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PTE Word List for Academic (E)

earnest: Read
(诚挚的,认真的) seriousness; reality; fixed determination; eagerness; intentness

eccentric: Read
a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(古怪的,奇怪的) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

echo: Read
(回声,发出回声,重复) sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear; repetition of a sound

eclipse: Read
v. Syn. surpass
(超越,衰落,失色) darken; exceed in importance; outweigh

ecology: Read
(生态学) science of the relationships between organisms and their environments

economic: Read
a. Syn. frugal; cheap; economical
(经济的,经济学的,有利润的) pertaining to economy; frugal; cheap

economical: Read
a. Syn. thrifty; saving
(经济的,节俭的) thrifty; saving; using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness

economics: Read
(经济学) branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management

eddy: Read
(漩涡) swirling current of water, air; flow in circular current

edible: Read
a. Syn. eatable
(可食用的) eatable; substance that can be used as food

edit: Read
(编辑,剪辑) revise and prepare for publication; select, correct, arrange matter of, for publication

editorial: Read
(编辑的,社论) of or pertaining to an editor; written or sanctioned by an editor

efficient: Read
a. Syn. effective
(生效的,能干的,有效率的) effective; acting directly to produce an effect; exhibiting a high ratio of output to input

eject: Read
v. Syn. emit; discharge
(喷出,喷射) put out or expel from a place; discharge

eke: Read
(养家活口,艰难维持生活) supplement with great effort; add to; augment

elaborate: Read
a. Syn. detailed; complicated
(精细的,精心的,详尽的) marked by complexity and richness of detail; done with care and in minute detail

elapse: Read
((光阴)消逝) slip or glide away; pass away silently

elastic: Read
(有弹性的,灵活的) springing back; having the power of rebounding; able to return quickly to a former state or condition

elated: Read
a. Syn. delighted; pleased
(过分高兴的,兴高采烈) overjoyed; extremely happy and excited

elbow: Read
(肘) hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm

elderly: Read
(较老的) somewhat old; advanced beyond middle age

electrician: Read
(电工) one whose occupation is the installation, maintenance, repair, or operation of electric equipment and circuitry

electronic: Read
(电子的,电子仪器的) of or pertaining to an electron or electrons.

electronics: Read
(电子学,电子工业) branch of physics that deals with the behavior of electrons; electronic devices

elegant: Read
a. Syn. refined; exquisite
(雅致的) refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style

elementary: Read
a. Syn. basic; fundamental
(基本的,初级的) basic; fundamental

elevate: Read
v. Syn. raise; heave
(举起,抬高,使上升) raise; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position

elicit: Read
v. Syn. provoke
(得出) draw out; bring forth or to light; generate or provoke as response or answer

eligible: Read
a. Syn. entitled; qualified; suitable
(合格的,有资格的) qualified; desirable and worthy of choice, especially for marriage

elite: Read
(精英,杰出人物) a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

eloquent: Read
a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(善于表达的,有口才的) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

embargo: Read
(禁运) ban on commerce or other activity

embark: Read
v. Syn. commence
(开始旅程,开始,登机,上船,上车) commence; go on board a boat or airplane; begin a journey

embassy: Read
(大使馆人员,大使馆) diplomatic building where ambassadors live or work; diplomatic representatives headed by an ambassador

embed: Read
v. Syn. enclose
(封装,嵌入,插入) enclose; place in something; fix firmly in surrounding mass

embody: Read
v. Syn. personify; incorporate
(具体化,包含,收录) give a bodily form to; represent in bodily or material form; incorporate

emerge: Read
v. Syn. appear
(出现,浮现) come into prominence; spring up; appear

emigrate: Read
(自本国移居他国) remove from one country or State to another, for the purpose of residence; migrate from home

eminent: Read
a. Syn. prominent; high; lofty
(高的) standing out above other things; high in rank, office, or worth

emit: Read
(发出,放射) give off; send out; give out as sound

emphasis: Read
(强调,重点) special attention or effort directed toward something; stress

emphasize: Read
v. Syn. stress; underscore; highlight
(强调,着重) stress; underscore; utter or pronounce with a particular stress of voice

empirical: Read
(经验主义) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

employment: Read
(被雇用,雇用,使用) act of employing or using; work in which one is engaged; occupation

