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Barrons GRE Vocabulary List 2

antiseptic: substance that prevents infection; substance that restricts the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
E.g.Regular washing with antiseptic is often enough to heal a skin infection.

antithesis: contrast; direct contrast; opposition
E.g.This tyranny was the antithesis of all that he had hoped for, and he fought it with all his strength.

anvil: heavy block of iron or steel with a smooth, flat top on which metals are shaped by hammering
E.g.The man put the iron block on the anvil.

apathy: lack of caring; indifference
E.g.A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote.

aperture: opening; diameter of such an opening; hole
E.g.She discovered a small aperture in the wall, through which the insects had entered the room.

apex: highest point; vertex; summit; climax
E.g.He was at the apex of his career: he had climbed to the top of the heap.

aphasia: loss of speech due to injury or illness
E.g.After the automobile accident, the victim had periods of aphasia when he could not speak at all or could only mumble incoherently.

aphorism: definition or concise statement of principle; tersely phrased statement of truth or opinion
E.g.An aphorism differs from an adage in that it is more philosophical or scientific.

apiary: place where bees and beehives are kept, especially where bees are raised for their honey
E.g.Although he spent many hours daily in the apiary, he was very seldom stung by a bee.

aplomb: poise; self-confident assurance
E.g.Gwen's aplomb in handling potentially embarrassing moments was legendary around the office; when one of her clients broke a piece of her best crystal, she coolly picked up her own goblet and hurled it into the fireplace.

apocalyptic: prophetic; involving or portending widespread devastation
E.g.The crowd jeered preacher's apocalyptic predictions of doom at the street.

apocryphal: untrue; of questionable authorship or authenticity; erroneous; fictitious
E.g.To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.

apogee: the highest point; point in orbit most distant from the body being orbited
E.g.When the moon in its orbit is farthest away from the earth, it is at its apogee.

apolitical: having aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
E.g.It was hard to remain apolitical during the Vietnam War; even people who generally ignored public issues felt they had to take political stands.

apologist: person who argues in defense or justification of something, such as doctrine, policy, or institution
E.g.Finally, the fifth item mentioned by the apologist is the rigid monotheism which stamps the whole volume.

apostate: one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
E.g.Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an apostate.

apotheosis: elevation to godhood; fact or action of becoming a god; an ideal example of something
E.g.The apotheosis of a Roman emperor was designed to insure his eternal greatness: people would worship at his altar forever.

appall: depress or discourage with fear; grow faint or become weak
E.g.The horrifying conditions in the city's jails might appall you.

apparent: capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to eye
E.g.It is apparent to all that he was guilty; do you think anyone still trusts him now?

apparition: ghostly figure; sudden or unusual sight; appearance; state of being visible
E.g.On the castle battlements, an apparition materialized and spoke to Hamlet, warning him of his uncle's treachery.

appease: bring peace, quiet, or calm to; satisfy or relieve
E.g.Tom and Jody tried to appease the crying baby by offering him one toy after another, but he would not calm down.

appellation: name; title; act of naming; act of appealing for aid, sympathy
E.g.Macbeth was startled when the witches greeted him with an incorrect appellation. Why did they call him Thane of Cawdor, he wondered, when the holder of that title still lived?.

append: attach; add as supplement or appendix
E.g.When you append a bibliography to a text, you have just created an supplementary material.

application: close attention; work of applying something; verbal or written request for assistance
E.g.Pleased with how well Tom had whitewashed the fence, Aunt Polly praised him for his application to the task.

apposite: strikingly appropriate and relevant; well-suited
E.g.He was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.

appraise: estimate value of; evaluate, especially in official capacity
E.g.It is difficult to appraise the value of old paintings; it is easier to call them priceless.

appreciate: be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
E.g.I am truly thankful for the stocks, which would appreciate in value considerably in future years.

apprehend: take into custody; arrest a criminal; grasp mentally; perceive
E.g.The police will apprehend the culprit and convict him.

apprehensive: capable of apprehending; knowing; conscious; relating to the faculty of apprehension; sensible; feeling; perceptive
E.g.Here I walked about for a long time, feeling very strange, and mortally apprehensive of some one coming in and kidnapping me.

