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Barrons GRE Vocabulary List 15

prodigy: person with exceptional talents or powers; wonder
E.g.Brianna Kahane, the 8-year-old violin prodigy, played at the memorial observance there.

profane: violate; put to improper, unworthy, or degrading use; abuse
E.g.The members of the mysterious Far Eastern cult sought to kill the British explorer because they saw him profane the sanctity of their holy goblet by using it as an ashtray. .

profligate: inclined to waste resources or behave extravagantly; wildly immoral
E.g.Although surrounded by wild and profligate companions, she nevertheless managed to retain some sense of decency.

profound: deep; not superficial; far-reaching
E.g.Volunteers return to their normal lives in profound silence, as if they had been on a sacred retreat.

profusion: overabundance; lavish or unrestrained expense
E.g.Freddy was so overwhelmed by the profusion of choices on the menu that he knocked over his wine glass and soaked his host.

progenitor: direct ancestor; originator of a line of descent; originator or founder
E.g.The Roth family, whose progenitor emigrated from Germany early in the nineteenth century, settled in Peru, Illinois.

progeny: one derived from another; offspring or descendant; result of creative effort, as product
E.g.He was proud of his progeny in general, but regarded George as the most promising of all his children.

prognosis: forecasted course of a disease; forecast or prediction; likelihood of recovery from a disease
E.g.Doctors have told him his long-term prognosis is good, but rehabilitation and training is necessary.

prohibitive: tending to discourage; prohibiting; forbidding
E.g.The intent, however, was to make the taxes and terms prohibitive to all non-medical use.

projectile: weapon that is thrown or projected; self-propelled missile, such as rocket; fired, thrown, or otherwise propelled object, such as bullet
E.g.The soldier has always hurled projectile at his enemy whether in the form of stones or of highly explosive shells.

proletarian: member of working class; blue collar person
E.g."Workers of the world, unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains" is addressed to each proletarian.

proliferate: grow rapidly; propagate; reproduce
E.g.Over the next few weeks, the plants' maiden blossoms will proliferate and form clusters, most noticeably at the branch tips.

prolific: producing offspring or fruit in great abundance; fertile
E.g.My editors must assume I'm a prolific writer: they expect me to revise six books this year!.

prolixity: tedious wordiness; verbosity; great length; minute detail
E.g.A writer who suffers from prolixity tells his readers everything they never wanted to know about his subject.

prologue: introduction, usually to a poem or play
E.g.In the prologue to Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare introduces the audience to the feud between the Montagues and the Capulets.

prolong: make longer; draw out; lengthen
E.g.In their determination to discover ways to prolong human life, doctors fail to take into account that longer lives are not always happier ones.

prominent: conspicuous; immediately noticeable; sticking out; widely known
E.g.The most prominent is the almost total domination of the top overall rankings by smaller communities.

promiscuous: having casual sexual relations frequently with different partners; irregular, casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
E.g.In the opera La Boheme, we get a picture of the promiscuous life led by the young artists of Paris.

promontory: natural elevation, especially a rock that projects into the sea; cliff; headland; high cape
E.g.They erected a lighthouse on the promontory to warn approaching ships of their nearness to the shore.

promote: help to flourish; advance in rank; publicize
E.g.Founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman and her team ceaselessly promote the welfare of young people everywhere.

prompt: move to act; incite; give rise to; assist with a reminder
E.g.The accident will prompt a review of school safety policy.

promulgate: proclaim doctrine or law; make known by official publication
E.g.During an interview with ABC News, Barack Obama said Republican attempted to promulgate, falsely, his Muslim connections.

prone: inclined; lying face downward; having a tendency
E.g.The increased number of livestock has caused pasture degradation, overgrazing and desertification in prone areas.

pronounced: clear; distinct; strongly marked; easily noticeable; spoken; voiced
E.g.So pronounced is this class distinction that some races will not go near another for fear of being polluted.

prop: object placed beneath or against a structure to keep it from falling or shaking
E.g.Using our men and women in uniform as a political prop is not funny, John.

