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PTE Word List for Academic (H I)

halt: Read
v. Syn. stop; pause
(运动或前进的停止,尤其指暂停) stop; stand in doubt; hesitate

handbook: Read
(手册,指南) concise reference book providing specific information

handicap: Read
n. Syn. disadvantage
(生理上或智力上的缺陷,残疾,智力低下) disadvantage; physical disability; cripple; hinder; impede

haphazard: Read
a. Syn. random
(随机的) not thorough, constant or consistent; by chance

harass: Read
v. Syn. hound; badger; pester; plague
(烦恼,折磨) irritate or torment persistently; wear out; exhaust

harbour: Read
n. Syn. harbor
(港口,避难所) sheltered part of a body of water deep enough to provide anchorage for ships; place of shelter; refuge

hardy: Read
a. Syn. robust; healthy
(艰苦的,勇敢的) in robust and good health; able to survive under unfavorable conditions

harness: Read
n. Syn. utilize
(利用, 马具) stable gear consisting of an arrangement to an animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart

haste: Read
n. Syn. hurry
(匆忙,急忙,草率) hurry; rapidity of action or motion

hasty: Read
a. Syn. fast; impetuous
(急速的,匆匆的,急躁的) easily angered; irritable; made too quickly to be accurate or wise

hatch: Read
v. Syn. breed
(孵化) breed; emerge from the egg

haven: Read
(安息所,避难所) refuge; shelter; harbor or anchorage; port

havoc: Read
(大破坏,混乱) wide and general destruction; devastation; waste

hazard: Read
n. Syn. danger; risk
(危险,危害物) danger; risk

hazardous: Read
a. Syn. dangerous
(危险) dangerous; reckless; daring; inclined to run risks

headstrong: Read
a. Syn. stubborn; obstinate; unyielding
(硬脖子,任性,不屈) stubbornly and often recklessly willful; unyielding

heap: Read
(堆,堆积,大量) crowd or throng; a great number of persons; pile or mass

heave: Read
v. Syn. lift; raise; hoist; throw
(用力拉,举) cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; lift; raise; hoist; throw

hectic: Read
a. Syn. feverish; habitual
(兴奋的,繁忙的) feverish; very busy with activity and confusion; habitual; marking particular habit or condition of body

hedge: Read
(修剪过的树篱,限制) thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes

heighten: Read
v. Syn. enhance; hoist; boost
(提高,升高,加深) enhance; hoist; raise or increase the quantity or degree of; intensify

hemisphere: Read
n. Syn. halves; sides
(半球,半脑) halves; half of a sphere bounded by a great circle

hence: Read
(因此,所以,从此后,从今后) from this place; from this time; from this reason; as an inference or deduction

henceforth: Read
(从此以后,从今以后) from this time forward; henceforward

herd: Read
n. Syn. flock; crowd
(兽群,一群) flock; crowd; group of cattle or other domestic animals

hereditary: Read
(世袭的,祖传的,遗传的) descended, or capable of descending, from an ancestor to an heir at law

heritage: Read
n. Syn. legacy; bequest; tradition
(遗产,继承物,传统) legacy; something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition

hierarchy: Read
n. Syn. class; order
(分级,排序了的) arrangement by rank or standing; series in which each element is graded or ranked

highlight: Read
v. Syn. emphasize; stress
(使显著,突出) make prominent; emphasize; stress

hijack: Read
(劫机,劫车,劫持,绑架) stop and rob a vehicle in transit; seize control of by use of force

hilarious: Read
a. Syn. mirthful; merry
(充满欢乐的,引起大笑的) by or causing great merriment or happiness; gay or merry

hinder: Read
v. Syn. stunt; inhibit; hamper; impede
(阻碍,妨碍) put at a disadvantage; tie up; hamper; prevent the progress

hinge: Read
((门等)铰链,枢纽) a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing relative to the other

historian: Read
(历史学家) one who is an authority on history

historic: Read
(有历史意义的,历史上著名的) having importance or significance in history; belonging to the past; historical

hitchhike: Read
(沿途搭乘别人车旅行) travel by getting free rides from passing vehicles; be carried along with something else

hitherto: Read
(迄今,到目前为止) to this place; to a prescribed limit; up to this time; as yet; until now

hoist: Read
(吊高,升起,起重机) raise; lift; elevate; raise to one's mouth in order to drink