apprise: inform; give notice to; make aware
E.g.If you apprise him the dangerous weather conditions, he has to postpone his trip.

approbation: expression of warm approval; praise
E.g.She looked for some sign of approbation from her parents, hoping her good grades would please them.

apropos: with reference or regard; in respect
E.g.I'll admit - this list is completely in apropos of nothing.

aptitude: inherent ability; quickness in learning and understanding
E.g.The counselor gave him an aptitude test before advising him about the career he should follow.

aquiline: curved or hooked like an eagle's beak
E.g.He can be recognized by his aquiline nose, curved like the beak of the eagle.

arable: fit for growing crops, as by plowing
E.g.The first settlers wrote home glowing reports of the New World, praising its vast acres of arable land ready for the plow.

arbiter: person with power to decide a dispute; judge
E.g.As an arbiter in labor disputes, she has won the confidence of the workers and the employers.

arbitrary: randomly chosen; determined by chance or impulse, and not by reason or principle
E.g.He threw an arbitrary assortment of clothes into his suitcase and headed off, not caring where he went.

arboreal: tree-dwelling; treelike; living in trees
E.g.Learn about the arboreal emblems that represent the provinces and territories of Canada.

arboretum: place where different tree varieties are exhibited
E.g.Walking along the tree-lined paths of the arboretum, Rita noted poplars, firs, and some particularly fine sycamores.

arcade: covered passageway, usually lined with shops; simple arched opening in a wall; vault or vaulted place
E.g.The arcade was popular with shoppers because it gave them protection from the summer sun and the winter rain.

arcane: secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated
E.g.Secret brotherhoods surround themselves with arcane rituals and trappings to mystify outsiders.

archaeology: study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
E.g.The professor of archaeology headed an expedition to the Gobi Desert in search of ancient ruins.

archaic: no longer current or applicable; antiquated
E.g."Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.

archetype: prototype; original model or type after which other similar things are patterned
E.g.The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island and New Jersey.

archipelago: group of closely located islands
E.g.When I looked at the map and saw the archipelago in the South Seas, I longed to visit them.

archives: public records; place where public records are kept
E.g.These documents should be part of the archives so that historians may be able to evaluate them in the future.

arduous: demanding great effort or labor; difficult
E.g.Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy.

aria: operatic solo; solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment
E.g.Of course, throwing a pop star at an aria is a particularly uninspired solution.

arid: dry; lacking moisture, especially having insufficient rainfall to support trees or plants
E.g.The cactus has adapted to survive in an arid environment.

aristocracy: hereditary nobility; privileged class
E.g.Americans have mixed feelings about hereditary aristocracy.

armada: a fleet of warships; a large group of moving things
E.g.Queen Elizabeth's navy defeated the mighty armada that threatened the English coast.

aromatic: fragrant or sweet-smelling; caused by fragrant odor
E.g.Medieval sailing vessels brought aromatic herbs from China to Europe.

arraign: officially charge someone in a court of law
E.g.After his indictment by the Grand Jury, the County Criminal Court should arraign the accused man.

array: set out for display or use; place in orderly arrangement
E.g.He requested to array the whole regiment on the parade ground.

arrears: being in debt; unpaid, overdue debt or an unfulfilled obligation
E.g.He was in arrears with his payments on the car.

arroyo: deep gully; a dry gulch; brook or creek; watercourse
E.g.Until the heavy rains of the past spring, this arroyo had been a dry bed.

arsenal: storage place for military equipment; stock of weapons
E.g.People are forbidden to smoke in the arsenal for fear that a stray spark might set off the munitions stored there.

artery: one of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart; major transit corridor
E.g.The Yangtze River is the main artery of traffic in center China.

articulate: expressing oneself easily in clear and effective language
E.g.Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.

artifice: subtle but base deception; trickery; cleverness or skill; ingenuity
E.g.The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military might.

artisan: manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
E.g.A noted artisan, Arturo was known for the fine craftsmanship.

artless: free of artificiality; natural; open and honest
E.g.Sophisticated and cynical, Jack could not believe Jill was as artless and naive as she appeared to be.

