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PTE Word List for Academic (R)



racket: Read
n.
(球拍) device consisting of an oval frame with a tight interlaced network of strings and a handle; wooden paddle, as one used in table tennis

radiate: Read
v. Syn. effuse
(放射,辐射) spread out; effuse; issue or emerge in rays or waves

radical: Read
a. Syn. drastic; extreme
(根本的,激进的) drastic; extreme; arising from or going to a root or source; basic

radius: Read
n.
(半径,半径范围) right line drawn or extending from the center of a circle to the periphery

raft: Read
n.
(筏,救生艇) a flat float made of logs or planks; a large number or amount or extent

ragged: Read
a. Syn. torn; worn
(褴褛的,破烂的) torn; worn; having an irregular surface or edge; uneven or jagged in outline

rail: Read
v. Syn. scold; rant
(责骂,斥责,咆哮) scold; express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language

ramble: Read
v. Syn. wander
(游荡,漫无目的游荡) wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasure

rampant: Read
a. Syn. wild; extravagant
(猖獗的,滋生的,猛烈的) unrestrained and violent; occurring without restraint

ratio: Read
n. Syn. rate; proportion
(比,比率,比值) relation which one quantity or magnitude has to another of the same kind; rate; proportion

ravage: Read
v.
(毁坏,破坏,劫掠,灾害) bring heavy destruction on; devastate

rave: Read
v.
(咆哮) speak wildly, irrationally; speak or write with wild enthusiasm

readily: Read
ad. Syn. easily; quickly; promptly
(容易地,欣然地,立刻地) easily; quickly; in a prompt, timely manner; promptly

reap: Read
v. Syn. gain; harvest; glean
(收割,收获) gain; harvest a crop from; get or derive; obtain as a result of effort

reassure: Read
v.
(使安心,打消疑虑) give or restore confidence in; cause to feel sure or certain

recede: Read
v.
(后退,收回(诺言)) move back; retreat; withdraw a claim or pretension

recession: Read
n. Syn. withdrawal; retreat
(撤退) withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

recipient: Read
n. Syn. receiver
(接受的东西,容纳) receiver; one that receives or is receptive

reciprocal: Read
a. Syn. mutual; exchangeable; interacting
(互相的,互动的,互惠的) concerning each of two or more persons or things; exchangeable; interacting

recital: Read
n.
(朗诵,背诵,叙述) detailed account or description of something

recite: Read
v.
(背诵,细述,列举) repeat, as something already prepared, written down, committed to memory; rehearse, as a lesson to an instructor

reclaim: Read
v. Syn. rehabilitate; rejuvenate
(开垦,要求归还,收回) bring into or return to a suitable condition for use; claim back; make useful again

recline: Read
v.
(靠,躺,倚) cause or permit to lean, incline, rest; place in a recumbent position

reconcile: Read
v. Syn. adapt; settle; resolve
(抛弃前嫌,结为好友,化解冲突) correct inconsistencies; become friendly after a quarrel; become compatible or consistent

recruit: Read
v. Syn. enlist; enroll
(征兵,征募,补充) enlist; register formally as a participant; engage for military service

rectangle: Read
n.
(长方形) a parallelogram with four right angles

rectify: Read
v. Syn. correct
(纠正) set right; correct by calculation or adjustment

recycle: Read
v. Syn. reprocess
(使再循环,再利用) reprocess; use again after processing

redeem: Read
v.
(赎罪,实践(诺言)) purchase back; regain possession of by payment; ransom or rescue from captivity; pay penalty; make amends for

redundant: Read
a. Syn. superfluous; repetitious
(冗余的,多余的) exceeding what is necessary or natural; repetitious; excessively wordy

reel: Read
n.
(绕线筒,线轴,磁带盘,卷轴) frame with radial arms, or a kind of spool, turning on axis, on which threads or lines are wound

referendum: Read
n. Syn. vote
(公民表决,公民投票) direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment; note from a diplomat to his government requesting instructions

refine: Read
v. Syn. purify
(精炼,精制) purify; make more precise; improve

refrain: Read
v. Syn. resist; forbear
(抵制,抵抗,远离,节制) abstain from; resist; hold oneself back

refreshing: Read
a. Syn. invigorating; energizing
(提神的,凉爽的) invigorating; energizing; pleasantly new or different

refreshment: Read
n.
(茶点,提神之事物) activity that refreshes and recreates; snacks and drinks served as a light meal

refugee: Read
n.
(逃亡者,难民) one who flees to shelter, or place of safety

refund: Read
n.
(偿还,退款) repayment of fund; an amount repaid

refusal: Read
n.
(拒绝,不允) act of refusing; denial of anything demanded

regeneration: Read
n. Syn. renewal; revival
((灵魂)重生,新生) renewal; growth of lost or destroyed parts or organs