holdall: Read
((旅行用的)手提箱,手提袋) container for holding or carrying miscellaneous items, especially a traveling case or bag

holocaust: Read
(大屠杀,浩劫) great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life, especially by fire; massive slaughter

homestay: Read
(住家留学生) students visiting a foreign country to study, board with a local family at an affordable price

homogeneous: Read
a. Syn. uniform; similar
(同类的) of the same or similar nature or kind

horizon: Read
n. Syn. range; limit
(地平线,眼界,视野) line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet; range of one's knowledge, experience, or interest

horticulture: Read
(园艺) cultivation of plants

hound: Read
(猎狗,不断骚扰) a variety of domestic dog, having large, drooping ears; side bar used to strengthen portions of gear of a vehicle

hover: Read
v. Syn. float; waver; vacillate
(逗留,盘旋,等待) hang about; wait nearby; remain floating

howl: Read
(吠,咆哮,大声哭) utter a loud, mournful sound or cry, as dogs and wolves often do; utter a sound expressive of distress; cry aloud and mournfully

hubbub: Read
(嘈杂,喧哗) loud noise of many confused voices; tumult; uproar.

huddle: Read
v. Syn. crowd; gather
(缩成一团,挤成一团) crouch or curl up ; mass; heap; crowd or draw together

humdrum: Read
a. Syn. dull; monotonous
(单调的) lacking variety or excitement; monotonous

humidity: Read
n. Syn. dampness; moisture
(湿气,湿度) dampness; moisture

hurl: Read
v. Syn. throw; cast; toss
(用力投掷) throw with great force; cast; toss

hydrogen: Read
(氢) a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas

hygiene: Read
n. Syn. cleanliness; sanitation
(卫生) cleanliness; sanitation

hypothesis: Read
n. Syn. assumption; theory
(假设,假说) assumption; theory

ideal: Read
(理想的,完美的,空想的) existing in idea or thought; conception; intellectual; mental; imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultless

identification: Read
(辨认,鉴定) act of designating or identifying something; condition of having your identity established

ideology: Read
n. Syn. belief; idea; philosophy
(意识形态) study of origin and nature of ideas

idiom: Read
n. Syn. lingo
(习语,成语) expression whose meaning differs from meanings of its individual words; distinctive style

idle: Read
(不做事的,懒惰的浪费光阴) useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; given rest and ease; avoiding work or employment; lazy

ignite: Read
v. Syn. kindle
(点燃) kindle; cause to start burning; set fire to

ignorance: Read
(无知,不了解) lack of knowledge or education

illiterate: Read
(不识字的,没受教育的) uncultured; uneducated; not able to read or write

illuminate: Read
v. Syn. brighten; enlighten; clarify
(照亮,明朗,澄清) provide or brighten with light; clear up or make understandable; enlighten

illustrate: Read
v. Syn. represent; demonstrate; depict
((用图或例子)说明,阐明) represent; demonstrate; depict; clarify, as by use of examples or comparisons

imaginative: Read
(富于想象力的) marked by independence and creativity in thought or action

imitate: Read
v. Syn. mimic; emulate; copy
(仿效,模仿) copy the actions, appearance, mannerisms, or speech of; mimic; use or follow as a model

imitation: Read
n. Syn. emulation
(模仿,仿制品) emulation; copying the actions of someone else

immense: Read
a. Syn. enormous; colossal; boundless
(巨大的,无边的) enormous; boundless; so great as to be beyond measurement

immerse: Read
(浸入,沉浸于) plunge into anything, especially a fluid; sink; dip

immigrant: Read
n. Syn. alien
((自外国移入)移民) one who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there; non-native

immigrate: Read
(移居入境) move into another country to stay there permanently

imminent: Read
a. Syn. impending
(即将到来,逼近的) near at hand; close in time; about to occur

impair: Read
v. Syn. injure; hurt
(伤害) injure or hurt; become worse; affect negatively

impart: Read
v. Syn. grant; bestow
(赋予,告诉) reveal or tell; grant a share of; bestow

impede: Read
v. Syn. hinder; block; delay
(阻止,拖延) hinder; charge with improper conduct; challenge validity of; try to discredit

imperative: Read
n. Syn. urgent
(及其重要,及其关键) having power command or control; critically importance; some duty that is essential and urgent

imperial: Read
(帝王的,皇帝的) like an emperor; related to an empire; ruling over extensive territories

impetus: Read
n. Syn. incentive; stimulus
(动力,动机) incentive; stimulus; force or energy associated with a moving body