ascendancy: superiority or decisive advantage; domination
E.g.Leaders of religious cults maintain ascendancy over their followers by methods that can verge on brainwashing.

ascertain: find out for certain; discover with certainty; make sure of
E.g.Please ascertain her present address.

ascetic: leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere
E.g.The wealthy, self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders.

ascribe: inscribe or dedicate; attribute to a specified cause, source, or origin; assign as a quality
E.g.Other people ascribe his exclusion from the canon to an unsubtle form of racism.

aseptic: preventing infection; having cleansing effect
E.g.Hospitals succeeded in lowering the mortality rate as soon as they introduced aseptic conditions.

ashen: ash-colored; very pale; consisting of ashes
E.g.Her face was ashen with fear.

asinine: utterly stupid or silly; inanely foolish
E.g.Your asinine remarks prove that you have not given this problem any serious consideration.

askance: with sideways or indirect look; Turned to side, especially of eyes
E.g.Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.

askew: turned or twisted toward one side; at an angle
E.g.When he placed his hat askew upon his head, his observers laughed.

asperity: sharpness of temper; roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate
E.g.These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.

aspirant: one who aspires, as to advancement, honors, or a high position
E.g.Although I am an aspirant for public office, I am not willing to accept the dictates of the party bosses.

aspire: seek to attain; long for; strive toward an end
E.g.If you aspire to a career in professional sports, please enroll in a graduate program in sports management.

assail: assault; attack with or as if with violent blows
E.g.These days nightmares assail him regularly.

assay: analyze; evaluate; examine by trial or experiment; put to test
E.g.When they assay the ore, they find that they have discovered a very rich vein.

assent: express agreement to what is alleged or proposed; accept
E.g.It gives me great pleasure to assent to your request.

assiduous: constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent
E.g.He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results.

assimilate: incorporate and absorb into mind; make similar; cause to resemble
E.g.The manner in which the United States was able to assimilate immigrants during the 19th and early 20th century will always be a source of pride to Americans.

assuage: ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease
E.g.Jilted by Jane, Dick tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in ice cream.

assumption: something taken for accepted as true without proof; taking over or taking possession of
E.g.The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to power.

asteroid: small planet; any small celestial bodies that revolve around the sun
E.g.With Vista at opposition, the asteroid is at its closest point to Earth in its orbit.

astigmatism: eye defect that prevents proper focus
E.g.As soon as his parents discovered that the boy suffered from astigmatism, they took him to the optometrist for corrective glasses.

astral: relating to stars; star-shaped
E.g.She was amazed at the number of astral bodies the new telescope revealed.

astringent: causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere
E.g.The juice from the last pressing being very dark and astringent, is put with the inferior wine.

astronomical: enormously large or extensive; relating to astronomy
E.g.The government seems willing to spend astronomical sums on weapons development.

asunder: into separate parts or pieces; apart
E.g.A fierce quarrel split the partnership asunder: the two partners finally sundered their connections because their points of view were poles apart.

asylum: place of refuge or shelter; protection
E.g.The refugees sought asylum from religious persecution in a new land.

asymmetric: not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
E.g.Because one eyebrow was set markedly higher than the other, William's face had a particularly asymmetric appearance.

atavism: resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; deformity returning after passage of two or more generations
E.g.The doctors ascribed the child's deformity to an atavism.

atheistic: denying existence of God; godless
E.g.His atheistic remarks shocked the religious worshippers.

atone: make amends, as for sin or fault; pay for; turn away from sin
E.g.He knew no way in which he could atone for his brutal crime.

atrocity: brutal deed; atrocious condition, quality, or behavior; monstrousness
E.g.Unfortunately, the normal social reaction to atrocity is to banish it from our awareness.

atrophy: wasting away; decrease in size; reduction in the functionality of an organ caused by disease
E.g.It confirms earlier research showing a link between brain atrophy and low levels of B12.

attentive: alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful
E.g.Spellbound, the attentive audience watched the final game of the tennis match, never taking their eyes from the ball.