propagate: cause something to multiply or breed; cause to extend to broader area or larger number
E.g.Since bacteria propagate more quickly in unsanitary environments, it is important to keep hospital rooms clean.

propensity: natural inclination; tendency or preference; predilection
E.g.Convinced of his own talent, Sol has an unfortunate propensity to belittle the talents of others.

prophetic: foretelling events as if by divine inspiration
E.g.I have no magical prophetic powers; when I predict what will happen, I base my predictions on common sense.

propinquity: property of being close together; kinship; nearness; similarity in nature
E.g.Their relationship could not be explained as being based on mere propinquity; they were more than relatives, they were true friends.

propitiate: make peace with; appease and render favorable
E.g.The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods.

propitious: presenting favorable circumstances; fortunate; advantageous
E.g.Chloe consulted her horoscope to see whether Tuesday would be a propitious day to dump her boyfriend.

proponent: one who argues in support of something; advocate; backer
E.g.In the Senate, every proponent of the universal health care measure lobbied to gain additional support for the controversial legislation.

propound: put forward; offer for consideration or debate
E.g.In your discussion, you propound several questions; let us consider each one separately.

propriety: fitness; correct conduct; quality of being proper; appropriateness
E.g.Miss Manners counsels her readers so that they may behave with due propriety in any social situation and not embarrass themselves.

propulsive: driving forward; having power to propel
E.g.The jet plane has a greater propulsive power than the engine-driven plane.

prosaic: dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; factual
E.g.Though the ad writers came up with an original way to publicize the product, the head office rejected it for a more prosaic, ordinary slogan.

proscribe: command against; banish; outlaw
E.g.Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus united to proscribe all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar.

proselytize: induce someone to convert to one's own religious faith
E.g.In these interfaith meetings, there must be no attempt to proselytize; we must respect all points of view.

prosper: flourish; thrive; gain in wealth; grow stronger
E.g.Language learning will give our children the skills to live and prosper within the global village.

prosperity: good fortune; financial success; physical well-being
E.g.The expected increase in prosperity from the new system did not immediately come.

prosperous: successful; thriving; having or characterized by financial success or good fortune
E.g.The earthquake has struck one of India's most prosperous and economically significant states.

prostrate: put or throw flat with face down; cause to lie flat
E.g.He used to prostrate himself before the idol.

protean: versatile; able to take on many shapes; readily taking on varied shapes
E.g.A remarkably protean actor, Alec Guinness could take on any role.

protocol: code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction
E.g.When it comes to weddings, the protocol is actual similar to other churches.

prototype: original work used as a model; original type
E.g.He introduced universal health care for all MA citizens and his prototype was the blueprint for what Arnold was introducing in CA.

protract: prolong; draw out or lengthen in time
E.g.Seeking to delay the union members' vote, the management team tried to protract the negotiations endlessly.

protrude: extend out or project in space; stick out
E.g.His fingers protrude from the holes in his gloves.

protuberance: something that bulges out; swelling or tumor on the body
E.g.A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled tumor that develops near a joint membrane or tendon sheath, and that bulges beneath the skin, forming a protuberance.

provenance: place of origin; source; provenience
E.g.The simplest way to verify provenance is by looking for items that come with a Certificate of Authenticity or a Letter of Authenticity.

provident: displaying foresight; providing carefully for future; preparing for emergencies
E.g.In his usual provident manner, he had insured himself against this type of loss.

provincial: relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated
E.g.They settled in provincial towns such as Puebla, Veracruz and Chiapas, before moving to Mexico City.

provision: stipulated condition; act of supplying or fitting out; something provided
E.g.For young people entering the workforce in a bad economy, this provision is a critical safety net.

provisional: temporary; provided for present need only
E.g.Polanski is in provisional detention in Switzerland.

provocative: arousing anger or interest; tending to provoke or stimulate
E.g.Even more provocative is the promise of a Russian nuclear power plant for Venezuela.

prowess: extraordinary ability; military bravery; superior skill or ability
E.g.In fact, Asia's exporting prowess is so dominant that Dubai and Rotterdam are the only two ports from outside the region to even make the list.