regime: Read
n. Syn. government; administration
(政体) form of government; government in power; administration; prevailing social system or pattern

region: Read
n.
(地区,地域) province; district; tract; neighborhood; the upper air; sky or heavens; inhabitants of a district

registrar: Read
n.
(登记员,记录员,(法院的)书记员) one who registers; a recorder; a keeper of records

regulate: Read
v. Syn. direct
(管制,控制) bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of

rehabilitate: Read
v. Syn. restore; recover
(恢复,复原) restore to proper condition; help to re-adapt, as to former state of health or good repute

reign: Read
n. Syn. sovereignty; rule; control
(统治,支配) sovereignty; rule; dominance or widespread influence

reimburse: Read
v. Syn. repay; refund; indemnify
(偿还) pay back for some expense incurred

reinforce: Read
v. Syn. strengthen; enhance
(加强) give more force or effectiveness to; strengthen; enhance

rejoice: Read
v.
(喜欢,高兴) feel joy; experience gladness in a high degree; have pleasurable satisfaction; be delighted; enjoy

relapse: Read
n.
(旧病复发,再恶化) falling back into a former state, especially becoming worse

relay: Read
n.
(分程传递,传播) act of passing something along from one person, group, or station to another

relentless: Read
a.
(无情的,残酷的) unmoved by appeals for sympathy or forgiveness; insensible to distresses of others; unyielding

relevant: Read
a. Syn. pertinent
(有关的,相对的) pertinent; having connection with matter at hand

relinquish: Read
v. Syn. yield; abandon; surrender; waive
(不情愿的屈服,放弃(某物)) give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon

reluctance: Read
n.
(不情愿,勉强) state of being reluctant; unwillingness; hesitancy in taking some action

reluctant: Read
a. Syn. unwilling; averse
(不情愿的,勉强的) not wanting to take some action; averse

remedy: Read
n. Syn. drug
(药物) a medicine or therapy; ; cure; fix; repair; provide relief for

remittance: Read
n.
(汇款) transmitting money, bills, especially to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in discharge of an obligation

remnant: Read
n. Syn. remainder; relic
(残留物) remainder; small part or portion that remains after the main part no longer exists

remorse: Read
n. Syn. regret; repentance
(懊悔,自责) pain of a guilty conscience; feeling of deep regret

renaissance: Read
n.
(复兴,再生) revival; renewal; revival of learning and culture

rendezvous: Read
n. Syn. engagement; meeting; date
(约会,约会地点,会合) meeting at a prearranged time and place; popular gathering place; prearranged meeting point for troops or ships

renovation: Read
n. Syn. alteration; renewal
(修复,整修) improving by renewing and restoring; state of being restored to its former good condition; renewal

renowned: Read
a.
(著名的) famous; celebrated for great achievements, for distinguished qualities

repatriate: Read
v.
((自异国)遣返) restore or return to the country of birth, citizenship, or origin

repel: Read
v. Syn. disgust; reject; refuse
(撤退,退却) force or drive back; disgust; offer resistance to; fight against

repent: Read
v.
(懊悔,后悔) cause to feel remorse or regret; feel regret or self-reproach for

repertoire: Read
n.
(节目表,保留节目) list of works of music or drama; class of compositions in a genre; range or number of skills

repetition: Read
n.
(重复,循环) act of doing or performing again

reproach: Read
v. Syn. admonish
(表示失望,责备) express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace

reptile: Read
n.
(爬行动物) cold-blooded vertebrate including tortoises turtles snakes lizards alligators crocodiles

resemblance: Read
n. Syn. likeness; similarity
(相似,酷肖) likeness; similarity in appearance or external or superficial details

resemble: Read
v. Syn. be similar to; take after; look like
(像,类似) be similar to; take after; look like

reservoir: Read
n. Syn. receptacle
(水库,蓄水池) tank used for collecting and storing a liquid; holding pond; lake used to store water for community use

reside: Read
v. Syn. dwell; live; inhabit
(居住) dwell; live in a place permanently or for an extended period

resign: Read
v. Syn. yield; surrender; abandon
(辞去(职务),听从,顺从) sign back; return by a formal act; yield to another; abandon

resignation: Read
n.
(听从,辞职) act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, or office; surrender

resilience: Read
n.
(弹性,弹力) ability to recover quickly from illness, change, or misfortune; buoyancy

resolution: Read
n. Syn. determination; resolve
(坚定,决心,决定) determination; resolving to do something; formal statement of a decision

resonant: Read
a. Syn. echoing; resounding
(共鸣的) echoing; strong and deep in tone; resounding; having lasting presence or effect