attenuate: make slender, fine, or small; weaken; lessen density of
E.g.By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.

attest: testify; authenticate, affirm to be true
E.g.Having served as a member of the Grand Jury, I can attest that our system of indicting individuals is in need of improvement.

attire: clothing; dress
E.g.I will attire my Jane in satin and lace, and she shall have roses in her hair; and I will cover the head I love best with a priceless veil.

attribute: essential quality; reputation; honor
E.g.His outstanding attribute was his kindness.

attrition: gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment
E.g.In the 1960s urban churches suffered from attrition as members moved from the cities to the suburbs.

atypical: not normal; unusual or irregular; not representative of a group, class, or type
E.g.The child psychiatrist reassured Mrs. Keaton that playing doctor was not atypical behavior for a child of young Alex's age.

audacious: fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold
E.g.Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious, death defying leap to freedom, escaping Darth Vader's troops.

audit: examination of accounts; adjustment or correction of accounts
E.g.When the bank examiners arrived to hold their annual audit, they discovered the embezzlements of the chief cashier.

augment: make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity
E.g.Armies augment their forces by calling up reinforcements.

augury: sign of something coming; art or practice of foretelling events by signs or omens
E.g.He interpreted the departure of the birds as an augury of evil.

august: impressive; majestic; inspiring awe or admiration
E.g.Visiting the palace at Versailles, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself.

auroral: characteristic of dawn; dawning, eastern, like new beginning; relating to the atmospheric phenomenon auroras
E.g.The auroral display was particularly spectacular that evening.

auspicious: attended by favorable circumstances; marked by success; prosperous
E.g.With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.

authenticate: prove genuine; establish authenticity of
E.g.An expert was needed to authenticate the original Van Gogh painting, distinguishing it from its imitation.

authoritative: having weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
E.g.Impressed by the young researcher's well-documented presentation, we accepted her analysis of the experiment as authoritative.

autocratic: having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial
E.g.Someone accustomed to exercising authority may become autocratic if his or her power is unchecked.

automaton: mechanism that imitates actions of humans
E.g.Long before science fiction readers became aware of robots, at this book writer was presenting a story of automaton who could outperform men.

autonomous: self-governing; not controlled by others or by outside forces; independent
E.g.Although the University of California at Berkeley is just one part of the state university system, in many ways it is autonomous, for it runs several programs that are not subject to outside control.

autopsy: examination of dead body; post-mortem
E.g.The medical examiner ordered an autopsy to determine the cause of death.

auxiliary: helper, additional or subsidiary
E.g.To prepare for the emergency, they built an auxiliary power station.

avalanche: great mass of falling snow and ice
E.g.The park ranger warned the skiers to stay on the main trails, where they would be in no danger of being buried beneath a sudden avalanche.

avarice: greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain
E.g.King Midas is a perfect example of avarice, for he was so greedy that he wished everything he touched would turn to gold.

avenge: take vengeance for something, or on behalf of someone
E.g.Hamlet vowed he would avenge his father's murder and punish Claudius for his horrible crime.

aver: declare to be true; affirm
E.g.The witnesses aver that he was holding a gun.

averse: reluctant; disinclined; turned away or backward; unwilling
E.g.The reporter was averse to revealing the sources of his information.

aversion: firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike
E.g.Risk aversion is one of the most serious problems and largest cost of our human space flight.

avert: prevent; turn or cause to turn off or away
E.g.She had to avert her eyes from the dead cat on the highway.

aviary: large cage, building, or enclosure in which birds are reared or kept
E.g.The aviary at the zoo held nearly 300 birds.

avid: greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm
E.g.He was avid for learning and read everything he could get.

avocation: activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment
E.g.His hobby proved to be so fascinating and profitable that gradually he abandoned his regular occupation and concentrated on his avocation.

avow: declare openly; acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly
E.g.Lana began to avow that she never meant to steal Debbie's boyfriend.

avuncular: in manner of uncle, pertaining to uncle; kind, genial, benevolent or tolerant
E.g.Avuncular pride did not prevent him from noticing his nephew's shortcomings.