proximity: state of being proximate; nearness in place, time, or relation
E.g.Blind people sometimes develop a compensatory ability to sense the proximity of objects around them.

proxy: authority to act for another; agent or substitute
E.g.We provide quality hosting accounts with premium bandwidth to ensure that your proxy is always up and running at top speeds.

prude: excessively modest person; person excessively concerned about correct behavior
E.g.A woman, even a prude, is never long embarrassed.

prudent: cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests
E.g.The new senior leader is picked based on expertise in prudent lending and integrity.

prune: cut away; trim; reduce
E.g.Another reason to prune is to maintain the plant for its intended purpose within your yard or landscape.

prurient: having or causing lustful thoughts and desires; having eager desire for something
E.g.Aroused by his prurient impulses, the dirty old man leered at the sweet young thing and offered to give her a sample of his "prowess.".

pseudonym: pen name; fictitious name used when someone performs a particular social role
E.g.Samuel Clemens' pseudonym was Mark Twain.

psyche: soul; mind; spirit or soul
E.g.I think my psyche is a contradictory mixture of adventurism and contemplative caution.

psychic: relating to, or influenced by mind or psyche; mental; capable of extraordinary mental processes
E.g.Shaking his head again, Bishop replied, "They felt he wouldn't be open to the idea of psychic investigators."

psychosis: severe mental disorder, with or without organic damage; any vital action or activity.
E.g.That kind of psychosis is something I would expect from a guy like you - you're truly a sad, sad creature!

pterodactyl: extinct flying reptiles that existed during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods
E.g.These remains of a pterodactyl indicate that the flying reptile had a wingspan of as much as twenty feet.

pucker: gather into small folds or wrinkles; contract into ridges and furrows
E.g.Considering the story's ending and recent news on a possible sequel, we can all confidently pucker up for another hit.

puerile: childish; belonging to childhood; immature
E.g.His puerile pranks sometimes offended his more mature friends.

pugilist: one who fights with his fists, especially, a professional prize fighter; boxer
E.g.The famous pugilist Cassius Clay changed his name to Muhammed Ali.

pugnacity: combativeness; inclination or readiness to fight; quarrelsomeness
E.g."Put up your dukes!" he cried, making a fist to show his pugnacity.

puissant: powerful; mighty; strong; vigorous; forcible
E.g.His memoir was full of descriptions of puissant military heroics, but most were exaggerations or outright lies.

pulchritude: great physical beauty and appeal; attractive moral excellence; moral beauty
E.g.I do not envy the judges who have to select this year's Miss America from this collection of female pulchritude.

pulmonary: of or pertaining to the lungs; having lungs or lung like organs
E.g.Fellows are pediatricians who are training to specialize in pulmonary medicine.

pulse: beat; rhythm; rate at which heart beats;
E.g.I now clapped my hands in sudden joy--my pulse bounded, my veins thrilled.

pulverize: pound, crush, or grind to powder or dust
E.g.Before sprinkling the dried herbs into the stew, they first pulverize them into a fine powder.

pummel: beat or pound with fists; hit or strike heavily and repeatedly
E.g.Swinging wildly, Pam tried to pummel her brother around the head and shoulders.

punctilious: marked by precise accordance with details
E.g.Percy is punctilious about observing the rules of etiquette whenever Miss Manners invites him to stay.

pundit: authority on a subject; learned person; expert
E.g.The author who writes about SAT I as if he is pundit actually knows very little about the test.

pungent: stinging; sharp in taste or smell; caustic
E.g.I'm bracing myself to be met by heat, humidity and what Kerry describes as a pungent odor.

punitive: punishing; involving punishment; awarding or inflicting punishment
E.g.He asked for punitive measures against the offender.

puny: insignificant; tiny; weak; of inferior size, strength
E.g.In addition, he expects inflation to remain puny because we have so much unused capacity.

purchase: act or an instance of buying; something bought
E.g.Rules can differ depending whether the purchase is a residence or an investment.