enable: Read
(使能够,给以能力,赋予权力) supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; make feasible or possible

enclose: Read
v. Syn. include; surround
(装入,放入封套,围绕) include; surround on all sides; close in

enclosure: Read
(围绕,围墙) place where animals are kept

encyclopedia: Read
(百科全书) a reference work containing articles on various topics

endeavour: Read
n. Syn. endeavor
(努力,力争) effort or attempt; exertion of physical or mental powers toward the attainment of object

endorse: Read
v. Syn. approve; support
(认可,默许,支持) acknowledge by signing a bill, draft, or other instrument; approve; support

endow: Read
v. Syn. grant; award
(捐赠) grant; award; give qualities or abilities to

endurance: Read
n. Syn. perseverance; stamina; duration
(忍耐,持久(力)) perseverance; state or fact of persevering; continuing existence

energetic: Read
a. Syn. active; brisk; vigorous
(精力充沛的,积极的) active; brisk; vigorous

enforce: Read
v. Syn. force; constrain; compel
(推行,实施,强迫,强制) put force upon; force; constrain; compel; put in motion or action by violence

engage: Read
v. Syn. reserve
(吸引,雇佣,答应,订婚) obtain for services of; arrange for the use of; pledge or promise, especially to marry

engrave: Read
v. Syn. carve; cut
(雕刻,镌版,铭刻在心) carve or cut into a block or surface, as used for printing; impress deeply as if by carving

engross: Read
v. Syn. monopolize; absorb
(独占) occupy exclusively; absorb; acquire most or all of; write or print the final draft of; make large or larger

enhance: Read
v. Syn. increase; improve
(增加,改进) make better or more attractive; increase; improve

enlighten: Read
v. Syn. illuminate
(开导,启发) supply with light; illuminate, as the sun enlightens the earth; make clear to the intellect or conscience; give information to; inform or instruct

enquire: Read
v. Syn. inquire
(问,询问) seek information by asking a question

enquiry: Read
n. Syn. inquiry
(提问) search for knowledge; systematic investigation

enrich: Read
v. Syn. make rich; richen; improve
(使富足,使肥沃) make rich; richen; improve

enroll: Read
(使加入,使入会) insert in a roil; register or enter in list or catalogue; insert in records; enlist

enrolment: Read
(登记,注册) act of enrolling; specifically, the registering, recording, or entering

ensemble: Read
n. Syn. costume
(全体,歌舞团,套装) union of parts in a whole; a coordinated outfit or costume; a coordinated set of furniture

ensue: Read
v. Syn. follow
(随之发生) pursue; follow or come afterward; follow as a consequence

ensure: Read
(确定,必然发生) make sure or certain; insure; assure

entail: Read
v. Syn. require; necessitate; involve
(要求,需要,牵涉到) imply or require; cause to ensue or accrue; cut or carve in ornamental way

entangle: Read
(使纠缠,卷入) twist or interweave as not to be easily separated; make tangled, confused, and intricate; perplex; bewilder; puzzle

enterprise: Read
n. Syn. company; firm; business
(事业,企业) company; firm; organization created for business ventures

enthusiastic: Read
(热心的,满腔热情的) having or showing great excitement and interest

entitle: Read
v. Syn. name; designate
(取名叫,叫做) give right to; authorize; furnish with a right or claim to something; designate; give title to

entity: Read
(实体) real being; something that exists as a particular and discrete unit; fact of existence

entreat: Read
v. Syn. plead
(恳求) plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly

entrepreneur: Read
n. Syn. businessperson; enterprise
(商人,企业家,承包人) person who organizes and operates a business; contractor

envisage: Read
(正视,想象) look in the face of; apprehend; consider or regard in a certain way

enzyme: Read
(酶) any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions

ephemeral: Read
(朝生暮死,短暂,短命) short-lived; enduring a very short time

epidemic: Read
n. Syn. plague
(传染病,流行病) outbreak of a contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely; widely prevalent

epoch: Read
n. Syn. era
(时代) particular period of history, especially one considered remarkable

equate: Read
(使相等) make equal or equivalent; consider, treat, or depict as equal or equivalent

