Group (J K L M) - Words of the GroupPrevious Next  
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PTE Word List for Academic (J K L M)

jagged: Read
(锯齿状的,不整齐的) unevenly cut; having the texture of something so cut; having a rough quality

janitor: Read
(管理员,管门人) door-keeper; porter; one who has the care of public building or suites of rooms

jeer: Read
(嘲笑) gear; tackle; combination of tackles, for hoisting or lowering the lower yards of a ship

jeopardise: Read
v. Syn. jeopardize
(置于危险,威胁) pose a threat to; present a danger to; threaten

jog: Read
v. Syn. run
(慢跑) run or ride at a steady slow trot; give a push or shake to

jolt: Read
n. Syn. bounce; shake
(使颠簸,猛击) sudden jerking, as from a heavy blow; sudden, strong feeling of surprise or disappointment

journalist: Read
(新闻记者) writer for newspapers and magazines

judicial: Read
(法庭的,法官的) pertaining or appropriate to courts of justice, or to a judge; sanctioned or ordered by court

jumble: Read
n. Syn. mix
(使混乱,混杂) assemble without order or sense; confused multitude of things; chaos; mess; mixture

junction: Read
n. Syn. connection; joint; intersection; crossing
(连接,汇合处) connection; joint; intersection; crossing

justification: Read
(有理,正当,辩护,释罪) good or just reason; condition or fact of being justified

juvenile: Read
n. Syn. youth; young
(青少年(的)) youth; adolescent; not fully grown or developed

keen: Read
a. Syn. acute; incisive
(敏锐的,敏捷的) acute; incisive; sharp ; express grief verbally

kernel: Read
n. Syn. nut; core
(核心的) central or vital part; most material and central part; grain or seed as of corn

kin: Read
(亲戚) one's relatives; family; kinfolk

kindle: Read
v. Syn. inspire
(点燃,照亮,激起) build or fuel a fire; cause to glow; light up; inspire

knit: Read
(编织,结合) contract into wrinkles; grow together; form into fabric by intertwining

knob: Read
(旋钮,按钮,小圆块) hard protuberance; hard swelling or rising; bunch; lump

laborious: Read
a. Syn. tedious
(艰苦的,勤劳的) demanding much work or care; tedious

labour: Read
(困难地做,太冗长地解释) effort expended on particular task; act of mother giving birth; time period during which mother gives birth

lace: Read
(饰带,花边) delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns; rope; cord that is drawn through eyelets

laden: Read
(装载的,充满的,负担,负重) loaded; freighted; oppressed or burdened

lag: Read
v. Syn. delay; drag
(落后) delay; drag; the act of slowing down or falling behind

lament: Read
v. Syn. grieve
(悲伤,恸哭) grieve; express sorrow; regret deeply

landscape: Read
n. Syn. scenery
(风景,山水,风景画) scenery; expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

languid: Read
a. Syn. weak; sluggish
(疲倦的,无精打采的) lacking energy or vitality; weak; sluggish; lacking spirit or liveliness

lapse: Read
(失误,(时间等)流逝) gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; unobserved or imperceptible progress; slip or error; failing in duty

lash: Read
n. Syn. eyelash
(鞭子) any of the short hairs fringing the edge of the eyelid

latent: Read
a. Syn. dormant; hidden
(潜在的) present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lateral: Read
a. Syn. parallel; side
(侧面的,侧向的) coming from side; situated at or extending to the side

latitude: Read
(范围) freedom from normal restraints; angular distance north or south of the earth's equator

laudable: Read
(值得称赞的) deserving of praise; worthy of high praise

lavish: Read
a. Syn. liberal; profuse
(浪费的,大方的) liberal; wasteful; excessive spending

lax: Read
a. Syn. loose
(懒散的,马虎的,疏忽的) loose and not easily controlled; lacking in rigor or strictness

layer: Read
n. Syn. tier; stratum
(层,层次,阶层) tier; a relatively thin sheet like expanse or region lying over or under another

