Group (D) - Words of the GroupPrevious Next  
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PTE Word List for Academic (D)



dairy: Read
n.
(牛奶场,奶制品厂,奶品店) place where milk is produced, kept, or converted into butter or cheese

dam: Read
n.
(水坝,筑坝) barrier to prevent the flow of liquid, especially built across a water course

damp: Read
a. Syn. humid; moist; wet
(潮湿的,有湿气的) humid; moist; slightly wet

dart: Read
v. Syn. rush; cast
(飞奔,投掷) move suddenly and rapidly

dash: Read
v.
(突进,飞跑,冲撞,急匆匆地写) throw with violence or haste; break, as by throwing or by collision; form or sketch rapidly

database: Read
n.
(数据库) collection of data arranged for ease and speed of search and retrieval

dazzle: Read
v.
(使目眩,使眼花,使迷惑) overpower with light; confuse the sight of by brilliance of light; bewilder or surprise with brilliancy

deadlock: Read
n. Syn. standstill; stalemate
(僵局) standstill resulting from opposition of two forces or factions; stalemate

dearth: Read
n. Syn. scarcity
(稀缺,缺乏) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

debris: Read
n. Syn. rubble
(碎片,残骸) remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up

decade: Read
n.
(十年,十年期间) a group of ten, especially a period of ten years

decay: Read
v. Syn. decompose; rot
(腐烂) decompose; break sown; disintegration; rottenness; decline; worsen; decadence

deceive: Read
v. Syn. fool
(欺骗,行骗) fool; cause to believe what is not true; mislead

decipher: Read
v.
(破译,解密) convert code into ordinary language; read with difficulty

declaration: Read
n. Syn. announcement; avowal; statement
(宣布,宣言) announcement; explicit statement; formal public statement

decline: Read
n. Syn. deterioration; decay
(衰退,下降,减退) change toward something smaller or lower ; gradual falling off from a better state

decompose: Read
v. Syn. decay
(分解,(使)腐烂) decay

decorate: Read
v. Syn. adorn; embellish
(装饰,装潢,修饰) adorn; embellish

decrease: Read
v. Syn. lessen; reduce; abate
(减少) lessen; reduce; make a quantity smaller

decree: Read
n.
(命令,法令,颁布命令,公告) order from one having authority; decision, order, or sentence by court

decrepit: Read
a. Syn. weak
(老化,磨损) weakened, worn out, or broken down by old age, illness, or hard use

dedicate: Read
v.
(贡奉,奉献) set apart for a deity or for special purposes; devote; consecrate

deduce: Read
v.
(推论,推想,演绎) lead forth; reach a conclusion by reasoning; trace the origin or derivation of

deduct: Read
v.
(扣除,减除) lead forth or out; take away, separate, or remove, in numbering, estimating, or calculating; subtract

deem: Read
v.
(认为,视为) decide; judge; sentence; condemn

default: Read
n.
(不作为,无动于衷,被动得到) failure to act; an option that is selected automatically

defect: Read
v.
(缺点,瑕疵,变节) abandon or turn against; cease or change one's loyalty

defence: Read
n.
(防御,预防) act of defending against attack, danger, or injury

defer: Read
v. Syn. delay; postpone
(推迟,延期) delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

defiance: Read
n. Syn. resistance
(抵抗,不屈服) refusal to yield; readiness to contend or resist

deficiency: Read
n. Syn. scarcity; insufficiency
(缺乏,不足) scarcity; lack or shortage, especially of something essential to health

deficit: Read
n. Syn. shortfall; shortage
(赤字,不足额) inadequacy or insufficiency; sum of money falls short of required amount; shortage

defile: Read
v. Syn. pollute
(污染,亵渎) pollute; make dirty or spotty

definitive: Read
a. Syn. final; complete
(完全的,最终的) final; complete; precisely defined or explicit

deflate: Read
v.
(泄出气体,放出空气) reduce from an inflated condition; release contained air or gas from

deflect: Read
v.
(反射,偏转) turn aside; draw someone's attention away from something

defraud: Read
v.
(诈取,诈骗,骗取) deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device

deft: Read
a. Syn. neat; skillful
(灵巧的,敏锐地) quick and skillful; neat in action or performance