equation: Read
n. Syn. equality; equilibrium
(等式,方程式,相等) making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium

equator: Read
(赤道,天赤道) the imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheres

equilibrium: Read
n. Syn. balance
(平衡) mental or emotional balance; state of balance of any causes, powers, or motives

equip: Read
(装备,配备) supply with necessities such as tools or provisions; furnish with the qualities necessary for performance

equitable: Read
a. Syn. fair; impartial
(公平的,公允的) marked by or having equity; just and impartial

equity: Read
n. Syn. fairness; justice
(公平,公正) ownership interest of shareholders in a corporate; something that is just and fair

equivalent: Read
a. Syn. interchangeable; comparable; tantamount
(相等的,等值的) interchangeable; comparable; equal, as in value, force, or meaning

equivocal: Read
a. Syn. ambiguous
(蓄意误导,含混,模棱两可) open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead

eradicate: Read
v. Syn. completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate
(根除,杜绝) completely destroy; eliminate; exterminate

erect: Read
v. Syn. construct; stand
(使树立,建立,创立) construct; stand; set up

erode: Read
v. Syn. corrode
(侵蚀) eat away; wear away by abrasion; become worn

erosion: Read
n. Syn. corrosion
(腐蚀,侵蚀) corrosion; a gradual decline of something

erratic: Read
a. Syn. odd; unpredictable
(奇怪的,不可预测的) no fixed or regular course; wandering

erroneous: Read
a. Syn. mistaken; wrong
(错误) containing or derived from error; mistaken

erupt: Read
v. Syn. explode
(喷出,爆发) explode; burst out; become violently active

escalate: Read
v. Syn. rise
(逐步升高,逐步增强) rise; increase in extent or intensity

escalator: Read
(电动扶梯) stairway whose steps move continuously on a circulating belt

essential: Read
a. Syn. necessary; critical; vital; indispensable; fundamental
(本质的,根本的) necessary; critical; vital; constituting or being part of the essence of something

estimate: Read
v. Syn. assess; appraise; evaluate
(估计) judge to be probable; form an opinion about; evaluate

ethic: Read
(伦理,道德,道德标准) a set of principles of right conduct; theory or a system of moral values

ethnic: Read
a. Syn. racial
(种族的) relating to races; group of people sharing common racial, national, or religious heritage

etiquette: Read
n. Syn. manners; decorum
(礼仪,礼节) manners; rules governing socially acceptable behavior

evacuate: Read
(撤退,撤离) make empty; empty out; remove contents of

evade: Read
(逃避,规避) get away from by artifice; escape by dexterity; avoid giving a direct answer to

evaluate: Read
v. Syn. judge; appraise; estimate
(评价,估价) judge; examine and judge carefully; appraise

evaporate: Read
v. Syn. vaporize; disappear; vapor
((使)蒸发,消失) vaporize; disappear; change into a vapor

eventual: Read
a. Syn. ultimate; final; inevitable
(最终的) ultimate; occurring at an unspecified time in the future

everlasting: Read
(永恒的,持久的,无止境的) continuing forever or indefinitely

evict: Read
((依法)驱逐) put out by legal process; expel; eject; oust

evident: Read
a. Syn. obvious; apparent; clear
(明显的) easily seen or understood; obvious; apparent; clear

evoke: Read
v. Syn. bring out; arouse
(引起,激起,唤起) bring out; arouse; call forth

evolution: Read
n. Syn. development; progression
(发展,演变) development; progression

evolve: Read
v. Syn. develop; grow
(进化,发展) develop; grow

exacerbate: Read
v. Syn. worsen; embitter
(恶化,加剧) increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate

exaggerate: Read
v. Syn. overstate; magnify
(夸大,夸张) represent as greater than is actually the case; overstate; magnify; do something to an excessive degree

exasperate: Read
v. Syn. irritate
(激怒) make worse; irritate; make very angry or impatient; annoy greatly

excavate: Read
v. Syn. unearth
(挖掘,掘出,发掘) unearth; dig out; make a hole in; hollow out

exceed: Read
(超越,胜过) go beyond; be or do something to a greater degree

excel: Read
(胜过,杰出) be superior; distinguish oneself

exceptional: Read
a. Syn. extraordinary; unusual
(异常的,杰出的) extraordinary; unusual; well above average