implement: Read
v. Syn. execute; perform
(贯彻,实现,用工具实现) put into effect; supply with tools

implicate: Read
v. Syn. incriminate
(牵连,牵扯(犯罪),暗示) incriminate; involve or imply as necessary accompaniment or result

implicit: Read
a. Syn. implied; suggested
(会意的,意会而不言传,暗示的) implied or understood though not directly expressed

imply: Read
v. Syn. signify
(暗示,表示) express or indicate indirectly; signify

impose: Read
v. Syn. demand; force; inflict
(强加于,施加影响) demand; force; compel to behave in a certain way

imposing: Read
a. Syn. impressive; grand
(使人难忘的,壮丽的) adapted to impress forcibly; impressive; impressive in appearance

impromptu: Read
a. Syn. extemporaneous
(一时冲动的,即兴的) without previous preparation

improvise: Read
v. Syn. extemporize
(临时准备,即席创作,现编) compose, perform, or do something with little or no preparation

inapt: Read
(不适宜的,不合适的) unapt; not apt; unsuitable; inept.

inaugurate: Read
v. Syn. start; initiate
(开始,开幕,开幕式) start; initiate; induct into office by formal ceremony

incentive: Read
n. Syn. spur; motive
(刺激,驱动) something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward

incidence: Read
n. Syn. occurrence
(发生,发生率) rate of occurrence; particular occurrence

incidentally: Read
ad. Syn. by chance; accidentally
(附带地,偶然地) by chance; accidentally

incipient: Read
a. Syn. beginning
(开始,早期的) beginning to exist or appear; in an early stage

incite: Read
v. Syn. motivate
(煽动,刺激,驱使) arouse to action; motivate; induce to exist

inclination: Read
n. Syn. preference; tendency
(倾斜,弯曲,倾度,倾向,爱好) preference; tendency; inclined surface; slope

incline: Read
n. Syn. slope; slant
(倾斜,斜面) cause to lean, slant, or slope; deviate from the horizontal or vertical

inclusive: Read
a. Syn. comprehensive
(包揽一切的) tending to include all; taking a great deal or everything within its scope

incongruous: Read
a. Syn. incompatible; discordant
(不调和的,荒谬的) not fitting; lacking in harmony or compatibility

incorporate: Read
v. Syn. combine; unite
(合并,联合) combine something into a larger whole; unite

increment: Read
n. Syn. increase
(增加) process of increasing in number, size, quantity, or extent

incur: Read
v. Syn. cause; arouse
(招致) bring upon oneself; become liable to; acquire or come into

indefinite: Read
a. Syn. unclear; vague; uncertain
(模糊的,不明确的) unclear; vague; lacking precise limits

indelible: Read
a. Syn. permanent
(去不掉的,不可磨灭的) impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent

indemnity: Read
(保险,赔款,赔偿) security; insurance; exemption from loss or damage; immunity from penalty, or the punishment; amnesty

index: Read
(索引,表征,标记,指数) anything which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses; prologue indicating what follows; second digit

indicator: Read
(指示器,指示针) one who, or that which, shows or points out

indifferent: Read
a. Syn. apathetic; average
(普通的,无关紧要的) having no particular interest or concern; being neither good nor bad

indigenous: Read
a. Syn. native; original
(土产的,本地的) native; originating where it is found

indignant: Read
(愤慨的,愤愤不平的) affected with indignation; wrathful; passionate; irate; feeling wrath by unworthy or unjust treatment

indispensable: Read
a. Syn. essential; requisite
(不可缺少的,必需的) essential; requisite; impossible to be omitted or remitted

induce: Read
v. Syn. persuade
(劝诱,导致,引起) persuade; bring about; reason or establish by induction

indulge: Read
(放任,沉溺,使满足) be complacent toward; give way to; not to oppose or restrain; yield to the desire of

inept: Read
a. Syn. inappropriate; incompetent
(不相称的,不合适的,不称职的) lacking of judgment, sense, or reason; unsuited; inappropriate; foolish

inert: Read
a. Syn. inactive
(惰性的,不活跃的) inactive; lacking power to move; unable to move or act

inertia: Read
(惰性,懒惰) property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight line or direction

infant: Read
(婴儿,幼儿) child in the first period of life; young babe

infect: Read
(传染,使感染,污染,感染,影响) bring into contact with a substance that can cause illness