defy: Read
v.
(不服从,蔑视,挑战) refuse to submit to or cooperate with; be unaffected by; resist or withstand

degenerate: Read
v. Syn. deteriorate
(恶化) become worse; decline; fall

degrade: Read
v. Syn. humiliate; debase
(使降级,贬低) reduce level; lower grade of something

delectable: Read
a. Syn. delightful; delicious
(使人愉快的) delightful; delicious; extremely pleasing to the sense of taste

delegate: Read
n. Syn. representative; deputy; agent
(代表) person authorized to act as representative for another; deputy

delete: Read
v. Syn. erase
(删除) erase; strike out; remove or make invisible

deliberate: Read
v. Syn. consider; ponder
(深思熟虑的,商讨) consider; think about carefully; weigh

delinquency: Read
n.
(失职,罪行) failure or omission of duty; fault; misdeed; offense or crime

delirium: Read
n. Syn. insanity; madness
(精神错乱) mental disorder marked by confusion

delude: Read
v. Syn. deceive
(盅惑) deceive mind or judgment of; lead from truth or into error; frustrate or disappoint

deluge: Read
n. Syn. flood; rush
(大洪水) great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

democracy: Read
n.
(民主政体,民主政府,民主国家,民主) a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

demolish: Read
v. Syn. raze; destroy; devastate
(破坏,摧毁) raze; destroy; do away with completely; put an end to

demonstrate: Read
v. Syn. show; confirm; prove; manifest
(演示,论证) show clearly and deliberately; manifest; confirm; prove

denomination: Read
n. Syn. sect
(宗派,教派) class, society, or collection of individuals called by the same name; specifically, a religious sect

denote: Read
v. Syn. signify; indicate; show
(指示,表示) indicate; signify directly; refer to specifically

dense: Read
a. Syn. thick; compact
(密集的,浓厚的) thick; crowded closely together; compact

depart: Read
v. Syn. leave
(离开,出发) take off; leave; set out

depict: Read
v. Syn. portray; describe
(描述) represent in a picture or sculpture; portray in words; describe

deplete: Read
v. Syn. reduce; exhaust
(耗尽,减少) decrease fullness of; use up or empty out

depletion: Read
n.
(耗尽,枯竭) act of emptying, reducing, or exhausting

deplore: Read
v. Syn. regret
(悔恨) feel or express strong disapproval of; condemn; express sorrow or grief over; regret

depress: Read
v. Syn. lower
(压下,压低) lower in spirits; press down

deprive: Read
v.
(剥夺,夺去,免去) deny; take away

derelict: Read
a. Syn. abandoned; negligent
(遗弃的,废弃的) left and abandoned; negligent in performing a duty

derive: Read
v. Syn. obtain; extract
(得到,获取,源于) obtain or receive from a source; trace the origin or development of

descend: Read
v.
(传下,遗传) move downward and lower; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood

descent: Read
n. Syn. ancestry; origin
(血统,世袭) ancestry; origin; the descendants of one individual; drop; fall; a movement downward

designate: Read
v. Syn. nominate; assign; name
(指定,任命) indicate or specify; point out; assign a name or title to

desirable: Read
a. Syn. worthwhile
(令人向往的,令人满意的) worthwhile; worth doing or achieving; advisable

desolate: Read
a. Syn. unpopulated; deserted
(荒无人烟的) unpopulated; providing no shelter or sustenance; devoid of inhabitants

despair: Read
n.
(绝望,失望) loss of hope; utter hopelessness; complete despondency

destination: Read
n. Syn. goal; end
(目的地) ultimate goal; place to which one is going or directed

destine: Read
v.
(注定,指定为) decree or designate beforehand; fate

detach: Read
v.
(分开,拆开,分离,分遣) part; separate or disunite; disengage

detain: Read
v.
(拘留,使延迟) keep back or from; withhold; restrain from proceeding; stay or stop; delay

detect: Read
v. Syn. feel; discover the presence of; discern; sense; identify
(察觉,发觉,探测,侦查) feel; discover the presence of; identify

