as saboteur, blowing up train lines to prevent supplies from reaching the Nazi army.

saccharine: having cloyingly sweet attitude, tone, or character; overly sweet
E.g.She tried to ingratiate herself, speaking sweetly and smiling a saccharine smile.

sacrilegious: acting or speaking very disrespectfully toward what is held to be sacred; violating sacred things; profane
E.g.His stealing of the altar cloth was a very sacrilegious act.

sacrosanct: regarded as sacred and inviolable
E.g.The brash insurance salesman invaded the sacrosanct privacy of the office of the president of the company.

sadistic: inclined to cruelty; deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on another
E.g.If we are to improve conditions in this prison, we must first get rid of the sadistic warden.

saga: any legend; long detailed report; Scandinavian myth
E.g.In very truth the saga is a prose epic, and marked by every quality an epic should possess.

sagacious: perceptive; shrewd; having insight
E.g.My father was a sagacious judge of character: he could spot a phony a mile away.

sage: one celebrated for wisdom, experience, and judgment; various plants of the genus Salvia
E.g.In fear of death, the quiet saint or sage is dying all his life.

salacious: lustful; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
E.g.Chaucer's monk is not pious but salacious. a teller of lewd tales and ribald jests.

salient: prominent or protruding; projecting outwardly; moving by leaps or springs
E.g.One of the salient features of that newspaper is its excellent editorial page.

saline: salty; containing salt; of or relating to chemical salts
E.g.You can purchase a saline solution in the drug store.

salubrious: healthful; favorable to health; promoting health; wholesome
E.g.Many people with hay fever move to more salubrious sections of the country during the months of August and September.

salutary: tending to improve; beneficial; favorable to health
E.g.The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy, as he became a model student.

salvage: save from loss or destruction; rescue of a ship; save for further use
E.g.He doesn't want to admit it yet, but the legacy he's so desperately trying to salvage is already broken down.

sanctimonious: excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious
E.g.What we need to do is not fool ourselves and remain sanctimonious about the issue of doping in baseball.

sanction: give authorization or approval to something; penalize a state, especially for violating international law
E.g.Nothing will convince me to sanction the engagement of my daughter to such a worthless young man.

sanctuary: place of refuge or asylum; shrine; holy place, such as a church, temple, or mosque
E.g.The cleansing of the sanctuary is a happy token for good to any people; when they begin to be reformed they will soon be relieved.

sanguine: cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy
E.g.Let us not be too sanguine about the outcome; something could go wrong.

sap: diminish; undermine the foundations; dig
E.g.The element kryptonite has an unhealthy effect on Superman: it can sap his strength.

sarcasm: cutting, often ironic remark intended to wound; stinging rebuke; form of humor by mocking with irony
E.g.Your sarcasm is appreciated but what I'm trying to say is that both campaigns have been painting very dark pictures of each other.

sardonic: disdainful or ironically humorous; cynical; scornful and mocking
E.g.The sardonic humor of nightclub comedians who satirize or ridicule patrons in the audience strikes some people as amusing and others as rude.

sartorial: relating to a tailor, tailoring, or tailored clothing
E.g.He was as famous for the sartorial splendor of his attire as he was for his acting.

sate: satisfy appetite fully; satisfy to excess
E.g.Its hunger might sate, the lion dozed.

satellite: small body revolving around a larger one; subordinate
E.g.U.S. officials say the satellite is a cover for Pyongyang's efforts to perfect missile technology.

satiate: satisfy fully; overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
E.g.Having stuffed themselves until they satiate, the guests are so full they are ready for a nap.

satire: form of literature in which irony and ridicule are used to attack human vice and folly
E.g.Gulliver's Travels, which is regarded by many as a tale for children, is actually a bitter satire attacking man's folly.

satirical: mocking; exposing human folly to ridicule
E.g.The humor of cartoonist Gary Trudeau often is satirical; through the comments of the Doonesbury characters, Trudeau ridicules political corruption and folly.

saturate: soak, fill, or load to capacity; cause to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
E.g.Saturate your sponge with water until it can't hold any more.

saturnine: gloomy; marked by tendency to be bitter or sardonic
E.g.Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance; he is not as gloomy as he looks.

saunter: stroll slowly; walk at a leisurely pace
E.g.As we saunter through the park, we stop frequently to admire the spring flowers.

savant: scholar; man of learning or science; one eminent for learning
E.g.Our faculty includes a world famous savant.

savor: appreciate fully; enjoy or relish; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality
E.g.I want to savor this great moment of accomplishment.

savory: appetizing to taste or smell; salty or Non-Sweet; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable
E.g.Julia Child's recipes enable amateur chefs to create savory delicacies for their guests.

scabbard: case for sword blade; sheath
E.g.The drill master told the recruit to wipe the blood from his sword before slipping it back into the scabbard.

scaffold: temporary platform for workers; bracing framework; platform for execution
E.g.Before painting the house, the workers put up a scaffold to allow them to work on the second story.

scale: climb up or over; alter according to a standard; estimate or measure; remove in layers
E.g.We scale the model to be one tenth of actual size.

scanty: somewhat less than needed in amplitude or extent; insufficient
E.g.Thinking his helping of food was scanty, Oliver Twist asked for more.

scapegoat: someone who bears the blame for others
E.g.The ploy of finding a scapegoat is as old as mankind itself - when things become too difficult at home, divert attention to adventure abroad.