layman: Read
(俗人,犯人,外行) someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person; generally ignorant person

layoff: Read
(裁减雇员) dismissal of employees from their jobs

layout: Read
(规划,(书刊等)编排,版面,配线,企划) overall design of a page; plan or design of something that is laid out

leaflet: Read
(传单) small leaf; leaf like organ or part

legislate: Read
(立法) make laws; create or pass laws

legislation: Read
n. Syn. lawmaking
(立法) lawmaking; the act of making or enacting laws ; law enacted by a legislative body

lenient: Read
(宽大的,仁慈的) relaxing; emollient; softening

lever: Read
(杠杆,起杠杆作用的部件) simple machine consisting of a rigid bar pivoted on a fixed point and used to transmit force

levy: Read
v. Syn. impose; collect
(征收) impose fine or tax; collect payment

liability: Read
(责任,缺点,债) something that holds one back; state of being legally obliged and responsible

liable: Read
v. Syn. responsible; answerable
(易于,有(还债)责任的) bound or obliged in law or equity

liaison: Read
(联络,连音) close relationship, connection, or link; secret love affair

liberal: Read
a. Syn. tolerant
(开放的,主张变革的,自由主义的) open-minded; tolerant; broad-mindedness; having political views favoring reform and progress

license: Read
n. Syn. permission
(自由,放肆) official or legal permission to do or own a specified thing

likelihood: Read
(可能性) possibility, strong probability; state of being probable

likewise: Read
ad. Syn. similarly
(同样地,也) similarly; as well; too

limp: Read
(跛行 无力的,松软的) walk lamely, especially with irregularity, as if favoring one leg; move or proceed haltingly or unsteadily

linear: Read
(线的,成直线的) having form of a line; straight; consisting of lines; lineal

linen: Read
(亚麻布,亚麻制品) fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant; thread made from fibers of the flax plant

liner: Read
(大客轮,邮轮) vessel belonging to a regular line of packets, as ship or plane

linger: Read
v. Syn. dawdle
(逗留,闲逛,流连) be slow in leaving; continue or persist; stay

literacy: Read
(有读写能力,识字) reading and writing; ability to read and write

literature: Read
(文学作品,印刷品) imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic value; art or occupation of a literary writer

litter: Read
(乱丢) make untidy by discarding rubbish carelessly; scatter about

livestock: Read
(家畜,牲畜) any animals kept for use or profit

loaf: Read
(一条(面包)) any thick lump, mass, or cake, especially, a large regularly shaped or molded mass, as of bread

loath: Read
a. Syn. reluctant; disinclined
(不情愿的,勉强) unwilling or reluctant; filled with disgust or aversion; dislike

locality: Read
n. Syn. place; district
(位置,地方) place; district; surrounding or nearby region; particular neighborhood

lodging: Read
n. Syn. accommodation
(寄宿,住房(常指出租的房间)) accommodation; lodging

lofty: Read
(高高在上的) high, tall, having great height; idealistic, implying over-optimism

loll: Read
(懒洋洋的坐或靠) be lazy or idle; move, stand, or recline in relaxed manner

longitude: Read
(经度,经线) an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles

loom: Read
v. Syn. appear; emerge
(朦胧而庞大,织布机) appear or take shape, usually in enlarged or distorted form

loth: Read
a. Syn. loath
(不愿意的,坚决反对的) strongly opposed; hateful; unwillingness to do something

lottery: Read
(彩票,抽彩) scheme for distribution of prizes by chance; gaming in which tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes

lubricate: Read
(加润滑剂,使润滑) make smooth or slippery

lucid: Read
a. Syn. clear; intelligible
(明晰的,聪明的) easily understood; clear; intelligible

lucrative: Read
a. Syn. profitable
(有利润的) profitable; producing good profit

ludicrous: Read
a. Syn. laughable; trifling
(可笑的,滑稽的,不重要的) laughable; completely devoid of wisdom or good sense

lull: Read
(安静,暂停,温和气候) moment of calm; a period of calm weather; temporary quiet and rest