deter: Read
v.
(威慑,吓住) keep from; stop; prevent or discourage from acting

detergent: Read
n.
(洗洁精,洗涤剂) cleansing agent; substance that acts similarly to soap

deteriorate: Read
v. Syn. decline
(使恶化,质量下降) become worse; decline

determination: Read
n. Syn. resolve; decision
(决定,测量,计算,解决) act of making or arriving at a decision; putting an end to; termination

detest: Read
v. Syn. abhor; loathe
(深恶,憎恶) dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards

detriment: Read
n. Syn. harm; damage; injury
(伤害,危害) harm; damage; injury; something that causes damage, harm, or loss

detrimental: Read
a. Syn. harmful; damaging
(有害的) causing damage or harm; injurious

devastate: Read
v. Syn. ruin; destroy
(毁坏) ruin; lay waste; destroy; make desolate

devastating: Read
a. Syn. destructive
(破坏性的) destructive; highly critical; causing or capable of causing complete destruction

deviate: Read
v. Syn. depart; diverge
(背离) turn away from a principle, norm; depart; diverge

devise: Read
v. Syn. invent; plan
(设计,发明) form, plan, or arrange in the mind; transmit or give by will

devote: Read
v. Syn. dedicate; contribute
(投入于,献身,用于) dedicate; contribute

devour: Read
v. Syn. consume; gorge; gobble
(贪婪地吃,吞食) consume; eat greedily; destroy completely

diagnose: Read
v. Syn. analyze; examine; identify
(诊断) analyze; examine; identify

diagram: Read
n. Syn. graph; chart
(图表) graph; chart; figure or drawing made to illustrate a statement; plan

dialect: Read
n.
(方言,土话) vocabulary that is for a specific group of people

diameter: Read
n.
(直径) length of straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference

dictate: Read
v. Syn. prescribe; determine
(口述,听写,规定) prescribe; rule as a dictator

differ: Read
v.
(不同,不像,相异) be or stand apart; disagree; be unlike; be distinguished

differentiate: Read
v. Syn. distinguish; discriminate
(区分,区别,分辨) set apart; distinguish; perceive or show difference in or between

diffuse: Read
v.
(漫射的,散开的,罗嗦的,冗长的) spread out widely; scatter freely; pour out and cause to spread freely

digest: Read
v. Syn. assimilate; ingest
(消化) break down; make more concise; convert food into absorbable substances

digital: Read
a.
(手指的,脚趾的,数字的) of or performance to fingers, or to digits; done with the fingers

dilapidated: Read
a.
(残破的,倒塌的,破旧的) in disrepair, run down; of very poor quality or condition

dilate: Read
v. Syn. expand; enlarge; widen
(使膨胀,使扩大) make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen

dilemma: Read
n. Syn. predicament
(困境,进退两难) predicament; state of uncertainty or between equally unfavorable options

diligent: Read
a. Syn. assiduous; industrious
(勤勉的,勤奋的) assiduous; industrious; hard-working

dilute: Read
v. Syn. weaken; attenuate
(稀释,淡化) weaken; make thinner or less concentrated by adding a liquid such as water

dim: Read
a. Syn. weak; faint
(暗淡的,模糊的) emitting only a small amount of light; lacking in brightness

diminish: Read
v. Syn. dwindle; reduce; decrease
(减少,变小) dwindle; reduce; make smaller or less or to cause to appear so

din: Read
n. Syn. clamor; roar
(喧闹声,嘈杂声) loud, confused, harsh noise; loud, continuous, rattling or clanging sound

dine: Read
v.
(用餐,进食,宴请) eat principal regular meal of the day; take dinner; give a dinner to

dingy: Read
a. Syn. rusty; dull
(肮脏的,褪色的) darkened with smoke and grime; dirty or discolored

diploma: Read
n.
(文凭,毕业证书) document certifying the successful completion of a course of study

diplomat: Read
n.
(外交家,外交官) one who is in charge to deal with others, like an ambassador, who is appointed to represent a government in relations with other governments

diplomatic: Read
a. Syn. tactful; politic
(外交的,老练的) relating to diplomacy; marked by tact and sensitivity in dealing with others

disable: Read
v.
(使残废,使无能力) deprive of capability or effectiveness; unable; impair; diminish

disarray: Read
v.
(混乱,漫无秩序) throw into disorder; break the array of.