purgatory: tending to cleanse or purge; place or condition of suffering, expiation, or remorse
E.g.Maybe it's over, I'm in purgatory and this is my punishment.

purge: remove or get rid of something unwanted; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify
E.g.So it shouldn't be a surprise that county voter registrars received a list of 29,000 alleged felons to purge from the rolls.

purport: design or tendency; meaning; import; disguise; covering
E.g.The purport of what he said is that he is right.

purported: assumed to be such; supposed; rumored
E.g.Attorney General Eric Holder called the purported plot one of the most serious security threats to the United States since the September 11, 2001, attacks.

purse: gather or contract into wrinkles or folds; contract one's lips into a rounded shape
E.g.Miss Watson had to purse her lips to show her disapproval of Huck's bedraggled appearance.

purveyor: one who supplies provisions, especially food; caterer
E.g.As purveyor of rare wines and viands, he traveled through France and Italy every year in search of new products to sell.

pusillanimous: cowardly; lacking strength and firmness of mind
E.g.You should be ashamed of your pusillanimous conduct during this dispute.

putrid: decomposed and foul-smelling; rotten; decayed
E.g.The gangrenous condition of the wound was indicated by the putrid smell when the bandages were removed.

puzzle: difficult question or problem
E.g.I noticed that she was working on the crossword puzzle from the Post when were first got there.

quack: untrained person who pretends to be a physician; charlatan
E.g.Do not be misled by the exorbitant claims of this quack; he cannot cure you.

quadruped: four-footed or quadruped animal, especially, four-footed mammal
E.g.A mammal is usually a quadruped.

quaff: drink with relish; swallow hurriedly or greedily
E.g.As we quaff our ale, we listen to the lively songs of the students in the tavern.

quagmire: soft wet boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself
E.g.Up to her knees in mud, Myra wondered how on earth she was going to extricate herself from this quagmire.

quail: draw back, as with fear or pain; show fear
E.g.The Cowardly Lion was so afraid that he would quail in the face of danger.

quaint: odd; old-fashioned; picturesque; unfamiliar or unusual in character
E.g.The designs, which include flowers in quaint pale colors, give the notes a modern, clean look.

qualified: restricted; having the appropriate qualifications for an office, position, or task
E.g.Unable to give the candidate full support, the mayor gave him only a qualified endorsement.

qualify: make such as is required; give added or requisite qualities to; make legally capable
E.g.They note that half of pupils will fail to qualify for secondary school.

quandary: dilemma; state of uncertainty or perplexity
E.g.Their solution to this quandary is a one dollar government imposed tax on every mobile phone bill.

quarantine: isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of infection; condition of enforced isolation
E.g.Part of the work for the penguins while they are in quarantine is re-establishing a social order, as they do in the wild.

quarry: victim; object of hunt; hunted animal
E.g.You mention you intend to start hunting, but you didn't say whether your quarry is small game or medium game.

quarry: victim; object of hunt; hunted animal
E.g.You mention you intend to start hunting, but you didn't say whether your quarry is small game or medium game.

quay: dock; landing place; reinforced bank where ships are loaded or unloaded
E.g.Because of the captain's carelessness, the ship crashed into the quay.

queasy: feeling about to vomit; causing uneasiness
E.g.He is not queasy about depicting mass violence, in some circumstances, as a legitimate instrument of social transformation.

queer: odd or unconventional, as in behavior; eccentric; mysterious; suspicious; questionable
E.g.I slept in queer places, and ate odd things, and met strange faces.

quench: put out a fire; extinguish; put an end to; destroy
E.g.No matter how much water the hiker drank, she could not quench her thirst.

querulous: habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance
E.g.Even the most agreeable toddlers can begin to act querulous if they miss their nap.

query: inquiry; doubt in the mind; mental reservation
E.g.In her column "Ask Beth," the columnist invites young readers to send her any query about life and love.

quibble: minor objection or complaint; petty distinction
E.g.My only quibble is that the courtship and marriage went down a little too quickly.