awe: mixed emotion of reverence, respect, dread, and wonder; fear, as of something evil
E.g.The tourists gazed with awe at the tremendous expanse of the Grand Canyon.

awful: causing fear, dread, or terror; extremely bad or unpleasant; terrible
E.g.He says the budget is in awful shape and we need to take steps to fix it.

awry: in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course
E.g.He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his neck during the night.

axiom: self-evident truth requiring no proof
E.g.Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain principle or axiom.

azure: sky blue; light purplish-blue
E.g.Azure skies are indicative of good weather.

babble: talk foolishly or idly; utter meaningless confusion of words or sounds
E.g.The little girl likes to babble about her doll.

bacchanalian: drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness
E.g.Emperor Nero attended the bacchanalian orgy.

badger: pester; annoy persistently; persuade through constant efforts
E.g.She is forced to change her telephone number because obscene phone calls badger her.

badinage: teasing conversation; good-humored, playful conversation
E.g.Her friends at work greeted the news of her engagement with cheerful badinage.

baffle: frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of
E.g.The new code will baffle the enemy agents.

bait: harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap
E.g.The school bully will bait the smaller children, terrorizing them.

baleful: portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.
E.g.The fortune teller made baleful predictions of terrible things to come.

balk: stop short and refuse to go on; refuse obstinately or abruptly
E.g.When the warden learned that several inmates were planning to escape, he took steps to balk their attempt.

ballast: heavy substance used to add stability or weight
E.g.The ship was listing badly to one side; it was necessary to shift the ballast in the hold to get her back on an even keel.

balm: something that relieves pain
E.g.Friendship is the finest balm for the pangs of disappointed love.

balmy: mild and pleasant; fragrant
E.g.A balmy breeze refreshed us after the sultry blast.

bandy: discuss lightly or glibly; exchange words heatedly
E.g.While the president was happy to bandy patriotic generalizations with anyone who would listen to him, he refused to exchange words with unfriendly reporters at the press conference.

bane: something causes misery or death; curse; fatal injury or ruin
E.g.Lucy's little brother was the bane of her existence: his attempts to make her life miserable worked so well that she could have poisoned him.

bantering: good-natured ridiculing; cleverly amusing in tone
E.g.They resented his bantering remarks because they thought he was being sarcastic.

bar: a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick
E.g.For low paid male workers - many from South Asia - the cafeterias are a social focus - the equivalent of a bar or pub in non-Muslim countries, a place to meet friends and workmates.

barb: sharp projection from fishhook; openly cutting remark
E.g.If you were a politician, would you prefer being caught on the barb of a fishhook?

bard: poet, especially lyric poet
E.g.The ancient bard Homer sang of the fall of Troy.

bargain: agreement between parties concerning the sale of property
E.g."A part of me you must become," he answered steadily; "otherwise the whole bargain is void."

baroque: complex or bizarre, especially in ornamentation; irregular in shape
E.g.Accustomed to the severe lines of contemporary buildings, the architecture students found the flamboyance of baroque architecture amusing.

barrage: artificial obstruction; heavy curtain of artillery fire; rapid, concentrated discharge of missiles
E.g.The company was forced to retreat through the barrage of heavy cannons.

barterer: trader; one who trades goods for other goods without involving money
E.g.The barterer exchanged trinkets for the natives' furs. It seemed smarter to trade than to pay cash.

bask: luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
E.g.Relaxing on the beach, they bask so completely that fell asleep.

bastion: fortress; projecting part of fortification; well-fortified position
E.g.The villagers fortified the town hall, hoping this improvised bastion could protect them from the guerillas' raids.

bate: let down; restrain; lessen force or intensity of; moderate
E.g.Until it was time to open the presents, the children had to bate their curiosity.

bauble: small, showy ornament of little value; child's plaything or toy
E.g.The child was delighted with the bauble she had won in the grab bag.

bawdy: indecent; obscene; humorously coarse
E.g.Jack took offense at Jill's bawdy remarks. What kind of young man did she think he was?

bearing: carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; act of producing or giving birth
E.g.The U.S. Mint is set to unveil a new $1 coin bearing the image of President Abraham Lincoln.