luminous: Read
a. Syn. shining
(发光的,闪耀的) shining; emitting light, especially emitting self-generated light

lump: Read
(一块,肿块,形成块状) a small mass of matter of irregular shape; irregular or shapeless mass; small cube of sugar

lunar: Read
(月亮的) pertaining to the moon; affecting the moon

lure: Read
v. Syn. attract; entice
(引诱,诱惑) bait; charm; attract

lurk: Read
(埋伏) stealthily lie in waiting; exist unperceived

mackintosh: Read
(雨衣,防水胶布) waterproof long coat made of rubberized cloth

madden: Read
(使发狂,使发怒) make mad; drive to madness; craze; excite violently with passion; make very angry

magistrate: Read
(地方保安官) civil officer with power to administer and enforce law

magnanimous: Read
a. Syn. generous; noble
(宽宏大量的) generous; high-minded; chivalrous

magnate: Read
(富豪,要人,突出的人物) powerful or influential person, especially in business or industry

magnetic: Read
a. Syn. captivating; attractive
(磁的,有磁性的) having the properties of attracting iron or steel; captivating; attractive; being to draw or pull

magnify: Read
v. Syn. intensify; increase; enlarge
(放大,扩大) intensify; increase; make greater in size; enlarge

magnitude: Read
n. Syn. greatness; extent
(巨大的,大数量级的) extent; greatness of rank, size, or position

maim: Read
(伤害) wound seriously; cause permanent loss of function of limb or part of body

maize: Read
(玉米) tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears

majestic: Read
a. Syn. stately; royal
(壮观的,庄严的) stately; royal; relating to a monarch

malignant: Read
a. Syn. injurious
(恶性的,伤害的,致命的) injurious; tending to cause death; disposed to do evil

malleable: Read
a. Syn. impressionable
(有延展性的,可锻的) capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionable

malnutrition: Read
(营养不良) state of poor nutrition

maltreat: Read
(虐待) treat ill; abuse; treat roughly.

mammal: Read
(哺乳动物) warm-blooded vertebrate having skin covered with hair

manacle: Read
(镣铐) handcuff; shackle for hand or wrist; instrument of iron for fettering the hand

mandate: Read
n. Syn. command; decree
(委任,命令) authoritative command or instruction; commission of authorizing to administer a territory

mandatory: Read
a. Syn. obligatory
(强制的,命令的,义不容辞的) obligatory; required or commanded by authority

maneuver: Read
(操纵,(用策略)调动) plan for attaining a particular goal; deliberate coordinated movement; strategy

mania: Read
n. Syn. craze; madness
(狂热) craze; madness; an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action

manifest: Read
a. Syn. evident; visible; obvious; apparent
(明白的,显然的,证明,表现) clearly apparent to understanding; obvious

manifold: Read
(繁多的,多种的) various in kind or quality; many in number; numerous; multiplied; complicated

mantle: Read
n. Syn. covering; envelop
(地幔,斗蓬,覆盖物,壁炉架) loose sleeveless coat worn over outer garments; cloak as a symbol of authority; covering; envelop

manufacture: Read
(制造,用机器制造,捏造) make products by hand or machinery; make from raw materials

manure: Read
n. Syn. fertilizer
(肥料,施肥) fertilizer; any animal or plant material used to fertilize land; spread manure

manuscript: Read
(手稿,手抄本) written with or by the hand; not printed; literary or musical composition written with the hand

mar: Read
(破坏,损伤) spoil or damage; impair the soundness, perfection, or integrity of

marble: Read
(大理石) hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish

margin: Read
n. Syn. border; rim; room
(页边的空白,(湖,池等的)边缘) border; rim; room

marital: Read
(婚姻的) relating to marriage; relating to husband

maritime: Read
a. Syn. nautical
(海事的,海运的,海上的) relating to, or adjacent to the sea; nautical

martial: Read
a. Syn. warlike
(好战的,尚武的) relating to, or suggestive of war; connected with the armed forces