excerpt: Read
(摘抄,摘录) passage or segment taken from a longer work, such as literary or musical composition

excess: Read
a. Syn. extra; surplus
(过度的,额外的) amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; surplus

exclaim: Read
v. Syn. call; shout
(呼喊,大叫) cry out suddenly, as from surprise or emotion

exclude: Read
(排除在外,排斥) leave out of; keep out of; reject

exclusively: Read
ad. Syn. purely; strictly
(排外地,专有地) without any others being included or involved; purely; strictly

excrement: Read
(排泄物,粪便) waste material, especially fecal matter that is expelled from body after digestion; matter excreted and ejected

excursion: Read
n. Syn. trip; journey
(远足,游览,短程旅行) trip; usually short journey made for pleasure

execute: Read
(执行,完成) put into effect; carry out the legalities of

exemplify: Read
v. Syn. embody
(作为典型,具体化) serve as an example of; embody

exempt: Read
(被免除的) not subject to duty or obligation; not subject to taxation

exert: Read
(运用(力量),施加) cause; apply; exercise

exhaust: Read
(排气,排气装置) gases ejected from an engine as waste products ; use up the whole supply of

exhilarate: Read
v. Syn. stimulate
(使人兴奋) cause to feel happily refreshed and energetic; fill with emotion

exhort: Read
(劝诫,忠告) urge on or encourage, especially by shouts; make urgent appeal

exile: Read
(放逐) force separation from one's native country

exorbitant: Read
a. Syn. unreasonable; excessive
(过度的) greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation; exceeding proper limits

expand: Read
v. Syn. dilate; extend
(扩大,膨胀,扩张) become larger in size or volume; grow stronger; add details

expedient: Read
a. Syn. suitable
(合适的,有利的,策略性的) suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest

expel: Read
v. Syn. oust; discharge
(驱逐,开除,排出) oust; discharge; force or drive out

expend: Read
(花费,用光) lay out, apply, or employ in any way; consume by use; use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; spend

expenditure: Read
n. Syn. output
(支出,花费) payment or expense; output

expertise: Read
n. Syn. skill
(专业知识,技能) specialized knowledge; expert skill

expire: Read
v. Syn. end
(期满,到期) come to an end; terminate; lose validity; breathe one's last breath; die

explicit: Read
a. Syn. definite; outspoken
(清晰的,坦率的) precisely and clearly expressed; definite; outspoken

exploit: Read
(不正当的利用,开发) make use of, sometimes unjustly

explosive: Read
(爆炸的,易爆发的) tending or serving to sudden outburst; sudden and loud

export: Read
(输出,出口) sell or transfer abroad

exposition: Read
(阐释,博览会) exhibition; part of a play that provides the background information; opening section of a fugue

expulsion: Read
(驱逐,开除) expelling; driving or forcing out; summary removal from membership or association

exquisite: Read
a. Syn. excellent; flawless
(精致的,近完美的) excellent; flawless; acutely perceptive or discriminating

extend: Read
v. Syn. stretch; prolong
(延长,扩大) open or straighten something out; unbend; prolong

extent: Read
n. Syn. magnitude; scope
(范围,程度) extensive space or area; distance or area over which something extends; degree to which a thing extends

exterior: Read
n. Syn. outside; appearance
(外部,外表) outside; external or outward appearance

exterminate: Read
v. Syn. eliminate; annihilate; eradicate
(根除,灭绝) eliminate; eradicate; kill on a large scale; kill man

external: Read
a. Syn. exterior; outer
(外部的,表面的) exterior; outer; suitable for application to the outside

extinct: Read
a. Syn. nonexistent; vanished; dead
(灭绝的,不再活跃的,熄灭的) no longer existing or living; vanished; dead

extinguish: Read
(熄灭) quench; put out, as a light or fire; cause to die out; put an end to; destroy

extort: Read
(敲诈,勒索) obtain from another by coercion; get money by threats

extract: Read
v. Syn. derive; remove; squeeze
(拔出,榨取) draw or pull out, usually with some force or effort; remove; get despite difficulties or obstacles

exuberant: Read
a. Syn. lively
(兴高采烈的) high spirited; joyously unrestrained; abundant; luxurious