disc: Read
n.
(圆盘,唱片,磁盘) flat round plate; circular structure either in plants or animals

discard: Read
v.
(丢弃) throw out something from one's hand; get rid of

discern: Read
v. Syn. detect; perceive
(看出,察觉到) detect; perceive

discharge: Read
v. Syn. release
(释放,排出) relieve of a burden or of contents; unload; pour forth or release; complete or carry out; give off

disclose: Read
v.
(揭露,揭发,泄露) unclose; open; remove a cover or envelope from; lay open or expose to view

discord: Read
n. Syn. conflict
(冲突的,不和谐的) conflict; lack of agreement among persons, groups, or things

discreet: Read
a.
(小心的,谨慎的) free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

discrepancy: Read
n. Syn. difference
(相差,缺乏一致) lack of consistency; difference

discrete: Read
a. Syn. separate; distinct
(分离,没有关系的) separate; consisting of unconnected distinct parts

discriminate: Read
v.
(区别,辨别,歧视) make a clear distinction; distinguish; make sensible decisions; judge wisely

disdain: Read
v. Syn. despise
(蔑视) view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

disgust: Read
n.
(厌恶,恶心,憎恶) strong feelings of dislike; offend the taste or moral sense of

dismay: Read
v. Syn. discourage; frighten
(使沮丧,使害怕) destroy courage or resolution by exciting dread; cause to lose enthusiasm

dismiss: Read
v. Syn. reject
(拒绝,排除) stop considering; end employment or service of; discharge; refuse to accept or recognize

dispatch: Read
n. Syn. expedition; sending off
(发送,急速,急件) act of sending off something; property of being prompt and efficient; message usually sent in haste

dispel: Read
v. Syn. scatter
(散开,分裂,消失) scatter; drive away; cause to vanish

disperse: Read
v. Syn. scatter
(散开) move away from each other; cause to separate; cause to become widely known

displace: Read
v. Syn. move; replace; substitute
(移置,转移,取代,替代) move or shift from the usual place or position, especially to force to leave a homeland

dispose: Read
v.
(有意于,安排,摆脱,断绝,处置) get rid of; settle or decide a matter; place or set in a particular order; arrange

disposition: Read
n. Syn. temperament; nature; tendency
(性情,倾向,安排; 布置) natural or acquired habit with tendency; act or means of getting rid of something

dispute: Read
n. Syn. argument; debate
(争论,争执) argument; angry altercation; quarrel; verbal controversy; debate

disregard: Read
v. Syn. ignore; discount
(不理会,漠视) ignore; discount; take no notice of

disrupt: Read
v. Syn. upset; interrupt
(使分裂,使陷于混乱,破坏) upset; throw into confusion or disorder

dissertation: Read
n. Syn. thesis; discourse
(论文(博士生)) formal essay; paper written by candidate for doctoral degree at university

dissipate: Read
v. Syn. waste; scatter
(驱散,消散,浪费) spend or expend wastefully; vanish by dispersion; drive away; disperse

dissolve: Read
v.
(溶解,液化) melt; liquefy; cause to pass into solution; cause to disappear or vanish

distend: Read
v. Syn. expand
(扩大,扩张) swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure

distil: Read
v.
(滴下,渗漏) drop; fall in drops; flow in a small stream

distinct: Read
a. Syn. definite; separate; different
(明确的,确实的,不同的) definite; separate; different

distinction: Read
n. Syn. contrast; discrimination
(出名,出格) excellence or eminence; note or mark of difference

distinguish: Read
v. Syn. characterize; differentiate; recognize
(区别,辨认) characterize; differentiate; recognize

distort: Read
v. Syn. deform; twist
(扭曲,歪曲) twist out of proper or natural relation of parts; misshape; misrepresent

distribute: Read
v. Syn. disseminate; allocate
(分配,分发,散布) hand out; disseminate; allocate

disturbance: Read
n. Syn. disorder; turmoil
(骚动,动乱) disorder; turmoil; mental or emotional unbalance or disorder