infectious: Read
(通过空气传染的,有传染性的) contagious; contaminating

infer: Read
v. Syn. deduce; conclude
(推导,总结) deduce; conclude from evidence or premises; lead to as a consequence or conclusion

inference: Read
(推论,推断,推断的结果,结论) inferring by deduction or induction; truth or proposition drawn from another which is admitted or supposed to be true; conclusion; deduction

inferior: Read
a. Syn. poor; lower
((等级,社会地位,质量等)差的,低的) poor; lower than a given reference point; low or lower in order, degree, or rank

infest: Read
v. Syn. overrun; swarm
((害虫,盗贼等)大批出没于,寄生于) overrun; invade in great numbers; occupy in large numbers or live on a host

infinite: Read
(无限的,无穷的,极大的) unlimited or boundless, in time or space; without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellence

infirmary: Read
n. Syn. clinic; hospital
(医院,医务室) health facility where patients receive treatment

inflation: Read
(通货膨胀) general increase in the prices of goods and services in a country

inflict: Read
v. Syn. impose; cause
(造成,遭受(痛苦,损伤)) impose something unpleasant; cause

influx: Read
n. Syn. arrival; flow
(注入,流入) flowing into; mass arrival or incoming

infrastructure: Read
(基本设施) underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system

infringe: Read
(违反,侵害) act contrary to, as a law, right, or obligation; annul or hinder

ingredient: Read
n. Syn. component; element
(配料,成份) element in a mixture or compound

inhabit: Read
(居住) live in; occupy; reside in

inhabitant: Read
n. Syn. resident; occupant
(居民,住户) resident; someone or thing who lives in a place

inherent: Read
a. Syn. intrinsic; natural
(固有的,内在的,与生俱来的) firmly established by nature or habit

inherit: Read
v. Syn. receive
(继承) receive from an ancestor by legal succession or will; receive by bequest or as a legacy

inhibit: Read
v. Syn. restrain; prevent
(限制,防止,阻碍) restrain; prevent or forbid; hold back

initial: Read
a. Syn. preliminary
(最初的,初始的) early; preliminary; occurring at the beginning

initiate: Read
v. Syn. begin; originate
(开始,发源) begin; originate; admit into membership

initiative: Read
(主动,首创精神) serving to initiate; introductory step or movement; act which originates or begins

inject: Read
v. Syn. put in; infuse
(注射,注入,灌溉) put in; infuse ; force or drive fluid into something

injure: Read
(伤害,刺伤(感情)) do harm to; inflict damage; do injustice to

inland: Read
(内陆的,内地的,向内地,在内地) within the land; more or less remote from the ocean or from open water; interior

innovate: Read
(改革,革新) change or alter by bringing in something new

innovation: Read
(发明,变革) introduction of something new

innumerable: Read
(数不清的,无数的) countless; numerous

inquire: Read
(问,询问) ask a question; seek for truth or information by putting queries

insert: Read
v. Syn. input; enter
(插入) input; enter; put or set into, between, or among

insight: Read
n. Syn. understanding
(洞察力,见识) understanding; grasping the inner nature of things intuitively

insipid: Read
a. Syn. dull
(索然无味的,单调的) lacking flavor or zest; not tasty; dull

insolent: Read
(粗野的,无礼的) strange; unusual; haughty or brutal in behavior or language; grossly rude or disrespectful

insolvent: Read
a. Syn. bankrupt
(破产) bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts

inspect: Read
v. Syn. examine
(检查,审查) look over; examine carefully and critically, especially for flaws

inspection: Read
(检查,细看) formal or official examination

inspire: Read
v. Syn. encourage; inspirit
(鼓舞,给以灵感) encourage; inspirit; fire the imagination of

inspiring: Read
(使人振奋的,鼓舞的) stimulating or exalting to the spirit

instalment: Read
(分期付款,分期收款,连载,安装) installing or giving possession of an office with the usual ceremonies; installation; partial payment on account of debt

instantaneous: Read
a. Syn. instant; immediate
(瞬间的,即刻的) instant; immediate; occurring with no delay

institute: Read
(学院,学会,协会) advance or set forth in court; association organized to promote art or science or education

instruct: Read
v. Syn. teach
(教,命令) teach; make aware of

instrument: Read
n. Syn. tool; implement; device
(仪器,工具,乐器) tool; one used by another to accomplish a purpose; device used to produce music; legal document