quiescent: at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive
E.g.After the great eruption, fear of Mount Etna was great; people did not return to cultivate its rich hillside lands until the volcano had been quiescent for a full two years.

quietude: tranquility; state of peace and quiet
E.g.He was impressed by the air of quietude and peace that pervaded the valley.

quintessence: pure, highly concentrated essence of a thing
E.g.In these times of strictest economy, it would perhaps be interesting to go deeper into the ways of those untiring thrifty ants who seem to know how "To cut a centime in four" and extract the quintessence from a bone.

quip: clever, witty remark often prompted by occasion
E.g.They dislike you because your quip and sarcastic comment for their event.

quirk: sudden sharp turn or twist; strange attitude or habit; peculiarity of behavior
E.g.By a quirk of fate, he found himself working for the man whom he had discharged years before.

quiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movement
E.g.The bird dog's nose twitches and his whiskers quiver as he strain eagerly against the leash.

quiver: shake with slight, rapid, tremulous movement
E.g.The bird dog's nose twitches and his whiskers quiver as he strain eagerly against the leash.

quixotic: idealistic without regard to practicality
E.g.Constantly coming up with quixotic, unworkable schemes to save the world, Simon has his heart in the right place, but his head somewhere in the clouds.

quizzical: suggesting puzzlement; mocking; curious
E.g.When the skinny teenager tripped over his own feet stepping into the bullpen, Coach raised one quizzical eyebrow, shook his head, and said, "Okay, kid. You're here, let's see what you've got.".

quorum: number of members necessary to conduct a meeting; select group
E.g.The senator asked for a roll call to determine whether a quorum was present.

rabble: lowest or coarsest class of people; iron bar, with the end bent, used in stirring or skimming molten iron
E.g.The whole point of the post is that the rabble is destroying the language by replacing adverbs with adjectives.

rabid: like a fanatic; furious; uncontrollable; extremely zealous or enthusiastic
E.g.The increase in rabid anti-Semitism among the British does not in the least surprise me, when I recall my teen-age schooldays back in the 1940s.

raconteur: storyteller; one who tells stories and anecdotes with skill and wit
E.g.My father was a gifted raconteur with an unlimited supply of anecdotes.

rail: scold; express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language
E.g.You may rail at him all you want; you will never change him.

raiment: clothing; garments; dress; garb; costume
E.g."How can I go to the ball?" asked Cinderella. "I have no raiment fit to wear.".

rally: call up or summon; call together for a common purpose
E.g.Washington quickly decided to rally his troops to fight off the British attack.

ramble: wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasure
E.g.As always, his inner need to ramble is overridden by the need to work.

ramification: act or process of branching out or dividing into branches; subdivision or branch
E.g.We must examine every ramification of this problem.

ramify: divide into branches or subdivisions; subordinate branchlike parts
E.g.When the plant begins to ramify, it is advisable to nip off most of the new branches.

ramp: slope; mobile staircase; inclined surface or roadway connecting different levels
E.g.The house was built with ramp instead of stair in order to enable the man in the wheelchair to move easily.

rampant: unrestrained and violent; occurring without restraint
E.g.The reporter exposed details about rampant corruption in city government.

rampart: something defends from assault or secures safety; defense
E.g.Perhaps the tower is part of the rampart of the city.

ramshackle: of very poor quality or condition; loose-jointed; ill-made; out of gear or repair
E.g.The boys propped up the ramshackle clubhouse with a couple of boards.

rancid: having disagreeable odor or taste of decomposing oils or fats
E.g.A rancid odor filled the ship's galley and nauseated the crew.

rancor: bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will; hatred
E.g.Thirty years after the war, she could not let go of the past but was still consumed with rancor against the foe.

random: without definite purpose, plan, or aim; having no specific pattern
E.g.He used to get super drunk in random places; I don't know where he is now.

rank: hold a particular position in a social hierarchy; form or stand in a row or rows
E.g.He is expecting to rank first in the class

rankle: grow worse; cause persistent irritation or resentment
E.g.The memory of having been jilted would rankle him for years.