diverse: Read
a. Syn. various
(丰富多样的) differing in some characteristics; various

diversion: Read
n. Syn. a turning aside
(转移,解闷) act of turning aside; pastime; activity that relaxes or entertains

divert: Read
v. Syn. distract
(转移,(使)转向) distract; withdraw money and move into a different location

dividend: Read
n.
((股份的)红利) sum of money to be divided and distributed; share of a sum divided that falls to each individual; a distribute sum, share, or percentage

doctrine: Read
n.
(教育,学说) principles presented for belief, as by religious; principle of law; act of teaching; instruction

dole: Read
n.
(施舍,少量接济) share of money, food, or clothing that has been charitably given

domain: Read
n. Syn. field
(领域,范围) field; territory over which rule or control is exercised; networked computers that share a common address

dome: Read
n.
(圆屋顶) building or house, especially as great hall, church, or temple; anything shaped like cupola

dominant: Read
a. Syn. major; important
(支配的,占优势的) major; important; outweighing

dominate: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; command; rule
(统治,支配,控制) monopolize; command; rule; prevail; be prevalent in

doom: Read
n.
(判决,劫数,注定) judgment; judicial sentence; penal decree; condemnation

dormant: Read
a. Syn. hibernated; lethargic
(睡着的,隐匿的) sleeping; not active but capable of becoming active

doubtful: Read
a. Syn. distrustful; skeptical
(可疑的,疑心的) distrustful; skeptical; full of doubt; having doubt; not settled in opinion

doubtless: Read
ad.
(无疑,必定,可能,十有八九) free from fear or suspicion; very probably, in all likelihood; doubtlessly

downpour: Read
n.
(大雨,暴雨) pouring or streaming downwards, especially a heavy or continuous shower

doze: Read
v.
(瞌睡,假寐,微睡) slumber; sleep lightly; be in dull or stupefied condition, as if half asleep; be drowsy

drainage: Read
n.
(排水,排泄) emptying accomplished by draining; gradual flowing off, as of a liquid

drastic: Read
a. Syn. radical; severe
(猛烈的) radical; taking effect violently or rapidly

drawback: Read
n.
(障碍,缺点) disadvantage or inconvenience; shortcoming; refund or remittance, such as a discount on duties or taxes

dread: Read
n. Syn. fear; terror; horror
(畏惧,恐怖) fearful or distasteful anticipation; terror; horror

dreadful: Read
a. Syn. fearful
(可怕的) very unpleasant; distasteful or shocking

dreary: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; dismal
(沉闷的,阴郁的) gloomy; dismal; dark, colorless, or cheerless

drench: Read
v.
(湿透,浸透,喝过量) wet through and through; soak; put potion down throat of; steep in moisture; wet thoroughly

drift: Read
v. Syn. float; moving aimlessly; wander
(漂流,漂泊) float; moving aimlessly; wander

drought: Read
n. Syn. aridity
(干旱) dry period; aridity; long period of abnormally low rainfall

drowse: Read
v.
(打瞌睡,打盹儿,呆滞,昏沉) sleep imperfectly or unsoundly; slumber; be heavy with sleepiness; doze.

drudgery: Read
n. Syn. tedium; toil; moil
(苦差事,苦工) hard monotonous routine work

dual: Read
a.
(双重的) expressing, or consisting of, the number two; belonging to two

dub: Read
v.
(授爵位,给予荣誉称号) confer knighthood upon; honor with a new title or description; entitle; adorn

dubious: Read
a. Syn. questionable
(可疑的) questionable; filled with doubt

duly: Read
ad.
(适当,合适,适度,当然,及时) as it ought to be; properly; regularly

duplicate: Read
n. Syn. copy
(两重的,两倍的,完全相同的) one that corresponds exactly to another, especially an original; identical copy; facsimile

durable: Read
a. Syn. lasting; enduring
(持久的,耐用的) lasting; long-lasting; enduring

duration: Read
n. Syn. length; period
(持续时间) length of time something lasts

dwarf: Read
v.
(使看上去矮小) cause to seem small; check natural growth or development of

dwindle: Read
v. Syn. shrink; reduce
(缩水,减少) shrink; reduce in size; become less

dynamic: Read
a. Syn. energetic
(充满活力的) energetic; vigorously active