resource: Read
n. Syn. materials; abilities
(资源,财力,办法,智谋) materials; abilities; available source

respiration: Read
n. Syn. breathing; exhalation
(呼吸,呼吸作用,呼气) breathing; process of inhaling and exhaling; oxidative process occurring within living cells

responsive: Read
a. Syn. reactive
(响应的,做出相应的) reactive; readily reacting to people or events; showing emotion

restless: Read
a.
(不安宁的,好动的) never resting; unquiet; uneasy; continually moving; eager for change; discontented

restrain: Read
v. Syn. inhibit; stop; repress
(克制,抑制) keep under control; hold back ; place limits on

restrict: Read
v. Syn. limit; inhibit; confine
(限制,约束) keep or confine within limits

retail: Read
a.
(零售的) selling of goods to consumers

retain: Read
v. Syn. keep; employ
(保持,使用) keep; maintain possession of; hire by payment of a fee; keep in mind; remember

reticent: Read
a.
(沉默不语的) inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.

retort: Read
n.
(反驳) reply, especially to answer in a quick, caustic, or witty manner

retrieve: Read
v. Syn. recover; regain
(重新得到,找回) recover; find and bring in; get back

retrospect: Read
n. Syn. review; reexamination
(反顾,回顾) review; look back upon; remember

revelation: Read
n.
(显示,泄露的事实) act of revealing or disclosing to others what was unknown before; manifestation of divine truth

revenue: Read
n. Syn. income; reward
(收入,国家的税收) money which returns from an investment; annual income; reward

reverent: Read
a. Syn. respectful; worshipful
(尊敬的,可敬的) respectful; worshipful; impressed with veneration or deep respect

revise: Read
v. Syn. amend; change
(修改,修订) amend; change

revolt: Read
v. Syn. resist; rebel
(反抗,起义,反叛) organize opposition to authority; make revolution

revolution: Read
n.
(革命) act of revolving; motion of body round a fixed point or line; rotation; total or radical change; fundamental change in political organization

revolve: Read
v.
(绕转,旋转,考虑,细想) turn or roll round on, or as on, an axis, like a wheel; rotate; move in curved path round a center; pass in cycles

rhetoric: Read
n.
(说话的学问,花言巧语) art or study of using language effectively and persuasively; insincere language

rhetorical: Read
a.
(修辞色彩的,花言巧语的) relating to skill of using language effectively and persuasively; insincere in language

rhythm: Read
n. Syn. pattern; beat; tempo
(节奏,韵律) pattern; beat; recurring at regular intervals

rigid: Read
a. Syn. stiff; strict
(刚硬的,不屈的) stiff and unyielding; strict; hard and unbending; not flexible

rigorous: Read
a. Syn. severe; harsh; exact
(严峻的,严格的,严厉的) full of rigors; harsh; rigidly accurate; precise

rim: Read
n.
(边,缘,框架,轮缘) border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curving

ripple: Read
n.
(微波,涟漪,起涟漪) wavelike motion; undulation; sound like that of water running over a stony bottom

rival: Read
v. Syn. compete
(比得上,并驾齐驱) compete; be equal to in quality or ability; match

rivet: Read
n.
(铆钉) metallic pin with a head, used for uniting two plates or pieces of material together

roam: Read
v. Syn. wander; ramble; stroll
(漫游,漫步) wander; ramble; stroll

roar: Read
n. Syn. bellow; rumble
(吼,轰鸣) bellow; rumble; make a loud noise

robust: Read
a. Syn. vigorous; strong; healthy
(健壮的) vigorous; full of health and strength; vigorous

rotate: Read
v. Syn. alternate
(轮流) plant or grow in a fixed cyclic order of succession; swirl; revolve; turn on or around an axis or a center

rouse: Read
v.
(叫起,唤醒,激发,激怒) become active; excite, as to anger or action; stir up; awaken

ruffle: Read
v.
(变皱,弄皱,激怒) make into a ruff; wrinkle; disturb surface of; make uneven by agitation or commotion; throw into disorder or confusion

ruinous: Read
a.
(导致毁灭的,使人破产的) causing, or tending to cause ruin; destructive; baneful; pernicious

rumour: Read
n.
(谣言) piece of unverified information of uncertain origin usually spread by word of mouth

rupture: Read
n.
(裂开,突然炸开,决裂) act of making a sudden noisy break

rural: Read
a. Syn. country; rustic
(农村的,乡下的,田园的) country; relating to rural areas

rust: Read
v.
(锈,生锈) become destroyed by water, air, or an etching chemical such as an acid

ruthless: Read
a. Syn. pitiless; cruel
(无情的) pitiless; cruel; having no compassion or pity; merciless