martyr: Read
(殉道者,殉教者,烈士) one who makes great sacrifices or suffers to further belief or principle; one who endures great suffering

marvel: Read
n. Syn. wonder; miracle
(奇异的事物,罕见的例子,大为惊异,觉得惊奇) wonder; strong surprise; astonishment

masculine: Read
(男人的,男子气概的,阳性的) of the male sex; not female; having the qualities of a man

massacre: Read
(大屠杀,大败) killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty

masterpiece: Read
(杰作,名著) chief excellence or great talent; outstanding work of art or craft

maternal: Read
a. Syn. motherly
(母性的) motherly; relating to mother or motherhood

matrimony: Read
(婚姻,结婚) union of man and woman as husband and wife; marriage; wedlock

maximise: Read
v. Syn. maximize
(最大化) make as big or large as possible

meadow: Read
(草地,牧草场) tract of low or level land producing grass; any field on which grass is grown for hay

meagre: Read
(不足的,质量差的) deficient in amount, quality, or extent; having little flesh; lean; scanty or inadequate;

mechanism: Read
n. Syn. device; machine
(机械,机理,运作机制) device; machine; the technical aspects of doing something

meddle: Read
(混合,干预,干涉) mix; mingle; interfere or busy one's self improperly with another's affairs, specifically, to handle or disturb another's property without permission

mediate: Read
v. Syn. negotiate
(调解,仲裁) resolve or settle differences by working with all conflicting parties

medieval: Read
(中世纪的) very old-fashioned; as if belonging to the Middle Ages

mediocre: Read
a. Syn. ordinary; commonplace; average
(普通的,一般的) moderate to inferior in quality; ordinary; commonplace

meditate: Read
(考虑,深思,冥想,仔细计划) dwell on anything in thought; think seriously; keep the mind fixed upon; purpose; plan in the mind

meek: Read
a. Syn. spiritless; gentle
(谦卑的,驯服的) quiet and obedient; showing patience and humility

melancholy: Read
a. Syn. gloomy; sad
(忧郁) gloomy; feeling of thoughtful sadness; affected by depression

melodious: Read
a. Syn. harmonious; euphonic
(旋律优美的,悦耳的) harmonious; euphonic; agreeable to hear; producing agreeable, especially musical, sounds

melody: Read
n. Syn. tune
(悦耳的音调) tune; pleasing succession or arrangement of sounds; poem suitable for setting to music or singing

menace: Read
n. Syn. danger
(危险物) danger; a threat or the act of threatening; something that is a source of danger; threaten; intimidate

mentality: Read
(智力,心理状态) mental action or power; intellectual activity; intellectuality

mercantile: Read
a. Syn. trading; commercial
(商业的,贸易的) trading; commercial; of or relating to trade or traders

mercenary: Read
(唯利是图) interested in making money; profit oriented; hired for service in foreign army

merge: Read
v. Syn. combine; unite
((使)合并,(使)融合) combine; unite

merit: Read
n. Syn. virtue; value; credit
(优点,价值) virtue; admirable quality or attribute; credit

mesh: Read
n. Syn. enclose
(网状织物,网丝,陷阱,圈套) opening or space enclosed by the threads of a net between knot and knot; network or net

metabolism: Read
(新陈代谢) chemical processes occurring within a living cell or organism to maintenance of life

metallic: Read
(金属的,含金属的,铿锵的) of or pertaining to metal; of metal nature; resembling metal

metaphor: Read
n. Syn. symbol
(隐喻) implied comparison; one thing conceived as representing another; symbol

meteorology: Read
(气象学) earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere; predicting what the weather will be

meticulous: Read
a. Syn. scrupulous; cautious
(小心翼翼的) excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

metric: Read
(测量的,计量的) standard of measurement; geometric function that describes the distances between pairs of points in a space

metropolitan: Read
a. Syn. city
(主要都市的,大城市的) city center; one who lives in a city center

microbe: Read
n. Syn. germ; bacteria; microorganism
(微生物) germ; minute life form; microorganism, especially a bacterium that causes disease