ransack: search thoroughly; search every place or part of
E.g.We might do what we pleased; ransack her desk and her workbox, and turn her drawers inside out; and she was so good-natured, she would give us anything we asked for.

rant: talk excitedly; speak or write in an angry or violent manner
E.g.When he heard that, Dad began to rant at me like a complete madman.

rapacious: excessively greedy; predatory; taking by force; plundering
E.g.The ruins of the resort are now covered in rapacious island vegetation creeping in from the jungle.

rapport: emotional closeness; harmony; relationship of mutual trust or emotional affinity
E.g.But their rapport is increasing as they spend more time together, some aides say.

rapt: absorbed; deeply moved or delighted
E.g.Caught up in the wonder of the storyteller's tale, the rapt listeners sat motionless, hanging on his every word.

rapture: state of being transported by a lofty emotion; ecstasy; violent taking and carrying away; seizure; forcible removal
E.g.The mother gazed with rapture at her new born baby.

rare: scarce; infrequently occurring; uncommon
E.g.The organization has accused the Norwegian government of endangering a rare area of the Arctic sea by contemplating oil exploration there.

rarefied: made less dense of gas; elevated in character or style; lofty
E.g.The mountain climbers had difficulty breathing in the rarefied atmosphere.

raspy: unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
E.g.The sergeant's raspy voice grated on the recruits' ears.

ratify: approve formally; confirm; verify
E.g.Party leaders doubted that they had enough votes in both houses of Congress to ratify the constitutional amendment.

ratiocination: reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises
E.g.While Watson was a man of average intelligence, Holmes was a genius, whose gift for ratiocination made him a superb detective.

ration: allotment; allowance; portion; allot; distribute in rations
E.g.A little solace came at tea-time, in the shape of a double ration of bread--a whole, instead of a half, slice--with the delicious addition of a thin scrape of butter.

rational: consistent with; based on; using reason
E.g.One strong proof of my wretchedly defective nature is, that even her expostulations, so mild, so rational, have not influence to cure me of my faults.

rationale: fundamental reasons; basis; exposition of principles or reasons
E.g.The first and main rationale is the urgent need to address key sustainable development challenges of the 21st century.

raucous: harsh and rough-sounding; disturbing public peace; loud and rough
E.g.The raucous crowd of New Year's Eve revelers got progressively noisier as midnight drew near.

ravage: bring heavy destruction on; devastate
E.g.They would love to ravage the land and feed the corporations the spoils until there is nothing left.

rave: speak wildly, irrationally; speak or write with wild enthusiasm
E.g.The fact is nobody takes them seriously when they rave about their ideal.

ravel: separate the fibers or threads of; clarify by separating the aspects of
E.g.A single thread pulled loose, and the entire scarf started to ravel.

ravenous: extremely hungry; voracious; eager for prey
E.g.The ravenous dog upset several garbage pails in its search for food.

ravine: gorge; deep narrow steep-sided valley
E.g.The chopper crashed into a mountain ravine on Tuesday, apparently after being hit by rebel fire.

raze: destroy completely; scrape or shave off
E.g.Spelling is important: to raise a building is to put it up; to raze a building is to tear it down.

reactionary: opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative
E.g.Opposing the use of English in worship services, reactionary forces in the church fought to reinstate the mass in Latin.

realm: kingdom; domain ruled by a king or queen
E.g.In the animal realm, the lion is the king of beasts.

reaper: one who harvests grain, especially a machine for harvesting grain or pulse crops
E.g.If a reaper is wounded at his work, they make the cat lick the wound.

rebuff: offer sudden or harsh resistance; turn down or shut out; repel or drive back
E.g.You rebuff his invitation so smoothly that he does not realize he is snubbed.

rebuke: scold harshly; criticize severely
E.g.No matter how sharply I rebuke Huck for his misconduct, he never talks back but just stand there like a stump.

rebuttal: proving to be false or incorrect; response with contrary evidence
E.g.Ready and spontaneous skill in rebuttal is the final excellence of debating.

recalcitrant: obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority
E.g.Which animal do you think is more recalcitrant, a pig or a mule?.