beatific: completely happy and contented; showing or producing exalted joy
E.g.The beatific smile on the child's face made us very happy.

beatitude: blessedness; state of extreme happiness
E.g.Growing closer to God each day, the mystic achieved a state of indescribable beatitude.

bedizen: ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery
E.g.We usually bedizen witch doctors in all their gaudiest costumes.

bedraggle: wet thoroughly; stain with mud; soil or wet by dragging in dirt, mud, moist places
E.g.The severe storms bedraggle so heavily that we have to change into dry clothing.

beeline: direct, quick route; direct, straight course
E.g.As soon as the movie was over, Jim made a beeline for the exit.

befuddle: confuse thoroughly; becloud and confuse, as with liquor; make stupid with alcohol
E.g.His attempts to clarify the situation only befuddle her further.

beget: produce; give rise to
E.g.One good turn may deserve another; it does not necessarily beget another.

beguile: mislead; delude; deceive by guile
E.g.With flattery and big talk of easy money, the con men beguile Kyle into betting his allowance on the shell game.

behemoth: huge creature; something enormous in size or power
E.g.Just two weeks after Sam Stein first reported Citigroup's anti-union assault on the Employee Free Choice Act, the financial behemoth is taking their fight directly to the workers.

belabor: discuss repeatedly; attack verbally; work hard upon
E.g.The debate coach warns her students if they belabor her point they will bore the audience.

belated: having been delayed; done or sent too late
E.g.He apologized for his belated note of condolence to the widow of his friend and explained that he had just learned of her husband's untimely death.

beleaguer: besiege or attack; harass; surround with troops
E.g.The babysitter is surrounded by a crowd of unmanageable brats who relentlessly beleaguer her.

belie: contradict; give a false impression
E.g.His coarse, hard-bitten exterior does belie his inner sensitivity.

belittle: disparage or depreciate; put down
E.g.Parents should not belittle their children's early attempts at drawing, but should encourage their efforts.

bellicose: warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative
E.g.His bellicose disposition alienated his friends.

belligerent: inclined or eager to fight; aggressive
E.g.Whenever he had too much to drink, he became belligerent and tried to pick fights with strangers.

bemoan: regret strongly; express disapproval of
E.g.Although critics bemoan the serious flaws in the author's novels, each year his latest book tops the best-seller list.

bemused: confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
E.g.Jill studied the garbled instructions with a bemused look on her face.

benediction: blessing; invocation of divine blessing; expression of good wishes
E.g.The appearance of the sun after the many rainy days was like a benediction.

benefactor: gift giver; person who gives people or institutions with financial help
E.g.Scrooge later became Tiny Tim's benefactor and gave him gifts.

beneficial: helpful; tending to promote physical well-being
E.g.Tiny Tim's cheerful good nature had a beneficial influence on Scrooge's charitable disposition.

beneficiary: person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
E.g.In Scrooge's will, he made Tiny Tim his beneficiary, everything he left would go to young Tim.

benefit: advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain
E.g.Another benefit for business is the elimination of currency risk in the Euro area - the possibility that you might lose money in cross border trade because of exchange rate movements.

benevolent: generous in providing aid to others; charitable
E.g.Mr. Fezziwig was a benevolent employer, who wished to make Christmas merrier for young Scrooge and his other employees.

benign: kindly; favorable; not malignant
E.g.Though her benign smile and gentle bearing made Miss Marple seem a sweet little old lady, in reality she was a tough-minded lady.

bent: determined to do or have
E.g.We are bent on going to the theater no matter how heavy the snow is.

bequeath: leave to someone by a will; hand down
E.g.Though Maud had intended to bequeath the family home to her nephew, she died before changing her will.

berate: rebuke or scold angrily and at length
E.g.He feared she would berate him for his forgetfulness.

bereavement: grievous loss; particularly, the loss of a relative or friend by death
E.g.His friends gathered to console him upon his sudden bereavement.

bereft: deprived of; lacking; desolate because of loss
E.g.The foolish gambler soon found himself bereft of funds.