microcosm: Read
(微观世界) small, representative system having analogies to larger system; miniature model of something

microfilm: Read
(缩微胶片) continuous roll of film containing photographs of documents at a greatly reduced size

migrate: Read
(移动,迁徙) move from one country or region to another and settle there

mildew: Read
(霉(因温湿而生)) growth of minute powdery or webby fungi; state of decay produced in living and dead vegetable matter

militant: Read
a. Syn. combative; aggressive
(好战的) fighting or warring; having a combative character; aggressive

millennium: Read
(一千年的) span of one thousand years; thousandth anniversary

mimic: Read
v. Syn. imitate; copy
(模仿,摹拟) copy or imitate closely, especially in speech, expression

mingle: Read
((使)混合) be all mixed up or jumbled together;

minimal: Read
(最小的,最少的) the fewest; the least possible

minimise: Read
v. Syn. minimize
(最小化) reduce to the smallest possible amount, extent, size, or degree

ministry: Read
((政府的)部,部的办公楼,部长) act of serving; government department, at the administrative level normally headed by a minister

minority: Read
(少数,少数民族) a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group

mirage: Read
n. Syn. illusion; delusion; hallucination
(曲解,海市蜃楼,虚影) unreal reflection; optical illusion

mire: Read
v. Syn. entangle
(陷入(泥塘),麻烦缠身) cause to sink or become stuck in; hinder, entrap, or entangle

misappropriate: Read
(盗用,挪用(别人的钱),私吞) appropriate wrongly; use for wrong purpose; embezzle

miscarriage: Read
(流产,早产) failure of administration or management; failure to attain a desired result or reach a destination

mischance: Read
n. Syn. mishap
(霉运,不幸) unfortunate occurrence; mishap; bad luck

mischief: Read
(恶作剧,淘气,) behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in another; tendency to play pranks or cause embarrassment

misconceive: Read
(构思不当,误会,误解) conceive wrongly; interpret incorrectly; receive false notion of; misjudge; misapprehend.

misdeed: Read
(罪行,恶劣行为) evil deed; wicked action

misfortune: Read
(恶运,灾祸,不幸的情况) bad fortune or ill luck; bad luck

misgiving: Read
n. Syn. doubt
feeling of doubt, distrust, or apprehension

misguided: Read
(误入歧途的) based or acting on error; misled; lacking proper guidance

mishap: Read
n. Syn. accident; misfortune
(意外,灾难) unfortunate accident; bad luck

misrepresent: Read
(误传,有意制造误解) give false or incorrect impression, often deliberately; serve unsatisfactorily as representative

missile: Read
(投掷物) weapon that is thrown or projected; rocket carrying instruments or warhead

mist: Read
(薄雾,模糊不清 的东西) visible watery vapor suspended in atmosphere, at or near the surface of the earth; fog; haze before the eyes that blurs the vision

misuse: Read
(误用,滥用,虐待) treat or use improperly; use to bad purpose; misapply; abuse; treat ill

mitigate: Read
v. Syn. moderate
(减轻,减缓,中和) make less severe or harsh; moderate

mobile: Read
a. Syn. movable
(移动的) movable; not fixed; fluid; unstable

mobilize: Read
(集合,军事动员) assemble, prepare, or put into operation for or as if for war; make mobile or capable of movement

mode: Read
n. Syn. manner; method; style
(时尚,方式,模式) prevailing style; manner; way of doing something; fashion or style

moderate: Read
a. Syn. temperate; gentle; mild
(温和的,适度的,有节制的) temperate; gentle; mild; make less fast or intense ; preside over

modest: Read
a. Syn. humble; moderate
(谦虚的,适度的) humble; less ambitious; moderate

modify: Read
v. Syn. alter; change
(修改,变更) alter; change

module: Read
(模数,模块,(独立的)舱) standard or unit of measurement; self-contained component of a system; unit of education covering a single topic

moist: Read
a. Syn. wet; damp
(潮湿的,多雨的) slightly wet; damp or humid

molecule: Read
(分子) the smallest particle of substance, having all the properties of that substance