recapitulate: summarize; repeat in concise form
E.g.Let us recapitulate what has been said thus far before going ahead.

recast: reconstruct sentence or story; present ideas in new or different arrangement
E.g.Let me recast this sentence in terms your feeble brain can grasp: in words of one syllable, you are a fool.

receptive: quick or willing to receive ideas, suggestions; capable of receiving
E.g.Their minds remain receptive to the message of capitalism; and to consume goods and services in abundance.

recess: withdrawing or retiring; moving back; retreat; state of being withdrawn; seclusion
E.g.They found the recess of tides in the one nearest base of the rock.

recession: withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity
E.g.The slow recession of the flood waters created problems for the crews working to restore power to the area.

recidivism: habitual return to crime; committing new offenses after being punished for crime
E.g.Prison reformers in the United States are disturbed by the high rate of recidivism; the number of men serving second and third terms in prison indicates the failure of prisons to rehabilitate the inmates.

recipient: receiver; one that receives or is receptive
E.g.If someone slaps another, the recipient is often motivated to respond with greater force.

reciprocal: concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interacting
E.g.The two nations signed a reciprocal trade agreement.

reciprocate: act, feel, or give mutually or in return; move back and forth alternately; be complementary or equivalent
E.g.Do you think that if the Palestinians dropped the right to return that Israel would reciprocate?

recital: detailed account or description of something
E.g.He was forced to listen to a recital of his many shortcomings.

recite: repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory; rehearse, as a lesson to an instructor
E.g.When they came to recite their lessons, not one of them knew his verses perfectly, but had to be prompted all along.

reckon: compute; take account of; have faith or confidence in
E.g.Well-a-well, man that is born of woman is of few days and full of trouble, as the Scripture says, and I reckon it's so.

recline: cause or permit to lean, incline, rest; place in a recumbent position
E.g.Boys recline lazily on the cushions; they have no any sleep in 24 hours.

recluse: one who lives in solitude; withdrawn from the world; reclusive
E.g.The modern founder of Pantheism, Benedict Spinoza, was a man of pure and saintly character, a gentle recluse from the world, lovable and blameless.

reconnaissance: gain information about enemy; inspection or exploration of an area
E.g.That led Hyland to a job in reconnaissance and deployment to Iraq in October 2006.

recount: narrate or tell; count over again
E.g.A born storyteller, my father loved to recount anecdotes about his early years in New York.

recourse: one that is turned or applied to for aid or security; resort for help or protection; access or admittance
E.g.What other recourse is there for him in such a conflict than to flee or to die in the attempt?

recrimination: countercharge; counter or mutual accusation; accusation brought by the accused against the accuser
E.g.The loud and angry recrimination was her answer to his accusations.

rectify: set right; correct by calculation or adjustment
E.g.Probably the most costly to rectify is that caused by toxic chemicals entering the water supply.

rectitude: uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment
E.g.The Eagle Scout was a model of rectitude.

recumbent: reclining; lying down completely or in part
E.g.The command "AT EASE" does not permit you to take a recumbent position.

recuperate: recover; return to health or strength; recover from financial loss
E.g.She moved with her mother and her older brother David to Miami Beach, where the climate would help David recuperate from a kidney infection.

recurrent: occurring or appearing again or repeatedly
E.g.Richard's recurrent asthma attacks disturbed us and we consulted a physician.

redolent: fragrant; odorous; suggestive of odor
E.g.Even though it is February, the air is redolent of spring.

redoubtable: formidable; arousing fear or awe; worthy of respect or honor
E.g.During the Cold War period, neighboring countries tried not to offend the Russians because they could be redoubtable foes.

redress: remedy; compensation; act of correcting error or fault
E.g.Do you mean to tell me that I can get no redress for my injuries?

redundant: exceeding what is necessary or natural; repetitious; excessively wordy
E.g.He said certain staff had been identified as redundant owing to technological efficiencies and improvements.

reek: emit odor; be pervaded by something unpleasant
E.g.The rooms reek with stale tobacco smoke.