instrumental: Read
a. Syn. effective; helpful; necessary
(有帮助的,可作为手段的) serving or acting as a means or aid; helpful; relating to musical instruments

insulate: Read
(使绝缘,使隔离) make an island of; place in a detached situation, or in a state having no communication with surrounding objects; isolate; separate

insure: Read
(保险) make sure or secure, specifically against loss by a contingent event; give or take insurance on

intact: Read
a. Syn. unaltered; integrated; whole
(尚未被人碰到的,完整的) undamaged in any way; integrated; whole

integral: Read
a. Syn. complete; entire
(一体的,完整的) essential or necessary for completeness; entire

integrate: Read
v. Syn. combine
(整合,合并) make whole; combine; make into one unit

intellect: Read
(智力) ability to learn and reason; ability to think abstractly or profoundly

intellectual: Read
(智力的) of intellect; showing intellect; requiring the use of the mind, rather than emotions or instinct

intelligible: Read
a. Syn. understandable; comprehensible
(明了的,可理解的) understandable; clear to the mind

intensify: Read
v. Syn. strengthen; magnify
(加强,扩大) strengthen; magnify; increase the contrast of

interact: Read
v. Syn. interplay
(互相作用,互相影响) interplay; act together or towards others or with

interim: Read
n. Syn. temporary
(临时的,间歇的) time between one event, process; interval of time

interior: Read
n. Syn. inside; internal; inner
(内部(的)) inside; inner part; internal; inner

intermediate: Read
(中间的,中级的) middle; lying between two extremes

intermittent: Read
a. Syn. periodic
(间歇的,断断续续的) periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals

interpret: Read
(解释,说明,翻译) explain or tell the meaning of; translate orally; decipher

intersection: Read
(十字路口,交叉点) point where lines intersect; act of intersecting

interval: Read
n. Syn. pause; break
(间隔时间) pause; break; space between two objects, points, or units

intervene: Read
(干预,干涉) get involved; come, appear, or lie between two things

intimidate: Read
v. Syn. frighten
(使害怕) frighten; make timid; fill with fear

intricate: Read
a. Syn. complex; elaborate; tangled
(复杂的,错综的) complex; elaborate; having many complexly arranged elements

intrigue: Read
v. Syn. fascinate; captivate
(阴谋,诡计) captivate; cause to be interested or curious; plot for: scheme for

intrinsic: Read
a. Syn. essential; inherent
(内在的,固有的) relating to essential nature of a thing; inherent; built-in

intuition: Read
(直觉) immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning

inundate: Read
v. Syn. overwhelm; flood; submerge
(淹没,吞并) overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwaters

invade: Read
v. Syn. intrude; aggress
(侵略,侵犯) move into; intrude; enter by force in order to conquer or pillage

invalid: Read
a. Syn. void; null
(无效力的) of no force or weight; not valid; weak; void; null

invaluable: Read
(无价的,其价值无法衡量的) valuable under estimation; inestimable; priceless

invariably: Read
ad. Syn. constantly; always
(不变地,总是) constantly; always

inventory: Read
(存货清单,库存品) check list; a collection of resources

invert: Read
v. Syn. reverse
(倒转,翻转) turn upside down or inside out; reverse the position, order, or condition of

invest: Read
(投资,投入(精力,时间)) put clothe on, as with office or authority; place in possession of rank, dignity, or estate; endow; lay out money or capital in business

invigilate: Read
(监考) watch diligently; keep watch over examination candidates to prevent cheating

invincible: Read
a. Syn. unconquerable
(无敌的) incapable of being overcome or defeated; unconquerable

invoice: Read
(发票,开发票) bill; commercial document issued by seller to buyer indicating the products, quantities and prices

invoke: Read
(恳请,借助于,找来,调用) call upon; ask for; request earnestly

irrespective: Read
(不考虑的,不论的) without regard for conditions, circumstances, or consequences; unbiased; independent

irritate: Read
v. Syn. prickle; annoy; provoke
(激怒,使过敏) rouse to impatience or anger; annoy; provoke

isle: Read
(岛,岛屿) island; spot within another of a different color

isolate: Read
v. Syn. seclude; separate
(使隔离,使孤立) seclude; set apart or cut off from others

itinerary: Read
n. Syn. route; course
(旅行计划,路线) plan of trip; guidebook for traveler

ivory: Read
(象牙,乳白色,象牙制品) teeth of elephant; pale or grayish yellow to yellowish white