molest: Read
(骚扰,干扰) trouble; disturb; render uneasy; interfere with; vex

momentous: Read
a. Syn. grave; serious
(非常重要的) very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

momentum: Read
n. Syn. impetus
(动量,冲力) product of a body's mass and its velocity; impelling force or strength; impetus

monarchy: Read
(君主制,君主整体) government under a single ruler

monetary: Read
a. Syn. fiscal; pecuniary; financial
(金融的) of or relating to money; nation's currency; financial

monologue: Read
(独白,个人长篇演说) speech uttered by a person alone; dramatic soliloquy

monopoly: Read
n. Syn. domination
(独占,垄断) exclusive control or possession of something; domination

monotonous: Read
a. Syn. boring; dull
(单调乏味的,无变化的) boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

monsoon: Read
(季雨,季风,大雨) wind blowing part of year from one direction, alternating with a wind from the opposite direction; wind system that influences large climatic regions

monstrous: Read
(巨大的,可怕的) marvelous; strange; extraordinary on account of ugliness, viciousness, or wickedness

moped: Read
(机动脚踏两用车) lightweight, two-wheeled vehicle equipped with a small motor and pedals, designed to go no faster than some specified speed limit

morality: Read
(道德,道义) set of social rules, customs, traditions, beliefs, or practices which specify proper, acceptable forms of conduct

morbid: Read
a. Syn. moody; pathological; diseased
(病态的,恐怖的,喜怒无常的) caused by disease; pathological or diseased; unhealthy or unwholesome

moreover: Read
(而且,此外) beyond what has been said; further; besides; in addition; furthermore; also; likewise

mortgage: Read
n. Syn. conveyance
(抵押贷款,抵押证书抵押) transferring property title as security for the repayment of a loan

motif: Read
n. Syn. theme
(主旨,本意,动机) dominant theme or central idea; repeated figure or design in architecture or decoration

motivate: Read
v. Syn. prompt; stimulate; impel
(激发,刺激) stimulate; impel; provide with an incentive; move to action

motto: Read
(座右铭,箴言) short, suggestive expression of a guiding principle; maxim

mould: Read
(泥土) crumbling, soft, friable earth; soil

mourn: Read
(哀悼,哀伤) express or to feel grief or sorrow; grieve; be sorrowful

moustache: Read
(胡须) hair growing on the human upper lip, especially when cultivated and groomed

mucous: Read
(黏液的,分泌黏液的) slimy, ropy, or stringy, and lubricous

muddle: Read
v. Syn. confuse
(迷惑的,搞乱了的,混淆了的) make muddy; mix confusedly; think, act, or proceed in confused or aimless manner

multilateral: Read
(多边的,多 国参加的) having many sides; many-sided

multiply: Read
v. Syn. proliferate; increase
(繁殖,增加) proliferate; increase; combine by multiplication

multitude: Read
(大量,多数,大众,民众) a great number; many

mundane: Read
a. Syn. worldly; earthly; secular
(世俗的,日常的) belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly; concerned with commonplaces; ordinary

municipal: Read
a. Syn. metropolitan; civic
(市的,市政的) metropolitan; civic; having local self-government

murmur: Read
(柔声地说,喃喃而言) make low, confused, and indistinct sound, like that of running water

muscular: Read
a. Syn. brawny
(强壮的,肌肉发达的) having or suggesting great physical power; of or relating to or consisting of muscle

mushroom: Read
(膨胀,迅速生长) multiply, grow, or expand rapidly

muster: Read
v. Syn. gather; assemble
(收集,集合) call together; cause to come together; gather; summon up

mutation: Read
(突变,变异) change; alteration, either in form or qualities.

myriad: Read
a. Syn. innumerable; many; countless; numberless
(无数,非常多) of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

myth: Read
n. Syn. legend; fable
(神话,神话故事) legend; fable; a traditional story accepted as history

mythology: Read
((总称)神话) study of myths; collection of myths